They affert, that Cortes defrayed the great
el part of the expence of fitting out the arma.
Dent. But this does not agree with the account
0:r* fender fortune given by Gomara, Crom.
6., ard 8. Diaz, c. 20, or what I have men
teed Sute laxi, vol. ii.

N. B. The Roman Numerals refer to the

Volume and the Figures to the Page.

They take notice, that though confiderable
pombers were wounded in their different en-

!e!s with the people of Tabasco not one of
them died, and all recovered in a short time,
This seems to confirm what I have observed
vo!. ii. p. 285, concerning the imperfe£tion of
the ofenfive weapons of the Americans,

her give to the Mexicount a Phortlar

td as they ha had but little wo andis

They give fome account of the manners
ard inftitutions of the Mexicans. It is very
fruit, and as they had resided but a short time
ir the country, and had but little intercourte
with the natives, it is both defective and inas
curate. They describe minutely, and with great
horror, the human sacrifices offered by the Me
xicans to their deities, and affirm that some
of their number were eye - witnesses of thole
barborous rites.

BYSSINIA, an embally sent to that country by John II. king

of Portugal, i. 72.
Acapulco , the nature of the trade carried on from thence to

Manila iii. 370. Amount of the treasure on board the ship

taken by Lord Anson 463.
Acosta, his method of accounting for the different degrees of
:heat, in the old and new continents, 'ij. 435.
Adair, his account of the persevering speed of the native Ame.
·ricans ; ii. 456. -
Adansou, his justification of Hanuo's account of the African seas,

i, 331.
Africa, 'thie western coast of , first explored by order of John 1.

king of Portugal, `j. 53. Is discovered from Cape Non, ra
Bojador , 55. Cape Bojador doubled, 60. The countries south-
ward of the River Senegal discovered, 08. Cape of Good
Hope seen by Bartholomew Diaz, 73. Causes of 'the extreme
hear of the climate there, ii. 11. Ignorance of the ancient

astronomers concerning, i. 332.
Agriculture, the state of , among the native Americans, ii. III.

Two principal caufes o the defeats of, 116.
Aguado , is sent toi Hispaniola, as a commissioner to inspea the

condu&t of Columbus, i. 175.
Aguilar , Jerom de, is relieved from a long captivity among the

Indians at Cozumel, by Fernando Cortes , ii. 246.
Albuquerque, Rodrigo', his barbarous treatment of the lodiang

of Hispaniola , i. 282.
Alcavala , in the Spanish customs, the term explained, iji. 466.
Alexander the Great, his political character, i. 18. Hls motive

in founding the city of Alexandria, 19. His discoveries in

India, 21, 22.
Alexander VI. Pope, grants to Ferdinand and Isabella of Caftile ,
the right of all their western discoveries, i. 149. Sends miffio.

Daries with Columbus on his second voyage, 150.
Almagro, Diego de , his birth and chara&er, ill. 3. Associates

with Pizarro and de Luque, in a voyage of discovery, 4. His

They subjoin to their letter a catalogue
and description of the presents sent to the ema
peror. That published by Gomara, Cron. c.
29. seems to have been copied from it, and
Pet. Martyr describes many of the articles 11
his treatise De Insolis nuper inventis, p. 354, (

unsuccessful attempts, 5 feq. Is neg!e&ed by Pizarro in his Spanish
negociation, 13. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcements
to Pizarro at Peru, 33. Beg nning of diffenfions beween him
and Pizarro, 52. Invades Chili, 56. Is created governor of
Chili, and marches to Cuzco, 62 feq. Seizes Cuzco, out of the
hands of Pizarro , 64. Defeats Aivarado, and takes him pri-
foner, 65. Is deceived by the artful negociations of Francis
Pizarró , 68. is defeated by the Pizarros, 73. Is taken priso-

ner, ibid. Is tried and condeinned, 75. Is put to death, 7 6.
Almagro, che son, affords refuge to his father's' followers at

Lima , jji. 87; His cara&er, 88. Heads a conspiracy against
Francis Pizarro, 89. Pizarro, assassinated ibid, seq. Is acknowledg.:
ed as his succeflor, 91. His precarious situation , 92. Is de.

feated by Vaca de Castro, 96. Is betrayed and executed, 97.
Almajorifalgo, in the Spanish American customs, the annount af,

iii. 466.
Alvarado, Alonzo , is sent from Lima , by Francis Pizarro, with

a body of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, jii. 65.

Is takeu prisoner by Almagro, ibid, His escape , * 68. '
Alvarado, Pedro de, is left by Cortes to command at Mexico,

while he marched against Narvaez, ii. 339. He is besieged by the
Mexicans, 348. His insprudent conduet ; ibid. His expedition

to Quito in Peru , iii. 49.
Amazons, a community of, said to exist in South America, by

Prancis Orellana, iii. 84.
America, the continent of, discovered by Christopher Columbus,

i. 182. How it obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Castile
nominates two governments in, 252. The propositions offered
to the natives, 253, Ill reception of Ojeda and Nicuefia among
them 254. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 269. Rio
de Plata discovered , 280. The natives of, injuriously treated
by the Spaniards ,' 309. The vart extent of, ii. i. The grand
obje&s it presented to view , 3. The circumstances of, favolle
rable for commerce and civilization , 5. The climates of, 7.
Various causes of the peculiarity of its climates, Io. Its rude
and uncultivated state when first discovered, 13. Its animals, 17.
Its insects and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21. General account of its
foil, 22. Inquiry into the first population of, 25. Could not be
peopled by civilized vations, 32. The northern extremity of,
contiguous to Asia; 36. Probably peopled by Afiaticks, 45.
Condition and chara&ter of the native inhabitants inquired into, 47.
were inore rude than the natives of any other known parts
of the earth , 49. The Peruvians and Mexicans excepted, 50.
The first discoverers incapable of a judicious speculative exa-
mination, 51. The various systems of philosophers refpe&ing


m ''tempis, 5 ieg. Is pegleded by Pizarro in his Spania
#**#***0013. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcement
tornato a Pero, 33. Begoning of dilencious berween him
**!! 1879, 63. Invades Chili, 56. lo created governor of
( d a nes to Cuzco, 62 feq. Seizes Cazco, out of ta!
batc! laro, 01. Defeats Alvarado, and takes him pri
1-1, 6;. Is deceived by the artiul negociations of Francis
P , 68. b deleated by the Pizarros, 73. Is taken prio-

***. .$. tried and condented, 75. Is put to death, ?"
A 1.9, the fou, aforda refuge to bis father's followers ar

!," S: His canader, 88. Heads a conspiracy again
F i krama, 89. Pizarro, ataffioared ibid, seq. Is acknowledge

a keof, 91. His precarious fituation , 22. 15
ferd), fa de Cattro, 90. ls betrayed and executed, 9%
*** R , to the Spanilt American cuftoms, the amount di

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od at Mexican

18°43, Aon, is sent from Lima, by Francis Pizarro, wil
..^ of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, ill. Oj

horie pe net by Almagro, ibid, His escape, "og.
... t'w, Pedro de, I left by Cortes to command at Mesto

** e ke Dunketsanft Narvaez, ii. 339. He is belieged by the
Verans, 348. His imprudent coudu&; ibid. His expedidoa

tuin, in Peru, vi. 19.
A" }]«t*, 1 t 3 muary of. laid 10 exil in South America, W

21.45 Ore "and, iii. 84.
494:13, the cool neut of, discovered by Christopher Columban
ins: Hjx it obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Law
pemirnes Iso govemmeors in, 252. The propofitions ofleier
to be marves, 353, all recepcion of Ojeda and Nicuella almers
u m :54. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 209. 18
de pas dilovered, 280. The natives of, injuriously treure

by the Spaniards, 309. The vast exreut of, ji. I. The frame
che ti prelepted to view, 3. The circumstances of, fatos

be for commerce and civilization, 5. The climates o
Various caules of the peculiarity of its climates, 10. "
and unculnrated face when firit discovered, 13. Its anirtals
Jis nets and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21. General account o
fol, 22. In quiry into the first population of, 25. Could not
pe pled by civilized nations, 32. The northern extremity
Con guous to Ala; 36. Probably peopled by Alifaticks, y
(corion and chara&er of the native inhabitants inquired tato, 7.
wele inore rude than the natives of any other known pa
of the earth, 49. The Peruvians and Mexicans excepted, J"
The first discoverers incapable of a judicious fpeculative
injufiion, 51. The various syltems of philolophers relpect

the natives, 54. Method observed in the present review of
their bodily constitution and circumstances, 50, The venereal
difeare derived from this part of the world. 82. Why lo thinly
inhabited, 122. The country depopulated by continual wars,
162. Cause of the extreme coldner's toward the southern extremiry
of, 442. The natural uncultivated state of the country described,
446. Bones of large extinét fpecies of animals discovered under
ground near the banks of the Ohio, ibid. Why European animals
degenerate there, 448. Supposed to have undergone a consulsive
separation from Asia, 453. Causes of the depopulation of, traced,
jii. 200. This dcpopulation not the result of any intentional
fyftem of policy. 263. for the result of religion, 200. Num-
ber of rhe Indian natives still remaining in Mexico, aud Pern,
267. All the Spanish dominions tliere, snbje&ed to two vice-
roys, 271. Its third viceroyalty lately eltablished; 272. See

Mexico , Peru, Cortes , Pizarro, &c.
Americans, native in Spanish America, their bodiiy constitution

and complexion , ij. 58. Their ftrength and abilities, 59. Their
insensibiliry with regard to their women, 62, No deformities i
in their frame, 68. This circumftance accounted for, ibid. 69.
Unisormity of their colour, 71. A peculiar race of, defcribed ,
73. The Esquimaux, 76. Patagonians, 77. The exiflence of
Palazonian giants yet remajujpg to be decided, 78. Their
diseae s, 81, The veuereal disease, peculiarly theirs, 82, The
powers and qualities of their minds, 83. Are only folicitous
to supply immediate wants , 85, The art of computation , fcar-
cely known to them, 87. Have no abftract Ideas, 88. The
North Americans much more intelligent than those of tie South,
go. Their aversion to labour, 91. Their social fiate, 95. Dori
mestick union. ibid. The women, 97. Their women not pro-

lifick, 101. Their parental ate aicn and filiai duty, 103. Their
modes of subsistence , 105. Fishing, 107. Hunting. 108. Agri-
culture. III. The various obje&s of their culture, 112. Two
principal causes of the defeats of their agriculture, 116. Their
want of tamne animals, ibib. Their want of useful metals, 119,
Their political institutions, 121. Were divided into small inde.
pendent communities, ibid. Unacquainted with the idea of
property , 123. Their high sense of equality and independence,
, 125. Their ideas of subordination imperfect, 126. To what tribes

these descriptions apply, 1281 Some exceptions , 130. Florida,
131. The Natcbez, 132. The islands, 133 in Bogota,
134. Inquiry into the causes of these irregularities , 135. Their
art of war, 139. Their motives to hostility, 140. Causes of
their ferocity. 141. Perpetuity of their animofities , J44. Their

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modes of condu&ting war, 145. Are not deftitute of courage
and fortitude, 147. Incapable of military discipline', 149.
Their treatment of prisoners, 151. Their fortitude under tor. -
ture, 152. Never eat human flesh but to gratify revenge. 156.
How the South Americans treated their prisoners, 157. Their
military education, 158. Strange method of chusing a captain,
among the Indians on the banks of the Orinoco, 159. Their
numbers wasted by continual wars, 162. Their tribes new re-
cruit their numbers by adopting prisoners, 163. Are never for-
midable in war, to more polished nations, 'T05. Their arts ,
dress , aud ornaments, 166. Their habitations, 170. Their
erms, 174. Their domestick utensils, 175. Construation of their
canoes, 176. The liflessness with which they apply to labour,
177. Their religion, 180. Some tribes altogether deftitute of
any, 183. Remarkable diversity in their religious notions, 188.
Their ideas of the immortality of the soul, 191. Their modes
of burial, 193. Why their physicians pretend to be conjurers, 195,
Their love of dancing, 199. Their immoderate passion for gaming
203. Are extremely addi&ed to drunkenpels, 204. Put their agedi
aad incurable to death, 209. General estimate of their chara&er,
210. Their intelle&ual powers, 211. Their political talents, 213.
Powers of affe&tion , 215. Hardness of heart, 216. Their ip-
sensibility, 217. Taciturnity, 219. Their cavning, 220. Their
virtues, 222. Their spirit of independence, ibid. Fortitude,
ibid. Attachment to their community, 223. Their satisfaction
with their own condition, 224. General caution with respe&
to this inquiry, 228. Two diftinguishable classes of, 230, Ex-
ceptions as to their character, 231. Their chara&eristick features
described, 454. Instances of their persevering speed, 456. An
antipathy induftriously encouraged between them and the ne-
groes in America, by the Spaniards , iii. 292. Their present
condition, 293. How taxed, 294. Stated services demanded
from them, 295. Mode of exa&ing these services, 296. How
governed, 297. Prote&tor of the Indians , his function, 298.
Reasons why so small a progress is made in their conversion,

Amerigo Vespucci published the first written account of the New

World, and hence gave name to America , i. 197. His claim

as discoverer examined, 362.
Anacoana, a female cazique of Hispaniola, her base and cruel

usage by the Spaniards , i. 236.
Andes, Atupendous height and extent of that range of mountaius,

ii. 4. Their height compared with other mountains, 433. Gon-
zx!o Pizarro's remarkable expedition over , iii. 81.

aishing war, 145. Are not deditute of courage

** !***, 14. incapable of military discipline, 14

Tet: eatment of priloners, 151. Their fortitude unde: 10%
1.1. 15:. beret ex: buman flesh bur to gratify revenge. 158.
I te Sud Americans treated their prisoners, 157. Ther

m ela"30, 158. Surange method of chofing a captain,
47 of the incins on the banks of the Orinoco, 159. Their
Dia e Sated by cuplaual wars, 162. Their tribes net !
6.' nbent by adopting prisoners, 163. Are neser for
#ike in Wu, to more polished parions, Tós. Their arts,
trs, 494 orriments, 166. Their habitations, 170. Tier
*721, 14 Icet donelhck utenfils, 175. Compruction of tas
(Hot 1:6. The hit e neis with which they apply to labour
1. 1 1500, 180. Some tribes altogether dedicure a
ait, 133. Remarkable diversity in their religious notions, IN
Tigritou os the nortality of the soul, 191. Their mote
d 'a, 193. Why their physicians pretend to be conjurers, 19
The.' 910 of jonk og, 199. Thoir immoderate paflion for gamin
:-3 Ae cx'erely addi@ed to drunkeopes, 204. Pat their age
134 36.'e derh, 209. General estimate of their character
312. ILes te tual powers, 2:11. Their political talents, 213
Powe's of 2510.00, 215. Hardness of heart, 216. Their 18.
f0995, y, 21,'. Tacturniy, 219. Their canning, 100 de

Ànimais , large, very few found in America at its first discovery,

ii. 18, 19.
Ancients, cause of the imperfe&ion of the art of navigation

among them, i. 5. Their geographical knowledge extremely

confined 330-336.
Arabians peculiarly attached to the study of geography, i. 36.
Argonauts, the expedition of, why so famous among the Greeks,

ii. 13.
Arithmetick, or computation, the art of, hardly known to the na

tive Americans , ii. 87.
Ascolino, father, his extraordinary mission to the prince of the

Tartars, i. 42.
Aliatick discoveries made by the Ruflians , ii. 38-
Aliento trade, the nature of, explained, iii. 344, 345. The frauds

in, and how put an end to, 347.
Atahualpa, is left by his father Huascar nis successor in the king:
· dom of Quito , iij. 22. Defeats his brother Huascar, and usurps

the empire of Peru, 23. Sends presents to Pizarro , 25. Vi.
fits Pizarro , 29. Is perfidiously seized by him , 31. Agrees
with Pizarro on a raniom, 32, Is refused his liberty, 37. His
behaviour, during his confinement, 38-40. A form of tria Ibestowed
on him, 41. Is put to death, 42, 43. Comparison of authorities
relating to his transactions wich, and treatment by, Piza rro,

Audience of New Spain, , board of, established by the Emperor

Charles V. ii. 427. Courts of, their jurisdi&tion, iii. 273-276.
Averia, a Spanish tax. for convoy to arid from America, when first

imposed , iii. 467. Its rate , ibid.
Azores, those islands discovered by the Portuguese, i. 166.

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sei, 273. Their spirit of independence, ibid. Fortitude,
13. Anacrent to their community, 123. Their fatistades
#th 18€ ! owa ccodrico, 294. General caution with relpon
* s tom . .8. Two diftinguilhable clalies of, 236, El-

ristus as to their cbara&er, 231. Their chara&eritick feature
de crred, 454. lohances of their persevering (peed, 450.1
15: paby indutriously encouraged between tirem and the se
l es ia America, by the Spaniards , iii. 292. Their preces

Ccod 190, 293. How' taxed, 294. Stated services demande
Ste anthem, 295. Hode of exaging these services, 260, to
gere ned, 293. Prolegor of the Indians; his function, 3%
Reamus tiby to fimali a progreis is made in their courerint

Amerigu Ve pucci published the firft written account of the .

Wod, and beuce gave pame to America, 1. 1977. com

as discoverer examined, 302.
„Ankoaba, a female cazique of Hispaniola, ber base and

uge by the Spaniards, i. 236.
.Aedes, ftupendous height and extent of that range of mous

11.4. Thesr height compared with other mountains, 433•
To Przasro's remarkable expedition over, til 81

Balboa, Vasco Nugnez de, fertles a colony at Santa Maria , in the

gulph of Darien, i. 256. Receives intellig'ence of the rich coun-
try of Peru, 263. His chara&er, 206. Marches across the ifth-
mus, 267. Discovers the Southern Ocean, 269. Returns , 271.
Is superseded in his command by the appointment of Pedrarias
Davila, 272. Is fined by Pedrarias for former tranfa&ions, 274.

His clair

Sea, and marries Pedrarias's daughter, 277. Is arrested and

put to death by Pedrarias, 279,
Bark, Jesuits, a production peculiar to Peru , iii. 324.
Barrere, his desciption of the construction of Indian houses, ij.


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