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krve v Conces, '3. Chara&er of the satires of labeled
:1) The Tlaaa sos reduced to live for peace, 288. Arira's
(.** **** (as cal oy, 301. Tite city delcribed, 3%
* *.* redzes dimieli a vallal to the Spanish ciowa
*. 4**.!!. te treasure collefted by Cartes, jafi bën
les done bene loup in lucu smail, quantries, 3z6. Tu
W*: esived sy tie imprudent zeal of Cortes, 328. Stai
A1994*p*te sience of Cones , 347. Their selber
ta*. mes when he returned, 352. Death of Mezeza,
??. ?¢¢Benicned by Corres, 358. Batue of Dela
3* i Tepescsos reduced, 371. Preparations of the Bler
61*181.3% to return of Contes, 376. Cortes besieges the i?

2.'** cache late, 338. The Spaniards repuled ja ker
3. ker'v, 335, 394, Guatitozia taken prisoner, qoz, bas
57 st! mens1, 416. His schemes and arrangemeos

, 11
1.933 te em oi the natires, ibid. Lit and cheaders

1.*11 w do wrote accounts of the conqueft oía 500.jpg
$1.45 st of the new regulations there, ii. 1o6. A zerosas
de se form ri goveromeat, policy, and arts la, 155
15mga es scering, very imperfe&, 158. Origin of 33
mchaty, 10C. Sumber and greatneis ol the cities, 165.
(**l proiewives thero distinguished from each other, 14
1*** of racks, 168. Political inftitutions, 171. Powered

442.. Of Mexico, total produce of, to the Spapish revenue,

469.
Molucca Isands, the Spanish claims on, fold by the Emperos

Charles V. to the Portuguese, ji. 414.
Monastick, inftitutions, the pernicious effe&s of, in the Spanish;

American colonies, iii. 304. Nnmber of convents there, 4454
Monsoons, the periodical course of, when discovered by naviga-

tors. i. 25.
Montesino, a Dominican preacher. at St. Domingo, publicly "re.

monstrates against the cruel treatment of the Indians , i. 284.
Montezuma, the first intelligence received by the Spaniards of this

prince, i. 322. Receives intelligence of the arrival of Fernando
Cortes in his dominions, ji. 253. His presents to Corres, 254.
Forbids him to approach his capital, 255. State of his empire
at this time, 250. His character, 257, . His perplexity at the
arrival of the Spaniards, ibid. His timid negociations with Cor.
tes, 259. His fchenie for destroying Cortes at Cholula disco.
vered, 297. His irresolute conduct, 300. His first interview
with Cortes, 301. Is seized by Cortes, and confined to the
Spanish quarters, 311-314. Is fettered, 317. Acknowledges
himself a vassal to the Spanish crown, 322. Remains inflexible
with regard to religion, 327. Circumstances of his death, 353.

Account of a gold cup of his, in England, iii. 407.
Mulattwes, in the Spanish American colonies, explapation of this

distinction, ill. 290.

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N

edor theit monarchs, 175. Order of government, it!
Pision for the iupport of it, 176. Police of, 171. Their 23
I56. Re: ou of, 902. Causes of the depopulation of this many

t', 23. The mall-pox very fatal there, 262. Number at
Mines of South America, the great inducemeat to population,

317. Same account of, ibid. Their produce, 319. The Sports

for to apply of the capital city, 406. See Colonici

Damed by Balboa, i. 269. The colony of, establjined by Pium

Mind, tuman, the clots of it proportioned up the wants of

with plich they are worked, 320. Fatal effefits of this ardhi

1%. Their fainings, 183. Their method of computing sa
165. Their wars copsatal and ferocimus, 186. Their fisca
nies, 158 imperfect on

their agriculture, ibid. Doubsck
trskine extent of the empire, 190. Little intercourie azeri
18 eve'a! provinces, 191. Ignorance of money, 192, 193..
of set ctes, 194. Temples and other publick buildings

, by

diau taires remaicing there, 267. Description of the aqueló
Michael, St. the gulph of, in the South Sea, discovered os

Narvaez, Pamphilo, is sent by Velasquez with an armament to

Mexico, to fupersede Cortes, ii. 334. Takes poffesfion of
Zempoalla, 341. ' Is defeated and taken prisoner by Cortes,
346. How he carried on his correspondence with Montezuma,

519.
Natchez , an American dation, their political institutions, ii. 132.

Causes of their tame submission to the Spaniards, 137. Their re.

ligious do&rines , 189.
Navigation, the arts of, very slowly improved by mankind, i, 2.
The kwowledge of, prior to commercial intercourse, 3.

im.
perfections of, among the ancients, 5. More improved by the
invention of the mar er's compass, than by all the efforts of
preceding ages, 46. The first naval discoveries undertaken by
Portugal, 50:

Migrations of reakind, why first made by land, i. !.

body, t. 91.

392. Evidence of the pernicious effets of labouring is that

Negroes, their peculiar situation under the Spanish dominion in

America, iii. 191.
Newfoundland, its situation deferibed, ii. 435. .
New Holland, fome account of the country and inhabitants, ii.

* 473
New Spain, discovered and named by Juan de Grijalva , i. 321.

See Mexico.
Nigno, Alonso, his voyage to America, i. 199.
Norwegians might in ancient times have migrated to, and colo.

nized America, ii. 44.
Nugnez Vela, Blasco, appointed viceroy of Peru, to lenforee the

new ragulations, iii. 106. His chara&er, Ill. Comunits Vacade
Caftro to prison, 112. Diffengons between him and the court of
audience, 115. Is confined, 116. Recovers his liberty, 118. Re-
sumes his command, ibid. Is pursued by Gonzalo Pizarro. 119.
is defeated and killed by Pizarro, 120, 121.

Ocampo, Diego, fent with a squadron from Hispaniola to desolate

g the country of Cumana, i. 310.
Ocampo, Sebastian de, first fails round Cuba, and discovers it to
• be an island, i. 247.
Ocean, though adapted to facilitate the intercourse between distant

countries, continued long a formidable barrier, i. 2. See Com.

pass and Navigation.
Ojeda, Alonzo de, his private expedition to the West Indies, i.
- 196. His second voyage, 211. Obtains a goverument on the

continent, 252.
Olmedo, Father Bartholomew de, checks the cash zeal of Cortes at

Tlascala in Mexico, ii. 294. is sent by Cortes to negociate with

Narvaez , 338.
Orellana, Francis, is appointed to the command of a bark built

by Gonzalo Pizarro, and deserts him. iii. 83. Sails down the
Maraguon, 84. Returns to Spain with a report of wonderful

discoveries, ibid. Herrera's account of his voyage, 398.
Orgognez comniands Almagro's party against the Pizarros, and is

defeated and killed by them, iji. 72. 73.
Orinoco, the great river of, discovered by Christopher Columbus,

i. 182. Strange method of chusing a captain among the Indian
tribes on the banks of, ii. 159. The amazing plenty of fish-

ing, 469.
Otaheite, the inhabitants of, ignorant of the art of boiling water,

ij. 491.

Meta41, os per a litation under the Spazila dominis ir

Åm***, M. 191.
Hes36** -d, so itsation delcribed, ší, 433.
dest, 131, leae account of the country and inhabitants, i

Otumba, battle of, between Cortes and the Mexicans, ii. 365.
Ovando, Nicholas de, is fent governor to Hispaniola, i. 211, His

prudent regulations, 213. Refuses admission to Columbus, on
his fourth voyage, 218. His ungenerous behaviour to Colain-
bus, on his shipwreck, 223, 227. Receives him at length, and
sends him home, 229. Engages in a war with the Indians, 233.
His cruel treatment of thein, 235. Encourages cultivation and
manufaâures, 240. His method of trepanning the natives of
the Lucayos, 244. Is ree alled, 248.

Ser $97, drcovered ind pamed by Juan de Grijaira, i jul

.

P

Aarau, 84. Returns to Spain with a report of wonderli

Org 002 com pada Almagro's party again the Pizarros, and it

tribes on the banks of, ii. 159. The amazing plenty of fibe

SA, A', tu royage to America, . 199.
Horosas nets in maent times have migrated to, 198 felbo

PH&$, it. 44.
Agensies, Baico, appointed viceroy of Peru, to fenfore dhe

*** 1. 9330, il, 106. His charaâer, 111. Commies Pecade
(**** mit, 112. D:Denbons between him and she court
193, 115. li conlaed, 116. Recovers his liberty, 118. A**
How to cronand, 1916. ls pursued by Gonzalo Pizarro, 119.
* tetries and knused by Pizatio, 120, 121.

0

Orarse. Pes, len pub a squadron from Hispaniola to delezo

et ,*", o Comana, 1. 310.
Ons gade, fint lai's reund Cate, and discovers : "

He , 250, t. 141
0x!, s'adapted to facilitate the intercourse between difer!

6. ve'les, cononued long a formidable barrier, i. 2. See Com.

pais ao longation.
Ora, Alero de, his private expedition to the West Indies, in

Int. His recond soyage, 211. Obrains a gorerument en els

(cr*a est, ...
O'sett, Facier Bartholomew de, checks the raih zeal of Cortes 2

Two Mexico, ii. 294. Is sent by Cortes to negociate wij

larvaei, 338
Orelons, Francis, is appointed to the command of a bark baik

by Gara'o Pizarro, and deserts him. iii. 83. Sails down the

Pacifick ocean, why, and by whom to named, ii. 411.
Packer boats, first establishment of, between Spain and her Ame-

rican colonies, iii. 354.
Panama is settled by Pedrarias Davila, i, 279, 280.
Parmenides, the first who divided the earth by zones, i. 339.
Patagonians, some account of; ii. 77: The reality of their gi.

gantick fize yet to be decided, 78, 459.
Pedrarias Davila is sent with a fleet to supersede Balboa in his go-

vernment of Sauta Maria on the isthmus of Darien, i. 272.
Treats Balboa ill, 274. Rapacious conduct of his men, 276. Is
reconciled to Balboa; and gives him his daughter, 77. Puts
Balboa to death, 279. Removes his settlement from Santa Maria

to Panama, ibid.
Penguin, the name of that bird not derived from the Welch lan-

guage, j. 350.
Perez, Juan, patronises Columbus at the court of Castile, i. 96,

His folemn invocation for the success of Columbus's voyage, 108.
Periplus of Hanno, the authenticity of that work justified, i. 329.
Peru, che first intelligence concerning this country, received by

Vasco Nugnez de Balboa, i. 263, 270. The coast of, first disco- ,
vered by Pizarro, iji. 6. Pizarro's second arrival, 13. His hof-
tile proceedings against the natives, 15. The colony of St.
Michael established, 16. State of the empire at the time of this
invasion,

ibid. The kingdom divided between Huascar and
Atahualpa, 20. Atahualpa usurps the government, 21. Huafcar
folicics afiistance from Pizarro, 22. Atahualpa visits Pizarro, 27.
Is seized by Pizarro, 30 feq. Agreement for his ransom, 32. ls'
refused his liberty, 37. Is cruelly put to death. 42, 43. Confufiona
of the empire on this event, 44. Quito reduced by Benalca-
zar, 48. The city of Lima founded by Pizarro, 55. Chili in-
vaded by Almagro, 56. Insurrection of the Peruvians, 58. Al-
magro put to death by Pizarro. 75. Pizarro divides the couna

dicurer.es, ibid. Hierrera's account of his royage, 398.

desented and killed by them, idi. 72. 73.
Orinoco, thu great river of, discovered by Christopher Columbus

1. 182. Sırange method of cruing a captain among the ladina

10g, 469.
Otaheite, the inhabitants of, ignorant of the art of boiling water

No 191.

tty among his followers, 79. Progress of the Spanish arms
: there, 8o. Francis Pizarro alfaslinated, 91. Reception of the

new regulations there, 108. The viceroy confined by the court
of audience. 116. The viceroy defeated and killed by Gonzalo

Pizarro, 120, 121. Arrival of Pedro de la Galea, 131. Redu&ion
· and death of Gonzalo Pizarro, 142. The civil wars there not bar-

ried on with mercenary soldiers, 143. But nevertheless gratified
with immense rewards, 144. Their profution and luxury, 145.
Ferocity of their contests , 146. Their want of faith; 147. In.
Itances, ibid. Division of, by Gasca, among his followers, 149,
A retrospe&t into the original government, arts, and manners of
the natives, 155. The high antiquity they pretend to ; 204.
Their records, 205. Origin of their civil policy, 207. This
founded in religion, 209. The authority of the Incas absolute
and unlimited, 210. All crimnes were punished capitally; 211.
Mild genius of their religion, 212. Its influence on their civil
policy , 214. And on their military system, ibid. Peculiar state
of property there, 216. Diftin&tion of rauks, 217. State of
arts, 218. Improved state of agriculture, ibid. Their buildings,
221. Their publick roads, 223. Their bridges, 225. Their mode
of refining silver ore, 227. Works of elegance, 228. Their
civilization , nevertheless, but imperfe&t , 230. Cuzco the only
place that had the appearance of a city, ibid. No perfe& fepa
ration of profi flions, 231. Little cuminercial intercourse, ibid.
Their unwarlike spirit, 232. Eat their flesh and fish raw, 234..
Brief account of other provinces under the viceroy of New Spain,
235. Causes of the depopulation of this country, 259. The
small-pox very fatal there, 262. Writers who gave accounts of
the conquest ol, 383–385. Their method of building, 423. State
of the revenue derived from, by the crown of Spain, 463-469.

See Colonies. -
Peter 1. czar of Russia, his extensive views in prosecuting Afiatick

discoveries, ii. 37.
Phenicians, ancient, state of commerce and navigation among

them, i. 8. Their trade , how condu&ed, 329.
Philip II. of Spain, his turbulent disposition aided by his American

treasures, iii. 128. Establishes the colony of Manila , 370.
Philip Ill. exhausts his country by inconfiderate bigotry, iii. 329.
Philippine illands, discovered by Ferdinand Magellan , ii. 411. A
.colony established there by Philip II. of Spain, iji, 370. ' Trade

between, and America, ibid, req,
Phyflck, the arts of, in America, why connected with divination, ii. -

195.
Pinto, Chevalier, his description of the characteristick features of

the native Americans, ii. 455.

1-1-fux rery anal there, 202. Writers who gave accounts d'

fe:er l. cur of Puffia, his extendre views in prosecuting Afatit

Pt. II. of Spain, bis turbulent disposition aided by his America

pride illands, discovered by Ferdinand Magellao, ii. 111.

Pirink, the arts of, in America, why connetted with divination,

Prato, Cheralier, his description of the chara&eritick featureza

INDEX

2

by 1*** si la stes, 79. Progress of the Spadril

is francs Pizarro a tipated, 91, Reception of the
Qty 1.cen there, fog. The viceroy confined by the croen
O atent. 116. The viceroy defeated and killed by Gonzalo
Pars, 1:3, 121. Árnal of Pedro de la Galea

, 131. Reducina
iał bruk. Goesia i 19170, 142. The civil wars there not ia-
1** **E-Icery stiers, 143. But nevertheleis gratified
\$esards, 144. Their profution and luxury, Itji
* *.* of the Icetils, 146. Their weit of faith, 1170
Auth, : Dishop of, by Gaica, among his followers

, lugar
A terapei se's the original government

, arts

, and manzesei
De 16.105, 155. The higher antiquity they pretend to, solo
1.C 1

**.205. Orgin of their civil policy, 207. This
bize ed alt jucu, 209. The authority of the locas abikluste
ed itd, 210 A crines were punished capitalis

; OIL
Wat if their leigub, 212. Its infidence on their cil
p. 114. Aed on leir military fyftem, ibid. Peculiar fake
Oʻp jeroy Lee, 316. Diltination of ranks, 217. State a
19, 18 botoised tate of agriculture, ibid. Their buildings
.:1. ib. patuci rosts, 223. Their bridges; 225. Their mele
cis : 24 Aver cre, :27. Works of elegance, 228. Time

10 wo, severe.eeb, but imperfeldt, 230. Cuzco the case
pe 'Lk 124:e a pearance of a city, ibid. No periei repe
# se oi pocí kts, 231. Little commercial intercourse, ibid,
1. tb #wone içint, 232. Eat their flesh and film raw, 23+
b e'xo un clar e provinces under the viceroy of New Spain
6. (ies of the depopulation of this country,

Pinzon, Vincent Yanez, comniands a vessel under Columbus in his

first voyage of discovery, i. 106. Sails to Ainesica on a private

adventure willi four flips, 199. Discovers Yucatan, 240+
Pizarro, Ferdinand, is belieged in Cuzco by the Peruvians, iii.

60. Is surprised there by Almagro, 64. Recovers his liberty,
76. Defends his brother at the court of Spaiu , 77. Is coin.

mitted to prison, 79.
Pizarro, Francisco, attends Balboa, in his settlement on the isthmus

of Darien, i. 256. Marches under him across the isthmus, where
they discover the South Sea, 271. His birth, education, and
chara&er, iii. II, II. Affociates with'Almagro, and De Lugne, in a
voyage, of discovery, V. His ill success, VI. Is recalled, and
deferred by most of his followers, 3, 4, Remains on the island of
Gorgona for supplies, 4. Discovers the coast of Peru, 6. Re.
turns to Panama, 7. Goes to Spain to folicit reinforceinents,
9. Procures the supreme command for himself, Io. Is aslifted
with money by Cortes, 11. Lands again in Peru , 13. His
hostile proceedings against the natives, 15. Establishes the colony
of St. Michael, 16. State of the Peruvian empire at this timne,
ibid. Cause of his eafy penetration into the country, 21.
Is applied to by Huascar for aslistance against ' his victo-
rious brother Atahualpa, 22.

State of his forces, 23. Are
rives at Caxamalca, 25. Is visited by the Inca, 27. His per-
fidious seizure of him, 30, seq. Agrees to Atahualpa's offer for
his ranfom, 32. Division of their plunder, 35. Refuses Ata-
hualpa his liberty, 37. His ignorance exposed to Atahualpa, 40.
Bestows a form of trial on the Inca, 41. Puts him to death, 42, 43.
Advances to Cuzco, 46. Honours conferred on him by the Spa-
nish court, 51. Beginning of dillensions between him and Al-
magro. 52. His civil regulations, 54. Founds the city of Li-
ma, 55. Insurrection of the Peruvians, 58. Cuzco seized by
Almagro, 64. Deludes Alinagro by negociations, 68. Defeats
Almagro, and takes him prisoner, 72, 73. Puts Almagro to death,
75, 76. Divides the country among his followers, 79. The impo-
litick partiality of his allotments, ibid. Makes his brorher Gon-

zalo governor of Quito, 81. Is asiaflinated by Juan de Herrada, 91.
Pizarro, Gonzalo, is inade governor of Quito, by his brother

Francis, iii. 81. His expedition over the Andes, ibid. Is defert.
ed by Orellana, 83. His distress on this event, 85. His disala
trons return to Quito, 87. Is encouraged by the people to op-
pole Nugnez Vela, the new viceroy, 113. Assumes the govern-
ment of Peru, 117. Marches against the viceroy, 119. Defeats
and kills him, ibid. 120, Is advised by Carvajal to assume the
sovereignty of the country, 123. Chuses to negociate with the
court of Spain, 124. Consultations of the court on his conduct,
VOL. III.

K k

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(ze 6 ccuello!, 333–385. Their method of building, 423.
He revenue derived from, by the crown of Spain

, 463-40%
See Coaies.

dcore: es, 11. 37.
Flesubs, ancient, fate of commerce and navigation among

'ben, t. &. Their trade, how condotted, 329.

reaures, ill. [28. Establisbes the colony of Manila, 376.
fupill. exhausts his country by inconsiderate bigotry, ii 334

buiony eltablished there by Philip II. of Spain, ii. 370. This
be:ween, and America, ibid, leq,

195.

the native Americans, ij. 455.

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