Cas. Stand fast, Titinius: We must out and talk..
Oct. Mark Antony, shall we give sign of battle?

Ant. No, Cæsar, we will answer on their charge.
Make forth, the generals would have some words.

Oct. Stir not until the signal.
Bru. Words before blows: Is it so, countrymen?
Oct. Not that we love words better, as you do.
Bru. Good words are better than bad strokes,

Ant. In your bad strokes, Brutus, you give good

Witness the hole you made in Cæsar's heart,
Crying, Long live! hail, Cesar!

The posture of your blows are yet unknown;
But for your words, they rob the Hybla bees,
And leave them honeyless.

Not stingless too.
Bru. O, yes, and soundless too;
For you have stol’n their buzzing, Antony,
And, very wisely, threat before you sting.
Ant. Villains, you did not so, when your vile

Hack'd one another in the sides of Cæsar: -
You show'd your teath like apes, and fawn'd like

; hounds,
And bow'd like bondmen, kissing Cæsar's feet;
Whilst. damned Casca, like a cur, behind,
Struck Cæsar on the neck. O flatterers!

Cas. Flatterers !-Now, Brutus, thank yourself:
This tongue had not offended so to-day,
If Cassius might have ruld.
+ Oct. Come, come, the cause: If arguing make us

sweat, . .
The proof of it will turn to redder drops.
I draw a sword against conspirators;


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When think you that the sword goes up again?
Never, till Cæsar's three and twenty wounds
Be well aveng'd; or till another Cæsar
Have added slaughter to the sword of traitors.

Bru. Cæsar, thou can'st not die by traitors,
Unless thou bring'st them with thee.

So I hope;
I was not born to die on Brutus' sword.

Bru. O, if thou wert the noblest of thy strain, Young man, thou could'st not die more honourable. Cas. A peevish schoolboy, worthless of such

Join'd with a masker and a reveller.
Ant. Old Cassius still!
Oct. i

Come, Antony; away.-
Defiance, traitors, hurl we? in your teeth:
If you dare fight to-day, come to the field;
If not, when you have stomachs.

Exeunt OCTAVIUS, ANTONY, and their Army.
Cas. Why now, blow, wind; swell, billow; and

swim, bark!. .
The storm is up, and all is on the hazard.

Bru. Ho!
Lucilius; hark, a word with you.

My lord. . [BRUTUS and LUCILIUS converse apart. Cas. Messala,—. · Mes. What says my general? Cas.

Messala, This is my birth-day; as this very day Was Cassius born. Give my thy hand, Messala: Be thou my witness, that, against my will, . As Pompey was, am I compellid to set

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7 Defiance, traitors, hurl we] Hurl is peculiarly expressive. The challenger in judicial combats was said to hurl down his gage, when he threw his glove down as a pledge that he would make good his charge against his adversary.

- up ope Upon one battle all our liberties.
WOUDCS You know, that I held Epicurus strong,
ar And his opinion: now I change my mind,
of 172 And partly credit things that do presage. .
Dy trading Coming from Sardis, on our former ensigne.
-.. Two mighty eagles fell; and there they perch'd,

Sols Gorging and feeding from our soldiers' hands;
prd. Who to Philippi here consorted us;
of thy : This morning are they fled away, and gone;
ore lua! And in their steads, do ravens, crows, and kites,
thlesii Fly o'er our heads, and downward look on us,

As we were sickly prey; their shadows seem
A canopy most fatal, under which

Our army lies, ready to give up the ghost.
Entors; Mes. Believe not so.

I but believe it partly; te fils For I am fresh of spirit, and resolv'd

To meet all perils very constantly. and the Bru. Even so, Lucilius. well, bi. Cas.

• Now, most noble Brutus, The gods to-day stand friendly; that we may, azard Lovers in peace, lead on our days to age!'

But, since the affairs of men rest still uncertain,

Let's reason with the worst that may befall.
Wir las If we do lose this battle, then is this
E comThe very last time we shall speak together:

What are you then determined to do?
eneral' Bru. Even by the rule of that philosophy,

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our former ensign--] Former is foremost, The very last time we shall speak together: *

What are you then determined to do?] i. e. I am resolved in such a case to kill myself. What are you determined of? set

of that philosophy, l There is certainly an apparent contradiction between the sentiments which Brutus expresses in this, with you in his subsequent speech;, but there is no real inconsistency.

brutus had laid down to himself as a principle, to abide every

nce and extremity of war; but when Cassius reminds him of me disgrace of being led in triumph through the streets of Rome,

a herida chance and extr
that the the disgrace of be

. By which I did blame Cato for the death ,
Which he did give himself:--I know not how,
But I do find it cowardly and vile,
For fear of what might fall, so to prevent
The time of life:-arming myself with patience,?
To stay the providence of some high powers,
That govern us below.

Then, if we lose this battle,
• You are contented to be led in triumph
Thorough the streets of Rome?
Bru. No, Cassius, no: think not, thou noble

That ever Brutus will go bound to Rome;
He bears too great a mind. But this same day
Must end that work, the ides of March begun;
And whether we shall meet again, I know not.
Therefore our everlasting farewell take:-
For ever, and for ever, farewell, Cassius!
'If we do meet again, why we shall smile;
If not, why then this parting was well made.

Cas. For ever, and for ever, farewell, Brutus!
If we do meet again, we'll smile indeed;
If not, 'tis true, this parting was well made.

Bru. Why then, lead on.-0, that a man might I know The end of this day's business, ere it come! But it sufficeth, that the day will end, And then the end is known, -Come, ho! away!


he acknowledges that to be a trial which he could not endure. Nothing is more natural than this. We lay down a system of conduct for ourselves, but occurrences rnay happen that will force us to depart from it. ; arming myself with patience, &c.] Dr. Warburton thinks, that in this speech something is lost; but there needed only a parenthesis to clear it. The construction is this: I am determined to

act according to that philosophy which directed me to blame the ! suicide of Cato; arming myself with patience, &c. JOHNSON,

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Alarum. Enter Brutus and Messala. Bru. Ride, ride, Messala, ride, and give these bills Unto the legions on the other side: [ Loud Alarum. Let them set on at once; for I perceive But cold demeanour in Octavius' wing, And sudden push gives them the overthrow. Ride, ride, Messala: let them all come down.


Another Part of the Field.

The same.


Alarum. Enter Cassius and TITINIUS,
Ças. 0, look, Titinius, look, the villains fly!
Myself have to mine own turn'd enemy:
This ensign here of mine was turning back;
I slew the coward, and did take it from him.

Tit. O Cassius, Brutus gave the word too early:
Who having some advantage on Octavius,
Took it too eagerly; his soldiers fell to spoil,
Whilst we by Antony are all enclos’d.

Enter PINDARUS, Pin. Fly further off, my lord, fly further off; Mark Antony is in your tents, my lord! Fly therefore, noble Cassius, fly far off. Cas. This hill is far enough. Look, look, Titi,


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