will my mother think?” said he, “I would care nothing for myself—but my mother.” Hugh did all he could to comfort the poor lad, and they both of them lay down together to wait for morning.

3. About two o'clock in the morning they were discovered by their friends, who had been searching


the woods all night, and had now got two boats to see if they could find their bodies amongst the rocks, as they thought they might have fallen over the cliffs.

4. After this he began to make mimic voyages on the horse pond in the village, on ships constructed similar to those of which he had read in his books. A plank often served to represent a canoe, or a Roman galley, and as shipwrecks often happened, he had plenty of matter for his pen to describe.

5. When tired of shipwrecks, he tried painting; but when boiling his oil to make the paint, it overflowed and set his mother's chimney on fire, and this brought his labours to a close in that direction.

6. He next set himself to work at casting little images in lead, in making watch-seals out of the pebbles found on the beach, and in simple magic.

7. His favourite game at this time of his life was to make a map of a country in sand. He marked towns and roads, and for people he used coloured shells. He then appointed himself king and ruled them, making peace and war.

8. At fifteen, Hugh Miller's school days came to a close. He went to work as a mason in a quarry near his home. But his love of learning did not end with his leaving school, for he was able when not engaged in his trade, to employ his spare time in such a good manner, that he rose to be respected and loved. He afterwards became famous. His life is one of many examples of how a boy in a humble position can by his own efforts raise himself to a life of usefulness and honour.

cave, a hole in the rocks. retiring, going back. splendid, fine.

constructed, built. explore, examine.

canoe, a small boat. smugglers, persons who Roman galley, a Roman

the boat.

bring articles into the country without paying describe, write or tell the duty.


e-vent young-er mounted thought




Where did Hugh wander when he was twelve years of age? Who was with him?

What did they find amongst the rocks? What did Hugh tell his companion tales about? When night came on what did they do? Why were they unable to get out of the cave? Where were they compelled to retire to? At what time in the morning did their friends find them? On what place did Hugh now make mimic voyages? What served him for a canoe? Why did he stop painting? What was one of his favourite games at this time of his life? When he left school where did he go to work?


1. Boy. Over the fence is a garden fair

How I would love to be master there!
All that I lack is a mere pretence;

I could leap over the low white fence. Consc. This is the way that all crimes commence;

Sin and sorrow are over the fence.

2. Boy. Over the fence I can toss my ball,

Then I can go for it—that is all;
Picking an apple up near the tree

Would not be really a theft, you see.
Consc. This is a falsehood, a weak pretence;

Sin and sorrow are over the fence.

3. Boy. Whose is the voice that speaks so plain?

Twice have I heard it, and not in vain.
Ne'er will I venture to look that way,

Lest I should do as I planned to-day. Consc. This is the way that all crimes commence;

Coveting that which is over the fence.

pretence, excuse. venture, dare. crimes, sins, wrong deeds. planned, arranged. commence, begin. coveting, desiring falsehood, a lie.


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1. “What are chopsticks?” Well, they are small sticks a little longer than a pen-holder and about as large. Those used by poor people in China are made of bamboo, while the wealthy people use those manufactured from ebony or ivory, or of silver and gold.

2. They hold them very cleverly between the first and third fingers of the right hand, -separated by the second finger and steadied by the thumb. The Chinese handle them just as easily as we do our knives and forks.

3. What! don't they use knives? Not to eat with. In preparing their food they take a knife from their pocket and use it for cutting up a chicken or a puppy. “A puppy!" I don't wonder you stare at hearing it.

4. It is well for your pet, who looks up into your face, licks your hand and wags his tail when you speak to him, that his master does not live in China, for he would not be permitted to enjoy long life in barking at the hens, in showing his teeth and putting on airs, but he would come to an inglorious end in a stew-pan! A Chinaman, though, might think it glorious.

5. You would see some strange things were you to visit that land of wonders, especially in the eating line. Eating-houses and hotels are as numerous as they are here. They have travelling eating establishments.

6. The peddler of puppy-stew walks through the street with a broad, shallow basin filled with the food already cooked, on the top of his head. He carries a small sheet-iron furnace on his back, and his big umbrella on his shoulder.

7. He finds a place to suit him where customers are numerous, sets up his umbrella, lights a charcoal fire in his furnace, and in a few minutes the piece of fish, chicken, or dog, mixed with rice, is warming and steaming in the pan. He takes his bowls and chopsticks from a basket, and in a few minutes is ready to serve the hungry crowd. For a small coin you can get a bowl full of nice, hot dog-stew!

8. We are not to think that all Chinamen live on puppies, cats, and kittens; it is only the poorest

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