2. He who works with throbbing brain

Thinks to teach men how to live,
Writes, that others good may gain,

Speaks, to truth fresh zest to give.
He can claim the manly right

With the sons of toil to stand;
He asserts his mental might,

Helps to bless his native land. 3. He who lives a life of ease,

Idly wasting all his days,
Aiming only self to please,

Filled with pride and courting praise;
Call him not a noble man,

Such existence is a sham;
And when ends his life's blank span,

Soon will die his empty name. 4. Labour brings reward and rest,

Educates the latent powers;
And he serves his age the best

Who employs his golden hours;
Working not beyond his might,

Toiling not against his will,
And, beneath his Master's sight,

Glad his mission to fulfil.

5. All things labour for our good:

He who made us never sleeps;
He who tills the ground for food

For his pains a harvest reaps.
None who work need feel ashamed,

As they do what good they can;

'Tis an honour to be named,

As we toil, "a working man." dignity, nobleness.

asserts, maintains. anvil, an iron block on courting, seeking.

which things are shaped. latent, hidden. wield, use.

toiling, working hard. strik-ing aim-ing em-ploys be-neath power

ex-ist-ence na-tive mis-sion wast-ing emp-ty ed-u-cates ful-fil


1. Norway and Sweden, together, form a large peninsula in north-western Europe. Sweden forms the larger part of this peninsula, but Norway is the more mountainous.

2. The coast of Norway is similar to that of Ireland and Scotland. It is bold and rocky, fringed with numerous small islands, and indented with narrow inlets of the sea, called Fiords. Some of these are very broad and deep, and run from twenty to sixty miles into the land. The scenery on this coast is very grand, high precipitous mountains, covered with forests of pine and birch, running down to the fiords.

3. Into these fiords run rapid streams of water, which make their way down many a waterfall, and all abounding in fish. The fiords themselves are the home of millions of water-fowl, whose eggs and feathers form valuable articles of trade for the people.

4. The climate is very severe, and the winter lasts eight months in the year. There is really no spring, the summer and the winter being often only separated by a few days. The ice and snow melt very rapidly, and the leaves at once burst forth.

[graphic][merged small]

The birds build their nests, the corn is sown, and
vegetation and flowers deck the land that a few
days before was covered with snow.
5. "Oh! 'tis the touch of fairy hand,

That wakes the spring of northern land;
It warms not there by slow degrees,
With changeful pulse, the uncertain breeze;
But sudden on the wondering sight,
Bursts forth the beam of living light;
And instant verdure springs around,
And magic flowers bedeck the ground.”

6. In summer the climate is often very hot, but it is generally salubrious. One part of Norway lies within the Arctic circle, and here, at midsummer, the sun does not set at all.

7. The people of Norway, called Norwegians, are a brave, hardy race of men. They have always been fond of the sea, and are excellent sailors. In old times their history was one of great romance.

Led by their vikings or sea kings they sailed forth, and devastated and conquered countries along the western coast of Europe.

8. These old vikings became very much mixed up with English history, and one of them named Rollo, who conquered Normandy, was the ancestor of William the Conqueror, so that our own royal family is descended from these old sea kings.

9. The wild animals of Norway are bears, wolves, ermines, and foxes. Reindeer, elks, deer, and hares abound in the northern parts. Geese and eider ducks are very numerous in the fiords. From these eider ducks a great quantity of down is obtained, which is exported to other countries to make beds and quilts. The forests supply deal and tar.

10. Large quantities of salmon and lobsters are also caught, which, when packed in ice, are sent by swift steamers to London.

11. Sweden is a land of rivers and lakes, and in many respects is very much like Scotland. The summer is short and very hot. Wheat, oats, potatoes, hemp and flax, are the chief articles of culture.

12. Sweden is noted for its minerals. Its iron are very

mines are among the finest and most productive in the world. In addition to these, gold, silver, copper, lead, and cobalt are found.

13. The houses, and even the churches in some parts, are built entirely of wood, and present a very singular and pretty appearance.

14. In the north of Sweden there dwells a curious race of people called Laplanders. They

[graphic][merged small]

short in stature, and of a dark yellow complexion. They live mostly on fish; and on the milk which they obtain from their large herds of reindeer. The reindeer when dead supplies them with food and clothing. It is their only beast of burden.

15. In summer the Laplanders live in tents, and

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