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That they should rest yet for a little dust, neither doth trouble spring out season, until their fellow servants of the ground, &c. Despise not the also, and their brethren that should chastening of the Lord: for he maketh be killed, as they were, should be ful- sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, filled.- Rev. vi. 10,11.

&c.—Job v. 6. 17, 18. ix. 12.

I will say unto God, &c. Shew me SECT. IV. What are the Duties of wherefore thou contendest with me? the Saints; and how they ought to

--Job x. 2. xxx. 11. behave themselves under their Afflictions and Sufferings, both to

hath fenced up my way, that I cannot ward God and Men.

pass, &c.—Job xix. 6–12. xiii, 26, First. Toward God. 27., Lam. i. 12, &c. ii. 5,6.

When he giveth quietness, who 1. To see God in them, Afflictions then can make trouble? and when he being sent of him.

hideth his face, who then can behold Joseph said to his brethren, It was him ?-Job xxxiv. 29. not you that sent me hither, but God. I opened not my mouth, because -Gen. xlv. 5. 8. 1. 19, 20.

thou didst it, &c. when thou with I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, he shall follow after them, &c.— thou makest his beauty to consume Exod. xiv. 4. iv. 21.

away, &c.-Ps. xxxix. 9. 11. When Israel wanted water in the Thou hast cast us off and put us to desert, they did not regard God in it, shame, &c. thou hast given us up like but chid with Moses.-Numb. xx. 2,3. sheep for meat.-Ps. xliv. 9, &c.

Sihon king of Heshbon would not Thou who hast shewed me great let us pass by him: for the Lord thy and sore troubles, shalt quicken me God hardened his spirit, and made his again.-Ps. lxxi. 20. heart obstinate.—Deut, ii. 30.

Thou turnest man to destruction. Are not these evils come upon us -Ps. xc. 3. because our God is not amongst us? Their enemies, he turned their -Deut. xxxi. 17.

heart to hate his people, and to deal See now that I, even I am he, and subtilely with his servants. - Ps. cv. there is no God with me: I kill and I 24, 25. make alive; I wound, and I heal; · I know, Lord, that thy judgments neither is there any that can deliver are right, and thou in faithfulness out of my hand. Deut. xxxii. 39. hast afflicted me.—Ps. cxix. 75.

The Almighty hath dealt very bit Despise not the chastening of the terly with me; I went out full, and Lord, &c. — Prov. iii. 11, 12, Heb. the Lord hath brought me home again xii. 5, 6. empty._Ruth i. 20, 21.

O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, When Samuel had told Eli what &c. I will send him against an hypothe Lord would do against his house, critical nation, &c.- Isa. x. 5, 6. he said, It is the Lord, &c. Sam. I make peace and create evil: I the iii. 18.

Lord do all these things.--Isa. xlv. 7. Shimei cursed David, &c. David I have given the dearly beloved of said, So let him curse, because the my soul into the hands of her enemies, Lord hath said unto him, Curse Da- &c.—Jer. xii. 7. Isa. xlii. 28. vid; who shall then say, Wherefore? I was wrath with my people: I 2 Sam. xvi. 7—10. . have, &c. given them into thine hand.

Satan said, Put forth thine hand, -Isa. xlvii. 6. &c. Job said, the Lord gave, and the Thou hast cast me into the deep, Lord hath taken.-- Job i. 11.21. ii.5. &c. all thy billows and thy waves

Affliction cometh not forth of the passed over me. Jonah ii. 3. ..." The Lord's voice crieth unto the seemeth good unto him.-2 Sam. xv. city, &c. Hear ye the rod, and who 25, 26. hath appointed it.-Micah vi. 9. Behold the days come, that all that

In vain have I smitten your chil- is in thine house, and that which thy dren, they have received no correc- fathers have laid up in store unto this tion.-Jer. ii. 30.

day, shall be carried into Babylon: When we are judged, weare chasten- nothing shall be left, saith the Lord, ed of the Lord.—1 Cor. xi. 32. &c. Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah,

Moses endured, as seeing him who Good is the word of the Lord which is invisible.-Heb. xi. 27.

thou hast spoken, &c. — 2 Kings xx. Whom the Lord loveth he chasten- 16-19. eth, and scourgeth every son whom When Job had received all the sad he receiveth.-Heb. xii. 6,7. . messages of his losses, he worshipped,

and said, Naked came I out of my II. To submit to God with an entire

Te mother's womb, and naked shall I reResignation under Troubles. turn thither : the Lord gave, and the When Jacob, for the preserving of Lord hath taken away; blessed be life, was under the necessity of send- the name of the Lord. In all this ing Benjamin into Egypt, he saith, Job sinned not.-Job i. 19-21. If I be bereaved, I am, &c. — Gen. Then said his wife unto him, &c. xliii. 14.

Curse God and die. But he said When God had slain Nadab and unto her, &c. What! shall we reAbihu, Aaron's sons, and Moses had ceive good at the hand of God, and told Aaron that God would be sanc- shall we not receive evil? In all tified in all them that came nigh him, this did not Job sin with his lips.&c. Aaron held his peace.—Levit. Job ii. 9, 10. x. 1-3.

He is wise in heart, and mighty in If their uncircumcised hearts be strength : who hath hardened himhumbled, and they then accept of the self against him, and hath prospered ? punishment of their iniquity; then Who, &c. How much less shall I will I remember my covenant.--Levit. answer him, and choose out of my xxvi. 41, 42.

words to reason with him, whom, Ye shall eat until it come out at though I were righteous, yet would I your nostrils, and it shall be loath- not answer?-Job ix. 3, 4. 13-15.32. some unto you: because that ye have Shall any teach God knowledge, despised the Lord that is among you, seeing he judgeth those that are high? and have wept before him, saying, one dieth in his full strength (or in Why came we forth out of Egypt ? - the strength of his perfection), &c. Numb. xi. 19, 20. Exod. xiv. 10–12. and another dieth in the bitterness of

Do thou unto us whatsoever seem- his soul, and never eateth with pleaeth good unto thee: deliver us only, sure.-Job xxi. 22–25. we pray thee, this day.- Judges x. 15. God is greater than man; why

When Samuel had told Eli all which dost thou strive against him ? for he God had threatened against Eli's giveth not account of any of his house; Eli said, It is the Lord, let matters ; for God speaketh once, yea him do what seemeth him good.- twice, yet man perceiveth it not, &c. 1 Sam. ii. 14-18.

-Job xxxiii. 12-15. David said, Carry back the ark of For he will not lay upon man more God into the city: if I shall find than is right, that he should enter favour in the eyes of the Lord, he into judgment with God, &c. Surely will bring me again, &c. But if he it is meet to be said unto God, I have thus say, I have no delight in thee: borne chastisement, I will not offend behold, here am I, let him do to me as any more: that which I see not, teach thou me : if I have done ini- if so be, there may be hope, &c. quity, I will do no more.-Job xxxiv. Wherefore doth a living man com23. 31, 32.

plain, a man for the punishment of The Lord answered Job, and said, his sins ?--Lam. iii. 27-29. 39. Shall he that contendeth with the I will bear the indignation of the Almighty instruct him? He that re- Lord, because I have sinned against proveth God, let him answer it. Then him.-Micah vii. 9. Job answered, &c. and said, Behold, In your patience possess ye your I am vile, what shall I answer thee? souls.—Luke xxi. 19. I will lay my hand upon my mouth : None of these things move me, once have I spoken, but I will not neither count I my life dear unto me, answer, &c.—Job xl. 1-5. xlii. 3—6. so that, &c.—Acts xx. 24.

I was dumb, I opened not my Tribulation worketh patience, and mouth, because thou didst it.-Ps. patience experience, &c.-Rom. v. 3, 4. xxxix. 9.

Patient in tribulation.-Rom.xii. 12. My son, despise not the chastening Neither murmur ye, as some of of the Lord, neither be weary of his them' also murmured, and were decorrection: for whom the Lord loveth stroyed, &c.--] Cor. x. 10, 11. . he correcteth. ---Prov. iii. ll, 12. Therefore I take pleasure in inHeb. xii. 5, 6.

firmities, in reproaches, in necessities, Who would set the briars and thorns in persecutions, in distresses, for against me in battle? I would burn Christ's sake ; for when I am weak, them together.—Isa. xxvii. 4. then am I strong.-2 Cor. xii. 10.

Woe unto him that striveth with 2 Tim. ii. 3. his Maker: let the potsherd strive I have learned, in whatsoever state with the potsherds of the earth: I am, therewith to be content. — shall the clay say unto him that Phil. iv. 11. fashioneth it, What! &c.—Isa. xlv. 9. Endure hardness as a good soldier

In vain have I smitten your chil- of Jesus Christ, &c.—2 Tim. ij. 3. dren; they received no correction. We ourselves glory in you, in the -Jer. ii. 30.

churches of God, for your patience Cannot I do with you as this potter and faith in all your persecutions.saith the Lord. Behold, as the clay 2 Thess. i. 4. is in the potter's hand, so are ye in Consider him that endured, &c. my hand, 0 house of Israel.--Jer. lest ye be wearied and faint in your xviii. 6.

minds, &c. We have had fathers of Thou hast chastised me, &c. after our flesh, which corrected us, &c. that I was instructed, I smote upon Shall we not much rather be in submy thigh, I was ashamed, &c.—Jer. jection unto the Father of spirits, and xxxi. 18, 19.

live? for they, &c. chastened us after God tells his people in Babylon, their pleasure; but He, for our profit. that if they would abide there, he -Heb. xii. 3.9, 10. James i. 12. would build them, and not pull them Submit yourselves therefore to down; but if they submitted not to God; resist the devil.--James iv. 7. their condition, but said, They would The husbandman waiteth, &c. Be go down to Egypt where they might ye also patient, establish your hearts : see no war, &c. Then judgments for the coming of the Lord, &c.— should follow them thither, and there James v. 7, 8. 11. they should die.-Jer. xlii. 10-17. If ye do well, and suffer for it, and

It is good for a man that he bear take it patiently, this is acceptable the yoke in his youth: he sitteth with God.—1 Pet. ii. 20. alone, and keepeth silence, because, Think it not strange concerning the &c. He putteth his mouth in the dust, fiery trial which is to try you, as

though some strange thing happened, · He hath not dealt with us after our &c.—1 Pet. iv. 12.

isins, nor rewarded us according to our Humble yourselves therefore under iniquities.-Ps. ciii. 10. Ezra ix. 13. the mighty hand of God, that he may The church in her affliction confessexalt you in due time.—1 Pet. v. 6. eth her sin.--Isa. lix. 11-16.

I know thy work, &c. and thy pa- Thou art wrath, for we have sinned, tience, &c.—Rev. ii. 2, 3. 19. &c.—Isa. Ixiv. 5-7.

Thou sayest, Because I am innoIII. To confess their Sins, and justify cent, surely his anger shall turn from God. -.

me; behold, I will plead with thee, Pharaoh, &c. said, I have sinned this because thou sayest, I have not sintime, the Lord is righteous, and I ned.---Jer. ii. 35. and my people are wicked. — Exod. Only acknowledge thine iniquity, ix. 27.

&c.-Jer. iii. 13. 25. If they shall confess their iniquity, Daniel confesseth to God at large and the iniquity of their fathers, with in the time of the captivity.--Dan. their trespass, &c. then will I remem- ix. 5—16. ber my covenant, &c. — Levit. xxvi. Jerusalem hath grievously sinned, 40_42.

therefore she is removed, &c. Zion The princes of Israel, and the spreadeth forth her hands, &c. The king, humbled themselves; and they Lord is righteous, for I have rebelled. said, The Lord is righteous.--2 Chron. -Lam. i. 8, 9, 17, 18. xii. 6. 1 Kings xxi. 27–29.

It is of the Lord's mercies we are Thou art just in all that is brought not consumed, &c. wherefore doth a upon us; for thou hast done right, living man complain ? &c. Let us but we have done wickedly, &c.- search, and try our ways, and turn Neh. ix. 33, 34. Ezra ix. 10, &c. again to the Lord.—Lam. iii. 22. 39, Judges x. 13—15. Dan. ix. 14. 40. 42.

I have sinned, what shall I do unto The crown is fallen from our head: thee, O thou preseryer of men ?-Job woe unto us that we have sinned. vii. 20.

Lam. v. 16. How should man be just with God? I will go and return to my place, if he will contend with him, he can- till they acknowledge their offence, not answer him one of a thousand, and seek my face: in their affliction &c. If I justify myself, mine own they will seek me early.-Hosea v. 15. mouth shall condemn me.-Job ix. 2, I will bear the indignation of the 3. 20. iv. 17. Ps. cxliii. 2.

Lord, because I have sinned against He looketh upon men: and if any him.-Micah vii. 9. say, I have sinned, &c. he will deliver Dost thou not fear God, seeing his soul from going into the pit, &c. thou art in the same condemnation? -Job xxxiii. 27, 28.

and we indeed justly, for we receive He will not lay upon man more the due reward of our deeds, &c.than is right, &c.—Job xxxiv. 23. Luke xxiii. 40,41. Behold, I am vile, what shall I

* IV. To hold fast to God, and own the answer thee? &c.—Job xl. 3, 4. I uttered that I understood not:

Lord Jesus, his people and ways, things too wonderful for me, which I in the midst of trouble, afflictions knew not, &c. I abhor myself, and and persecutions. repent in dust and ashes. — Job xlii. Should such a man as I flee, &c. 3. 5, 6.

and go into the temple to save his Against thee, thee only, have I life?- Neh, vi, 11. sinned, &c. that thou mayest be justi- Job's wife said unto him, in his fied, &c.-Ps. li. 4.

great affliction, Dost thou still retain

thy integrity? Curse God, and die. requested of the prince of the eunuchs, But he said unto her, Thou speakest that he might not defile himself, &c. as one of the foolish women speaketh; and desired pulse to eat, and water to what? &c. In all this did not Job drink.-Dan. i. 8–13. sin with his lips.—Job ii. 9, 10. When a strict law had been made

All this is come upon us : yet have by the king, that every one should fall we not forgotten thee, neither have down and worship the golden image we dealt falsely in thy covenant. he had set up, under pain of being Our heart is not turned back, neither cast into the fiery furnace; Shadrach, have our steps declined from thy way. Meshach, and Abednego refused to Though thou hast sore broken us in do it, and in the presence of the king, the place of dragons, and covered us said, We are not careful to answer with the shadow of death. If we thee in this matter. If it be so, our have forgotten the name of our God, God whom we serve is able to deliver &c.-Ps. xliv. 17-20.

us, &c. and he will, &c. But if not, The proud have had me greatly in be it known unto thee, O king, that derision: yet have I not declined we will not serve thy gods, nor worfrom thy law, &c. Many are my per- ship the golden image which thou secutors, and mine enemies : yet do I hast set up. Dan. iii. 13-18. not decline from thy testimonies, &c. When a decree was passed, That princes have persecuted me without a whosoever should ask a petition of cause: but my heart standeth in awe any god or man for thirty days, save of thy word.-Ps. cxix. 51. 157. 161. of the king, he should be cast into

The Lord spake thus to me, with the lions' den; and Daniel knew that a strong hand, and instructed me the writing was signed: he went into that I should not walk in the way of his house; and his windows being this people ; saying, Say ye not, a open in his chamber toward Jerusaconfederacy, to all them to whom lem, he kneeled upon his knees three this people shall say, A confederacy: times a day, and prayed, as he did neither fear ye their fear, nor be aforetime.-Dan. vi. 7-10. afraid. Sanctify the Lord of hosts Ye shall be hated of all men for my himself, and let him be your fear, and name's sake: but he that endureth to let him be your dread. And he shall the end shall be saved, &c. He that be for a sanctuary.--Isa. viji, 11-14. loveth father or mother more than

When Jeremiah had prophesied me, is not worthy of me, &c. And against Judah, then spake the priests he that taketh not his cross and foland the prophets unto the princes, loweth after me, is not worthy of me, and to all the people, saying, This &c. He that loseth his life for my man is worthy to die; for he hath sake, shall find it.—Matt. x. 22.37– prophesied against this city, &c. 39. xvi. 24-26. xi. 6. Then spake Jeremiah unto all the He heareth the word, and anon princes, and to all the people, saying, with joy received it: yet hath he not The Lord sent me to prophesy against root in himself, but dureth for a while ; this house, &c. therefore now amend for when tribulation or persecution your ways, &c. But as for me, be- ariseth because of the word, by and hold, I am in your hand; do with me by he is offended.—Matt. xiii. 20,21. as seemeth good and meet unto you. When Christ was taken, his disci-Jer. xxvi. 11-15.

ples fled: Peter denied him; but afDaniel (when a captive in Babylon) terwards wept bitterly for his so purposed in his heart, that he would doing.-Matt. xxvi. 56.70.72.74,75. not defile himself with the portion of Whosoever therefore shall be the king's meat, nor with the wine ashamed of me, and of my words, in which he drank: and therefore he this adulterous and sinful generation :

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