Government and Politics in Hungary

Első borító
Central European University Press, 1999. jan. 1. - 330 oldal
A historical overview and analysis of the main political actors, constitution, electoral system, parliament, and political parties of Hungary. Korosenyi (political science, Eotvos Lorand U., Budapest) aims to analyze the two-way relationship between the cultural-behavioral and constitutional-institutional levels of politics in Hungary.
 

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Tartalomjegyzék

The Departmental Principle Ressortprinzip
177
2 The Influence of the Party System and Coalition Government
178
The Recruitment Selection and Career Paths of Ministers
179
Prime Minister Party President Parliamentary Group Leader
181
The Party as a Source of and Limitation on the Strength of the Prime Minister
184
Coalition Government
189
The Distribution of Posts in the Coalition Government
191
3 The Prime Ministers Sources of Power and the Political Unity of the Government
194

Chapter Two
27
2 The Functions of the Parties
29
3 The Three Political Camps
31
4 The Origins and Establishment of the New Parties
33
5 The Character of the Parties
35
The Hungarian Party of Justice and Life MIEP
38
The Alliance of Free Democrats SZDSZ
39
The Federation of Young DemocratsHungarian Civic Party FideszMPP
42
The Independent Smallholders Party FKGP
44
The Christian Democratic Peoples Party KDNP
45
The Hungarian Socialist Party MSZP
47
Chapter Three
51
The PoliticalCultural and Economic Axes
53
3 The Ideological and Political Agenda
55
Chapter Four
59
2 The Three Cleavages of Hungarian Politics
62
The Political Class Cleavage
63
The UrbanRural Cleavage
66
3 Cleavages and the Party System
68
Chapter Five
71
1 Nomenklatura and Transition
72
2 Political Elite Groups
77
Deputies in the Pre and PostTransition Parliaments
79
The Origins SocioCultural Composition Political Socialization and Career Paths of the Parliamentary Deputies
82
The Elite of the ChristianCivic Parties
84
The Elite of the Liberal Parties
88
5 The Ideological Characteristics and WorldViews of the Party Elites
89
6 Recruitment and Career Paths
90
The Political Influence of SubElites
92
8 Links between the Economic and Political Elites
98
9 Concluding Remarks
99
Chapter Six
103
2 The Electoral Bases of the Parties
105
The Value Systems Political Attitudes and Ideological SelfPlacements of the Voters
113
The Semantic Level
114
The Issue Level
115
Chapter Seven
117
2 Elections and the Distribution of Votes
120
3 The Three Channels and Two Rounds of the Elections and the Distribution of Seats
122
SingleMember Districts
123
Regional List Seats
127
National List Seats
130
4 The Impact of the Electoral System upon the Political System
131
Chapter Eight
133
2 Economic Conflicts of Interest
137
3 Macrolevel Interest Reconciliation
138
4 Lobbying
140
From Pluralism towards Corporatism?
141
Chapter Nine
145
2 The Development of Parliamentary Government in Europe
147
3 Political Thought on the Relationship between State and Society and on the Government
151
4 The Emergence of the Democratic Constitutional and Governmental System and the Nature of the Regime Change
157
5 The Principal Features of the Constitution
162
6 Political Counterweights and Division of Power
167
The Shared Out Republic
169
Chapter Ten
173
The Preeminence of the Head of Government
174
The Government as a Collective Body
175
The Prime Ministers Patronage Power
195
The Determination of the Structure and Size of the Government and the Distribution of Responsibilities
196
The Prime Ministers Personal Staff and Advisors
197
An International Comparison
200
Chapter Eleven
207
The AdministrativeExecutive Organs of the Public Administration
210
The Legal Administrative and Personnel Instruments of Political Control
212
Government through Powers of Leadership and Direction
213
Patronage in the Administration
214
4 The Process of Governmental DecisionMaking and the Organization of the Government
216
Political and Administrative Institutions of Coordination
217
5 The Mixing of the Roles of Politician and Civil Servant and the Politicization of the Administration
222
Chapter Twelve
225
2 The Hungarian Parliament
227
The Representative Function and the Legitimacy of the Parliament
228
Governmental Domination or Parliamentary Rule?
229
Organization and the Division of Labour
230
The Government the Speaker the Plenum and the Committees
233
Government Bills
234
The Plenum
235
Permanent Committees
236
The Government Side and the Opposition Deputies
239
The Party Groups and their Functions
243
The Relationship between the Government and the Government Parties
246
The Government and its Coalition Partners
248
The Opposition
249
The Dualism of the Govanment Majority and the Opposition
251
Votes of Confidence and No Confidence
253
7 NonSanctionary Instruments of Parliamentary Control over the Government
254
Organs for the Oversight of the Administration
255
The Requirement to Report to Parliament
256
Investigative Committees
257
The Supervision of Personnel Policy
258
8 Conclusion
259
Chapter Thirteen
263
The Powers of the Constitutional Court
264
The Power to Initiate Constitutional Court Proceedings
266
The Selection of Constitutional Court Judges
267
The Career Paths of Constitutional Court Judges
268
The Judges Views on their Own Role
269
Limits upon Activism and the Political Counterweights to the Court
270
The Judicialization of Politics
271
3 Conclusion
272
Chapter Fourteen
275
2 The Power of the Presidency
276
Constitutional Powers
277
Election and Legitimacy
278
Career Path Recruitment Party Affiliation
279
The Presidents Interpretation of His or Her Role and of the Constitution
281
3 The Constitutional Court and the President
282
Conclusion
285
2 The Character of Hungarian Democracy
287
3 Is Hungarian Democracy Consensual? The Role of Elite Strategies
292
The Combination of Competitive and Demobilizational Strategies
295
Appendices
299
Bibliography
305
Index
323
Copyright

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34. oldal - Forum (MDF), the Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ) and the Federation of Young Democrats (Fidesz) belong to this group.
32. oldal - The extra-parliamentar y parties and the parties formed by defections from the larger parties were also, for the most part, associated with one of these camps. Each camp was tied together not only by common political and ideological...
28. oldal - Because the parties are now able to reach almost every citizen through the modern press and electronic media, it is not necessary for them to employ the organizational instruments of political mass...
xviii. oldal - Fidesz(-MPP) Federation of Young Democrats (-Hungarian Civic Party) (Fiatal Demokrata'k Szovetsege (-Magyar Polga'ri Part]) FKGP Independent Smallholders...

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