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2. He who works with throbbing brain
Thinks to teach men how to live,
Speaks, to truth fresh zest to give.
With the sons of toil to stand;
Helps to bless his native land. 3. He who lives a life of ease,
Idly wasting all his days,
Filled with pride and courting praise;
Such existence is a sham;
Soon will die his empty name. 4. Labour brings reward and rest,
Educates the latent powers;
Who employs his golden hours;
Toiling not against his will,
Glad his mission to fulfil.
5. All things labour for our good:
He who made us never sleeps;
For his pains a harvest reaps.
As they do what good they can;
'Tis an honour to be named,
As we toil, "a working man." dignity, nobleness.
asserts, maintains. anvil, an iron block on courting, seeking.
which things are shaped. latent, hidden. wield, use.
toiling, working hard. strik-ing aim-ing em-ploys be-neath power
ex-ist-ence na-tive mis-sion wast-ing emp-ty ed-u-cates ful-fil
NORWAY AND SWEDEN.
1. Norway and Sweden, together, form a large peninsula in north-western Europe. Sweden forms the larger part of this peninsula, but Norway is the more mountainous.
2. The coast of Norway is similar to that of Ireland and Scotland. It is bold and rocky, fringed with numerous small islands, and indented with narrow inlets of the sea, called Fiords. Some of these are very broad and deep, and run from twenty to sixty miles into the land. The scenery on this coast is very grand, high precipitous mountains, covered with forests of pine and birch, running down to the fiords.
3. Into these fiords run rapid streams of water, which make their way down many a waterfall, and all abounding in fish. The fiords themselves are the home of millions of water-fowl, whose eggs and feathers form valuable articles of trade for the people.
4. The climate is very severe, and the winter lasts eight months in the year. There is really no spring, the summer and the winter being often only separated by a few days. The ice and snow melt very rapidly, and the leaves at once burst forth.
The birds build their nests, the corn is sown, and
That wakes the spring of northern land;
6. In summer the climate is often very hot, but it is generally salubrious. One part of Norway lies within the Arctic circle, and here, at midsummer, the sun does not set at all.
7. The people of Norway, called Norwegians, are a brave, hardy race of men. They have always been fond of the sea, and are excellent sailors. In old times their history was one of great romance.
Led by their vikings or sea kings they sailed forth, and devastated and conquered countries along the western coast of Europe.
8. These old vikings became very much mixed up with English history, and one of them named Rollo, who conquered Normandy, was the ancestor of William the Conqueror, so that our own royal family is descended from these old sea kings.
9. The wild animals of Norway are bears, wolves, ermines, and foxes. Reindeer, elks, deer, and hares abound in the northern parts. Geese and eider ducks are very numerous in the fiords. From these eider ducks a great quantity of down is obtained, which is exported to other countries to make beds and quilts. The forests supply deal and tar.
10. Large quantities of salmon and lobsters are also caught, which, when packed in ice, are sent by swift steamers to London.
11. Sweden is a land of rivers and lakes, and in many respects is very much like Scotland. The summer is short and very hot. Wheat, oats, potatoes, hemp and flax, are the chief articles of culture.
12. Sweden is noted for its minerals. Its iron are very
mines are among the finest and most productive in the world. In addition to these, gold, silver, copper, lead, and cobalt are found.
13. The houses, and even the churches in some parts, are built entirely of wood, and present a very singular and pretty appearance.
14. In the north of Sweden there dwells a curious race of people called Laplanders. They
short in stature, and of a dark yellow complexion. They live mostly on fish; and on the milk which they obtain from their large herds of reindeer. The reindeer when dead supplies them with food and clothing. It is their only beast of burden.
15. In summer the Laplanders live in tents, and