125, seq. His violent resolutions on the arrival of Pedro de la
Gasca, 132. Resolves to oppose hiin by violence, 134. Marches to
reduce Centeno at Cuzco, 136. Defeats him, 137. Is deserted by
his troops on the approach of Gasca, 141. Surrenders and

is executed, 142. His adherents men of no principle, 147.
Plata, Rio de, discovered by Dias de Solis, i, 280. Its amazing

.width, ii. 434.
Pliny, the naturalist, instance of his ignorance in geography, i. 338.
Ponce de Leon, Juan, diseoyers Florida, i. 260. Romantick motive

of his voyage, 261.
Population of the earth, flow progress of, i. I.
Porto Bello, discovered and named by Christopher Columbus, i.

Porto Rico, is settled and subjected by Juan Ponce de Leon, i, 246.
Porto Santo, the first discovery of , i, 58.
Portugal, when and by whom the court of inquilition was first

introduced into, ic 341.
Portuguese, a view of the circumstances that induced them to un-

dertake the discovery of unknowo countries, i. 51-54, First
African dscoveries of, 58. Madeira discovered, 39. They
doubie Cape Bajador, 60, Obtain a papal grant of all the
countries, they should discover, 63. Cape Verd islands, and
the Azores discovered, 06. Voyage to the East Indies by Vasco

de Gama, 193.
Potofi, the rich lilver mines there, how discovered, iii. 318. The

mines of, greatly exhausted and scarcely worth working, 452.
Prisoners of war, how treated by the native Americans, ii. 151.
Property, the idea of, unknown to the native Americans, ii. 123.

Notions of the Brasiliaus concerning, 476.
Protector of the Indians, in Spanish America, his fun&tiori, ii, 298.
Ptolemy, the philosopher, his geographical descriptions more am-

ple and exa& than those of his predecefiors, i. 32. His geo-
graphy translated by the Arabians, 30. His erroneous pofition
of the Ganges, 334.

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Quetlavaca, brother of Montezuma, succeeds him as King of Mexi-

€0, ii. 376. Conducts in person the fierce attacks which obli-
ged Cortes to abandon his capital, 377. Dies of the small-pox,

Quevedo, Bishop of Darien, his conference with Las Casas on the
treatment of the Indians, in the presence of the Emperor Charles
V. i. 306.

1: 'tog ved recarious on the arrival of Pedro de 62.4.1. ke: nesto oppure him uy violence, 134. Mace: **!**(***10*6.22, 136. Defeats tja, 137. Is deierted! % ; ** $$ cien ube app: ti of Gasca, 141. Surrenders

venti.*4, 14: Hi ad'eren's men ol na principle, 147 **. , de, ¢ ancred 5; L'ias de Solis, i, 280. lis aan

Quicksilver, the property of the famous mines of, at Guanacabe.

lica, reserved by the crown of Spain, ili. 453. The price of,

why reduced, ibid. Quinquina, or Jesuits bark; a produâion peculiar to Peru, iii. 324, Quipos, or hiftorick cords of the Peruvians, some account of, iii.

205, Quito, the kingdom of, conquered by Huana Capac, Inca of Peru,

ili, 19. Is left to his fon Atahualpa, 20. Atahualpa's general revoirs after his death, 45. Is reduced by the Spaniards under Bevalcazar, 48. Benalcazar deprived, and Gonzalo Pizarro made governor, 81.

* n. the Devil ud, olsce o luis ignorance in geograpás, 1.31 forte 4 Les e, so, titoyers Florida, i. 200. Romantick matit

***, 01. s #We carri, Cos progreis of, l. I. 1.“, ;*, Livered and named cy Caritopher Columbus



$!#pay trani red by the Arabians, 36, His erroneous posts

Qesaraca, brother of Montezuma, fucceeds him as King of New

*, li. 3.5. Conducts in period the fierce attacks which Queredo, Bishop of Darien, bis conference with Las Cas crite,

treatment of be ladiaas, in the presence of the Emperor

ke Corres to abandon his capital, 377. Dies of the image

Ramufio, his defence of Happo's account of the coast of Africa,

i. 331.

Y8*) is needed and fubjefed by Juan Ponce de Leor, 1.7 1.' So, ut fi dikutery of, i, 58. Pon, 1 en 1af , kuin tie coure of inçaikion was to

"a!", 1: 341. 1.6, Arieu oue circumstances that induced them to e

#roue me ll xery of unknopio countries, i 31-54 AT6a ises of, 58. Marteira discovered, 39. The & de l'ape he ador, 60, Oblajn a papal grant of all e 49* €, tray i cod discover, 03. Cape Verd stands, "E *& Ar seg ui cirered, 06. Voyage to the Eat ladies by Vali

, & Gari, 13. * , the fan it ser mines there, how dicorered, . 318. T'

'965Teat; exhaused and fenreely worb working, die fi mers of war, how treated by the native Americans, ia 4.7*.tp, the idea of, voipown to the nauise Americans, il

was of the brallinus concerning, 476. for rent it of eae Iridians, in Spanish America, his faz-dior, i, 2 Pix**), the phieupher, his geographical descriptions more i

pie ad exažinan those of his predecefiors, 1. 32. His de

Register Chips, for what purpose introduced in the trade between

Spain and her colonies, iii. 347, Supersede the use of the ga

leons, 349.
Religion of the native Americans, an inqniry into, ii. 180.
Ribas his account of the political state of the people of Cinaloa,

ii. 488. Of their want of religion, 493.
Rio de la Plata, and Tucuman, account of those provinces, iii, 248,
Rivers, the amazing size of those in America, ii. 4.
Robison, profeffor, his remarks on the temperature of various cli-

mates, ii. 439.
Roldan, Francis, is left ciief justice in Hispaniola, by Christopher

Columbus, i. 174: Becomes ringleader of a nutiny, 186. Suts

mits, 189. Romans, their progress in navigation and discovery, i. 22. Their

military spirit averse to mechanical arts and cominerce, 23. Navigation and trade favoured in the provinces under their government, 24. Their extenlive discoveries by land, 25. Their em

pire and sciences destroyed togetlier, 33.
Rubruquis, father, liis embally from France to the Chan of the

Tartars, i. 43.
Rustians, Aliatick discoveries made by them, ii. 39. Uncertainty

of, 451.

I te Ganges, 334

Kk 2



Sacotecas, the rich filver mines there, when discovered, iii, 318. San Salvador, discovered and named by Christopher Columbus,

i. 123. Sancho, Don Pedro, account of his History of the conquest of

Peru, iii. 383. Sandoval, the shocking barbarities axecuted by, in Mexico ii. 418. Sandoval, Ftancisco Tello de, is sent by the emperor Charles V. to

Mexico, as visitador of America, iii. 106. His moderation and

prudence, 107. Savage lise, a general estimate of, ii. 210, 211. Scalps, motive of the native Ainericans for taking them from their

enemies, ii. 482. Serralvo, marquis de, his extraordinary gains during his viceroy.

alty in America, jir. 470. Seville, the American trade removed to Cadiz, iij. 336. Extra

ordinary increase of its manufa&tures by the American trade,

454. Its trade greatly reduced, ibid. Silver ore, method of refining it practifed by the native Peruvians,

iii. 227. Sonora, late discoveries of rich mines made there by the Spaniards,

iii. 237, 238. Soul. American ideas of the immortality of, ii. 191. South Sea, first discuvered by Vafco Nugnez de Balboa, i. 269. Spain, general idea of the policy of, with regard to the American

colonies, jii. 268, Early interposition of the regal authority in the colonies, 209. All the American dominions of, subjected to two viceroys, 271. A third viceroyalty lately established, 272. The colonies of, compared with those of Greece and Rome, 280 Advantages she derived from her colonies, 326. Why she does not still derive the same, 328. Rapid decline of trade , 330. This decline increased by the mode of regulating the intercourse with America, 333. Employs guarda costas to check illicit trade, 347. The use of vegister fhips introduced, ibid. Establish, ment of the company of Caraccas, 352, Enlargement of commercial ideas there, 353, Free trade permitted to several pro. vinces, 356. Revenue derived from America, 374. Specifica

tion, 464-469.. Spaniards, their curious form of taking possession of new-disco

vered countries, i. 305-306. Strabo, a citation from, proving the great geographical ignorance

of the ancients, i. 333, 334: His own want of geographical knowledge, 340.

Supernition always conne&ed with a desire of penetrating inte

tho secrets of futurity, ii, 194.


Tapia, Christaval de, is sent from Spain to Mexico, to fuperfedo

Cortes in his command, but fails in the attempt, ii. 415. Tartars, the posibility of their migrating to America, ji. 41. Tlafcala, in Mexico, chara&er of the natives of, ii. 283. Oppose

the passage of the Spaniards, ibid. Are reduced to sue for peace,

288. Tobacco, that of Cuba the best flavoured of any in all America, iii.

325. Toupinambos, account of their ferocious courage from Lery, ii. 431,

482. Trade, free, opened between Spain and her colonies, iii. 350. Inn

crease of the Spanish customs from this measure, 400, 401. Trade winds, the periodical course of, when discovered by naví,

gators, i, 24. Travellers, ancient, character of their writings , i. 45. Trinidad, the ifland of, discovered by Christopher Columbus on

his third voyage, i. 182. Tucuman, and Rio de la Plata, account of those provinces, iii. 248. Tyre, the commerce of that city, how conducted, i. 329. Tythes of Spanish America, how applied by the court of Spain,

jji, 466.


Titel De ipcreated by the inode of regulating the intercourte

Widmenca, 333. Employs guarda costas to check illicit trake
Surbo, 1 citation from, proving the great geographical ignoriert

of the ancients, i. 333, 334. His own wade of geograpbical

Spaniards, their curious form of taking possession of new. dio



ss, time and b'se: mines there, when discovered

, il

, 31! $#* Strica, dicovered and named by Christopher Columbus

Sors, se Pedio, acccub: of his Hiftory of the conquet ei

$$$ 48. the barbarisies executed by, in Mexico ii. 41%
Sfera, Fecsa Tei's de, is fear by the emperor Charles F.,

1, #r123 America, ii. 106. His moderation and

S8.19* , geseral effiotate of, ii. 210, 211.

Es* vt e'the catre Americans for taking them from leit

Co 30, vm's de, tis extraordinary gains during his views

. Ara, hi. 170.
Sot te tric29 trade removed to Cadiz

, ii. 336. Ext
***5" scene so manufaâures by the American trach

das in de realy reduced, ibid.
So, tri od of refinin; it praćiled by the native Perurizing
$. fe dicoveries of rich mines made ebere by the Speciards

So.! Aretus ideas of the immortality of, ii. 191.
Sw"Sea, bil drieurered by l'asco Nugnez de Balbos, i, peç
Sp# kesera'idea of the policy of, with regard to the dwerica

°, 1. 368. Early interpolition of the regal authority
the s jases, 269. All the American dominions of, lebjedel
is ?u9 siceroys, 271. A third viceroyalty lately established 27-
Tee si coles of, compared with those of Greece and Rome, 284
Atvoeto, es ine derived from her colonies, 326. Why ite des
going to derive the same, 328. Rapid decline of trade , 35

Vaca de Caftro, Christoval, is sent from Spain to regulate the go

yernment of Peru, iii. 78. Arrives at Quito, 93. Assumes the Supreme authority, ibid. Defeats young Almagro, 16. The severity of his proceedings, 97, Prevents an infurre&tion concerted to oppose the new regulations, 110. Is imprisoned by

the new viceroy, 112. Valverde, father Vincent, his curious harangue to Atahualpa, Inca

of Peru, iii. 28. Givcs his sanction to the trial and condemna

tion of Atahnalpa, 42. Vega, Garcilaso de la, character of his commentary on the Spa.

nish writers concerning Peru, iii. 385. Vegetables, their natural tendency to fertilize the soil where they

grow, ii, 23.

34;. The ule of legiiter fhips introduced, ibid. Edabizi. Bent of the company of Caraccas, 352, Enlargement of ea. mercia' ideas there, 353, Free trade permitted to leveralp proces, 3;6. fevenue derived from America, 374. Specifika tion, 461-469.

yered countries, i. 365-366.

knowleége, 340.

Velasquez, Diego de, conquers the island of Cuba, i. 256. 314. *His preparations for invading New Spain, ii. 234. His difficulty

in chuling a commander for the expedition, 235. Appoints Fernando Cortes, 136. His motives to this choice, 238. Becomes fufpicious of Cortes, 239. Orders Cortes to be deprived of his commission, and arrested, 241, 242. Sends an armament to

Mexico after Cortes, 333. Veregas, P. his character of the native Californians, ii. 466. Tenereal disease, originally brought from America', ii. 32. Ap.

pears to be wearing out. 83: Its first rapid progress, 401. Venezuela, history of that settlement, ji. 254. Venice, its origin as a maritime state, i. 38. Travels of Marco

Polo, 44. Verd irlands, discovered by the Portuguese, i. 66. Viceroys all the Spanish dominions in America fubje&ed to two, -jij. 271. A third lately established, 272. Their powers, ibid.

A fourth established, 363. Villa Segnor, his account of the state of population in New Spain,

. 435. His detail of the Spanish American revenue. 464. Viliefagna, Autonio, one of Cortes's foldiers, foments a mutiny

among his troops, ii. 382. Is discovered by Cortes, and hanged,

383, 384. Ulloa, Don Antonio de, his description of the chara&eristick fea

mures of the native Americans, ii. 454. His reason for the Ame. ricans not being so senfible of pain as the rest of mankind, 485. His account of the goods exported from Spain to America,

with tbe duty on them, iii. 470. Volcanos, remarkable number of, in the northern parts of the globe

discovered by the Rusians, ii. 453.


Wafer, Lionel, his account of a peculiar race of diminutive Ame

ricans, ii. 74. Compared with similar productions in Africa, 75. War-fong of the native Americans, the sentiments and terms of, . ii. 483. W’omen, the condition of, among the native Americans, ii. 97. Are

not prolifick, 101. Are not permitted to join in their drunken feasts, 208. Nor to wear ornaments, 487.

Xerez, Francisco de, fecretary to Pizarro, the earliest writer on bis

Peruvian expedition, iii. 383.

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