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upon this occasion. The admirable which the heated mind of the good presence of mind, which is notorious lady seemed by no means a fit reci. in Quakers upon all contingencies, pient. The guard came in with his might be traced to this imposed self- usual peremptory notice. The Quawatchfulness—if it did not seem ra- kers pulled out their money, and forther an humble and secular scion of mally tendered it-so much for teathat old stock of religious constancy, I, in humble imitation, tendering mine which never bent or faltered, in the for the supper which I had taken. Primitive Friends, or gave way to the She would not relax in her demand. winds of persecution, to the violence So they all three quietly put up their of judge or accuser, under trials and silver, as did myself, and marched racking examinations. “ You will out of the room, the eldest and never be the wiser, if I sit here an- gravest going first, with myself closswering your questions till mid- ing up the rear, who thought I could night,” said one of those upright Jus- not do better than follow the example ticers to Penn, who had been putting of such grave and warrantable perlaw-cases with a puzzling subtlety. sonages. We got in. " Thereafter as the answers may went up. The coach drove off. The be," retorted the Quaker. The as- murmurs of mine hostess, not very tonishing composure of this people indistinctly or ambiguously prois sometimes ludicrously displayed in nounced, became after a time inaulighter instances. I was travelling in dible--and now my conscience, which a stage coach with three male Qua- the whimsical scene had for a while kers, buttoned up in the straitest suspended, beginning to give some non-conformity of their sect. We twitches, I waited, in the hope that stopped to bait at Andover, where a some justification would be offered meal, partly tea apparatus, partly by these serious persons for the seemsupper, was set before us. Mying injustice of their conduct. To friends confined themselves to the my great surprise, not a syllable was tea table. I in my way took supper. dropped on the subject. They sate When the landlady brought in the as mute as at a meeting. At length bill, the eldest of my companions the eldest of them broke silence, by discovered that she had charged for enquiring of his next neighbour, both meals. This was resisted. Mine “ Hast thee heard how indigos go at hostess was very clamorous and po- the India House?” and the question sitive. Some mild arguments were operated as a soporific on my moral used on the part of the Quakers, for feeling as far as Exeter. ELIA.
TRAVELS OF COSMO THE THIRD, GRAND DUKE OF TUSCANY,
THROUGH ENGLAND, IN 1669.* any of our readers, instead of a galotti, the scribe of the party), a trip to the Continent this summer, painter, and an architect, prepare should prefer visiting a part of our themselves to partake of the good own country, in the company of the fare that every where awaits them. great and learned, they have nothing We trust, however, that none of to do but fall into the suite of the them will have the same motive for hereditary prince of Tuscany (after- quitting home as occasioned Cosmo wards Grand Duke, with the title of to set out on his journey. It was to Cosmo III), and joining six other get rid of an ill-conditioned wife, of Italians of distinction (among whom whom he is said to have been fonder the most remarkable is Lorenzo Ma- than she deserved; but who had
* Travels of Cosmo the Third, Grand Duke of Tuscany, through England, during the Reign of King Charles II. (1669); translated from the Italian Manuscript in the Laurentian Library at Florence ; with a Memoir of his Life, &c. 4to. Mawman, 1821.
+ Sigismondo Coccapani was the name of the painter who accompanied the expedition. This could not have been the Florentine artist of that name, mentioned with much commendation in the Abecedario Pittorico of Orlandi, as he died in 1642.
used him so ill, that his father, Fer- the journal is literally translated from dinand II. in order to estrange his “the Italian manuscript in the Lauaffections from her, had more than rentian library at Florence," and the once sent him roving about the drawings engraved. An abridgment world. In dutiful compliance with might have been rendered more athis design, the prince, in September musing, but would have lost much 1668, set sail from Leghorn, landed at of its information, and many of the Barcelona, “and passing from thence drawings must have been omitted. to Madrid, in the usual incognito of A fairer report of the book could not princes, traversed the whole western well have been made, than has been part of Spain, and proceeded into given by its editor. Portugal. “A mosi elaborate ac- Having lost their course at sea, count, we are told, in a life of the the prince with his retinue touched prince, that is prefixed, “ was kept at Kinsale, where the oppression of of all that occurred in these travels, their catholic brethren did not fail to accompanied by designs made upon excite their commiseration. On rethe spot, wherever the royal stranger connoitring the hills in the neighwas received, rested, or was detain- bourhood of that port, they discovered.” These designs, indeed, now form ed that the Irish natives « rested on the principal object of curiosity in the bare earth;" « and lived like what remains of this journal; they wild beasts.” Sailing, from hence are, however, feebly executed, the they land at St. Mary's, one of the perspective of them is very deficient, Scilly islands; and thence proceed and they strongly mark the decline to Plymouth, which, says Magalotti, of art which had then commenced “ in the last century was a poor vilin Florence. The state of manners lage inhabited by fishermen. It is of Spain, at that period, appears to now so increased in buildings and have been nearly what it now is; population, that it may be reckoned but some future traveller, desirous of among the best cities in England, affording information respecting a having between twelve and fifteen country, which has lately engaged so thousand inhabitants."
« The city much attention in England, might, cannot be seen from the sea, and is in all probability, derive some ad- almost shut up by a gorge of the vantage, by comparing his own de- mountains, on the lowest skirt of signs with those of the artist who which it is situated. Its extent is accompanied Cosmo in the seven- not very considerable. The buildteenth century.
ings are antique, according to the From Lisbon the prince proceeded English fashion ; lofty and narrow, to Corunna, and from thence embark- with pointed roofs, and the fronts ed for England. At this period com- may be seen through, owing to the mences the description of his tour, of magnitude of the glass windows in which a faithful translation is given each of the different stories.” The in this volume.
dress of the mayor and aldermen at This account of the actions of a Plymouth, as at every other corpoprince, in the common occurrences of rate town, does not escape the milife, may, perhaps, be found minute nute notice of the ceremonious Itaeven to tediousness, but this minute- lian. Due respect is every where ness is not destitute of interest. It paid to the illustrious foreigners by opens a transient view of the state of the gentlemen of the country; and the society in England at that time, as far following incident affords a trait of as a prince could be admitted into it: the manners and courtesy of the times. it affords an opportunity to record “When they had proceeded about a the names, and even the circum- mile, there came galloping up to the stances of many families, who hast- coach Sir Copleston Bampfylde, with ened to show him honour, or to offer his wife and sister. They happened him hospitality; and the drawings to be hunting in that neighbourhood, made of the different towns and and wished not to lose the opportuhouses are highly interesting, parti- nity of performing an act of respect cularly those of London and West- to his highness. The serene prince minster. At the risk, therefore, of stopped his carriage, and received fatiguing the patience of the reader, their compliments, but did not alight
to salute them, not knowing till way they see Stonehenge,“ afterwards who the ladies were.” brated piece of antiquity, supposed Passing “ through the small village to be a sepulchre or a trophy," where of Halbombridge,” they sleep at his highness alighted from the carOkehampton, and next day reach riage in which he was with Lord Exeter. We cannot stop to describe Pembroke and his son, and conthe surrounding country, nor the de- versed with them for nearly an hour. voirs of the worthy aldermen, nor If the late Bishop of Worcester the curiosity with which they visited had been living, he might, perhaps, the cathedral, attended the whole of have made an entertaining dialogue the morning service, and saw at it the out of this conference, which, as Bishop with his wife and children, matters are, we must leave in the “ no less than nine in number," and same obscurity as our worthy guide heard the choir sing the psalms in a has left it, and having partaken of chant similar to the Gregorian," and the sumptuous entertainment pro“ an organ of most exquisite tone," vided for us at Wilton, amuse ourand “the preacher in his surplice selves with looking at the grotto, the begin his sermon, leaning on a cushion playing fountains, the maze park, placed in the middle of a pulpit;" but and Vandyke's pictures. At Salismust hasten on as well as we can to bury, the cathedral again attracted Axminster, “ travelling through a the attention of the travellers. road full of water, and muddy, though though the architecture is Gothic in not deep.” On the ninth of April, the all its parts,” no trifling objection party arrives at Hinton St. George, with the Florentines; “yet it is magà villa of my Lord John Paulet, nificent and sumptuous. They say, where in the evening Mr. John Sid- that the windows which light it corney, cousin of my Lord, comes from respond with the days of the year, his villa, six miles distant, bringing the small marble pillars with the his Lady with him to pay his re- hours of a whole year, and the doors spects. “ His highness” knew bet- with the twelve months.” Pursuing ter how to act to this lady, than the route to London through Sutton, when he met the two huntresses, for Basingstoke, Okested, Egham, and " he took her by the hand, and con- Brentford (of all which places views ducted her to a gallery hard by, and are given, besides more than thirty departing after a short conversa- others) they make their entry into tion, continued in discourse with the the capital, “ finding the whole tract above gentleman till the close of the of seven miles, after leaving Brentday.” We again regret that we can- ford, truly delicious, from the abunnot stay to speak more particularly dance of well-built villas and counof my Lord's garden, park, deer, try-houses, which are seen in every pheasantry, and the village, and direction.' “ Without the city a church, with its curious monuments. numerous crowd of people were asThe same must be said of the Roman sembled on foot, in carriages, and camp near Dorchester, and of the on horseback, to see the prince pass;” manner of angling for trout (so dif- and the names of many noblemen ferent from the Italian) in the small and foreign ambassadors are enumeriver Frome. On the 11th they de- rated, who waited on him at his arpart from Dorchester with a military rival. The account of his introduction escort to secure them from the rob- to Charles II., of the service which bers, who molested this district; and he attended at the chapel of the passing through Blandford, a little Queen, of the different noblemen town of four thousand souls (is this who paid their respects to him, of right? it is more than it contained the etiquette observed at court, of in 1901), arrived safe at Salisbury, the ruins of St. Paul's after the recent having declined the invitation given fire, of the meeting of the Royal Sothern by the Earl of Pembroke, and ciety, of the theatre, -all this is very his soni Lord Herbert, to pass the curious. The same may be said of night at Wilton-house ; who, how- Cosmo's visit to Newmarket, Camever, were allowed to
come with bridge (where, owing to the protheir equipage to fetch his highness nunciation, he did not understand to breakfast next morning. On their the Latin oration recited in his
praise, nor the Latin comedy acted in drawing to the life with softness, by the scholars), Althorp, Oxford, expression, and distinction.
The (where the Latin was equally unin- same is one of the most celebrated telligible), Billingsbere, the seat of and esteemed painters in London, Colonel Nevil (where he learns that and no person of quality visits that “the rooks are considered in England city without endeavouring to obtain as preserved birds, the nobility prid- some of his performances to take out ing themselves on seeing them in of the kingdom.” the neighbourhood of their villas, and There are some observations on the looking on them as fowls of good government, mode of administering omen, so that no one is permitted to justice, and manners of the people; kill them under severe penalties ;") and an attempt is made to discrimis and, lastly, Windsor Castle. Much nate the different sects then prevailpraise, and very deservedly, is be- ing in the country, for which the stowed on Mr. Robert Boyle, at writer was probably indebted to some whose house the prince was highly zealous English Catholic. The degratified by the experiments and in- 'scription of the “sect of the Athestruments exhibited to him by that ists,” is short and pithy, and will philosopher. Both during this and
a sample of the rest. his former residence in London, he “ Atheism has many followers in appears to have been almost as ac- England. It may be called the very tive as the Emperor Alexander him- abyss of blindness, and the uttermost self, in viewing every thing worthy limit of the pestilent heresy of of notice, and some which the Em- Calvin. The professors of it say, peror, perhaps, had not an opportu- that there is no God; they do not nity of witnessing, such as a cock- believe in a resurrection to come; fight, a dancing-school, frequented they deny the immortality of the by ladies married and unmarried, a soul ; and teach that every thing fencing-school on a singular plan, and happens by chance; and, as a natua children's ball at Highgate. An in- ral consequence,they follow their own stance of Charles's politeness should perverse inclinations, without havnot be passed over. When Cosmo ing any regard to futurity, but thinkhad returned from Hampton-court, ing only of the present time.” At where he had been entertained with page 446, the sect of the Fotinians a deer-hunt, the king inquired how should have been Photinians; Fotinus, he had liked that palace; and on re- Photinus; and Samosatano, Samosata; ceiving an answer expressive of the but these are venial errors in a transprince's opinion of its magnificence, lator. Charles's disposition to the he replied, “ that his highness's affec- Roman Catholic form of worship did tion for the things of this country not escape the shrewd Italians. made him regard it with partiality, “ There is no doubt that the king exbut that it could not be compared, ternally appears to be a Protestant, or put in competition, with those of observing, with the most exact attenItaly.”
tion, the rites of the Anglican church; After having made an excursion to but it is also true that, from his meChatham and Sheerness, Cosmo and thod of proceeding, there is reason his
company finally quitted London; for thinking, that he does not entireand taking Monk, then made Duke ly acquiesce in that mode of belief, of Albemarle, on their way, embark- and that he may, perhaps, in his own ed at Harwich for Holland.
mind, cherish other inclinations.” It might have been expected that Had Cosmo III. turned out a betsomething more would have been ter ruler of his people, we should said on the state of the arts in this have more pleasure in adding that, country. But Cooper, the portrait some time after his return to Flopainter, to whom Cosmo sat for his rence, his troublesome helpmate left picture, is the only English artist him, and put herself under the prowhom we recollect to have seen men- tection of Louis XIV. at whose court tioned in the journal; of him it is her behaviour was either too licensaid, that “ he had been strongly tious, or too flippant, to be long tolerecommended to his highness for his rated. It is lamentable to see the skill in painting, and his excellence race of the Vedici thus degenerated from the character it had maintained V. 500:in “ the palmy state” of Florence. The musk's surpassing worth, that earliest What had become of all those qua- gives lities which her historian, Macchia- Sure hopes of racy wine, and in its youth, velli, has in a few words so well de- Its tender nonage, loads the spreading scribed : “ la bontà di Giovanni, la
boughs sapienza di Cosimo, l'umanità di With large and juicy offspring, that defics
The vernal nippings and cold sid'ral blasts. Piero, e la magnificenza e prudenza di Lorenzo :” the goodness of John, Pianta gentil, che fanciulletta ancora
Moscadella the wisdom of Cosmo, the humanity Alte speranze di pincer prometti
, of Peter, and the magnificence and E nella tua minore età scortése prudence of Lorenzo ?
A' tuoi teneri rami, oltre lor forze Count Lorenzo Magalotti, by Di sì folta gli aggravi, e sì vinosa whom this journal was written, de- Prole, che il verno giả ne pave e suda. served a more particular account Not having understood the origithan is here given of him. He was nal, Magalotti has here scarcely made well known as a linguist, natural phi- himself intelligible. losopher and poet. Sir Isaac Newton
At v. 573, Druids is rendered is said to have called him, not very Driade. elegantly perhaps, " the Magazine of The last two hundred lines of this good taste."
Of his acquaintance book are omitted; and about thirty with the English language, and con- on a different subject are substitutsequently of his fitness for the task of ed, in which he takes an opportunity journalist imposed upon him by his of praising some cider sent by Lord sovereign, some estimate may be Somers to Henry Newton, British formed from his translation of “Phi- Envoy to the Duke of Tuscany. It lips's Cider.”. It was, probably, one is pleasant to reflect that the notice of the first instances, in which our of Lord Somers was not confined to own poets began to react on their the men eminent for literature in his continental neighbours; and, in this
own country; and that the pretty point of view at least, a few remarks, compliment paid him in a poem, callthat we shall add, will not be thrown ed, as well as we remember, “ the away upon it.
Shade of Pope," may be so much B. 1. V.53. Nor from the sable grounds.
further extended. The sense is mistaken ; sable is The muse her Addison to Somers join'd, translated as if it meant sandy.
The noblest statesman to the purest mind. Ne t'impacciar d'arene.
At the beginning of the second This leads to another error.
book there are again some verses The must of pallid hue,
substituted, not at all in Philips's being rendered Il lor pallido volto,
B. ii. v. 276. As when, &c. As if it meant the colour of the soil.
This simile is mal-treated by MaV. 159, Such heats, &c. to 167, is galotti, who makes a conceit and omitted.
antithesis of it; and again, we have V. 215, Thor and Woden, he trans
a great hiatus from v. 486 to the end. lates Giove and di Maja il Figlio.
With some few exceptions, however, V. 311:
the sense is caught pretty well in this And men have gather'd from the haw- translation, and the diction is suffithorn's branch
ciently poetical (but when is this not Large medlars, imitating regal crowns, the case in Italian verse?) but we
By endeavouring to raise this, he meet with here and there a conceit in has utterly marred it.
it, and no writer is less responsible Che piu ? cotanto ardisce arte insolente,
for such blemishes than Philips: on Che infino il pruno, il pruno, il villanzone the whole, it proves that Magalotti Travestito, da nespolo paffuto
had profited well by his connexion Saluto rè e sì gli diè corona
with this country.