centre of that city, the naturally ro- higher rank than it now fills, and to mantic situation of which it is well preserve many beautiful productions adapted to render still more pictu- of this kind from the oblivion to which resque, especially should those im- they are otherwise almost inevitably provements be made which Bettoni consigned. The 2d number, now suggests. He proposes that it should published, contains, along with a vabe embellished with monuments, sta- riety of scenes of every description, tues, temples, and other elegant deco- an exterior and an interior view of rations of art. This work is senti. the Theatre La Scala, and a design mental and poetical.—The Cavalier of the beautiful curtain painted by Luizi Bossi continues to labour inde- the celebrated Appiani, for the private fatigably in the prosecution of his la- amateur theatre of the Filo Dramaborious work on Italy, Le Storia d'Ita- tici.- The anonymous Storia di Amelia Antica e Moderna. The twelfth rica, intended as a sequel to Segue's volume has just been published at General History, gives an account of Milan, by Giegler and 'Bianchi. It the moral and physical features of the begins with the overthrow of the New World. The writer has borWestern Empire, from the time of rowed much from Humboldt, but has the acknowledgment of Theodoric, as not availed himself of the assistance King of Italy, to the founding of the of Azara and Sobrevielo. In the kingdom of Lombardy, and finishes șixth and last division of his work, with a description of the situation of he treats of the different dialects of the provinces, cities, and islands of America, and their origin: he consiItaly under the dominion of the Goths ders that their number, said by some and Lombards.- Vita e Commercio to amount to 1264, has been greatly Letterario, &c. the Life and Cor- exaggerated, although it is certain respondence of Galileo Galilei, a post- that in a single province a variety of humous work of the learned Floren- dialects are used orally which are not tine Senator De Nelli, is an interest- employed in writing.--A work on the ing piece of biography of the great science of history, by the Duke di Italian astronomer, composed from Ventignano, a writer before known to the most authentic sources and ori- the public by his tragedies, has isginal documents, the author having sued from the press at Naples, under purchased all the manuscripts and the title of Pensieri sulla Scienza della letters he could meet with of Galilei, Storia. In this treatise the author folCaricelli, Castelli, Viviani, and other lows the steps of Rio, whom he calls the mathematicians of the 17th century. Founder of the Synthesis of History; The work, which is in two volumes and he endeavours to systematize this quarto, is embellished with ten plates: important study, and to reduce it to two of them are portraits of Galilei; certain principles founded in the nathe first taken when he was 40, thé ture of man. "In conformity with this other, 77 years of age. Both of them theory, he attempts to develope the are engraved under the direction of progress of civilization, and the the celebrated Raphael Morghen.- changes which society and governThe first volume of the Collezione ment have successively undergone. degli antichi Storici Greci volgeriz- The interesting biographical work, xati, edited by Sonzogno, of Mi- entitled Vite e Ritratti d'illustri Italan, contains a translation, by Com, liani, is now closed with the 60th pagnoni, of Dictys Cretensis, and of number, containing the Life of FiDares the Phrygian. In the second, langieri, by Carnebali

, and his porthird, and fourth volumes, are the first trait, engraved by Caronni. There and second books of Diodorus, also is another work, of nearly a similar translated by Compagnoni, and the nature and title, Ritratti d'illustri nine books of Herodotus, translated Italiani Viventi, of which the fifth by Andreas Mustoxidi of Corfu, who number has just appeared, with the has added to them a Commentary.- portraits of Palette, Perticari, RosThe Raccolta di Scene Teatrali ese- sini, Stratico, and Venturi. The sixth guite o disegnate dei piu celebri Pittori number will complete the work. Scenici in Milano is a novel and inte. Among the portraits which have alresting work, well calculated to ad- ready been given are, Appiani, the rance the art of scene-painting to a scene painter, Botta, the historian, Canova, Morghen, Paer, the com- Bohemian Literature. --The vernaposer, Pindemonti, Scarpa, Visconti, cular literature of Bohemia, which the archæologist, and Volta. has been so long in a state approach

History of Russia.--Castelneau's ing, to annihilation, now begins to Essai surl Histoire Ancienne de la Nou- spring up again, and to exhibit signs velle Russie is an historical work of of vitality. The interest which the great research. The labour of col- Emperor has manifested in its behal. lecting materials for such an under- has been the means of imparting to taking, was considerably enhanced, it fresh energy, insomuch, that the by the rapid succession of the differ- progress it has made of late years ent tribes, who have made them- has been uncommonly rapid. Within selves masters of this country, from this period, a great number of Transthe time when it was first described lations have appeared, and these have by Herodotus, until it was incorpo- been beneficial, so far as they have rated with the rest of the Russian assisted in reviving literary taste, and Empire. M. Castelneau has divided in inciting native talent to rival the his history into three distinct portions productions of other countries. There of æras ; the first, commencing with are now four journals established in the most remote antiquity, ends at the the metropolis, and many works are conquest of the Crimea by Mahomet continually printing in Kuttenberg, II. in 1475. The second, which re- Pilsen, Poseck, and other cities. One cords faets better authenticated, and of the most assiduous labourers, in less perplexed and obscure, compri- the cause of letters, is Hanka, the ses three centuries, terminating in the keeper of the National Museum, who year 1784 ; when the country was has rendered a most important serceded to the Russians. The Author vice to literature, by editing the ma. has spared nopains, that he might pro- muscript which he discovered buried duce the first complete and genuine beneath an old pillar, in the church history of a people, with whose annals at Königinhof. This document is inwe have hitherto been but imper- valuable, from the light it throws fectly acquainted-of those warlike upon the history of Bohemian poetry, Tartars and Cossacks, who have so of which the furious religious conoften rebelled against the Porte, and tentions during the fifteenth century have constantly been at variance with have left hardly any trace. After Poland and Russia. The third, and much laborious investigation of what last portion of the work is not defi- was mutilated, and, in some places, cient in interest, to those who prize illegible, Hanka succeeded in decithe cultivation of intellect more than phering what constitutes the frag; the subjugation of territory, and who ments of a collection of narrative and consider the advancement of agricul- lyrical poems, possessing considerture, commerce, art, and civilization, able intrinsic merit

. They were comto be more truly glorious, than all posed at the end of the thirteenth, the pomp, pride, and circumstance and the beginning of the fourteenth of war and conquest. These pro- century; some of them are probably vinces, so long exposed to devasta- of a still earlier date. The fortunate tion, now presenta scene of pros- discoverer of these relics has edited perity. Their situation on the bor- them in the original language, acders of the Black Sea, the navi- companied by a version in the mogable streams by which they are in- dern Bohemian dialect, and by anotersected, the fertility of the soil, and ther, in German, by Professor Swothe possession of a flourishing and bode. They relate the victory obincreasing commercial city, render tained over the Poles, under Udalthem the most important possessions rich; the incursion of the Saxons of the Russian empire. At the end into Bohemia ; the battle against the of the work, is an interesting account Tartars at Olmutz, &c. Ă Russian of a journey made by the author Translation of them has been pubthrough the Crimea, for the purpose lished, on which occasion the Dowof collecting information relative to ager Empress testified her approbaits geology, natural history, numis- tion of Hanka's labours by presenta matics, statistics, agriculture, trade, ing him with a valuable medal. JW. and navigation.

Zimmermann is another industrinue


writer. He has lately published the Manuscritos y Memorias Arabigas, first volume of his History of Bohe- and is written by the Academician mia, under Ferdinand I. from 1526 Josef Antonio Conde, who died last to 1547 ; a work that is so much the year. The Spaniards have, for a more interesting and valuable, as it long time, been indebted to the rerelates to a period of which there searches of the literati of other was before no printed record; for countries, but have, at length, apHagel and Beczkorosky bring down plied themselves to the investigation their histories only to 1526, and Palm of this interesting epoch of their nazel's Chronicle proceeds no farther tional history; and, notwithstanding than the Reign of Charles IV. the number of documents that have

Stepaneck and Kliepera are the been destroyed, enough yet remain two chief dramatic writers; the form to supply the deficiencies, and to mer has produced many pieces, both correct the errors of the old chronioriginal and translated. They are clers, and thus dispel the obscurity now publishing a collection of their in which the annals of this æra are various works, under the title Di- enveloped. Conde, whose early death wado (the stage). Epic poetry is is to be lamented as an irreparable cultivated by Negedly and Hero- loss to Spanish literature, ventured kowsky; the former has written the into this immense and bewildering poems of Charles IV. Ottokar, mine, examined the valuable MSS. Wratislaw, and The Last Judges deposited in the various libraries of ment; the latter, a Poem, called the Madrid, as well as those in the arMaiden's War. Professor Negedly, chives of the Escurial, and, after ata who must not be confounded with tentively collating and studying them; the preceding author of the same produced a work that will confer name, has composed an excellent immortal honour on his memory. Bohemian Grammar, for the use of The policy of the Arabian conquerors, Germans; also, Translations of Flo- their military tactics, their governrian's Numa Pompilius, Young's ment and legislation, their system of Night Thoughts, and the first Books taxation, the administration of their of the Iliad. It has been doubted, police, their institutions for public whether the last mentioned are trans- charity and education, their religilated immediately from the original, ous toleration, manners and customs, yet even should this be the case, the form the principal objects of the services which Negedly has per- author's attention ; and the facts and formed for his countrymen, are not documents are all original and autherefore the less valuable. He is, thentic. He has, moreover, incormoreover, the conductor of the Hla- porated many fragments from the satel, a periodical work, which was Arabian poets, partly for the purfirst commenced in 1808; and after pose of elucidating events and cushaving been discontinued for several toms, and partly to give an Oriental years, is now carried on again with air to the whole composition. He has, increased spirit. This is the first likewise, derived from Arabic sources Journal in Bohemia, which gave pa- of biography, much important inpers of any length, on either serious formation relative to those great men or amusing subjects. Pollok has who distinguished themselves, either published a Tour in Italy, and some in literature or in arms. The work Poems; and Schiesslar, the last is divided into four books; the first writer we shall now mention, has also of which commences with a brief composed some Poems and Fables, account of the situation of the Araand has translated Shakspeare's Tra- bians, at the time of their first irrupgedy of Romeo and Juliet.

tion into Africa. The author then Spanish Literature.The first vo- proceeds to describe their attack upon lume of an historical work of very Spain; the government of the Omars; superior merit, and indeed of more their policy, and their conduct toimportance than any produced during wards the people whom they conthe last century, has lately issued quered ; the feuds between the from the press at Madrid. It is en, Ómars themselves; the events which titled, La Historia de la Dominacion brought Spain under the dominion de los Arabes en España, sacada de of the Caliphs of Damascus; and, lasts ly, he presents a vivid picture of the down in the present volume, which actions and the characters of the first consists of 660 pages in 4to. The Arabian conquerors in Spain, during third and fourth books will be comthe interval from 710 to 748. The prised in the two succeeding volumes, second book treats of the Arabian which are partly printed. It was Monarchy in Spain (as it existed the intention of the author to give independent of the Caliphs);-of the a glossary and explanation of all the princes of this powerful dynasty, and Arabic words; and also a comparathe extension of their power, both tive geography, and a map of Arabian within and without the peninsula; Spain ; this, however, he has been of the government, manners, wealth, prevented from executing by death, arts and sciences of the Arabians, which seized him in the midst of his until the breaking out of the war in labours. 1080, to which period we are brought




The great leading event of the Longwood, St. Helena, May 6. last month, we might almost say of REPORT OF APPEARANCES ON DISSECthe age in which we live, has been

TION OF THE BODY OF NAPOLEON the death of Napoleon. As it is our custom seldom to offer a comment On a superficial view the body appeared upon the details of our chronicle, very fat, which state was confirmed by the and as, perhaps, we may hereafter first incision down its centre, where the fat make this striking event the subject was upwards of one inch and a half over of a distinct article, we shall here the abdomen. On cutting through the carconfine ourselves to the more inter- tilages of the ribs, and exposing the cavity esting particulars which have been of the thorax, a trifling adhesion of the left disclosed to us, and which will, no

pleura was found to the pleura costalis. doubt, become matter for history. contained in the left cavity, and nearly eight

About three ounces of reddish fluid were Napoleon died at six o'clock, upon

ounces in the right. The lungs were quite the fifth of May, on his rock, at St. sound. The pericardium was natural, and Helena, after an imprisonment of contained about an ounce of Auid. something more than six years. The The heart was of the natural size, but dispatches were brought to England, thickly covered with fat. The auricles and by Captain Crockatt, and Captain ventricles exhibited nothing extraordinary, Hendrie, together with a kind of except that the muscular parts appeared medico-official bulletin, signed by rather paler than natural. some professional gentlemen, who

Upon opening the abdomen the omentum opened the body, in which his dis- was found remarkably fat, and on exposing ease is asserted to be a cancer in the the stomach that viscus was found the seat stomach, a disease, to which the nected the whole superior surface, particu

of extensive disease. Strong adhesions condeath of his father has also been as- larly about the pyloric extremity to the cribed. As this document is both cu

concave surface of the left lobe of the liver; rious and authentic, and as it has be- and on separating these, an ulcer, which come the subject of much discussion, penetrated the coats of the stomach, was we insert it here.

discovered one inch from thc pylorus, suffi


The pos

cient to allow the passage of the little fin- his bed, and died with his eyes fixed ger. The internal surface of the stomach, on it! His last words were broken to nearly its whole extent, was a mass of and interrupted:“ téte,. téte-armee cancerous disease or schirrous portions ad

-France," distinctly overvancing to cancer : this was particularly heard a few hours before his death. noticed near the pyrolus. The cardiac extremity, for a small space near the termi: Buonaparte had a certain and distant nation of the wesophagus, was the only part presentiment that he was dying. It appearing in a healthy state. The stomach is erroneously stated, in all the newswas found nearly filled with a large quan. papers, that his will was found in St. tity of Auid resembling coffee grounds. Helena. It was not. About ten

The convex surface of the left lobe of days before he was confined to his the liver adhered to the diaphragm. With bed, in which he lingered for forty the exception of the adhesions occasioned days, he gave his will to an old by the disease in the stomach, no unhealthy priest, called Bonavitti, who had latappearance presented itself in the liver. The remainder of the abdominal viscera charged him to deliver it to some

terly been sent out to him, and vere in a healthy state.

A slight peculiarity in the formation of member of his family at Rome. the left kidney was observed.

The priest arrived in the English (Signed)

channel five weeks before the inThomas SHORT, MD.

telligence of the death reached EuAnd Principal Medical Officcr. rope, was not allowed to land here, ARCH. ARNOTT, MD.

after his long voyage, and although Surgeon 20th Regiment. eighty years of age and worn out CHARLES MITCHELL, MD. with illness, he has, we have no

Surgeon of H. M. S. Vigo, doubt, long ere this, faithfully perFRANCIS BURTON, MD.

formed the last melancholy mission Surgeon 66th Regiment. MATTHEW LIVINGSTON,

of his departed master.

session of this document was anxiSurgcon H. C. Service.

ously sought after, as the bank, in It is remarkable enough, and has which Napoleon's wealth was debeen much animadverted on, that, posited, always remained a secret, although the ex-emperor's own per- and that wealth, which was consisonal surgeon, Antommarchi, is re- derable, had become confiscated by ferred to by Sir Hudson Lowe, as a decree of the Bourbon governdirecting the dissection, still his name ment. Buonaparte died very rich. does not appear annexed to this re- We happen to have the means of port. Rumour, also, says, that he knowing, that he had in the hands applied for leave to bring the stomach of one individual, nearly half a milhome to Europe, and was refused ; lion, sterling! His principal bequest a similar demand of the heart of Na- is supposed to have been to his son. poleon was made by Bertrand, which He had long given yerbal directions met with a similar refusal. There is as to the place of his interment, in something to us exceedingly affecting case he should die upon the island. in this latter incident. If ever there It is situated in a romantic little vallived a man who had an undeniable ley, near a brook, of which he was claim upon the heart of Napoleon, it fond of drinking, and over-hung by

Marshal Bertrand. History a few trees. His burial was marked does not record a nobler instance of by all the honours due to a general of fidelity, under the most trying cir- the first class; and he was cased cumstances, than has now associated down in a grave fourteen feet deep, itself with the name of Bertrand; and overlaid with stone and mortarand whether the French revolution work, all cramped with iron. Surely be yet incomplete, or the scene at it looked as if the vigilance of his St. Helena may be termed its close, gaolers survived their prisoner—as posterity will not find in its various if they thought that his very grave annals a more noble or consistent should be a dungeon, and that the character. Some of the circumstances mighty spirit, which a world could attendant upon the death of Napo- not contain, might burst beyond its leon are very interesting. When he last, dark tenement. Before his fufound that his illness was likely to neral he was laid in state, upon his prove fatal, he directed the picture little camp-bed, which was his couch of his son to be placed at the foot of during the field of Austerlitz, and


« ElőzőTovább »