Hanno, his Periplus defended, with an account of his voyage,

i. 329, 330.
Hatuey, a cazique of Cuba , his cruel treatment, and memorable

repartee to a Franciscan friar, i. 259.
Hawkesworth's voyages, account of New Holland, and the iuha-

bitants from, ii. 473.
Heat, the different degrees of, in the old and new continents,

accounted for, ii. 435 feq. Estimated, 449.
Henry, Prince of Portugal, his character and studies , i. 56. Ex-

peditions formed by his order, 58–63. Applies for a papal

grant of his new discoveries, 63. His death, 66.
Herrada , Juan de, affaslinates Francis Pizarro, iii. 91. Dies , 95.
Herrera , the best historian of the conquest of New Spain , ii. 504.

his account of Orellana's voyage, iii. 398.
Hispaniola, the island of, discovered by Christopher Columbus, i.

127, His transactions with the natives, 128. A colony left there
by Columbus, 133. The colony destroyed, 153. Columbus builds
a city called Isabella, 155. The natives ill-uled, and begin to be
alarmed, 164, seq. Are defeated by the Spaniards, 168. Tribute
exacted from them, 169. They scheme to starve the Spaniards,
171. St. Domingo founded by Bartholomew Columbus, 185.
Columbus sent home in irons by Bovadilla, 205. Nicholas de
Ovando appointed governor, 209. Summary view of the con-
dua of the Spaniards towards the natives of, 233—235 Un-
happy fate of Anacoana, 238. Great produce from the mines
there, 239, The inhabitants diminish, 242. The Spaniards
recruit them by trepanning the natives of the Lücayos, 244.
Arrival of Don Diego de Coiumbus, 249. The natives of, al-
most extirpated by 'layery, 257, 282. Controversy concerning
the treatment of them, 283. Columbus's account of the human
treatment he received from the natives of, 346. Curious in-

stance of superstition in the Spanish planters there , ii. 449.
Holguin, Pedro Alvarez, erects the rɔyal itandard in Peru, in op-

position to the younger Almagro, iii. 95.
Homer, his account of the navigation of the ancient Greeks, i 15.
Honduras ,. the value of the country, owing to its produđion of

the log woed tree , iii. 241,
Horned cattle, amazing increase of them in Spanish America, iii.

Horses , astonishment and mistakes of the Mexicans at the first fight

of them, ii. 511. Expedient of the Peruvians to render them
incapable of action, iii, 397.

hoafuras, the ralue of the country, owing to its protutin

H0 cartie, amazing increase of them in Spanish America,

Al es, astogument and mistakes of the Mexicans at the final

Belen, ii. 511. Expedient of the Perurlaus to render tius



Huana Capac, inca of Peru, his chara&ter and family, iji. 19,20.
Huascar Capac, Inca of Peru, disputes his brother Atahualpa's

succesion to Quito , iii. 20. is defeated and taken prisoner by
Atahualpa, 21. Solicits the artistance of Pizarro against his
brother , 22. Is put to death by order of Atahualpa, 34,

#?, koppas defended, with us attount of bis voyk:

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H., * *. ye Cuba, dis cruel treaement, and memorable
*** 9**"f19: 13 r.2, 1. 359.

** 179ages, Xcount of New Holland, and the inht-

Jamaica discovered by Christopher Columbus, i. 162.
Jerome, St. three monks of that order sent hy cardinal Ximenes to

Hispaniola, to regulate the treatinènt of the Indians, i. 29t.
Their conduct under this conimislion, 293. Are recalled,

Jesuits, acquire an absolute dominion over California, iii. 240.

Their motives for depreciating the country. ibid.
Jews, ancient, state of commerce and navigation among them,

į. 9.

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le : fren: dex:** of, in the old and new continens,

*°78***$ 194, 1, 43; 07. Eftimared, 449.
*** Post Portugal, ma character and studies, i. 56. El-
***med by bos ortes, 58–63. Applies for a pupil

?ser d'i senes, 63. His death, 06.
Eu, 41 tt, eis Indes Francis Pizarro, ii. 91. Dies,
krra, se set bras of "de conguelt of New Spain, is foto
*, ** mo Ore 1985 royage, iii. 398.

,' end of, or covered by Christopher Columbus, i
1.; ting up a jas with the natives, 128. A colony let there

- 15,13;. ibe cuisny deltoyed, 153. Columbus basis
*' weit,sh, 155. The natives ill-ured, and begin to 3

ed. 10. é. Are weseared by ede Spaniards, 168. Tribe?
13':'em, 169. They scheme to Rarse the Spaziati

SD) Ostwindet dy Bartholomew Columbus,
(..bie iepe i ne in irons by Bovadilla, 205. Nicholas
('12". di 945 governor, 20). Summary view of the cena
6-8 ie Spanies towards the natives of, 233–33; !»
kdy po hotel in apa, 238. Great produce from the aisa
**, :;* The 19.120 laris dininich,

** them by trepanding the natives of the Lucajos, "
Aprel Clien Diego de Caiumbus, 249. The narices .
mufero pued by lavery, 257, 282. Controversy coikeerak
the treatene ci swem, 283. Columbus's account of the bura
treescue he received from the natives of, 346. Curious in

Biance of peix an in the Spanilii planters there , iia 449
#:* ?, Peulvi Alvarez, ereds rhe roya' itandard in Peru, ia osa

par too ! the younger Almagro, iii. 95.
H. mer. bus accoude of ide navigation of the ancient Greeks

, i la

· The Spaniers

Incas of Peru, received origin of their empire, iii. 17, 208. Their

empire founded both in religion and policy, 209, leg. See Peru.
India, the motives of Alexander the Great, in his expedition to,

i. 18. The commerce with, how carried on in ancient times,
24, 25. And when arts began to revive in Europe, 30. The
first voyage made round the Cape of Good Hope, 192.
Indians in Spanish America. See Annericans.
indies, West, why Columbus's discoveries were fe named, j. 147.
Innocent IV. pope, his extraordinary million to the prince of the

Tartars, i. 42
Inquisition, court of, when and by whom first introduced into Por-

tugal. l. 371.
Inleits avd reptiles, why so numerous aud noxious in America,

ii. 20.
John 1. king of Portugal, the first who sent (hips to explore the

western coasts of Africa, i. 53. His son prince Henry engages

in there attempts, 56.
John II. king of Portugal, patronises all attempts towards disco-

veries, i. 08. Sends an embassy to Abyssinia, 73. His ungene.
rous treatment of Columbus,

Iron, the reason why l'avage nations were unacquainted with this

metal, ii. 119.
lsabella, queen of Caftile, is applied to by Juan Perez in behalf

of Christopher Columbus, i. 96. Is again applied to by Quin-
tanilla and Santangel, 100. Is prevailed on to equip him, 101.
Dies, 230,

Her real motives for encouraging discoveries in
America, iii, 204.

I i

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incapable of nition, iii. 397.

Isabella , the city of, ia Hispanjola , built by Christopher Colum-

bus, i. 155.
italy, the firit country in Europe, where civilization and art re-

vived after the overthrow of the Roman Empire, i. 38. The
coinmercial 1pirit of , active and enterprising, ibid.


Ladrone islands, discovered by Ferdinand Magellan , iis 411.
Lakes, amazing lize of those in North America, ii. 5.
Las Casas, Bartholomew , returns from Hifpaniola to solicit the

cause of the enllaved Indiatis at the court of Spain , i. 289. Is
fent back with powers by cardinal Ximenes, 291. Returns dil-
fatisfied, 295. Procures a new commission to be fent over on
this subject, 297. Recommends the scheme of supplying the
colonies with negroes , 208. Undertakes a new colony, 300.
His conference with the bishop of Darien before the emperor
Charles V. 306. Goes to America' to carry his schemes into
execution, 308. Circumstances unfavourable to him, 309. His
final miscariage, 311. Revives his reprelentations in favour of
che Indians, at the desire of the emperor, iii. 101. Cempofes a

treatise on the destruction of America, 102.
León, Pedro Cieza de, chara&er of his Chronica del Peru, jil.

Lery, his description of the courage and ferocity of the Toupi-

nambos, ii. 481, 482.
Lima , the city of, in Peru , founded by Pizarro, iii. 55.
Logwood, the commodity that gives importance to the provinces

of Honduras and Yucatan, iji. 241. Policy of the Spaniards 10

defeat the English trade in, 242.
Louis, St, king of France, bis embaily to the Chan of the Tartars,
in l. 43.
Lozano, his account of the method of making war among the pa-

tives of Gran Chaco , ii. 48o.
Luque, Hernando de, a priest, aliociates with Pizarro in his Pe-

ruvian expedition, iii. 2, 4,


Madeira , the island of, first discovered, i. 59.
Madoc, prince of North Wales, fory of his voyage and disco-

very of North America examined, i. 354, 355.

12' H odura, sad tusan, tii. 241. Policy of the Spaniards

, St. ang ci Frapce, bis embally to the Chan of the Tupan

X1, bissc10t of the method of making war among the

b.se, Hernando de, a prielt, affociates with Pizarro in bile


11.4), the met al, Hiipaniola , built by Chritopher Cola

*** *** 6. try a Europe, where cirilization and art -:
• **:*"* the crerLiow of the Roman Empire, ir 38. ?*:

stival of of, active and enterprilag, ibid.


Lamis, 1. korered by Ferdinand Magellan, ia All.
Luin, isasa; be of mole in North America, išo 5,
Lola's, mev , rerurns from Hifpaniola to folicit

* o * c. nes Indians at she court of Spaia, i. 2943
*** s pouers by cardinal Ximenes, 291. Rerumuse
r.2); Procutes a new commillion to be leat dier er
***er, 24. Recommends the scheme of supplying the
o 20 ikies, 298. Undertakes a new colony. ;

+ beleience with tóc bi hop of Darien before the emple
021•.01 1. zobe Goes to America to carry his lehenes time

3. Croamlances unfavourable to him,
5*" js',45, 311. Kesires his repselencations in farouse
017013), si le deure of the emperor

, iti. 101. C'empeito
weste ca 14 dehraden of America, 192.

, lesa (za de, chara&er of his Chronica del Peru, a


', 's dearisma of the courage and ferocity of the Festi

124, the siny d', so Peru, founded by Pizarro, jj
tells the son odity that gives importance to the prorist

defeat the Edyti trade ja, 242,

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is prince of Forth Wales, Rory of his roaga and din

Magellan, Perdinand, his account of the gigantick fize of the Pa-

tagoniaus, ji. 77. The existence of this gigantick race yet to be
decided, 78, 450, 460. His introduction to the court of Car-
tile, 407. Is equipped with a squadron for a voyage of disco-
very, 408. Sails through the famous strait that bears his name,
410. Discovers the Ladrone and Philippine islands, 411. Is

killed, ibid.
Magnet, its property of attra&ing iron known to the ancients, but

not its polar inclination, i. 5. Extraordinary advantages result

ing from this discovery; 46.
Malo, St. account of its commerce with Spanlsh America, iii.

Manco Capac, founder of the Peruvian empire, account of, iii. 17,208.
Mandeville, Sir John, his eastern travels, with a chara&er of his

writings. i. 45.
Mánila, the colony of, established by Philip ll. of Spain, iii, 370,

Trade between, and South America, 371.
Mankind, their disposition and manners form by their fituation,

ii. 29. Hence resemblances to be traced in very distant places
without communication, 30. Have uniformly attained the great-

est perfection of their nature in temperate regions, 229.
Marco Polo, the Venetian , his extraordinary travels in the

East, i. 44.
Marest, Gabriel, his account of the country between the liinois

aud Machilimakinac, ii. 474.
Marina, Donna, a Mexican flave, her history, ii. 248.
Marinus, Tyrius, his erroneous position of China, i, 343.
Martyr, Peter, his sentiments on the first discovery of Ame.

rica, i. 359.
Mestizos, in tbe Spanish American colonies, distinction between

them and Mulattoes, iii. 290.
Metals, useful, the original natives of America totally unacquaint-

ed with, ii. 119.
Mexicans, their account of their own origin, compared with later

discoveries, ii. 46. Their language furnished with respe&ful
terminations for all its words; iii. 404. How they contributed to
the support of government, ibid, seq. Descriptions of their his-
torical piąures, 408 - 413. Various exaggerated accounts of

the number of human viâims sacrificed by them, 410-421.
Mexico, arrival of Fernando Cortes on the coast of, ii. 247. His

interview with two Mexican officers, 250. Information sent to
Montezuma, with fome Spanish presents, 253. Montezuma sends
presents to Cortes, with orders not to approach his capital, 254.
feq. State of the empire at that time, 256. The Zempoallans court
the friendship of Cortes, 271. Several caziques enter into ale

I i 2

Is curat, ruc illand of, find discovered, i. 59.

jw.lorth America examived, s. 354, 533.

liance with Cortes, 273, Chara&er of the natives of Tlafcala,
383. The Tlafcalans reduced to sue for peace, 288. Arrival of
Cortes at the capital city, 301. The city, described, 305,
Montezuma acknowledges himself a vassal to the Spanish crown,
322. Amount of the treasure collected by Cortes, 324. Rea.
fons of gold bejög found in such small quantities, 326. The
Mexicans enraged by the imprudent zeal of Cortes, 328. Attack
Alvarado during the absence of Cortes, 347. Their resolute ata.
tack on Cortes when he returned, 352. Death of Montezuma,
353. The city abandoned by Cortes, 358. Battle of Otumba,
305. The Tepeacaps reduced, 371. Preparations of the Mexiq
cans against tho return of Cortes, 370, Cortes besieges the city
with a fleet on the lake, 388. The Spaniards repulsed in form.
ing the city, 393, 394. Guatimozio taken prisoner, '402. Corteş.
appointed governor, 416. His schemes and arrangements, 418.
Iphuman treatment of the natives, ibid. List and chara&er of
those authors who wrote accounts of the coaquest of, 500 - 505.
Reception of the new regulations there, iii. 106. A setrofpe&
into the form of government, policy, and arts In , 155. Our
information concerning, very imperfect, 158. Origin of the
mouarchy, Ibo. Number and greatness of the cities, 165. Me-
chanical professions there distinguished from each other, 167:
Distin&ion of ranks, 168. Political institutions, 171. Power and
splendor of their monarchs, 175. Order of government, ibid.
Provision for the support of it, 176. Police of, 177. Their arts,
178. Their paintings, 181. Their method of computing time,
185. Their wars convjqual and ferocious, 186. Their fuperal
rites, '188 Imperfetion of their agriculture, ibid. Doubts con-
cerning the extent of the empire, 190. Little intercourse among
its several provinces, 191. Ignorance of money, 192, 193. Statę
of their cities, 194. Temples and other publick buildings, 195.
196. Religion of, 202. Causes of the depopulation of this cours
try, 259. The small-pox very fatal there , 262. Number of In-
dian natives remaining there, 267. Description of the aquedust

for the supply of the capital city, 406. See Colonies.
Michael, St. the gulph of, in the South Sea, discovered and
named hy Balboa, i. 209. The colouy of, established by Pizarra

iii. 22.
Migrations of mankind, why first made by land, i. I.
Mind, human, the efforts of it proportioned to the wants of the

body, ii. 91.
Mines of South America, the great inducement to population , iii.

317. Some account of, ibid. Their produce, 319. The spirit
with which they are worked, 320. Fatal effe&ts of this ardor,
372. Evidence of thọ pernicious effeas of labouring in theme

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