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creeds which he had to soothe and of tongues and opinions in which the to solder, form still a traditionary district gauger figured, a midnight treasure to the parish. To minds importation of choice Geneva, the young and giddy as mine, these rapid consumption of which was hashealthy and solacing things were not tened by the burning spark of conso attractive as the follies and out- troversy which raged unquenchably rages of a disappointed crowd ; and in their throats. Many retired sullet not an old man, without reflecting lenly homeward, lamenting that a that he too was once eighteen, con- concourse of men of hostile opinions demn me for forsaking the presence could collect, controvert, and quarrel, and precepts of the preacher, for the and then coolly separate without less spiritual and less moral, but no blows and bloodshed, cursing the less instructive drama which was act- monotony of human existence now, ing in the open air.
compared with the stirring times of The dragoons were still on their border forays and covenant-raids. saddles, but had retired to the ex- A moiety nearly of the seceding tremity of the village, where they crowd remained in clumps on the emptied bottles of ale, and sung En- village-green. They were men chiefly glish ballads, with a gaiety and a life of that glowing zeal, to whom mere which obtained the notice of sundry charity and the silent operations of of the young maidens; who are ob- religious feeling seem cold and unserved to feel a regard for scarlet and fruitful; those pure and fortunate belace, which I leave to those who love ings who find nothing praise-worthy, not their pleasant company to ex- or meriting the hope of salvation, in plain. As they began to gather the actions of mere men; who discoround, not unobserved of the sons of ver new interpretations of scripture, Mars, some of the village matrons and rend anew the party-coloured proceeded to remonstrate." Where- and patched garments of sect and fore gaze ye on the men with whis- schism every time they meet, when kers, pruned and landered, and with the liquor is abundant. Their hope coats of scarlet, and with lace laid on of the complete reform in the discithe skirts thereof,” said one old pline of the parish kirk, or the creawoman, pulling at the same time her tion of a new meeting-house to enjoy reluctant niece by the hand, while the eloquence of a preacher, the her eyes, notwithstanding her retro- choice of their own wisdom, seemed grade motion, were fixed on a brawny now nearly blasted; and they uttered trooper. “ And, Deborah,” said a mo- their discontent at the result, while ther to her daughter, whose white they praised the dexterity or cunning hand and whiter neck, shaded with with which they opposed the ordinatresses of glossy auburn, the hands of tion of that protege of patronage, Joel another trooper had invaded, “what Kirkpatrick. « The kirk session wouldst thou do with him who wears may buy a new bell-rope,” said a the helmet of brass upon his head Cameronian weaver, 66 for I cut he is an able-bodied man, but a great away the tow from their tinkling covenant-breaker, and he putteth brass yestreen; more by token, it now trust in the spear and in the sword.” tethers my hummel cow on the unThe maiden struggled with that ear- mowed side of John Allan's park-he nestness with which a virgin of eigh- had no business to set himself up ateen strives to escape from the kind- gainst the will of the parish and the ness of a handsome man; and kiss word of God.” Gilbert Glass, the succeeding kiss told what penalty village glazier, found a topic of she incurred in delaying to follow her worldly consolation amid the spimother. Of the dissenting portion of ritual misfortunes of the day: “The the multitude, some disposed of them- kirk windows will cost them a fine selves in the readiest ale-houses; penny to repair; some one, whom I'll where the themes of patronage, free- not name, left not a single pane whole will, and predestination, emptied ---and each pane will cost the herimany barrels; and the clouds of mys- tors a silver sixpence—that's work tery and doubt darkened down with my way. It is an evil wind, Saunders the progress of the tankard. Others, Bazeley, that blows nobody good; a of a more flexible system of morality, profitable proverb to you.
-- All went to arrange, far from the tumult that I know of the proverb,” replied Saunders the slater, “ is that it will from the bosom of my sloop the Bonbe the sweet licking of a creamy finger nie Nelly Lawson there, where she to thee--but alake! what will I get lies cozie among Cairnhowrie birks, out of the pain of riding stride-legs and the guager never the wiser.” A over the clouted roof of the old kirk, flood of sectarians inundated the parpatching a few broken slates ? I have lour of the Thistle and Hand-Hamheard of many a wind blowing for mer, and a noise, rivalling the deone's good, but I never heard of a scent of a Galloway stream down one wind that uncovered a kirk yet.” To of its wildest glens, issued ringing far all this, answered Micah Meen, a sec- and wide from the change-house. tarian mason; “Plague on't! I wish “ Subscribe !” said Gilpin Johnstone, there were not a slate on its roof, or a farmer of Annandale descent, “I one stone of its wall above another. would not give seven placks, and This old kirk, built out of the spare these are but small coins, for the fairstones of the old abbey, is but a bas- est kirk that ever bore a roof above tard-bairn of the old lady of Rome, the walls. There's the goodman and deserves no good to come on't. of Hoshenfoot, a full farmer, who Look ye to the upshot of my words. hopes to be saved in his own way, he Seventeen year have I been kirk- may subscribe. No but that I am mason, and am still as poor as one willing to come and listen if the pewof its mice. But bide ye, let us lay rates be moderate.” “ Me subour heads together, and build a brent scribe," said he of the Hoshenfoot, new meeting-house. I will build the buttoning his pockets as he spoke, to walls, and no be too hard about the fortify his resolution, “ where in the siller, if I have the letting of the seats. wide world, think ye, have I got gold And we will have a preacher to our to build into kirk-walls. Besides, own liking, one who shall not preach I have been a follower of that ancient a word save sound doctrine, else let poetical mode of worship, preaching me never bed a stone in mortar more.” on the mountain side ; and if ye will “Eh man, but ye speak soundly," give me a day or two's reaping in the said Charlie Goudge, the village car- throng of harvest, I will send ye the penter, " in all, save the article of kirk- green hill of Knockhoolie to preach seats, which being of timber, pertain an hour's sound doctrine on any time; more to my calling. Whomsomever, save, I should have said, when the I would put a roof of red Norway peas are in the pod; and then deil fir over your heads, and erect ye such have me if I would trust a hungry seats as no man sits in who lends his congregation near them.” Similar ears to a read sermon.” « And as evasions came from the lips of sevefor we two,” said the slater and the ral more of the wealthy seceders; and glazier, clubbing their callings to- one by one, they dissented and disgether, for the sake of making a more persed: not without a severe contest serious impression, “ we would coun- with the landlord, whether they were sel ye to cover your kirk with blue responsible for all the liquor they had Lancashire slate, instead of that consumed, seeing it was for the spispungy, stone from Locherbrighill, ritual welfare of the parish. which besides, coming from a hill of If the entry of the minister into his witch and devil-trysting, is fit for ministry was stormy and troubled, nought, save laying above a dead ample reparation was made by the man's dwelling, who never complains mass of the parishioners, who, after of a bad roof; and farther, put none the ordination, escorted him home to of your dull green glass in the win- the Manse, giving frequent testimodows, but clear pure glass, through ny of that sedate joy and tranquil which a half-blind body might see satisfaction which the people of Scotto expound the word.” “And I land are remarkable for expressing. would counsel ye to begin a sub- “ Reverend Sir, you have had but a scription incontinent,” said the keeper cold and a wintry welcome to your of a neighbouring ale-house; "and if ministry,” said an old and substantial ye will come into my home, we can dame, “ and if ye will oblige me by commence the business with moisten- accepting of such a hansel, I shall ed throats; and," continued mine host send ye what will make a gallant in an under tone, “ I can kittle up house-heating." “ And ye mauna your spirits with some rare Geneva have all the joy of giving gifts to yourself, goodwife,” said an old man head. Trust not thy gifts alone for with a broad bonnet, and stooping working deliverance among the peoover a staff, “ for I shall send our ple. Thou must know each man and ain Joel Kirkpatrick such a present woman by face and by name : pass as no minister o' Bleeding-Heart ever into their abodes, acquaint thyself received since Mirk-Monday, and all with their feelings and their failings, too little to atone for the din that my and move them, and win them, to the old and graceless tongue raised paths of holiness, as a young man against God's gifted servant this woos his bride. Thou must dandle blessed morning “ And talking of their young ones on thy knees, for atonements," interrupted an old wo- thy Master loved little children, and man, whose hands were yet unwashen it is a seemly thing to be beloved of from the dust which she had thrown babes. Should youth go astray, in on the minister in the morning, “I the way in which youth is prone, have an atoning offering to make for take it gently and tenderly to taskhaving wickedly testified against a severity maketh the kirk' rancorous minister of God's kirk this morning. enemies, and persecution turneth love I shall send him a stone weight of into deadly hate; humanity and kindewe-milk cheese to-morrow.' But ness are the leading strings of the no one of the multitude seemed more human heart. One counsel more, delighted, or stood higher in general and I have done-take unto thee favour, than John Halberson, the wise a wife. Ministers are not too and venerable man who had given the good for such a sweet company as first check to the fiery spirit that woman's, neither are they too steadblazed so fiercely in the morning. He fast not to fear a fall. Wed, saith walked by the minister's side, his head the Scripture, and replenish the earth, uncovered, and his remaining white -and I wish not the good, the brave, hairs glittering in the descending sun. and ancient name of Kirkpatrick to His words were not many; but they pass from among us. Peace be with were laid up in the heart, and prac- thee, and many days.” By following tised in the future life of the excel- the wise counsel of his venerable palent person to whom they were ad- rishioner, Joel Kirkpatrick became dressed. “ Young man and reve- one of the most popular pastors of rend, thy lot is cast in a stormy sea- the Presbytery, and one of the chief son, and in a stony land. There be luminaries of the ancient province of days for sowing, and days for reap- Galloway. His eloquence, his kindliing, and days for gathering into the ness of heart, and the active charity garner. Thou hast a mind gifted of his nature, will be proverbial in with natural wisdom, and stored with parish tradition, while eloquence, and written knowledge; a tongue fluent kindness, and charity, are reverenced and sweet in utterance, and thou on earth. hast drunk of the word at the well- Lammerlea, Cumberland.
SONG, IMITATED FROM THE ITALIAN.
That from their orbs has rolld;
Their fragrance, pearls, and gold.
Thou borrow'st from his flame :
From whence its sweetness came.
That from her cheek has flown;
Her chasteness to the moon.
Which thou dost call thine own,
That turn thy slave to stone ?
ON THE SONGS OF THE PEOPLE OF GOTHIC OR TEUTONIC RACE.
All the low German tribes were liam the Conqueror, who gave Engearly distinguished for maritime en- land a new constitution. The Nor. terprize, but the Danes and Scandi- men, who with almost incredible navians, who all passed by the name fortune and courage wrested from of Northmen, or Normen, were by the Arabs, Apulia, Calabria, Sicily, far the most remarkable for bold ad- and for a time, Jerusalem and Anventure in the middle ages. Num- tioch, were adventurers from the berless are the names of the sea Duchy founded by Rolf; and Tankings and heroes, whose deeds are cred, whose descendants at last wore related in the histories 'and sagas of the crown of Sicily and Apulia, dethe north. It is impossible not to be scended from him. If we were to astonished at the wide extent
of the relate all the bold deeds which in space traversed by them. To the pilgrimages, in the service of Coneastward, Rorik, (Roderick) with his stantinople, and in expeditions in brothers, founded a kingdom in No- almost every land and sea, even to vogorod, and thereby laid the foun- Greenland and America, were achievdation of the state of Russia. Os- ed by the Normen, the relation would kold and Dir founded a state in seem a romance. Kiew, which united with that of No- A country, for the most part stevogorod. Ragnwald, who settled at rile and mountainous, with a stern cliPolotzk, on the Dwina, was the an- mate, possessing on one side an extent cestor of the grand Dukes of Lithu- of coast from the Elbe to Lapland, of ania. Northwards, Naddod was not less than 1,400 miles in length, thrown in a storm on Iceland, which could hardly fail to be a nursery of became the asylum of the noblest maritime adventurers. It was ruled races of Norway: Westwards the by a number of petty kings, whose auFeroe, Orkney, Shetland, and Wes- thority depended on their success in tern Islands were often visited, and their expeditions. Besides the terripartly peopled by the Normen; and torial chiefs, there were sovereigns, on several of them Northern Jarls who possessed neither country nor (pronounce Yarls) long ruled, so that regular subjects; the sea kings, as the harassed Gaels were not secure, they were called, who, with no even in their remotest corners, from wealth but their ships, no force but German nations. In Ireland they their crews, and no hope but from settled as early as the times of Char- their swords, swarmed in every lemain, when Dublin fell to Olof, ocean, and plundered every coast, Waterford to Sitirk, and Limerick to and whose boast it was, that they Ywar. In England, they made never slept under a smoky roof, and themselves dreaded under the name never quaffed the social cup over a of Danes ; they not only possessed hearth. The youth roved about in Northumberland in common with search of booty for the bride he left Saxon earls, partly independently, at home; the father, for his wife and and partly in fiefs, but all England children. The Normen were true to was subject to them under Canute, one another, and virtuous men in their Harold, and Hardicanute. From the own eyes; for in human nature there is sixth century, they disturbed the generally a wonderful spirit of accomcoasts of France; and the fear of modation in our principles to our conCharlemain, that much danger im- venience. The plundering Normen pended over his country from them, held murder, in the acquisition of their was but too amply justified soon booty, no crime; though they piqued after his death. The devastations themselves on their esteem for wowhich they committed, not merely men, and were the chief founders of along the coasts, but far up the ri- chivalry; just as the Roman murdervers, and in the middle of bothers and robbers of the present day France and Germany, are hardly to pique themselves on their orthodoxy, be credited. Rolf, in baptism called and the fervour of their attachment Robert, the first Duke of Normandy, to their church. We doubt if Chrisbecame the founder of several dy- tianity made the Normen more scrunasties. From him descended Wil- pulous, with regard to the property
of others, than it did our Scotch and What is 't to us that Regnar Lodbrok conEnglish borderers, who received ab
quer'd solution one day, and stole cattle the The rude Britannia, that Biörn Ironside next.
Exclaim'd with Hasting, when they over-ran The Normen settled the matter Proud France, and Paris burned, Now let with their conscience, on the terms of To Rome, and we will conquer there as the following low German adage:
here?' Ruten, roven dat en is ghein Schande That Rolf has founded Normandy; that Dat doynt die besten van dem Lande,
Biörn which means that robbing and de- Constantinople's suburbs fired ? What is 't vastating were no shame, as they That in Italia, Luna was unconquer'd, were practised by the best in the And that the proudest Spanish cities oft land.
By us were plundered ? that Orvarodd
With Danish warriors founded Russia's But these times are gone; the seas are now covered by a very different That even in distant Africa the negro
might ? sort of vessels from the Snekkes Has blenched with fear, when swords of which issued from the friths and Northmen clang'd ? bays of Norway and Denmark; and
From the adventurous character we have, in our time, seen Denmark in turn plundered by the descend- so long possessed by the Northmen, ants of those who were among the we might naturally spect to find greatest sufferers from her devasta- copious recollections of their deeds tions. The old Normen might ex
among their descendants. From the claim with Palnatoke, in Oehlen- unmixed character too of the populaschlager:
tion, which is the most purely Teu
tonic of any in Europe, we are On our power at sea Our real strength is founded ; for the Dane if any where, the genuine songs, mu
warranted in expecting to find here, Is truly like a sea-fowl; Aegir * is His kind divinity, and Ocean's daughters
sic, and superstitions peculiar to the On foam-clad billows sweetly sing his praise Teutonic race. Accordingly, we find On every strand. This is the destiny
that Denmark and Scandinavia are Which God allotted him, and as imperish- not only richer than any of the other able
Germanic countries, in ballads of adAs nature's self is the proud gift, received venture of all descriptions, from the By him from the Almighty. What, al. vague traditions of a dark antiquity, though
to the achievements of the chivalHis Snekkes may now and then be stolen
rous ages, and even to those of the from him, Or burnt? the oak grows in his woods, and the Twelfthbut that the superna
comparatively recent age of Charles iron Gleams in his mountains : and his arm and tural beings of our forefathers, by
whom every sea, every stream, every Can always build him more. Our isles are fountain, hill, and forest, were peo
pled, exist only here in all the puBy the Eternal's hand within the depth rity and definitiveness of their attriOf ocean, that the keel may always find butes, occupying a place in song Its element with ease.
proportioned to their importance; But the event to which we have and that the genuine music of the alluded was calculated to suggest race, which has been almost exmuch less consolatory reflections. pelled from Scotland by the more Well might the same poet, contrast- animated and heart-rending strains ing the ancient consequence with the of the Celts, and of which traces recent humiliation of his native coun only exist in England, in a few old try, exclaim:
ballad airs, fortunately preserved Though every where
from oblivion, yet lives in all its By Danish heroes Europe's thrones are
freshness among the peasantry of
Scandinavia.--These circumstances Yet now must Denmark tremble for her. will, we hope, justify us in entering self.
at some length into an account of
Aegir, in the northern mythology, the husband of Ran, one of the names for the