the age suffered hardships or encountered dangers which equal those to which he was exposed during this long period. The patience with which he endured the one, and the fortitude with which he surmounted the other, exceed whatever is recorded in the history of the New World, where so many romantick displays of those virtues occur,

New schemes of the associates. 1528.

Neither the splendid relation that Pizarro gave of the incredible opulence of the country which he had discovered, nor his bitter complaints on account of that unseasonable recall of his forces, which had put it out of his power to attempt making any settlement there, could move the governor of Panama to swerve from his former purpose. He still contended, that the colony was not in a condition to invade such a mighty empire, and refused to authorise an expedition which he foresaw would be so alluriug that it might ruin the province in which he presided, by an effort beyond its (trength. His coldness, however, did not in any degree abate the ardour of the three associates; but they perceived that they could not carry their scheme into execution without the countenance of fuperior authority, and must folicit their fovereign to grant that permission which they could not extort from his delegate. With this view, after adjusting amang themselves that Pi

zarro should claim the station of governor, Al. magro that of lieutenant-governor, and Luque the dignity of bishop in the country which they purposed to conquer, they sent Pizarro as their agent to Spain, though their fortunes were now fo much exhausted by the repeated efforts which they had made, that they found some difficulty in borrowing the small fum requisite towards equipping him for the voyage. n)

· Pizarro sent to Spain to negociate. Pizarro loft no time in repairing to court, and new as the scene might be to him, he appeared before the emperor with the unembarrassed dignity of a man conscious of what his services merited; and he conducted his negociations with an infinuating dexterity of address, which could not have been expected either from his education or former habits of life. His feeling description of his own sufferings, and

his pompous account of the country which he i - had discovered, confirmed, by the fpecimens

of its productions which he exhibited, made i such an impresliou both on Charles and his mi. nifters, that they not only approved of the

intended expedition , but seemed to be intereste · ed in the success of its leader. . Negle&s his associates, and procures the supreme como

mand to himself. Presuming on those dispositions in his favour, Piza rro paid little attention to the interest' of a) Herrera, dec. q, lib. iii, c. I. Vega 2. lib. i. c. 14.

his associates. As the pretensions of Luque did not interfere with his own, he obtained for him the ecclesiastical dignity to which he aspired. For Almagro, he claimed only the eommand of the fortress which should be erected at Tumbez. To himself he secured whatever his boundlefs ambition could desire. He was appointed (July 26. 2528.) governor, captain-general, aud adelantado of all the country which he had discovered, and hoped to conquer, with supreme authority, civil as well as military; and a full right to all the privileges and emoluments usually granted to adventurers in the New World. c. His jurisdiction was declared to extend two hundred leagues along the coast to the south of the river St. Jago; to be independent of the governor of Panama; and he had power to' nominate all the officers who were to serve under him. In return for those conceffions, which cost the court of Spain nothing, as the enjoyment of them depended upon the success of Pizarro's own efforts., he engaged to raise two hundred and fifty men, and to provide the ships, arms and warlike stores requisite towards subjecting, to the crown of Castile , the country of which the government was allotted him,

Slender force he was able to raise.

Inconsiderable as the body, of men was which Pizarro had undertaken to raise, his funds and credit were fo low that he could

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hardly complete half the number; and after obe taining his patents from the crown, he was obliged to steal privately out of the port of Seville, in order to elude the fcrutiny of the officers who had it in charge to examine, whether he had fulfilled the stipulations in his contract. o) Before his departure, (1529 ) however, 'hereceived some supply of money from Cortes, who having returned to Spain about this time, was willing to contribute his aid towards enabling an ancient companion, with whose talents and courage he was well acquainted, to begin a career of glory similar to that which he himself had finished. p)

He landed at Nombre de Dios, and marched across the isthmus to Panama, accompanied by his three brothers, Ferdinand, Juan, and Gon zalo, of whom the first was born in lawful wedlock, the two latter, like himself, were of illegitimate birth, and by Francisco de Alcantara, his mother's brother. They were all in the prime of life, and of such abilities and courage as fitted them to take a distinguished part in his subsequent transactions,

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His reconciliation with Almagro,

On his arrival at Panama ( 1530 ) Pizarro found Almagro so much exasperated at the manner in which he had conducted his negociation, that he not only refused to act any longer in



9) Herrera, dec. 4. lib. vii, C. 9. p) Ibid. lib. vii, f. 10.

concert with a man, by whose perfidy he had been excluded from the power and honours to which he had a just claim, but laboured to form a new association, in order to thwart or to rival his former confederate in his discoveries. Pizarro, however, had more wisdom and address than to suffer a rupture fo fatal to all his schemes, to become irreparable. By offering voluntarily to relinquish the office of Adelantado, and promiling to concur in foliciting that title, with an independent government, for Almagro, he gradually mitigated the rage of an open-hearted foldier, which had been violent, but was not inplacable. Luque, highly satisfied with having been successful in all his own pretensions, cordially seconded Pizarro's endeavours. A reconcilation was effected; and the confederacy reneyed on its original terms, that the enterprise should be carried on at the common expence of the affociates, and the profits accruing from it should be equally divided among them. 9)

Their armament.

Even after their re-union, and the utmost efforts of their interest, three small vefsels, with a hundred and eighty soldiers, thirty-six of whom were horsemen, composed the armament which they were able to fit out. But the astonishing progress of the Spaniards in America had in$) Herrera, dec. 4.' lib. viil 6. D. Zarrato, lib. i, o. 3. Vega,

2. lib. i. c. 14.

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