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the Lord, the God of heaven, and the an oath of the woman suspected, to God of the earth, that thou shalt not clear herself.-Numb. v. 19. take a wife unto my son of the Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, daughters of the Canaanites, &c. and serve bim, and shalt swear by his And the servant did swear.-Gen. name.—Deut. vi. 13. X. 20. xxiv. 2–4. 9.
At the mouth of two witnesses, or Abimelech and Isaac swear one to three witnesses, shall he that is woranother, not to hurt one the other.- thy of death be put to death ; but at Gen. xxvi. 28, 29. 31. .
the mouth of one witness he shall Jacob and Laban made a covenant, not be put to death. The hands of and sware to it: Jacob swore by the the witnesses shall be first upon him. fear of his father Isaac.-Gen. xxxi. -Deut. xvii. 6, 7. 44. 50–53.
One witness shall not rise up Joseph swore by the life of Pharaoh. against a man for any iniquity, or for -Gen. xlii. 15, 16.
any sin. At the mouth of two witIsrael called Joseph his son to him, nesses, or at the mouth of three witand desired him to swear unto him nesses, shall the matter be established. that he would bury him not in Egypt, If a false witness. rise up, &c. the but in his father's burying-place, judges shall inake diligent inquisition: Joseph did swear unto him.-Gen. and if the witness be a false witness, xlvii. 29-31. 1. 5.
*&c. then shall ye do unto him, &c.Joseph had straitly sworn the chil- Deut. xix. 15-19. dren of Israel, saying, &c. Ye shall Joshua made peace with the Gibcarry up my bones away hence with eonites, &c. and the princes of the you.Exod. xiii. 19. Gen. 1. 25. congregation sware unto them, &c. Josh. xxiv. 32.
The princes said, We have sworn Thou shalt not bear false witness unto them by the Lord God of Israel; against thy neighbour.—Exod. xx. 16. now therefore we may not touch Proy. xxiv. 28. xxv. 18.
them.- Josh. ix. 15. 19. ii. 12. 14. If a man deliver unto his neigh- vi. 22. bour an ass, &c. and it die, or be The elders of Gilead said unto hurt, or driven away, no man seeing Jephthah, The Lord be witness be. it; then shall an oath of the Lord tween us, if we do not so according be between them both, that he hath to thy words.-- Judges xi. 10. not put his hand unto his neighbour's “ The men of Israel had sworn in goods; and the owner of it shall Mispeh, saying, There shall not any accept thereof.—Exod. xxii. 10, 11. of us give his daughter unto Benjamin
If a soul sin, and hear the voice of to wife, &c. How shall we do, seeing swearing, and is a witness whether we have sworn by the Lord ? &0,he hath scen or known it; if he do Judges xxi. 1. 7.18. not utter it, then he shall bear his Jonathan said to David, Go in iniquity.—Levit. v, 1. 4.
peace, for as much as we have sworn If a soul sin, and lie unto his both of us in the name of the Lord, neighbour, &c. or have found that saying, The Lord be between me which was lost, and lieth concerning and thee, and between my seed and it, and sweareth falsely ; in any of all thy seed for ever.- Sam. xx, 13. these that a man doth, sinning therein, 17. 42. &c.—Levit. vi. 1-3.
Saul said unto David, Swear now . And ye shall not swear by my therefore unto me by the Lord, that name falsely; neither shalt thou pro- thou wilt not cut off my seed, &c. fane the name of thy God.-Levit. xix. And David sware unto Saul.-1 Sam. 12. Prov. xiv. 5,
xxiv. 17. 21, 22. xxx. 15. The priest was commanded to take The king said unto Shimei, Thou
shalt not die ; and the king sware A false witness shall not be ununto him.-2 Sam. xix. 23.
punished, &c.—Prov. xix. 5. 9. God brought a famine upon Israel, Keep the king's commandment ; for the sin of Saul, in slaying the and that in regard of the oath of God. Gibeonites; with whom Israel had –Eccles. viii. 2. made a covenant, to which the princes He that sweareth in the earth, swore.—2 Sam. xxi. 1-3.
shall swear by the God of truth.David had sworn to Bathsheba Isa. Ixv. 16. Jer. xii. 16. his queen, by the Lord his God, And thou shalt swear, the Lord that Solomon his son should reign liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in after him, &c. And the king sware, righteousness.-Jer. iv, 2. xii. 16. v. 2. and said, As the Lord liveth, &c. even How shall I pardon thee for this? as I swear unto thee by the Lord, &c. Thy children have forsaken me, and even so will I certainly do.—1 Kings sworn by them that are no gods.i. 17. 29, 30.
Jer. v. 7. , · They set up false witnesses against Will ye, &c. swear falsely, &c. and Naboth.—1 Kings xxi. 10. 13. Matt. come and stand before me in this xxvi. 59. Acts vi. 11. 15.
house, which is called by my name? Jehoiada sent, &c. the rulers and &c.—Jer. vii. 9, 10. captains, &c. and made a covenant Because of swearing the land with them, and took an oath of them mourneth, &c.-Jer. xxiii, 10. Hosea in the house of the Lord, and shewed iv. 1-5. them the king's son, &c.--2 Kings - The king sware secretly unto Jerexi. 4, &c.
miah, saying, As the Lord liveth that Asa, with Judah, entered into a made us this soul, I will not put thee covenant to seek the Lord God of to death.-Jer, xxxviii. 16. their fathers with all their heart, and God threatened the Jewish king with all their soul ; that whosoever for breaking his covenant, and dewould not seek the Lord God of spising the oath which he made to and Israel, should be put to death, &c. with the king of Babylon; and said, And they sware unto the Lord with Surely mine oath that he hath dea loud voice, &c. And all Judah re- spised, and my covenant that he hath joiced at the oath; for they had broken, even it will I recompense sworn with all their heart.--2 Chron. upon his own head, &c. I will bring xv. 8, 9. 12-15.
him to Babylon.—Ezek. xvii. 15, 16. Ezra made a covenant, &c. He 18–20. made the chief priests, the Levites, I heard the man clothed in linen, and all Israel to swear, that they &c. when he held up his right hand, should do according to this word. and his left hand unto heaven, and And they sware.-Ezra x. 3,5. sware by him that liveth for ever,
Nehemiah called the priests, and that it shall be for a time, &c.— took an oath of them, that they should Dan. xii. 7. do according to this promise.—Neh. God threatens to cut off them that v. 12.
swear by the Lord, and that swear by False witnesses did rise up, they Malcham.—Zeph. i. 4,5. laid to my charge things that I knew · Every one that sweareth, shall be not.-Ps. xxxv. 11.
cut off, &c. I will bring it forth, • The king shall rejoice in God: saith the Lord of hosts'; and it shall every one that sweareth by him, shall enter into the house of the thief, and glory.-Ps. lxiii. 11.
into the house of him that sweareth These six things doth the Lord falsely by my name, &c.—Zech. v. hate, &c. A false witness, that 3, 4. speaketh lies. Prov. vi. 16. 19. Love do false oath : for all these
are things that I hate, saith the Lord. foolishness of preaching, to save -Zech. viii. 17.
them that believe, 1 Cor. i. 18–21. Swear not at all : neither by hea- 23, 24. ven, for it is God's throne: nor by I have planted, Apollos watered : the earth, for it is his footstool, &c. but God gave the increase.—1 Cor. But let your communication be yea, iji. 6-9. yea; nay, nay: for whatsoever is I declare unto you the gospel which more than these cometh of evil. I preached unto you, which also you Matt. v. 33–37. James v. 12. Exod. have received, and wherein ye stand; XX. 7.
by which also ye are saved, &c. for I Herod swore rasbly to Herodias's delivered unto you first of all, that daughter.-Matt. xiv. 6, &c. which I also received; how that
They sought false witness against Christ died for our sins, according to Jesus : at the last came two false the scriptures; and that he was witnesses.—Matt. xxvi. 60. Prov. buried, and that he rose again the xiv. 5.
third day according to the scriptures. They suborned false witnesses - 1 Cor. xv. 1, &c. against Stephen.-Acts vi. 11. 13. How shall they believe in him of
Men verily swear by the greater: whom they have not heard ? and how and an oath for confirmation, is to shall they hear without a preacher ? them an end of all strife. Wherein and how shall they preach except God, willing more abundantly, &c. they be sent ?-Rom. x. 14, &c. confirmed it by an oath.--Heb. vi. And though the Lord give you the 13. 16-18. Jer. xxii. 5. Numb. bread of adversity, and the water of xiy. 21, 22.
affliction, yet shall not thy teachers And the angel, &c. lifted up his be removed into a corner any more : hand to heaven, and sware by him but thine eyes shall see thy teachers. that liveth for ever, &c. that there Isa. XXX. 20. should be time no longer.-Rev.x.5, 6. The Lord said unto Jeremiah, Thou
shalt go to all that I shall send thee:
and whatsoever I command thee, CHAP. XXIV.
thou shalt speak. Be not afraid, &c, WHAT THE GOSPEL IS : OF GOSPEL Jer. i. 7,8.
PREACHERS IN GENERAL: THEIR If thou take forth the precious DUTY AND RECOMPENSE.
from the vile, thou shalt be as my
mouth.--Jer. xv. 19. Sect. 1. What the Gospel is, and its
The word of the Lord was made a Efficacy.
reproach unto me, and a derision How beautiful upon the mountains daily: then I said, I will not make are the feet of him that bringeth mention of him, nor speak any more good tidings, that publisheth peace, in his name; but his word was in &c. that publisheth salvation !-Isa. mine heart, as a burning fire shut up lii. 7.
in my bones : and I was weary with The gospel of the kingdom shall forbearing, and I could not stay.be preached in all the world, for a Jer. XX. 8, 9. witness unto all nations, &c.—Matt. If thou speakest not to warn the xxiv. 14.
wicked from his wicked way, to save The preaching of the cross is, to his life, &c. he shall die in his inithem that perish, foolishness; but quity, but his blood will I require at unto us which are saved it is the thy hand, &c.—Ezek. iii. 18, &c. power of God, &c. after that, in the Freely ye have received, freely wisdom of God, the world by wisdom give: provide neither gold nor silver, knew not God; it pleased God by the nor brass in your purses, &c. for the workman is worthy of his meat, &c. soned in the synagogue every sabbath, I send you forth as sheep in the midst &c. He testified to the Jews, that of wolves; be ye therefore wise as Jesus was Christ, &c. Apollos shew. serpents, and harmless as doves.- ing by the scriptures that Jesus was Matt. x. 8–10. 16. John xx. 21. Christ.--Acts xviii. 1-5. 28. Loke x. 1, &c.
Paul preached three months, dis. Go ye therefore, and teach all na- puting and persuading the things contions, baptizing them in the name of cerning the kingdom of God; but the Father, and of the Son, and of when divers were hardened, &c. he the Holy Ghost : teaching them to separated the disciples, disputing, &c. observe all things whatsoever I have-Acts xix. 8, 9. commanded you : and lo, I am with Paul said, I kept back nothing that you alway, &c.—Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. was profitable unto you: but have John xx. 21-23.
shewed you, and have taught you He that despiseth you, despiseth publicly, and from house to house, me; and he that despiseth me, des- testifying, &c. repentance toward piseth him that sent me.-Luke x. 16. God, and faith toward our Lord
He that speaketh of himself, seek- Jesus Christ, &c. Neither count I eth his own glory: but he that seeketh my life dear, so that I might finish his glory that sent him, the same is my course with joy, and the ministry true, &c.—John vii. 18.
which I have received of the Lord Je· The apostles were very desirous to sus, to testify the gospel of the grace do good to the souls of others, and of God. I am pure from the blood of therefore took all occasions possible all men: for I have not shunned to to preach the gospel every where.- declare unto you all the counsel of Acts ii. 13, &c. iii. 12, &c. iv. 8-11. God, &c. I have coveted no man's V. 29–31. 42. vii. 1, &c.
silver, or gold, or apparel; ye your. When the apostles were forbid to selves know that these hands have preach Christ, they answer, Whether ministered unto my necessities, and it be right in the sight of God to to them that were with me.--Acts hearken unto you more than unto XX. 20, 21. 24. 26, 27. 33–35. God, judge ye; for we cannot but The Gentiles, unto whom now I speak the things which we have seen send thee, to open their eyes, and to and heard. Acts iv. 19, 20.
turn them from darkness to light, &c. We will give ourselves continually-Acts xxvi. 17, &c. Gal. i. 10-12 to prayer, and to the ministry of the 15, 16. word. -Acts vi. 4.
Paul dwelt two whole years in his · Sirs, why do you these things we own hired house, and received all that also are men of like passions with came in unto him: preaching the you ; and preach unto you, that ye kingdom of God, and teaching those should turn from these vanities unto things which concern the Lord Jesus the living God, which made heaven Christ.-Acts xxviii. 30, 31. and earth.--Acts xiv. 15, 16. xvii. I thank my God, &c. that your faith 22, 23.
is spoken of, &c. Without ceasing I
make mention of you always in my Sect. II. Of Gaspel Preachers, their
prayers, &c. I long to see you, that Duty and Recompense.
I may impart unto you some spiritual These men are the servants of the gift, to the end that you may be esmost high God, who shew unto us tablished, &c. I am not ashamed of the way of salvation.-Acts xvi. 17. the gospel of Christ: for it is the
Paul, being a tent-maker, abode power of God unto salvation.-Rom. with Aquila, being of the same craft, 1.8 11.16. Col. i. 9. Eph. i. 15, 16. and wrought with him, &c. He rea- I will not dare to speak of any of
those things which Christ hath not might by all means save some. wrought by me, to make the Gentiles 1 Cor. ix. 4. 7. 14-16. 19-23. obedient, &c. I beseech you bre- · I speak as to wise men ; judge ye thren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's what I say: the cup of blessing, &c. sake, and for the love of the Spirit, Even as I please. all men in all things, that ye strive together with me in not seeking mine own profit, but the your prayers to God for me, that I profit of many, that they may be saved. may be delivered from them which I Cor. x. 15, 16. 33. do not believe in Judea.-Rom. xv. In the church I had rather speak 18. 30.
five words with my understanding, When I came to you, I came not that by my voice I might teach others with excellency of speech, or of wis- also, than ten thousand words in an dom, declaring unto you the testi- unknown tongue.-1 Cor. xiv. 19. mony of God: for I determined not to The gospel which I preached unto know any thing among you, save Jesus you, &c. which I received, how that Christ, and him crucified, &c. and my Christ died for our sins, according to speech and my preaching was not the scriptures, &c. By the grace of with enticing (or persuasive) words God, I am what I am, &c. I laboured, of man's wisdom, but in demonstra- &c. yet not I, but the grace of God tion of the Spirit, &c. which things which was with me.-1 Cor. xv. 1-4. 10. also we speak, not in the words which You also helping together by prayer man's wisdom teacheth, but which for us, &c. not for that we have dothe Holy Ghost teacheth: comparing minion over your faith, but are help spiritual things with spiritual. - ers of your joy.--2 Cor. i. 11. 24. . 1 Cor. ii. 1-4. 13. xv. 1-4.
If I make you sorry, who is he And I, brethren, could not speak then that maketh me glad, but the unto you as unto spiritual, &c. I have same which is made sorry by me? &c. fed you with milk, and not with meat: Out of much affliction and anguish of for hitherto ye were not able to bear heart, I wrote unto you with many it, &c. I have planted, Apollos wa• tears: not that you should be grieved, tered, but God gave the increase: so but that, &c. we are not as many then, neither is he that planteth any which corrupt the word of God; but thing, &c.-1 Cor. iii. 1, 2. 6, 7. as of sincerity, but as of God, in the · Account of us as, &c. stewards of sight of God speak we in Christ. the mysteries of God: moreover, it is 2 Cor. ii. 2. 4. 17. iv. 1, 2. required in stewards, that a man be N ot that we are sufficient of our found faithful, &c. Even to this pre- selves, to think any thing as of our sent hour we hunger, &c. and labour, selves; but our sufficiency is of God: working with our own hands. -1 Cor. who also hath made us able ministers, iv. 1, 2. 11-13.
&c.—2 Cor. iii. 5, 6. Eph. iii. 7. * Have we not power to eat and to Commending ourselves to every drink? &c. Who goeth a warfare at man's conscience in the sight of God, any time at his own charges ? &c. &c. we preach not ourselves, but even so the Lord hath ordained, that Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves they which preach the gospel should your servants for Jesus' sake, &c. live of the gospel, &c. but I have used We having the same spirit of faith, none of these things, &c. woe is unto &c. believe, and therefore speak.me if I preach not the gospel, &c. 2 Cor. iv. 2. 5. 13. though I be free from all men, yet Knowing therefore the terror of the have I made myself servant unto all, Lord, we persuade men, &c. the love that I might gain the more: and unto of Christ constraineth us, &c. God the Jews, I became as a Jew, &c. I am hath given to us the ministry of remade all things unto all men, that I conciliation, &c. We are ambas