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among the people, but it was now grown too hot to make it prudent to remain. Some few books were distributed among the people in the road as we passed through them. Several cases of cholera were lying about the streets and by the road side. We stopped a few minutes to watch some vultures eating a corpse. These creatures are peculiarly fitted for such work, they thrust their long sharp and hooked bills under the skin for 10 or twelve inches and tear away the flesh in masses and gorge it instantly. Two hours would suffice for twelve of these birds to make clean work of a corpse. They exhibited a disgusting tameness, and would hardly move out of our way. As we returned, the people were busily preparing for the enraged Lakshmi to visit her run-away husband. I inquired of one of Lakshmi's pandás, how ber god. dessship was. He answered, that she was in a great rage, and was so very justly, for as she was the great proprietress of the whole universe and had nothing while the black-faced wretch got every thing, how should he be better than a thief while Lakshmi was unjustly deprived of all? The people who were making preparations for her passage through the town appeared very serious, and without even a smile told us Lakshmi was going to smash the car of Jagannath. She commences her journey this evening about eight o'clock. Our native brethren have departed for Cuttack, commended to the care of providence.
This afternoon was very usefully spent, more so than any we have yet had among the people. The cars were all up near the Gandicha temple, and the pandás with them, which accounts for people hearing better than usual. The common people heard gladly, and all tolerably. I spoke for an hour with pleasure and liberty. I directed my observations to the understanding of the hearers reasoning on grounds which they admitted. A devotee stood and beard all the time with great attention and afterwards followed us bome. As he walked with us in the street with our books in his band, he became the object of remark and threatening. One young fellow told him he had no business with those books, and that if he threw them not away he would inform his superior and get him turned out of bis convent or math. The man was not however an inmate of a Púri máth. After we had taken dinner and rested a little while, we walked over to the cars for the purpose of witnessing the contest between Lakshmi and her husband. She remained till abont midnight. About eleven o'clock the procession of Lakshmi appeared with torches, drums, &c. and the people began to be in commotion. She presently arrived and encircled the car of the lord of the world. Some negociations were commenced, and the sound of canes on the car and loud conversa
tion among the pandás was heard. Srí Lakshmi and her accompanying Mahádebs placed herself in defiance in front of the car of her husband. Here he presented her with a beautiful necklace of scented flowers, and this was hung tastefully on her neck by a priest. Lakshmi is a golden image about eight inches high. After some trifling delay she took her departure.
29th.—This morning for the last time we started to the Atharanals and gave away about 150 tracts, the last we had. We retreated when the sun became hot, completely exhausted by walking over the loose hot sand. Here our labours close for this season at Púrí. A great number of persons have heard the word of God, and 11,000 books have beeu taken away which contain the word of God able to save the soul. This allows 500 for loss by tearing up, &c. And may God bless and succeed His word by imparting the Holy Spirit which is promised in connection with the preaching of the gospel. This Spirit was given in the first times of the gospel, and hence the glorious success which succeeded ; this Spirit is now promised, and until it shall be poured forth, we shall preach in vain and labour in vain. O for a universal effort of prayer, faithful believing prayer, instead of coldness and disbelief. I leave Púrí for Cuttack this afternoon.
30th.-After a tolerably comfortable journey arrived at Cuttack this morning about nine o'clock, and found all well, thanks to our gracious Preserver. There was a pretty cousiderable number of dead in the bed of the Catjoorey river, pilgrims who had died of the cholera.
W, LACEY, Missionury ut Cuttack.
IV.-Facts illustrative of the Government connexion with
Idolatry. Since our last and morelengthened publications on this subject, we have gathered a few scraps which we have much pleasure in laying before our readers. A correspondent at Madras writes as follows, respecting
THE OONJEVERAM PAGODAS.
“ I have heard of fact lately upon this subject in connexion with the Conjeveram pagodas, which clearly proves that a certain annual feast is kept up there at the expense of government; that for the 10 years preceding 1825, it was stopped ; but after that period it was actually revived again, and obtained the full sanction of government, and that on one occasion when the heathen government of Mysore requested permission to conduct this feast, at its own cost, this request was denied by the Madras government on the ground that as the rulers of the country, it was more fitting for this government to perform the ceremony, than that it should be at the expense of any other !! Can you imagine any thing to equal this? A Christian government actually Contending with a heathen one, which shall have the honor of holding an annual feast to a base idol."
We have much pleasure in transferring the following document to our pages from our excellent contemporary the Oriental Christian Spectator respecting
THE YELANA TEMPLE*. “ This sunt lately formed the net profit; but from it, we conjecture, the pilgrim tax realized from the Yelamagud temple, amounting to about Rs. 5000 annually, and which already has been very properly abandoned by the Bombay Government, will fall to be deducted.
“ The following notice of the Yelama temple is from a report of the Belgaum Missionaries, lately printed. 'In July, Mr. Beynon visited for a second time this year, the Yelama jatra and witnessed the most horri. ble and revolting scenes.
The remark which a native Christian who was with him, made in reference to them was, 'Come, let us flee, this is Sodom and Gomorrah.' Among other disgusting spectacles, was that of males and females, promiscuously and indiscriminately walking the distance of about a mile; some with girdles made of the branches of the neem or margosa with their clothes loosely thrown over them, other with girdles without any clothes, and others in an entire state of nudity, which together with their dishevelled hair and bodies besmeared with a mixture of turmeric, gave them a most frightful appearance. In passing through the crowd; they received the same homage from the deluded spectators as Yelama herself. When reasoning with them and showing to them the debasing nature of their ceremonies ; many appeared to feel, and many declared that they would not fulfil the vows they had taken upon them, some of swinging, others of going naked, &c. We are happy to say that Government hus relinquished the revenue which it derived from this festival ; and it would be well if it had nothing to do with it. In consequence of some disagreement between the pujáris, who are shudras, and the kulkarnís, who are bráhmans, about the apportioning of the fees ; Government has appointed four bráhmans as a kind of trustees to collect and take charge of the offerings. The pujáris are dissatisfied with the arrangement, and say, they have a claim to all, and receive nothing. The impression produced in consequence on the mind of the people, was that the fees were collected by the authority of Government.'
“ As we have formerly mentioned, we ourselves visited this shrine about eigliteen months ago. The hereditary Pujáris, (beadles,) we found to be Linguwants, and the trustees appointed by government, to be adherents of Brâhmunism. These trustees are required by Government to divide the free-will offerings of the pilgrims between the hakdárs (shareholders) of the temple, the pujáris, and the hereditary kulkurnís, according to the use and want of the establishment. Any party supposing itself injured may prosecute the trustees in the Adálat.
“ These arrangements we have no doubt, were considered by the Government to be the best which could be made in the circumstances of the case. We have no hesitation, however, in declaring that they are among the worst which could have been imagined.
* See an account of this in the May No. of the C. C. 0.-ED.
† Rupees 9,519, the net loss which the Bombay Government would sustain by the cessation of its interference.
"1. Government, on relinquishing the pilgrim tax, and the care of the temple, ought to have left it in the hands of the pujóris, who were, and had been for generations, in the immediate possession of it, and left them to satisfy the haldárs, according to their supposed civil rights in the pro. perty, capable of being recognized in the civil courts, should they be over. looked. Had it done this, it would have ceased, as it intended, not to have any connection with the establishment. As matters now stand, it is still the principal of the concern, for it is by its authority that the trusteeship erists. This fact is undeniable, even though it may be alleged that the Government, after having established the trusteeship, declines the control of it, and leaves all appeals against it to be settled in the civil courts.
The trustees appointed by the Government, were not the choice of the whole, or any of the persons connected with the proprietary of the temple. They owe their status to the sovereign will of the Bombay Govern. ment, as expressed in the edict appointing them, a copy of which we have in our possession.
"3. The trustees appointed by the Government are not acceptable to any of the parties connected with the proprietary. From both the hakdórs and the pujóris, we received petitions begging us to represent this fact to the authorities!
“ 4. The appointment of trustees who adhere to Brahmanism, is the source of unceasing feuds amang the pujárís, and the majority of the worshippers, who are Lingawants.
“5. The appointment of men of respectable character among the natives, such as Morobé Dádájí Ráo Sáhib of Nargund, Anaji Pant of Pádshápur, Chintáman Ráo Sáheb, and Shinapa Náyak of Dharwár, to be trustees of what is worse than any brothel, is conferring a dignity and importance upon it in the eyes of the natives, which it never could have enjoyed, if left in the hands of its former possessors.
“ 6. The arrangement of the Government has increased the number of the persons having a direct interest in upholding the practice of superstition and impurity. Though the services of the trustees are to be gratuitous, they are allowed to keep clerks, &c., for registering the offerings, and disposing of them, and keeping minutes of their proceedings. These clerks are paid from the proceeds, and must of course desire them to be abundant.
“7. The arrangement of the Government, requires the trustees to keep the temple in repair. It is evident, that being personally independent of it, they will maintain it in a style superior to what would have suited the views of the hakdárs and pujáris, who from time immemorial have been more attentive to their own bellies (we use their own expression) than the glory of their goddess.
“These remarks, we would most respectfully submit to the Government. We give it all due credit for what it has already accomplished ; and we beseech it to make the endeavour to give due effect to its own benevolent wishes. “The Sarkar did well,' said one of the persons interested in this affair to ourselves, .in drawing his hand out of our dish, but why, after dirtying it, bas he again put it in?' We put the same question. Edit. of the 0. C. S."
THE ANTI-IDOLATRY CIRCULAR. The following copy of a circular issued by one of the presidency committees for gathering information on the idolatry question, so well expresses the wants and views of the advocates of total suppression, that we have with a few alterations adopt
ed it as our own, and have much pleasure in inserting it in the Calcutta Christian Observer. Any information will be gladly received by the editors and forwarded to the respective committees at Madras aud Bombay. The object of those and the Bengal Committee is to correspond with the friends of lumanity and religion in Britain on this subject.
1. The reply which the Madras Government and the Government of India returned to what was called, “the Madras Idolatry Alemorini," and the discussions which have recently taken place in the court of proprietors at the India House in London, on the subject of the countenance and protection afforded by the several Governments of India to the idolatry of this country, together with the reply of the Court of Directors to the me. morial noted below*, clearly show that it is not the intention of the local Governments, or of the Court of Directors, to afford the measure of toleration sought by the Memorialists, nor to carry into effect the orders of the Court of Directors, of the 20th February, 1833.
2. This course of proceeding cannot be considered to arise from any love which the parties have for idolatry, but principally it is believed from the three following causes.
1st.-Want of information as to the extent and manner in which the Governments of India are countenancing and supporting the idolatrous rites and ceremonies of the Hindus and Musalmáns.
2nd. Insensibility to the sin and guilt which they and the British nation incur thereby, and,
3rd.-An undue and unnecessary alarm as to the consequences of their granting the measure of relief which has been solicited at their hands by the Christian public.
3. All that the Christian servants of Government require for them. selves, is not to be implicated in any heathen ceremonies by which their consciences are violated, and all they ask for the honor of the Govern. ment, as Christian rulers, is, that it shall in no respect or degree interfere with or control the Hindus or Muhammadans in any of their religious services. In fact it is that neither individuals, nor the Government should participate in, or countenance any observances which may be inconsistent with Christian faith and practice.
4. To argue that, if the Government were to deliver over to their na. tive subjects all their property, directing them to take all the advantages of it to themselves, and the management of it into their own hands; as. suring them, at the same time, that the fullest protection, as heretofore, should be afforded them in securing to them all possible freedom in the exercise of their religious observances; to argue that this would produce disaffection or rebellion in the country, would be to state what is contrary to the experience of the world, in all ages, in this, or in any
Extract from a letter from the Hon'ble the Court of Directors to the Governor General of India in Council, dated 18th October, 1837, (No. 14.)
Para sth. “We now desire that no customary salutes, or marks of respect to native festivals be discontinued at any of the presidencies, that no protection hitber. to given be withdrawn, and that no change whatever be made in any matter relating to the native religion except under the authority of the Supreme Government."
9th. “ With reference to a memorial received through the late Bishop of Madras, on behalf of the Christian community under that presidency, praying that all inter. ference on the part of Government or its Civil and Military officers in the religious ceremonies of the natives may be discontinued. We shall furnish the Government of Madras, also that of Bombay, with a copy of this despatch for their information and guidance."