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thee, O Jerusalem, let, &c. - Ps. will repent of the evil that I thought
. to do unto them. Behold, I frame CD punis. Het the chastening of the locuintet un
Despise not the chastening of the evil against you, &c. return ye now, Lord, neither be weary of his correc- every one from his evil way, &c.tion.—Prov. iii. 11, 12.
Jer. xviii. 7, 8. 11. • The people turneth not to him that God complaineth against Judah, smiteth them, neither do they seek that though they were destroyed, yet the Lord of hosts.—Isa. ix. 13, 14. were they not humbled.—Jer. xliv.
I will weep bitterly, labour not to 6. 10. comfort me, &c. And in that day did The Lord blamed Baruch for seekthe Lord of hosts call to weeping, ing great things for himself in a day and to mourning, and to baldness, of aficition.—Jer. xlv. 5. &c. and behold joy, and gladness, Arise, &c. pour out thine heart like slaying of oxen, &c. This iniquity water before the Lord: lift up thine shall not be purged from you till ye hands toward him, for the life of thy die, saith the Lord God of hosts.- young children, &c.-Lam, ii. 19, 20. Isa. xxii. 4. 12–14.
Let us search, and try our ways, In the way of thy judgments, O and turn again to the Lord: let us Lord, have we waited for thee, &c. lift up our heart with our hands unto Come, my people, enter thou into thy God in the heavens.--Lam.iii. 40, 41. chambers, &c. until the indignation Set a mark upon the foreheads of be overpast.-Isa. xxvi. 8. 12. 20, 21. the men that sigh, and that cry for all
Hezekiah spread Rabshakeh's let- the abominations that be done in the ter before the Lord, and prayed unto midst thereof.Ezek, ix. 4. the Lord, &c.-Isa. xxxvii. 14, &c. I sought for a man among them,
There is none that calleth upon thy that should make up the hedge, and name, that stirreth up himself to take stand in the gap before me for the hold of thee; for thou hast, &c. con- land, that I should not destroy it, but sumed us, &c.—Isa. lxiv. 7-10. I found none.-Ezek. xxii. 30.
Thou hast stricken them, but they Daniel in the captivity confesseth, have not grieved: thou hast consu- and prayeth.-Dan. ix. 3, &c. med them, but they have refused to Come, let us return unto the Lord : receive correction, &c. They refused for he hath torn, and he will heal us. to return.-Jer. v. 3. ii. 30.
-Hosea vi. 1. O that my head were waters, and God calls upon Israel to sanctify a mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I fast, and to cry unto the Lord.—Joel might weep day and night, for the i. 13, 14. Zeph. ii, 1-3. slain of the daughter of my people. Turn ye even to me with all your Jer. ix. 1.
hearts, and with fasting, and with My soul shall weep in secret places weeping, and with mourning : and for your pride: and mine eye shall rent your hearts, and not your garweep sore, and run down with tears, ments, and turn unto the Lord your because the Lord's flock is carried God, &c. Who knoweth if he will away captive.-Jer. xiii. 17.
return and repent, and leave a blessIn the great famine, Jeremiah con- ing behind him ? Blow the trumpet fesseth the sin of the people, and in Zion, sanctify a fast. - Joel ü. 12 prays and pleads with God for Israel -17. Deut xxx. 1, &c. at large.--Jer. xiv.
Because I will do this, &c. prepare At what instant I shall speak con- to meet thy God, O Israel. - Amos cerning a nation and concerning a iv. 12. kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull The prudent shall keep silence in down, and to destroy it: if that na- that time: for it is an evil time, &c. tion, &c. turn from their evil way, I let judgment run down as waters, &c.
-Amos v, 13-15. 24. Micah vii. Against all the gods (or princes) 5-7.
of Egypt, I will execute judgment : I Woe to them that are at ease in am the Lord.—Exod. xii. 12. Zion, &c. but they are not grieved for And the Lord said unto Moses, the affliction of Joseph.-Amos vi. 1. Gather unto me seventy of the elders 3. 6. Isa, lyii. 1.
of Israel, &c. and I will take of the The mariners called upon Jonah to spirit which is upon thee, and will pray, and inquired for what cause put it upon them : and they shall they were in danger.-Jonah i. 5, &c. bear the burden of the people with
The people of Nineveh upon a thee, &c.—Numb. xi. 16, 17. 25. threatening, fast, pray, and turn from Judges and officers shalt thou make their evil way.- Jonah iii. 5, &c. thee in all thy gates, which the Lord
Though there shall be no herd in thy God giveth thee throughout thy the stalls; yet will I rejoice in the tribes: and they shall judge the peoLord; I will joy in the God of my ple.-Deut. xvi. 18. salvation.—Hab. iii. 17-19.
He raiseth up the poor out of the Is this a time for you to dwell in dust, and lifteth the beggar from the your ceiled houses, and this house lie dunghill, to set them among princes, waste? now therefore, thus saith the and to make them inherit the throne Lord of hosts, Consider (or set your of glory.-1 Sam. ii. 8. heart upon) your ways.—Hag.i.4,5.7. When the people asked a king, the
When ye fasted and mourned, did Lord said unto Samuel, &c. For they ye at all fast unto me? &c. Execute have not rejected thee, but they have true judgment, &c.--Zech. vii. 5. 9, rejected me, that I should not reign 10. Isa. lviii. 3—8.
over them.—1 Sam. viii. 5—7. x. 18, When ye hear of wars, &c. be ye 19. xii. 12. 17–20. not troubled: for such things must Saith Cyrus king of Persia, The needs be.—Mark xii. 7.
Lord God of heaven hath given me all Jesus said unto them, Suppose ye the kingdoms of the earth.-Ezrai.2. that these Galileans were sinners The kings whom thou hast set over above all the Galileans, because they us because of our sins ; also they have suffered such things? I tell you, nay: dominion over our bodies, and over but except ye repent, ye shall all our cattle, &c.—Neh. ix. 37. likewise perish. Or, those eighteen Promotion cometh neither from the upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, east, nor from the west, &c. but God and slew them; think ye that they is the judge: he putteth down one, were sinners above all men that dwelt and setteth up another.-Ps. lxxv. 6,7. in Jerusalem? I tell you, nay: but God, &c. judgeth among the gods, except ye repent, &c.-Luke xiii. 1-5. &c. I have said, Ye are gods, &c.
Ps. lxxxij. 1. 6.
By me kings reign, and princes
decree justice : by me princes rule, MAGISTRATES AND MAGISTRACY ARE and nobles, even all the judges of the THE ORDINANCE OF GOD. earth.-Prov. viii. 15, 16.
For the transgression of a land, Sect. I. That Magistracy is the Or
- many are the princes thereof.—Prov. dinance of God: that by him are xxviii. 2. Magistrates advanced to offices, &c. In that day shall the Lord of hosts The Titles given them.
be, &c. for å spirit of judgment to Tae kingdom is the Lord's, and he him that sitteth in judgment. Isa. is the governor among the nations. xxviii. 5, 6. Ps. xxii. 28. Dan. iv, 17. John iii. I have made the earth, &c. and have 27. xix. 11.
given it unto whom it seemeth meet unto me. And now have I given, &c. unto man, &c. in so doing, my Maker, to Nebuchadnezzar.—Jer.xxvii.5—7. &c.-Job xxxii. 21, 22.
Blessed be the name of God, &c. Accepteth not the persons of prinhe changeth the times and the seasons: ces, nor regardeth the rich more than he removeth kings and setteth up the poor; for they are all the work of kings, &c. For the God of heaven his hands: in a moment shall they hath given thee a kingdom, power, die.—Job xxxiv. 18—20. and strength, and glory, &c. he is a Bewise now, therefore, O ge kings : God of gods, and Lord of lords.—Dan. be instructed, ye judges of the earth : ii. 20, 21. 37, 38. 47.
serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice To the intent that the living may with trembling : kiss the Son, lest he know that the Most High ruleth in be angry, and ye perish from the way, the kingdom of men, and giveth it to when his wrath is kindled.-Ps. ii. whomsoever he will, and setteth up 10—12. over it the basest of men, &c. And He shall cut off the spirit of printhey shall drive thee from men, &c. ces : and is terrible to the kings of the until thou know that the Most High earth.-Ps. lxxvi. 12. ruleth in the kingdom of men, and I have said ye are gods, &c. but ye giveth it to whomsoever he will.-- shall die like inen, and fall like one Dan. iv. 17. 32."
of the princes.-Ps. lxxxii. 6, 7. O thou king, the most high God The king's heart is in the hand of gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a the Lord : as the rivers of water, he kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and turneth it whithersoever he will.honour; and for the majesty that he Prov. xxi. 1. gave him, all people, &c. trembled, If thou seest the oppression of the &c.-Dan. v. 18, 19. ii. 37, 38. poor, and violent perverting of judg
I gave thee a king in mine anger, ment and justice, &c. he that is higher and took him away in my wrath.— than the highest, regardeth, and there Hosea xiii. 11.
be higher than they.-Eccles. v. 8. There is no power but of God, the The Lord will enter into judgment powers that be, are ordained (or or- with the ancients of his people, and dered) of God: whosoever therefore the princes, &c.—Isa. iii. 14. resisteth the power, resisteth the or- Ye scornful men, that rule this dinance of God. Rulers are not a people, &c. because ye have said, We terror, &c. for he is the minister of have made a covenant with death, &c. God to thee for good.-Rom. xiii. 1-4. thus saith the Lord, &c. Your cove
nant with death shall be disannulled, SECT. . What they are in the sight &c. when the overflowing scourge : of God, and considered as Men.
shall pass through, then shall ye be
She Against all the gods of Egypt I will trodden down by it. — Isa. xxviii. 14 execute judgment: I am the Lord.— -16. 18. Exod. xii. 12.
He that sitteth upon the circle of : He leadeth counsellors away spoil- the earth, &c. that bringeth the prined, and maketh the judges fools : ces of the earth to nothing: he maketh he looseth the bonds of kings, and the judges of the earth as vanity. girdeth their loins with a girdle; he Isa. xl. 22, 23. leadeth princes away spoiled, and Say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus overthroweth the mighty, &c. he saith the Lord God; Because thine poureth contempt upon princes, and heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, weakeneth the strength of the mighty. I am a god, I sit in the seat of God, -- Job xii. 17–21. Ps. cvii. 40. &c. yet thou art a man, and not God :
Let me not accept any man's though thou set thine heart as the person, neither give flattering titles heart of God, &c. therefore, thus saith
the Lord God, &c. I will bring and I will make them rulers over you, strangers upon thee, &c. and they &c. And I charged your judges at shall bring thee down to the pit, and that time, saying, Hear the causes thou shalt die the deaths of them, &c. between your brethren, and judge but thou shalt be a man, and no god, righteously between every man and in the hand of him that slayeth thee. his brother, and the stranger that is --Ezek. xxviii. 2. 6-9.
with him: ye shall not respect persons Nebuchadnezzar the king, in the in judgment: but you shall hear the height of his pride, driven out among small as well as the great: you shall the beasts.—Dan. iv. 30–33. pot be afraid of the face of man, for
There is no respect of persons with the judgment is God's ; and the cause God.—Rom. ii. 11.
that is too hard for you, bring it unto The spirits of devils working mi- me, &c.—Deut. i. 13. 15—17. racles, which go forth unto the kings The Lord your God is God of gods, of the earth, to gather them, &c. &c. which regardeth not persons nor Rev. xvi. 13–16.
taketh reward ; he doth execute the The kings of the earth committed judgment of the fatherless and widow. fornication with the great whore. --Deut. x. 17, 18. Rev. xvii. 1, 2.
Judges and officers shalt thou make,
&c. and they shall judge the people SECT. III. What are the Duties of with just judgment : thou shalt not *Magistrates : and what they should wrest judgment; thou shalt not resbe negatively, and affirmatively.
pect persons, neither take a gift : for I CONSIDERED all the oppressions that a gift doth blind your eyes, &c. that are done under the sun, and behold which is altogether just shalt thou the tears of them who were oppres- follow.-Dent. xvi. 18. 20. sed, and they had no comforters; andThou shalt in any wise set him on the side of the oppressors there king over thee whom the Lord thy was power ; but they had no com- God shall choose: one from among forter.-Eccles. iv. I.
thy brethren shalt thou set king over Thou shalt provide out of all the thee; thou mayest not set a stranger people able men, such as fear God: over thee, which is not thy brother ; men of truth, hating covetousness; but he shall not multiply horses to and place such over them to be rulers. himself, &c. And it shall be when -Exod. xviii. 21.
he sitteth upon the throne of his Thou shalt not wrest the judgment kingdom, that he shall write him of the poor in his cause, &c. and thou a copy of this law in a book, &c. and shalt take no gift: for the gift blind- it shall be with him, and he shall eth the wise, &c.—Exod. xxiii. 6. 8. read therein all the days of his life, Deut. xvi. 19.
that he may learn to fear the Lord his Ye shall do no unrighteousness God, to keep all the words of this in judgment: thou shalt not respect law, &c. that his heart be not lifted up the person of the poor, nor honour above his brethren, and that he turn the person of the mighty: but in not aside from the commandinent. righteousness thou shalt judge thy Deut. xvii. 15, &c. Josh. i. 8. neighbour.--Levit. xix. 15. Prov. If there be a controversy between xxxi. 9.
men, and they come unto judgment, Moses, when the people had sin- that the judges may judge them; then ned, prayed earnestly for them, &c.— they shall justify the righteous and Numb. xiv. 13, &c. Deut. ix. 25, &c. condemn the wicked. — Deut. xxv. 1. Josh. vii. 7, &c.
Prov. xvii. 15. Take ye wise men and understand- Samuel's sons walked not in his ing, and known among your tỉibes, ways: but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judg- roughly, and said, He would add to ment.-1 Sam. viii. 1.3. Prov. xvii. 23. their burdens, and not ease them:
Samuel said, Whose ox have I whereupon many of the tribes revolttaken? Whom have I oppressed? &c. ed, and chose them a king.-2 Chron. -1 Sam. xii. 3, 4.
X. xiv. 7, &c. 1 Kings xii. 1, &c. And David executed judgment and He was going to fight against Isjustice unto all his people.-2 Sam. rael, but God forbade him.-2 Chron. viii. 15. .
xi. 1. 4. There was a famine in the days of Jehoshaphat, &c. sent to his prinDavid, three years, year after year; ces, even to Ben-hail, and to Obadiah, and David inquired of the Lord (or &c. to teach in the cities of Judah: sought his face). And the Lord an- and with them he sent Levites, even swered, It is for Saul, and his bloody Shemaiah, &c. and they taught in house, because he slew the Gibeonites, Judah, and had the book of the law &c. Now the children of Israel had of the Lord with them : and went sworn unto them, and Saul sought to about throughout all the cities of slay them in his zeal to the children Judah, and taught the people. of Israel and Judah, &c. David en- 2 Chron. xvii. 7-9. deavoured to make the atonement, Jehoshaphat said to the judges, and effected it.—2 Sam. xxi. I, &c. Take heed what you do; for ye judge
He that ruleth over men, must be not for man, but for the Lord, who is (or be thou ruler over men) just, with you in the judgment; wherefore ruling in the fear of God. — 2 Sam. now let the fear of the Lord be upon xxiii. 3.
you; take heed and do it, for there is When the plague was upon Israel no iniquity with the Lord our God, for David's sins, he said, Lo, I have nor respect of persons, nor taking of sinned, and I have done wickedly: gifts.—2 Chron. xix. 6, 7. but these sheep, what have they done? Jehoshaphat, in a time of danger, Let thine hand, I pray thee, be against stood in the congregation in the house me, aud against my father's house, &c. of the Lord, and prayed himself with -2 Sam. xxiv. 17.
them, and for them there.--2 Chron. Solomon said, Give therefore thy xx. 2–13. 1 Sam. xii. 23. 2 Chron. servant an understanding heart to xxx. 18–20. Ezra ix. x. judge thy people, that I may discern Hezekiah sent letters throughout between good and bad, &c. And the all Israel and Judah, to invite them to speech pleased the Lord. - 1 Kings turn to the Lord.—2 Chron. xxx.6–9. iii. 7–10.
Nehemiah saith, From the time They set up false witnesses against that I was appointed to be their goNaboth, against Stephen, and sought vernor, &c. I and my brethren have not for such against Christ. — 1 Kings eaten the bread of the governor: but xxi. 10. 13. Matt. xxvi. 59. Acts the former governors, &c. were chargevi. 11. 13.
able unto the people, &c. yea, even Amaziah, &c. as soon as the king- their servants bare rule over the peodom was confirmed in his hand, slew ple ; but so did not I, because of the his servants which had slain the king fear of God, &c.—Neh. v. 14–16. 18. his father: but the children of the I gave my brother Hanani and Hamurderers he slew not, according to paniah, &c. charge over Jerusalem ; that which was written, &c. Every for he was a faithful man, and feared man shall be put to death for his own God above many.-Neh. vii, 2. sin.—2 Kings xiv. 5, 6.
Ahasuerus the king forbade any to Rehoboam took the counsel of the compel another to drink, but accordyoung men, and rejected the old men's ing to his pleasure.-Esth. i. 8. advice: and answered the people I was a father to the poor; and the