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125, seq. His violent resolutions on the arrival of Pedro de la
is executed, 142. His adherents men of no principle, 147.
.width, ii. 434.
of his voyage, 261.
introduced into, ic 341.
dertake the discovery of unknowo countries, i. 51-54, First
de Gama, 193.
mines of, greatly exhausted and scarcely worth working, 452.
Notions of the Brasiliaus concerning, 476.
ple and exa& than those of his predecefiors, i. 32. His geo-
Quetlavaca, brother of Montezuma, succeeds him as King of Mexi-
€0, ii. 376. Conducts in person the fierce attacks which obli-
1: 'tog ved recarious on the arrival of Pedro de 62.4.1. ke: nesto oppure him uy violence, 134. Mace: **!**(***10*6.22, 136. Defeats tja, 137. Is deierted! % ; ** $$ cien ube app: ti of Gasca, 141. Surrenders
venti.*4, 14: Hi ad'eren's men ol na principle, 147 **. , de, ¢ ancred 5; L'ias de Solis, i, 280. lis aan
Quicksilver, the property of the famous mines of, at Guanacabe.
lica, reserved by the crown of Spain, ili. 453. The price of,
why reduced, ibid. Quinquina, or Jesuits bark; a produâion peculiar to Peru, iii. 324, Quipos, or hiftorick cords of the Peruvians, some account of, iii.
205, Quito, the kingdom of, conquered by Huana Capac, Inca of Peru,
ili, 19. Is left to his fon Atahualpa, 20. Atahualpa's general revoirs after his death, 45. Is reduced by the Spaniards under Bevalcazar, 48. Benalcazar deprived, and Gonzalo Pizarro made governor, 81.
* n. the Devil ud, olsce o luis ignorance in geograpás, 1.31 forte 4 Les e, so, titoyers Florida, i. 200. Romantick matit
***, 01. s #We carri, Cos progreis of, l. I. 1.“, ;*, Livered and named cy Caritopher Columbus
$!#pay trani red by the Arabians, 36, His erroneous posts
Qesaraca, brother of Montezuma, fucceeds him as King of New
*, li. 3.5. Conducts in period the fierce attacks which Queredo, Bishop of Darien, bis conference with Las Cas crite,
treatment of be ladiaas, in the presence of the Emperor
ke Corres to abandon his capital, 377. Dies of the image
Ramufio, his defence of Happo's account of the coast of Africa,
Y8*) is needed and fubjefed by Juan Ponce de Leor, 1.7 1.' So, ut fi dikutery of, i, 58. Pon, 1 en 1af , kuin tie coure of inçaikion was to
"a!", 1: 341. 1.6, Arieu oue circumstances that induced them to e
#roue me ll xery of unknopio countries, i 31-54 AT6a ises of, 58. Marteira discovered, 39. The & de l'ape he ador, 60, Oblajn a papal grant of all e € 49* €, tray i cod discover, 03. Cape Verd stands, "E *& Ar seg ui cirered, 06. Voyage to the Eat ladies by Vali
, & Gari, 13. * , the fan it ser mines there, how dicorered, . 318. T'
'965Teat; exhaused and fenreely worb working, die fi mers of war, how treated by the native Americans, ia 4.7*.tp, the idea of, voipown to the nauise Americans, il
was of the brallinus concerning, 476. for rent it of eae Iridians, in Spanish America, his faz-dior, i, 2 Pix**), the phieupher, his geographical descriptions more i
pie ad exažinan those of his predecefiors, 1. 32. His de
Register Chips, for what purpose introduced in the trade between
Spain and her colonies, iii. 347, Supersede the use of the ga
ii. 488. Of their want of religion, 493.
mates, ii. 439.
Columbus, i. 174: Becomes ringleader of a nutiny, 186. Suts
mits, 189. Romans, their progress in navigation and discovery, i. 22. Their
military spirit averse to mechanical arts and cominerce, 23. Navigation and trade favoured in the provinces under their government, 24. Their extenlive discoveries by land, 25. Their em
pire and sciences destroyed togetlier, 33.
Tartars, i. 43.
I te Ganges, 334
Sacotecas, the rich filver mines there, when discovered, iii, 318. San Salvador, discovered and named by Christopher Columbus,
i. 123. Sancho, Don Pedro, account of his History of the conquest of
Peru, iii. 383. Sandoval, the shocking barbarities axecuted by, in Mexico ii. 418. Sandoval, Ftancisco Tello de, is sent by the emperor Charles V. to
Mexico, as visitador of America, iii. 106. His moderation and
prudence, 107. Savage lise, a general estimate of, ii. 210, 211. Scalps, motive of the native Ainericans for taking them from their
enemies, ii. 482. Serralvo, marquis de, his extraordinary gains during his viceroy.
alty in America, jir. 470. Seville, the American trade removed to Cadiz, iij. 336. Extra
ordinary increase of its manufa&tures by the American trade,
454. Its trade greatly reduced, ibid. Silver ore, method of refining it practifed by the native Peruvians,
iii. 227. Sonora, late discoveries of rich mines made there by the Spaniards,
iii. 237, 238. Soul. American ideas of the immortality of, ii. 191. South Sea, first discuvered by Vafco Nugnez de Balboa, i. 269. Spain, general idea of the policy of, with regard to the American
colonies, jii. 268, Early interposition of the regal authority in the colonies, 209. All the American dominions of, subjected to two viceroys, 271. A third viceroyalty lately established, 272. The colonies of, compared with those of Greece and Rome, 280 Advantages she derived from her colonies, 326. Why she does not still derive the same, 328. Rapid decline of trade , 330. This decline increased by the mode of regulating the intercourse with America, 333. Employs guarda costas to check illicit trade, 347. The use of vegister fhips introduced, ibid. Establish, ment of the company of Caraccas, 352, Enlargement of commercial ideas there, 353, Free trade permitted to several pro. vinces, 356. Revenue derived from America, 374. Specifica
tion, 464-469.. Spaniards, their curious form of taking possession of new-disco
vered countries, i. 305-306. Strabo, a citation from, proving the great geographical ignorance
of the ancients, i. 333, 334: His own want of geographical knowledge, 340.
Supernition always conne&ed with a desire of penetrating inte
tho secrets of futurity, ii, 194.
Tapia, Christaval de, is sent from Spain to Mexico, to fuperfedo
Cortes in his command, but fails in the attempt, ii. 415. Tartars, the posibility of their migrating to America, ji. 41. Tlafcala, in Mexico, chara&er of the natives of, ii. 283. Oppose
the passage of the Spaniards, ibid. Are reduced to sue for peace,
288. Tobacco, that of Cuba the best flavoured of any in all America, iii.
325. Toupinambos, account of their ferocious courage from Lery, ii. 431,
482. Trade, free, opened between Spain and her colonies, iii. 350. Inn
crease of the Spanish customs from this measure, 400, 401. Trade winds, the periodical course of, when discovered by naví,
gators, i, 24. Travellers, ancient, character of their writings , i. 45. Trinidad, the ifland of, discovered by Christopher Columbus on
his third voyage, i. 182. Tucuman, and Rio de la Plata, account of those provinces, iii. 248. Tyre, the commerce of that city, how conducted, i. 329. Tythes of Spanish America, how applied by the court of Spain,
Titel De ipcreated by the inode of regulating the intercourte
Widmenca, 333. Employs guarda costas to check illicit trake
of the ancients, i. 333, 334. His own wade of geograpbical
Spaniards, their curious form of taking possession of new. dio
, 31! $#* Strica, dicovered and named by Christopher Columbus
Sors, se Pedio, acccub: of his Hiftory of the conquet ei
$$$ 48. the barbarisies executed by, in Mexico ii. 41%
1, #r123 oí America, ii. 106. His moderation and
S8.19* , geseral effiotate of, ii. 210, 211.
Es* vt e'the catre Americans for taking them from leit
Co 30, vm's de, tis extraordinary gains during his views
. Ara, hi. 170.
, ii. 336. Ext
das in de realy reduced, ibid.
°, 1. 368. Early interpolition of the regal authority
Vaca de Caftro, Christoval, is sent from Spain to regulate the go
yernment of Peru, iii. 78. Arrives at Quito, 93. Assumes the Supreme authority, ibid. Defeats young Almagro, 16. The severity of his proceedings, 97, Prevents an infurre&tion concerted to oppose the new regulations, 110. Is imprisoned by
the new viceroy, 112. Valverde, father Vincent, his curious harangue to Atahualpa, Inca
of Peru, iii. 28. Givcs his sanction to the trial and condemna
tion of Atahnalpa, 42. Vega, Garcilaso de la, character of his commentary on the Spa.
nish writers concerning Peru, iii. 385. Vegetables, their natural tendency to fertilize the soil where they
grow, ii, 23.
34;. The ule of legiiter fhips introduced, ibid. Edabizi. Bent of the company of Caraccas, 352, Enlargement of ea. mercia' ideas there, 353, Free trade permitted to leveralp proces, 3;6. fevenue derived from America, 374. Specifika tion, 461-469.
yered countries, i. 365-366.
Velasquez, Diego de, conquers the island of Cuba, i. 256. 314. *His preparations for invading New Spain, ii. 234. His difficulty
in chuling a commander for the expedition, 235. Appoints Fernando Cortes, 136. His motives to this choice, 238. Becomes fufpicious of Cortes, 239. Orders Cortes to be deprived of his commission, and arrested, 241, 242. Sends an armament to
Mexico after Cortes, 333. Veregas, P. his character of the native Californians, ii. 466. Tenereal disease, originally brought from America', ii. 32. Ap.
pears to be wearing out. 83: Its first rapid progress, 401. Venezuela, history of that settlement, ji. 254. Venice, its origin as a maritime state, i. 38. Travels of Marco
Polo, 44. Verd irlands, discovered by the Portuguese, i. 66. Viceroys all the Spanish dominions in America fubje&ed to two, -jij. 271. A third lately established, 272. Their powers, ibid.
A fourth established, 363. Villa Segnor, his account of the state of population in New Spain,
. 435. His detail of the Spanish American revenue. 464. Viliefagna, Autonio, one of Cortes's foldiers, foments a mutiny
among his troops, ii. 382. Is discovered by Cortes, and hanged,
383, 384. Ulloa, Don Antonio de, his description of the chara&eristick fea
mures of the native Americans, ii. 454. His reason for the Ame. ricans not being so senfible of pain as the rest of mankind, 485. His account of the goods exported from Spain to America,
with tbe duty on them, iii. 470. Volcanos, remarkable number of, in the northern parts of the globe
discovered by the Rusians, ii. 453.
Wafer, Lionel, his account of a peculiar race of diminutive Ame
ricans, ii. 74. Compared with similar productions in Africa, 75. War-fong of the native Americans, the sentiments and terms of, . ii. 483. W’omen, the condition of, among the native Americans, ii. 97. Are
not prolifick, 101. Are not permitted to join in their drunken feasts, 208. Nor to wear ornaments, 487.
Xerez, Francisco de, fecretary to Pizarro, the earliest writer on bis
Peruvian expedition, iii. 383.