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The Programme was not strictly adhered to, in the examination ; several Classes, from want of time, were not examined at all.
We were not able to remain out the entire examination, (which was conducted chiefly by the Rev. Messrs. Charles, Mackay, and Ewart;) but saw and heard enough to justify us in forming and expressing an unqualified opinion, that the conduct of this Institution has been eminently successful in communicating a large mass of miscellaneous knowledge to its pupils. Many of these have certainly acquired a very considerable acquaintance with our, to them, exotic and most heterogeneous language, difficult alike in its enunciation, spelling and construction. The Essays exhibit most satisfactory specimens of progressive attainment, pro ratione classium, in the art of English composition ; and that not merely as to grammatical correctness, idiomatic expression, and just application of terms, but as to ease and range of thought, enlargement of ideas, and positive growth of intellect. Yet they were shewn up as written, with all their faults and peculiarities of spelling, diction and illustration. The first Essay was “on Grammar, by Gopal Chandar Dás, a lad of the 10th class, of only nine or ten years of age. It was read aloud by the lad himself, and excited, by its original naïveté, truly native turn of thought, and swelling and singular figures and illustrations, no small amusement among the European anditory.
The second, * on Female Character," by Mahendra Lál Baisák, shews the writer to be really a thinker and an observer, though neither very original nor very profound. His style is unequal, bis composition not so correct as it is evident he could render it, were he to take greater pains, by writing leisurely and revising carefully. This latter exercise is especially called for to restrain the luxuriance of native style and to conquer the intolerance of patient labour so characteristic of Bengálí youth. However, as almost a first attempt, the Essay on Feniale Character must be deemed highly creditable to its author, the more so as we learn that he has received no regular instruction whatever in composition. The third essay
the Rise and Doctrines of the Stoics and Epicureans of Greece,” is, on the whole, composed with much correctness and knowledge of the subject. It is from the pen of Khyetar M. Chátturjyá, of the first or monitorial class, although not considered the best that was presented. That on the same subject, by Mahesh Chandar Bánurjyá obtained the preference.
The mathematical classes passed a highly creditable examination indeed. Several of the young men were singularly prompt in the demonstrations, and accurate in the expression of the algebraic formulæ, &c. One youth, Mahendra L. Baisák, already
mentioned, brought up and presented a book of Geometrical Propositions with original solutions, well conceived and worked out with much talent. The figures were drawn and the solutions written out with great neatness and in a remarkably good fair hand. The whole was the labour of his private hours, quite unkyown to his tutors, who were first aware of his voluntary exercises when exhibited on the morning of the examination. This youth's mind has evidently a mathematical direction; its development in this branch is considerable, much greater indeed than in any other.
We regretted extremely not to have been able to await the hearing of the Bengáli class; for we regard as one of the most important objects to be aimed at in all institutions for the education of natives, the exciting of a taste for the study of their vernacular languages. Few of them
hope to attain a sufficiently extensive and accurate acquaintance with Englislı, to be able to compose in it works of any standard excellence or great utility ; and were it even otherwise, how small still the number that would or could be benefitted by their perusal ! The great object of a European education, apart from its possessors being thereby led to a knowledge of religious truth, and from their own personal advancement in strength and excellence of mental and moral character, must of course be to furnish a sufficient number of young men of fair talent and application, with the science, literature and wisdom of the west, and to awaken in their minds an effective desire to seek the improvement of the mass of their countrymen, by spreading their own acquisitions among them through the medium of translations and original compositions in the native tongues. Thus would they become real and extensive benefactors ; short of this, on the other hand, they would usually be but vain, selfish, and inglorious possessors of talents uselessly buried, or abused, perhaps, to purposes of ostentation and display. It is to natives of the country, thoroughly educated, of well cultivated minds, just sentiments, enlarged views, liberal and philanthropic feelings, that we must look for the exertion of any very extensive influence upon the mass of the Indian population ; and this not only in regard to art, science, literature, and general education, but to religion also. The hugest efforts that it were not altogether visionary to suppose put forth by the various societies of our father-land, through European missionaries, and the vastest amount of charitable contribution that could by possibility bę obtained, would but serve to commence, in various well chosen foci, the work of religious illumination and moral regeneration. As in ail past periods and among other nations, so now and here, foreign instructors and resources can be made to bear only upon the introduction of Christianity. It is by its own native energy, once put fairly in operation, that it must radiate far and wide, in all directions. A holy leaven, once duly inserted up and down the mass of an idolatrous and debased population, must subsequently work its own way till the whole be leavened. Thus many small bodies of native scholars on the one hand, and numerous little native churches on the other, are all that can reasonably be proposed as the result of European means and efforts. To those bodies and churches themselves must be left the task of extending true knowledge, a sound education, and a pure religion over the length and breadth of the land.
Hence the real importance of such institutions as the Assembly's School-whether we view their alumni as the future literati and writers of their country; or as destined to furnish from their number a body of well educated men, imbued, as it may be confidently hoped not a few will be, with a zealous love for truth, and saturated with the genuine spirit of an enlightened Christianity, to go forth hereafter as the heralds of a divine salvation, and to become the apostles of the future churches of christianized Hindustan. Nothing short of this will ever effect the conversion to the Christian faith of the millions of the East. This is the great aim of all our noble Missionary Societies; this is the fervent prayer, the supporting hope of all their zealous agents in this idolatrous country, and that to which all their self-denying and laborious exertions are perseveringly directed. But to return
A bare inspection of the programme will satisfy any inquirer, that most assiduous, intelligent and well-directed effort must have been employed by the directors and conductors of this institution, before such works as Whateley's Rhetoric and Logic, the Ancient and Scholastic Ethics of Sir J. Mackintosh, the Evidences of Paley and Horne, could have become its class books; to say nothing of astronomy, algebra (as far as quadratic equations), plane and spherical trigonometry, conic sections, the problems of the parabola and ellipse, &c. being among the subjects of only its seventh yearly examination !
The chief Magistrate Mr. McFarlan, with most considerate and munificent liberality, has given one thousand rupees as a fund for a yearly gold medal, to be the meed of the best proficient in the school, at its periodical examination. It was this year adjudged to Mahesh Ch. Bánurjyá.
Mr. Gray, the builder, also presented a very handsome silver medal, which was obtained by Khyetar M. Cháțţarjyá.
A third medal was presented, by the Rev. J. Charles, to Mahendra Lál Baisák, of the 2nd class.
These medals bear an impression of the front elevation of the new school, with suitable inscriptions on the obverse.
The following is a list of the successful candidates for the meed of merit, in the 8 senior classes. Monitorial Class.
Tárá Charan Sikdár. Mahesh Chandar Báŋurjyá*.
Bishwanáth Mitra. Khyetar Chandar Cháțurjyát.
6th Class. I'shwar Chandar De.
Harish Chandar Dhar.
Lál Behári De. 1st Class.
Murári Mohan Sil. Behárilal Singha.
Madhusudan Gupta. Shems Charan Datta.
Nabakumár Set. Haro Sankar Dás.
6th Class, 2nd Class,
Addanáth Basu. Banamáli De.
Gopál Chandar De. Mahendralál Basák.
Baikanţhanáth Nág. Nabakumár Páttar.
Sib Chandar Ghosa. Khyetar Mohan Mitra.
Nabākrishna Chakrabartte. Nimái Charan Dás.
Ishwar Chandar Basak. Kailás Chandar Mitra.
7th Class. Shrinath Basu.
Nazim Mandal. Jagat Chandar Bápurjyá.
Nabin Chandar Láhá. 3rd Cluss.
Dwárakánáth Bhar. Rámendra Sarkár.
Gopál Chandar Mukarjys. Gopál Chandar Cháțurjyá.
Rámkisan Ghosa, Dwarakanath Mukarjvá.
Kailás Chandar Ghosa. Gopal Chandar Chaturjyé.
8th Class. Sibchandar Pál.
Ishwar Chandar Ghosa. 4th Class.
Gopál Chandar De. Parameshwar Sáh.
Kistakisan Maitra. Brajanáth De.
Gobinda Chandar Cháțurjyá. Dinanáth Dás.
IX.-Monument to Messrs. CAREY, MARSHMAN and WARD.
To the Editors of the Calcutta Christian Observer. SIRB,
Will you permit me to call the attention of the Christian and literary public of India to the following subject. Your readers will be aware that the last of the excellent trio (Messrs. Carey, Marshman and Ward), who may justly be designated the fathers of the modern Protestant Missions to India, Dr. Marshman, has entered into his rest. They all sleep in Jesus and their works do follow them.
* The McFarlan Gold Medal.
The 2nd prize for general eminence ; and a Silver Medal, from the Rev. Mr. Charles, for his Book containing various original demonstrations of propositions in the first six Books of Euclid.
Might it not be proper for all parties, both European, IndoBriton and Native, to unite for the purpose of erecting some monument to the memory of these pioneers in the Mission field ? I do not advocate any splendid erection, but a plain unostentatious tablet, in some public place of resort (the Town Hall for instance), which might teach the future generations of India the reward that attaches to unaided talent, perseverance, and Christian integrity* I am aware the more private friends of Dr. Carey contemplate some such erection for him ; but this would not interfere with the more public and comprehensive demonstration of feeling. Submitting this to the judgment of yourselves and readers,
I am, &c. Calcutta, Jany. 21st 18.8.
Missionary and Religious Entelligence.
1.-ECCLESIASTICAL AND MISSIONARY MOVEMENTS. Since our last, the Rev. W. F. Wybrow has left for Banáras in company with the Rev. Mr. Leupolt of the Church Mission. Mr. W. intends, we be. lieve, to visit the several stations of the Society in the Mufassal. May his visits be the means of infusing new vigour into the minds of the brethren.— The Rev. A. Sutton has returned to Cuttack. The Rev. A. Lish of Chirrá Punji, The Rev. J. Tomlin and family, from the hills, and the Rev. J. Comstock of Khyook Khyoo, arrived safely in Calcutta during the last month.-We understand the Bishop designs a trip to the eastward for the benefit of his health. The Rer. T. Robertson, the senior Presi. dency Chaplain, has proceeded to England.—The Bishoprick of Madras has been filled up with Dr. Spencer, a relative of Sir J. C. Hobhouse ; it is supposed, however, that domestic circumstances will induce him to resign the appointment. May the mantle of Corrie fall on his successor !—The last overland despatch announces that 48 Missionaries had taken their farewell of the Missionary Society. We have not heard officially of such a designation; but have no doubt that it refers to the publicly setting apart of a number of devoted Missionaries and their wives who are intended to accompany the Rev. J. Williams to the South Sea Islands.-J. Hope, Esq. formerly treasurer to the Serampore Mission, has entered into his rest. The Rev. G. Townsend and the Rev. W. Broadfoot, two of the earliest friends of the London Society, have also passed from the scene of labour to that of reward.— The Rev. H. Malcom has sailed from China for the United States.—Rev. H. Proby proceeds to Europe on the Orient. — The Rev. Messrs. A. and J. Stronach, of the London Society, and their families have proceeded on the Brigand to Singapore, to prepare for the Chinese Mission. The Rev. J. Kruckeberg has sailed for the straits on the Suli. many, for the recovery of his health.-- The Rev. C. Lacy has just arrived rom England on the Royal Saxon.
* We shall be happy to receive any donation for this purpose.-ED.