people who are obliged to live on such food. You would not be able to obtain much beef in China; but in the provision shops there are excellent hams, ducks, geese, chickens, and fish. In the vegetable markets you can always find a supply of potatoes, beans, peas, and you may possibly find all of those in the bowl of stew which the peddlers sell.

9. To eat after the common manner, you must hold the bowl to your lips and poke the food into your mouth. If you would be genteel, you must pick up the bits of meat, the beans, and the kernels of rice with the chopsticks, and carry them steadily to your mouth, and then drink the broth.

10. If we were to go into the house of a wealthy Chinaman, and were invited to dinner, we should be three or four hours at the table, and have at least three hundred different dishes containing food placed before us! I dined one day with a mandarin-or rather had only a lunch—and there were so many dishes, and such a variety of food, that I lost all reckoning of the number.

11. First we had roasted pumpkin seeds, then we ate some sweet cakes, and drank several cups of delicious tea, the very best that China affords. The waiters then brought in a great variety of dishes. Some of the food was sweet to the taste and good, but of other dishes a smell satisfied us.

12. We should have had an uncomfortable time, if we had undertaken to eat heartily of every dish. To be genteel in China, you must only taste and eat a little of everything brought on by the waiters. That is no light affair at a great dinner


where three hundred kinds are served for the guests. The Chinese drink a great deal of tea at their dinner parties, but do not have wines or liquors.


separated, kept apart. mandarin, Chinese magispeddler, one who carries trate. goods for sale.

delicious, delightful. genteel, polite.

guests, visitors. chop-stick i-vo-ry

chick-en um-brel-la pen-hold-er es-pe-ci-al-ly per-mit-ted ex-cel-lent bam-boo

pre-par-ing tra-vel-ling man-dar-in

Who use chopsticks? What sort do the common people use? What are the best sorts made of? Which hand

do they hold them in? What animals do the Chinese eat that we do not? How long do the rich people sit at table? What number of dishes do they have? What do the Chinese drink at dinner? What is considered genteel conduct at table?


1. Children, choose it;

Don't refuse it;
'Tis a precious diadem;
Highly prize it;
Don't despise it;
You will need it when you're men.

2. Love and cherish,

Keep and nourish,
'Tis more precious far than gold;
Watch and guard it,
Don't discard it,

You will need it when you're old. refuse, reject.

despise, think lightly of. precious, of great value. cherish, take care of. diadem, a crown.

nourish, feed. prize, value.

discard, cast off. watch chil-dren di-a-dem nour-ish guard choose re-fuse cher-ish


1. Large trees which, when cut down, can be sawn into great planks of wood, are called timber trees. Many trees do not grow to a sufficient size to be of value for the sake of their timber, but are carefully grown on account of their beauty, or for the fruit which they yield.

2. A large number of the trees which are grown in England have been originally brought from other countries. A traveller to a distant land perhaps brings back with him a young tree, a few seeds, or a small branch. The tree is set, the seeds sown, or the branch planted. From this beginning, other trees are obtained, until at last they are spread over the country, and become common.

3. Some trees, flowers, and animals seem to belong to the countries in which they are found. They were not placed there by man, but live and grow there without his aid. Such trees, flowers, and animals are called indigenous or native. We have in England several trees which are considered to be native. The most valuable of these are the OAK, the ELM, the Ash, the BEECH, and the FIR. They are all timber trees.


1. The oak is one of the largest and most useful of all our trees. When it has been allowed room to grow and has attained its full size, the thickness of its trunk covered with rough bark, its deep green jagged leaves and wide-spreading branches, all give it an appearance of great beauty. The seed of the oak is the acorn. Acorns when hanging on the tree look very pretty, each placed in its little cup. Quantities of ripe acorns fall from the trees in the autumn. Droves of pigs are then sent into the oak woods to feed upon them, and the squirrel and the dormouse collect some for their winter food. 2. The oak tree grows very slowly and reaches

a great age. It hardly comes to its full size in less than a hundred years. It does not seem to be well known how long it will live.

In some parts of England there are a few ancient trees

which are tainly not less than three hundred years

old; and in the woods which are the remains of the old forest of Sherwood, in Nottinghamshire, there are some noble oaks of enormous size. 3. Some of them have become hollow from


and are probably not less than four or five hundred years old. Inside one of these trees, five or six persons might take shelter during a heavy shower, and be well protected from the rain.

4. All parts of the oak are put to use by man. The bark is used by the tanner in tanning, or converting the skins of animals into leather. For this



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