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those affections wherein tenderness of heart consists. The effect of them at least is, that persons in the settled frame of their minds, become less affected with their present and past sins, and less conscientious with respect to future sius; less moved with the warnings aud cautions of God's word, or chastisements in his providence; more careless of the frame of their hearts, and the manner and tendency of their behaviour; less quick-sighted to discern what is sinful, and less afraid of the appearance of evil, than they were while under legal awakenings and fears of bell. Now they have been the subjects of impressions and affections, have a high opinion of themselves, and look on their state to be safe, they can be much more easy than before, though living in the neglect of duties that are troublesome and inconvenient.—They are much more slow and partial in complying with difficult commands: and are not alarıned at the appearance of their own defects and transgressions. They are emboldened to favour themselves more, with respect to the labour and painful exactness in their walk, and more easily yield to temptations, and the solicitations of their lusts; and have far less care of their behaviour, when they come into the holy presence of God, in the time of public or private worship. Formerly it may be, under legal convictions, they took much pains in religion, and denied themselves in many things : but now, thinking themselves out of the danger of hell, they very much put off the burden of the cross, and save themselves the trouble of disiicult duties, allowing themselves more of the enjoyment of their ease and lusts.

Such persons as these, instead of embracing Christ as their Saviour from sin, trust in him as the Saviour of their sins; instead of flying to him as their refuge from their spiritual enemies, they make use of bin as the defence of their spiritual enemies, from God, and to strengthen them against hiin. They make Christ the minister of sin, the great oficer and vicegerent of the devil, to strengthen his interest, and make him above all things in the world strong against JEHOVAH; so that they may sin against him with good courage, and without any fear, being effectually secured from restraints by his most solemn warnings and most awful threatenings. They trust in Christ to preserve to them the quiet enjoyment of their sins, and to be their shield to defend them from God's displeasure; while they come close to him, even to his bosom, the place of his children, to fight against him, with their mortal weapons bid under their skirts*. How

These are hypocrites that believe, but fail in regard to the use of the gospel, and of the Lord Jesus. And these we read of, Jude 3, viz. of some men "thal did turn grace ia to wantonness.'' For therein appears the exceeding evil of a man's heart, that not only the law, but the glorious gospel of the Lord Jesus, works in him all manner of unrighteousness. And it is 100 common for men at the first work of conversion, Oh then lo cry for grace and Christ, and afterwards grow li.

ever, some of these, at the same time, make a great profession of love to God, and assurance of his favour, and great joy in tasting the sweetness of his love.

After this manner they trusted in Christ, of whom the apostle Jude speaks, who crept in among the saints unknown; but were really ungodly men, turning the grace of God into lasciviousness, Jude 4. These are they that trust in their being righteous; and because God has promised that the righteous shall surely live, or certainly be saved, are therefore emboldened to commit iniquity, whom God threatens in Ezek. xxxiii. 13. When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live ; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity; all his righteousness shall not be remembered, but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.

Gracious affections are of a quite contrary tendency; they turn a heart of stone more and more into a heart of desh. Holy love and hope are principles vastly more efficacious upon the heart, to make it tender, and to fill it with a dread of sin, or whatever might displease and offend God; and to engage it to watchfulness, and care, and strictness, than a slavish fear of hell. Gracious affections, as was observed before, flow out of a contrite heart, or (as the word signifies) a bruised heart, bruised and broken with godly sorrow; which makes the heart tender, as

centious, live and lie in the breach of the law, and take their warrant for their course from the gospel.” Shepard's Parable, Part I. p. 120.

Again, p. 232. Mr. Shepard speaks of such hypocrites as those," who, like strange eggs being put into the same nest, where honest men have livod, they have been hatched up; and when they are young, keep their nest, and live by crying and opening their mouths wide after the Lord, and the food of his word; but when their wings are grown, and they have got some affections, some know. ledge, some hope of mercy, are hardened thereby to fly from God.” And adds, “Can that man be good, whom God's grace makes worse?"

Again, Part II. p. 167. * When men fly to Christ in times of peace, that so they may preserve their sins with greater peace of conscience; so ihat sin makes them fly to Christ, as well as misery; not that they may destroy and abolish sin, but they may be preserved in their sins with peace; then men may be said to apprehend Christ only by a sceming faith. Many an heart secretly saith this, IlI can have my sin, and peace, and conscience quiet for the present, and God merciful to pardon it afterward: hence he doth rely (as he saith) only on the mercy of God in Christ: and now this hardens and blinds him, and makes him secure, and his faith is sermon proof, nothing stirs him. And were it not for their faith they should despair, but this keeps them up. And now they think if they hare any trouble of mind, the devil troubles them; and so make Christ and faith protectors of sin, not purifiers from sin ; which is most dreadful; turning grace to wantooness, as they did sacrifice. So these would sin under the shadow of Christ, because the shadow is good and swcel, Mic. iii. 11. They had subtle sly ends in good duties ; for therein may lie a man's sin: yet they lean upon the Lord. When money-changers come into the temple, You have made il a den of thieves. Thieves when hunted fly to their den or cave, and there they are secure against all searchers, and hue and cries : so here. But Christ whipped them out. So when men are pursued with cries and fears of conscience, away to Christ they go as to their den : not as saints, to prity and lament out the life of their sin there; but to preserve their sin. This is vile; will the Lord receive such ?

bruised flesh is tender, and easily hurt. Godly sorrow has much greater influence to make the heart tender, than mere legal sorrow from selfish principles.

The tenderness of the heart of a true Christian, is elegantly signified by our Saviour, in his comparing such a one to a little child. The flesh of a little child is very tender : so is the heart of one that is new born. This is also represented in what we are told of Naaman's cure of his leprosy, by his washing in Jordan, by the direction of the prophet; which was undoubtedly a type of the renewing of the soul, by washing in the laver of regeneration. We are told, 2 Kings v. 14. that he went down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, acccording to the saying of the man of God; and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child. Not only is the flesh of a little child tender, but his mind is tender. A little child has his heart easily moved, wrought upon, and bowed: so is a Christian in spiritual things. A little child is apt to be affected with sympathy, to weep with them that weep, and cannot well bear to see others in distress : so it is with a Christian; John xi. 35. Rom. xii. 15. 1 Cor. xii. 26. A little child is easily won by kindness : so is a Christian. A little child is easily affected with grief at temporal evils, his heart is melted, and he falls a-weeping; thus tender is the heart of a Christian, with regard to the evil of sin. A little child is easily affrighted at the appearance of outward evils, or any thing that threatens its hurt: so is a Christian apt to be alarmed at the appearance of moral evil, and any thing that threatens the hurt of the soul. A little child, when it meets enemies, or fierce beasts, is not apt to trust its own strength, but flies to its parents for refuge; so a saint is not self confident in engaging spiritual enemies, but flies to Christ. A little child is apt to be suspicious of evil in places of danger, afraid in the dark, afraid when left solitary, or far from home : so is a saint apt to be sensible of his spiritual dangers, jealous of himself, full of fear when he cannot see his way plain before him, afraid to be left alone, and to be at a distance from God; Prov. xxviii. 14. Happy is the man that feareth alway; but he that hardcneth his heart, shall full into mischief. A little child is apt to be afraid of superiors, and to dread their anger, and tremble at their frowns and threatenings : so is a true saint with respect to God; Psal. cxix. 120. My flesh trembleth for fear of thee, and I am afrail of thy judgments. Is. Ixvi. 2. To this man will I look, even to him that is poor, and trembleth at my word. ver. 5. Hear ye the word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his word. Ezra ix. 4. Then wer: assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel. chap. x. 3. According to the counsel of my lord, and of those that tremble at the commandment of our God. A little child approaches superiors

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VOL. V.

ever, some of these, at the same time, make a great profession of love to God, and assurance of his favour, and great joy in tasting the sweetness of his love.

After this manner they trusted in Christ, of whom the apostle Jude speaks, who crept in among the saints unknown ; but were really ungodly men, turning the grace of God into lasciviousness, Jude 4. These are they that trust in their being righteous; and because God has promised that the righteous shall surely live, or certainly be saved, are therefore emboldened to commit iniquity, whom God threatens in Ezek. xxxiii. 13. When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live ; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity; all his righteousness shall not be remembered, but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.

Gracious affections are of a quite contrary tendency; they turn a heart of stone more and more into a heart of flesh. Holy love and hope are principles vastly more efficacious upon the heart, to make it tender, and to fill it with a dread of sin, or whatever might displease and offend God; and to engage it to watchfulness, and care, and strictness, than a slavish fear of hell. Gracious affections, as was observed before, flow out of a contrite heart, or (as the word signifies) a bruised heart, bruised and broken with godly sorrow; which makes the heart tender, as

centious, live and lie in the breach of the law, and take their warrant for their course from the gospel.” Shepard's Paruble, Part I. y. 120.

Again, p. 232. Mr. Shepard speaks of such hypocrites as those," who, like strange eggs being put into the same nest, where honest men have lived, they have been hatched up; and when they are young, keep their nest, and live bģ crying and opening their mouths wide alter the Lord, and the food of his word; but when their wings are grown, and they have got some affections, some knowledge, some hope of mercy, are hardened thereby to fly from God.” And adds, “ Can that man be good, whom God's grace makes worse?”

Again, Part II. p. 167. “ When men fly to Christ in times of peace, that so they may preserve their sins with greater peace of conscience; so ihat sin makes them fly to Christ, as well as misery; not that they may destroy and abolish sin, but they may be preserved in their sins with peace; then men may be said to apprehend Christ only by a seeming faith. Many an heart secretly saith this, irl can have my sin, and peace, and conscience quiet for the present, and God merciful to paruon it afterward: hence he doth rely (as he saith) only on the mercy of God in Christ: and now this hardens and blinds him, and makes him secure, and his faith is sermon proof, nothing stirs him. And were it not for their faith they should despair, but this keeps them up. And now they thiok if they have any trouble of mind, the devil troubles them; and so make Christ and faith protectors of sin, not purifiers from sin ; which is most dreadful; turning grace to wantonness, as they did sacrifice. So these would sin under the shadow of Christ, because the shadow is good and sweet, Mic. iii. 11. They had subtle sly ends in good duties ; for therein may lie a man's sin: yet they lean upon the Lord. When money-changers come into the temple, You have made il a den of thieves. Thieves when hunted fly to their den or cave, and there they are secure against all searchers, and hue and cries : 90 here. But Christ whipped them out. So when nuen are pursued with ories and fears of conscience, away to Christ they go as to their den : not as saints, to pray and lament out the life of their sin there; but to preserve their sin. This is vile; will the Lord receive such ?

bruised flesh is tender, and easily hurt. Godly sorrow has much greater influence to make the heart tender, than mere legal sorrow from selfish principles.

The tenderness of the heart of a true Christian, is elegantly signified by our Saviour, in his comparing such a one to a little child. The flesh of a little child is very tender : so is the heart of one that is new born. This is also represented in what we are told of Naaman's cure of his leprosy, by his washing in Jordan, by the direction of the prophet; which was undoubtedly a type of the renewing of the soul, by washing in the laver of regeneration. We are told, 2 Kings v. 14. that he went down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, acccording to the saying of the man of God; and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child. Not only is the flesh of a little child tender, but his mind is tender. A little child has his heart easily moved, wrought upon, and bowed: so is a Christian in spiritual things. A little child is apt to be affected with sympathy, to weep with them that weep, and cannot well bear to see others in distress : so it is with a Christian ; John xi. 35. Rom. xii. 15. 1 Cor. xii. 26. A little child is easily won by kindness : so is a Christian. A little child is easily affected with grief at temporal evils, bis heart is melted, and he falls a-weeping; thus tender is the heart of a Christian, with regard to the evil of sin. A little child is easily affrighted at the appearance of outward evils, or any thing that threatens its hurt: so is a Christian apt to be alarmed at the appearance of moral evil, and any thing that threatens the hurt of the soul. A little child, when it meets enemies, or fierce beasts, is not apt to trust its own strength, but flies to its parents for refuge; so a saint is not self confident in engaging spiritual enemies, but flies to Christ. A little child is apt to be suspicious of evil in places of danger, afraid in the dark, afraid when left solitary, or far from home : so is a saint apt to be sensible of his spiritual dangers, jealous of himself, full of fear when he cannot see his way plain before him, afraid to be left alone, and to be at a distance from God; Prov. xxviii. 14. Happy is the man that feareth alway; but he that hardeneth his heart, shall full into mischief. A little child is apt to be afraid of superiors, and to dread their anger, and tremble at their frowns and threatenings: so is a true saint with respect to God; Psal. cxix. 120. My flesh trembleth for fear of thee, and I am afraid of thy judgments. Is. Ixvi. 2. To this man will I look, even to him that is poor, and trembleth at my word. ver. 5. Hear ye the word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his word. Ezra ix. 4. Then wer? assembled unto me every one that trembleil at the words of the God of Israel. chap. x. 3. According to the counsel of my lord, and of those that tremble at the commandment of our God. A little child approaches superiors VOI, V.

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