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provident possessor, has been, by his ignorance and neglect, like the patrimony of a spendthrift, permitted, and even stimulated rapidly to pass from him in wild extravagance.
"The products of nature, in our new countries, seldom have been turned to account. The timber is deemed an incumbrance, and at present is, perhaps, too much so. The labour and expense of preparing for tillage are enormous; and, when the sole object is that of cultivation, very discouraging.* European books give us no lessons in these operations. But when the experience of our people is aided and brought to a point, by an union of facts and the ingenuity of intelligent men, now too much dispersed to be drawn into system, it is to be expected, with the surest prospects of success, that our difficulties on this head will be abated, if not overcome. The manufacture of potash, and the products of the sugar-maple, may be objects of the attention of the society. More profitable modes of applying labour will hereby be promoted, and returns for expense, in the preparation for culture, be obtained. Facilities for clearing lands may be discovered. Minerals, earths, and fossils, now either unknown or neglected, may be brought into use, or become objects of commerce. In fine, no adequate calculation can be formed of the effects which may be produced by a consolidation of the efforts, and even speculations, of our citizens, whose interests will stimulate them.to exertion. Channels of communication will be established, and the whole will receive the benefits arising from a collection of the thoughts and labours of individuals, whose minds will be turned to a subject so engaging and profitable, as well to themselves as to their country."
After this long extract, we have no room to notice particularly the variety of agricultural information contained in the
"* At the present time (1808) the expensed clearing land is much lessened, owing to the great influx of population in our new countries; for five dollars per acre, land may be completely cleared of timber.
body of this volume. Our readers must be referred for that Xo the work itself.
The appendix contains an elaborate description, and a drawing of the Schuylkill bridge. This is a useful document in the art of bridge building. The invention of the cover to preserve the work from decay, we think a most valuable improvement. The whole of the structure is indeed a credit and an ornament to our country. The projectors and directors of it are entitled to great merit, and their persevering exertions ought to excite others to " go and do likewise."
Medical School of New-York.
J. HIS institution is under the immediate direction of the Regents of the University of the State. The Professors are appointed by them, with the style and title of Professors of the University, and their lectures are delivered in the College of Physicians and Surgeons. It is made the duty of the College, by their charter received from the Regents, to procure the necessary buildings and accommodations for the professors and students, to provide an anatomical museum, a chemical laboratory and apparatus, a library, botanic garden, &c. The Professors of the University, who are also trustees and members of the College, together with the President, Vice-Presidents, Register, and Treasurer of the College, constitute a Senatus Academicus, who direct the system of education to be pursued, and make all necessary rules for the government of themselves and of the students. The Regents are appointed by the Legislature of the State in the same manner that Senators in the Congress of the United States are appointed. They are usually selected from amongst the most prominent characters in the state, and have the general superintendence of all the colleges and academies in it; their names are as follow:
Regents of the University. His Excellency the Governor, (ex officio) Chancellor. The Lieutenant Governor, (ex officio) Vice-Chancellor. Rev. John Rodgers, D. D. Nathan Carr, Ezra L'hommedieu, Matthew Clarkson,
Ambrose Spencer, James Kent,
Henry Rutgers, Elisha Jenkins,
Andrew King, De Witt Clinton,
Simeon De Witt, Charles Selden,
John Tayler, Peter Gansevoort,
Ebenbzer Russel. Abraham Van Vechten,
James Cochran, Alexander Sheldon.
Professors of the University. Nicholas Romayne, M. D. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine.
Samuel L. Mitchill, M.D. Professor of Botany and Natural History.
Edward Miller, M. D. Professor of the Practice of Physic. Archibald Bruce, M. D. Professor of Mineralogy. William J. M'neven, 31. D. Professor of Obstetrics. J. Augustine Smith, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery. Benjamin De Witt, M. D. Professor of Chemistry. To support this Medical School, the Legislature have lately granted the sum of 820,000 to the Regents of the University, for the endowment of the College. They have also made provision by law for procuring subjects for dissection. The number of gentlemen attending .the lectures of the Professors the present year are seventy-two, and will, no doubt, increase in proportion as the advantages of studying medicine in this institution shall become more known throughout the United States.
New-York Hospital. The Governors of the New-York Hospital have lately appointed Dr. John C. Osborn and Dr. Benjamin De Witt
Physicians to that Institution.
New-York Historical Society. At an election of officers of the New-York Historical Society, held at the Ci;y-Hall, 10th January, 1809, the following persons were chosen.:
Egbert Benson, President.
,, r i Vice Presidents.
Rev. Samuel Miller, Corresponding Secretary.
John Pintard, Recording Secretary.
Charles Wilkes, Treasurer.
John Forbes, Librarian.
> Standing Committee.
William Johnson, Rev. Dr. John M. Mason.
Samuel L. Mitchill, De Witt Clinton,
David Hosack, John M'kesson.
American Mineralogy. Dr. Adam Seybert, of Philadelphia, has commenced publishing in the Philadelphia Medical Museum, a catalogue of American minerals. This is an undertaking honourable to Dr. Seybert, and likely to prove useful to our country.
Decomposition of the Alkalies. By a letter from Edinburgh we are informed that Dr. Hope and Mr. Murray have repeated the experiments of Mr. Davy on the alkalies, and have succeeded in procuring the metallic globules. The discoveries of Mr. Davy, by means of galvanic electricity, have induced Mr. Murray to alter the arrangement of part of his System of Chemistry, a new edition of which he is now preparing for the press.—Mr. Playfair is also preparing for the press a new edition of his Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory.
Prospectus of a Surgical Work.
The want of a new System of Surgery must be sensibly felt
by the great majority of American Surgeons. John Bell's,
the last, and by far the most valuable work in this department
of medicine, is so costly as to be read by a small proportion