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krve v Conces, '3. Chara&er of the satires of labeled
:1) The Tlaaa sos reduced to live for peace, 288. Arira's
(.** **** (as cal oy, 301. Tite city delcribed, 3%
* *.* redzes dimieli a vallal to the Spanish ciowa
*. 4**.!!. te treasure collefted by Cartes, jafi bën
les done bene loup in lucu smail, quantries, 3z6. Tu
W*: esived sy tie imprudent zeal of Cortes, 328. Stai
A1994*p*te sience of Cones , 347. Their selber
ta*. mes when he returned, 352. Death of Mezeza,
??. ?¢¢Benicned by Corres, 358. Batue of Dela
3* i Tepescsos reduced, 371. Preparations of the Bler
61*181.3% to return of Contes, 376. Cortes besieges the i?
2.'** cache late, 338. The Spaniards repuled ja ker
3. ker'v, 335, 394, Guatitozia taken prisoner, qoz, bas
57 st! mens1, 416. His schemes and arrangemeos
1.933 te em oi the natires, ibid. Lit and cheaders
1.*11 w do wrote accounts of the conqueft oía 500.jpg
$1.45 st of the new regulations there, ii. 1o6. A zerosas
de se form ri goveromeat, policy, and arts la, 155
15mga es scering, very imperfe&, 158. Origin of 33
mchaty, 10C. Sumber and greatneis ol the cities, 165.
(**l proiewives thero distinguished from each other, 14
1*** of racks, 168. Political inftitutions, 171. Powered
442.. Of Mexico, total produce of, to the Spapish revenue,
Molucca Isands, the Spanish claims on, fold by the Emperos
Charles V. to the Portuguese, ji. 414.
Monastick, inftitutions, the pernicious effe&s of, in the Spanish;
American colonies, iii. 304. Nnmber of convents there, 4454
Monsoons, the periodical course of, when discovered by naviga-
tors. i. 25.
Montesino, a Dominican preacher. at St. Domingo, publicly "re.
monstrates against the cruel treatment of the Indians , i. 284.
Montezuma, the first intelligence received by the Spaniards of this
prince, i. 322. Receives intelligence of the arrival of Fernando
Cortes in his dominions, ji. 253. His presents to Corres, 254.
Forbids him to approach his capital, 255. State of his empire
at this time, 250. His character, 257, . His perplexity at the
arrival of the Spaniards, ibid. His timid negociations with Cor.
tes, 259. His fchenie for destroying Cortes at Cholula disco.
vered, 297. His irresolute conduct, 300. His first interview
with Cortes, 301. Is seized by Cortes, and confined to the
Spanish quarters, 311-314. Is fettered, 317. Acknowledges
himself a vassal to the Spanish crown, 322. Remains inflexible
with regard to religion, 327. Circumstances of his death, 353.
Account of a gold cup of his, in England, iii. 407.
Mulattwes, in the Spanish American colonies, explapation of this
distinction, ill. 290.
Negroes, their peculiar situation under the Spanish dominion in
America, iii. 191.
Newfoundland, its situation deferibed, ii. 435. .
New Holland, fome account of the country and inhabitants, ii.
New Spain, discovered and named by Juan de Grijalva , i. 321.
Nigno, Alonso, his voyage to America, i. 199.
Norwegians might in ancient times have migrated to, and colo.
nized America, ii. 44.
Nugnez Vela, Blasco, appointed viceroy of Peru, to lenforee the
new ragulations, iii. 106. His chara&er, Ill. Comunits Vacade
Caftro to prison, 112. Diffengons between him and the court of
audience, 115. Is confined, 116. Recovers his liberty, 118. Re-
sumes his command, ibid. Is pursued by Gonzalo Pizarro. 119.
is defeated and killed by Pizarro, 120, 121.
Ocampo, Diego, fent with a squadron from Hispaniola to desolate
g the country of Cumana, i. 310.
Ocampo, Sebastian de, first fails round Cuba, and discovers it to
• be an island, i. 247.
Ocean, though adapted to facilitate the intercourse between distant
countries, continued long a formidable barrier, i. 2. See Com.
pass and Navigation.
Ojeda, Alonzo de, his private expedition to the West Indies, i.
- 196. His second voyage, 211. Obtains a goverument on the
Olmedo, Father Bartholomew de, checks the cash zeal of Cortes at
Tlascala in Mexico, ii. 294. is sent by Cortes to negociate with
Narvaez , 338.
Orellana, Francis, is appointed to the command of a bark built
by Gonzalo Pizarro, and deserts him. iii. 83. Sails down the
Maraguon, 84. Returns to Spain with a report of wonderful
discoveries, ibid. Herrera's account of his voyage, 398.
Orgognez comniands Almagro's party against the Pizarros, and is
defeated and killed by them, iji. 72. 73.
Orinoco, the great river of, discovered by Christopher Columbus,
i. 182. Strange method of chusing a captain among the Indian
tribes on the banks of, ii. 159. The amazing plenty of fish-
Otaheite, the inhabitants of, ignorant of the art of boiling water,
Meta41, os per a litation under the Spazila dominis ir
Åm***, M. 191.
Hes36** -d, so itsation delcribed, ší, 433.
dest, 131, leae account of the country and inhabitants, i
Otumba, battle of, between Cortes and the Mexicans, ii. 365.
Ovando, Nicholas de, is fent governor to Hispaniola, i. 211, His
prudent regulations, 213. Refuses admission to Columbus, on
his fourth voyage, 218. His ungenerous behaviour to Colain-
bus, on his shipwreck, 223, 227. Receives him at length, and
sends him home, 229. Engages in a war with the Indians, 233.
His cruel treatment of thein, 235. Encourages cultivation and
manufaâures, 240. His method of trepanning the natives of
the Lucayos, 244. Is ree alled, 248.
Ser $97, drcovered ind pamed by Juan de Grijaira, i jul
tty among his followers, 79. Progress of the Spanish arms
: there, 8o. Francis Pizarro alfaslinated, 91. Reception of the
new regulations there, 108. The viceroy confined by the court
of audience. 116. The viceroy defeated and killed by Gonzalo
Pizarro, 120, 121. Arrival of Pedro de la Galea, 131. Redu&ion
· and death of Gonzalo Pizarro, 142. The civil wars there not bar-
ried on with mercenary soldiers, 143. But nevertheless gratified
with immense rewards, 144. Their profution and luxury, 145.
Ferocity of their contests , 146. Their want of faith; 147. In.
Itances, ibid. Division of, by Gasca, among his followers, 149,
A retrospe&t into the original government, arts, and manners of
the natives, 155. The high antiquity they pretend to ; 204.
Their records, 205. Origin of their civil policy, 207. This
founded in religion, 209. The authority of the Incas absolute
and unlimited, 210. All crimnes were punished capitally; 211.
Mild genius of their religion, 212. Its influence on their civil
policy , 214. And on their military system, ibid. Peculiar state
of property there, 216. Diftin&tion of rauks, 217. State of
arts, 218. Improved state of agriculture, ibid. Their buildings,
221. Their publick roads, 223. Their bridges, 225. Their mode
of refining silver ore, 227. Works of elegance, 228. Their
civilization , nevertheless, but imperfe&t , 230. Cuzco the only
place that had the appearance of a city, ibid. No perfe& fepa
ration of profi flions, 231. Little cuminercial intercourse, ibid.
Their unwarlike spirit, 232. Eat their flesh and fish raw, 234..
Brief account of other provinces under the viceroy of New Spain,
235. Causes of the depopulation of this country, 259. The
small-pox very fatal there, 262. Writers who gave accounts of
the conquest ol, 383–385. Their method of building, 423. State
of the revenue derived from, by the crown of Spain, 463-469.
See Colonies. -
Peter 1. czar of Russia, his extensive views in prosecuting Afiatick
discoveries, ii. 37.
Phenicians, ancient, state of commerce and navigation among
them, i. 8. Their trade , how condu&ed, 329.
Philip II. of Spain, his turbulent disposition aided by his American
treasures, iii. 128. Establishes the colony of Manila , 370.
Philip Ill. exhausts his country by inconfiderate bigotry, iii. 329.
Philippine illands, discovered by Ferdinand Magellan , ii. 411. A
.colony established there by Philip II. of Spain, iji, 370. ' Trade
between, and America, ibid, req,
Phyflck, the arts of, in America, why connected with divination, ii. -
Pinto, Chevalier, his description of the characteristick features of
the native Americans, ii. 455.
1-1-fux rery anal there, 202. Writers who gave accounts d'
fe:er l. cur of Puffia, his extendre views in prosecuting Afatit
Pt. II. of Spain, bis turbulent disposition aided by his America
pride illands, discovered by Ferdinand Magellao, ii. 111.
Pirink, the arts of, in America, why connetted with divination,
Prato, Cheralier, his description of the chara&eritick featureza
by 1*** si la stes, 79. Progress of the Spadril
is francs Pizarro a tipated, 91, Reception of the
Qty 1.cen there, fog. The viceroy confined by the croen
O atent. 116. The viceroy defeated and killed by Gonzalo
Pars, 1:3, 121. Árnal of Pedro de la Galea
, 131. Reducina
iał bruk. Goesia i 19170, 142. The civil wars there not ia-
1** **E-Icery stiers, 143. But nevertheleis gratified
\$esards, 144. Their profution and luxury, Itji
* *.* of the Icetils, 146. Their weit of faith, 1170
Auth, : Dishop of, by Gaica, among his followers
A terapei se's the original government
, and manzesei
De 16.105, 155. The higher antiquity they pretend to, solo
**.205. Orgin of their civil policy, 207. This
bize ed alt jucu, 209. The authority of the locas abikluste
ed itd, 210 A crines were punished capitalis
Wat if their leigub, 212. Its infidence on their cil
p. 114. Aed on leir military fyftem, ibid. Peculiar fake
Oʻp jeroy Lee, 316. Diltination of ranks, 217. State a
19, 18 botoised tate of agriculture, ibid. Their buildings
.:1. ib. patuci rosts, 223. Their bridges; 225. Their mele
cis : 24 Aver cre, :27. Works of elegance, 228. Time
10 wo, severe.eeb, but imperfeldt, 230. Cuzco the case
pe 'Lk 124:e a pearance of a city, ibid. No periei repe
# se oi pocí kts, 231. Little commercial intercourse, ibid,
1. tb #wone içint, 232. Eat their flesh and film raw, 23+
b e'xo un clar e provinces under the viceroy of New Spain
6. (ies of the depopulation of this country,
Pinzon, Vincent Yanez, comniands a vessel under Columbus in his
first voyage of discovery, i. 106. Sails to Ainesica on a private
adventure willi four flips, 199. Discovers Yucatan, 240+
Pizarro, Ferdinand, is belieged in Cuzco by the Peruvians, iii.
60. Is surprised there by Almagro, 64. Recovers his liberty,
76. Defends his brother at the court of Spaiu , 77. Is coin.
mitted to prison, 79.
Pizarro, Francisco, attends Balboa, in his settlement on the isthmus
of Darien, i. 256. Marches under him across the isthmus, where
they discover the South Sea, 271. His birth, education, and
chara&er, iii. II, II. Affociates with'Almagro, and De Lugne, in a
voyage, of discovery, V. His ill success, VI. Is recalled, and
deferred by most of his followers, 3, 4, Remains on the island of
Gorgona for supplies, 4. Discovers the coast of Peru, 6. Re.
turns to Panama, 7. Goes to Spain to folicit reinforceinents,
9. Procures the supreme command for himself, Io. Is aslifted
with money by Cortes, 11. Lands again in Peru , 13. His
hostile proceedings against the natives, 15. Establishes the colony
of St. Michael, 16. State of the Peruvian empire at this timne,
ibid. Cause of his eafy penetration into the country, 21.
Is applied to by Huascar for aslistance against ' his victo-
rious brother Atahualpa, 22.
State of his forces, 23. Are
rives at Caxamalca, 25. Is visited by the Inca, 27. His per-
fidious seizure of him, 30, seq. Agrees to Atahualpa's offer for
his ranfom, 32. Division of their plunder, 35. Refuses Ata-
hualpa his liberty, 37. His ignorance exposed to Atahualpa, 40.
Bestows a form of trial on the Inca, 41. Puts him to death, 42, 43.
Advances to Cuzco, 46. Honours conferred on him by the Spa-
nish court, 51. Beginning of dillensions between him and Al-
magro. 52. His civil regulations, 54. Founds the city of Li-
ma, 55. Insurrection of the Peruvians, 58. Cuzco seized by
Almagro, 64. Deludes Alinagro by negociations, 68. Defeats
Almagro, and takes him prisoner, 72, 73. Puts Almagro to death,
75, 76. Divides the country among his followers, 79. The impo-
litick partiality of his allotments, ibid. Makes his brorher Gon-
zalo governor of Quito, 81. Is asiaflinated by Juan de Herrada, 91.
Pizarro, Gonzalo, is inade governor of Quito, by his brother
Francis, iii. 81. His expedition over the Andes, ibid. Is defert.
ed by Orellana, 83. His distress on this event, 85. His disala
trons return to Quito, 87. Is encouraged by the people to op-
pole Nugnez Vela, the new viceroy, 113. Assumes the govern-
ment of Peru, 117. Marches against the viceroy, 119. Defeats
and kills him, ibid. 120, Is advised by Carvajal to assume the
sovereignty of the country, 123. Chuses to negociate with the
court of Spain, 124. Consultations of the court on his conduct,
(ze 6 ccuello!, 333–385. Their method of building, 423.
He revenue derived from, by the crown of Spain
dcore: es, 11. 37.
Flesubs, ancient, fate of commerce and navigation among
'ben, t. &. Their trade, how condotted, 329.
reaures, ill. [28. Establisbes the colony of Manila, 376.
fupill. exhausts his country by inconsiderate bigotry, ii 334
buiony eltablished there by Philip II. of Spain, ii. 370. This
be:ween, and America, ibid, leq,