Pet. Martyr describes many of the articles in

N. B. The Roman Numerals refer to the

Volume and the Figures to the Page,

They affert, that Cortes defrayed the gredi.
e part of the expence of fitting out the arms
Dett. But this does not agree with the accou!
0:r's fierder fortune given by Gomara, Croa
c., ard 8. Diaz, c. 20, or what I have men.
tiited Note laxi, vol. ii.



They take notice, that though confiderable
perhers were wounded in their different en-
Costers with the people of Tabasco not one of
them died, and all recovered in a short time.
Tois seems to confirm what I have observed
vo'. ii. p. 285, concerning the imperfection of
the otienfive weapons of the Americans,

They give fome account of the manners
ard inftitutions of the Mexicans. It is very
fecit, and as they had resided but a short time
in the country, and had but little intercourie
with the natives, it is both defective and ina
curate. They describe minutely, and with great
horror, the human facrifices offered by the New
xicans to their deities, and affirm that som
of their number were eye - witnesses of thole
barborous rites.

BYSSINIA, an embally sent to that country by John II. king

of Portugal, i. 72.
Acapulco, the nature of the trade carried on from thence to

Manila iii. 370. Amount of the treasure on board the ship

taken by Lord Anson 463.
Acosta, his method of accounting for the different degrees of

heat, in the old and new continents, ii. 435.
Adair, his account of the perseyering speed of the native Ame-

ricans ; ii. 456. “
Adanson, his justification of Hanuo's account of the African feas,

i. 331.
Africa, 'the western coast of, first explored by order of John 1.
king of Portugal, 'i. 53. Is discovered from Cape Non, ea
Bojador, 55. Cape Bojador doubled, 60. The countries south-
ward of the River Senegal discovered, 08. Cape of Good
Hope seen by Bartholomew Diaz, 73. Causes of the extreme
hear of the climate there, ii. II. Ignorance of the ancient

astronomers concerning, i. 332.
Agriculture, the state of , among the native Americans, ii. 111.

Two principal caufes of the defe&s of , 116.
Aguado, is sent toi Hispaniola, as a commllioner to inspeâ the

conduct of Columbus, i. 175.
Aguilar , Jerom de, is relieved from long captivity among the

Indians at Cozumel, by Fernando Cortes , ii. 246.
Albuquerque, Rodrigo', his barbarous' treatment of the lodians

of Hispaniola , i. 282.
Alcavala , in the Spanish customs, the term explained, iii. 466.
Alexander the Great, his political chara&er, i. 18. Hls motive

in' founding the city of Alexandria, 19. His discoveries in

India, 21; 22.
Alexander VI. Pope, grants to Ferdinand and Isabella of Caftile,

the right of all their western discoveries, i. 149. Sends miffio-

naries with Columbus on his second voyage, 150.
Almagro, Diego de , bis birth and chara&er, ill. 3. Affociates

with Pizarro and de Luque, in a voyage of discovery , 4. His

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They subjoin to their letter a catalogue
and description of the presents fent to the es
peror. That published by Gomara, Crop. c.
29. seems to have been copied from it, and

his treatise De Insulis nuper inventis, p. 354; &.

unsuccessful attempts, 5 feq. Is neg!e&ed by Pizarro in his Spanish
negociation, 13. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcements
to Pizarro at Peru, 33. Beg nning of diffenfions beween him
and Pizarro, 52. Invades Chili, 56. Is created governor of
Chili, and marches to Cuzco, 62 feq. Seizes Cuzco, out of the
hands of Pizarro , 64. Defeats Aivarado, and takes him pri-
foner, 65. Is deceived by the artful negociations of Francis
Pizarró , 68. is defeated by the Pizarros, 73. Is taken priso-

ner, ibid. Is tried and condeinned, 75. Is put to death, 7 6.
Almagro, che son, affords refuge to his father's' followers at

Lima , jji. 87; His cara&er, 88. Heads a conspiracy against
Francis Pizarro, 89. Pizarro, assassinated ibid, seq. Is acknowledg.:
ed as his succeflor, 91. His precarious situation , 92. Is de.

feated by Vaca de Castro, 96. Is betrayed and executed, 97.
Almajorifalgo, in the Spanish American customs, the annount af,

iii. 466.
Alvarado, Alonzo , is sent from Lima , by Francis Pizarro, with

a body of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, jii. 65.

Is takeu prisoner by Almagro, ibid, His escape , * 68. '
Alvarado, Pedro de, is left by Cortes to command at Mexico,

while he marched against Narvaez, ii. 339. He is besieged by the
Mexicans, 348. His insprudent conduet ; ibid. His expedition

to Quito in Peru , iii. 49.
Amazons, a community of, said to exist in South America, by

Prancis Orellana, iii. 84.
America, the continent of, discovered by Christopher Columbus,

i. 182. How it obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Castile
nominates two governments in, 252. The propositions offered
to the natives, 253, Ill reception of Ojeda and Nicuefia among
them 254. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 269. Rio
de Plata discovered , 280. The natives of, injuriously treated
by the Spaniards ,' 309. The vart extent of, ii. i. The grand
obje&s it presented to view , 3. The circumstances of, favolle
rable for commerce and civilization , 5. The climates of, 7.
Various causes of the peculiarity of its climates, Io. Its rude
and uncultivated state when first discovered, 13. Its animals, 17.
Its insects and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21. General account of its
foil, 22. Inquiry into the first population of, 25. Could not be
peopled by civilized vations, 32. The northern extremity of,
contiguous to Asia; 36. Probably peopled by Afiaticks, 45.
Condition and chara&ter of the native inhabitants inquired into, 47.
were inore rude than the natives of any other known parts
of the earth , 49. The Peruvians and Mexicans excepted, 50.
The first discoverers incapable of a judicious speculative exa-
mination, 51. The various systems of philosophers refpe&ing

- AS, in the Spanish American cuftoms, the amount of

Mer 14, 348. His imprudent couduđ, ibid. His expedition

rem:faes Iso governments in, 252. The propohtions offered

de pas d'orered, 280. The parives of, injurioully treated

by the Spaniards, 309. The vast exreut of, ii. 1. The grand
Jos atents and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21, General account of its
fol, 22. Inquiry into the first population of, 25. Could not h
The first discoverers is capable of a judicious fpeculative ext
injufiion, 51. The various lyftems of philosophers relpetih

liet's starpts, 5 ieg. Is negle&ed by Pizarro in his Spavič
********0. 13. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcement
to P 13 to 8t Pero, 33. Beg aning of dillenGous berween biz
**41 1179, 13. lazades Chili, 56. lo created governor of
(3., maraes to Cazco, 62 seq. Seizes Cazco, out of the
ball claro, 01. Defeats Alvarado, and takes him por
4.-21, 6;. lo deceived by the artful negociations of Francis
Party, 68. Is celesed by the Pizarros, 13. Is taken prilo-

re*. 4.6. lo tried and condeinned, 75. Is put to death, ? 5
A 19, te foa, afodo refuge to bis father's' followers as

14.' 8: His cartér, 38. Head; a conspiracy againt
Inih samo, 89. Pizarro, a Talinäred ibid, seq. is acknowledge
TARI Í cee' op, 91. His precarious fituaron , 92.
tirof , t'as de Castro, go, is betrayed and executed, $?

Is de

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!!!'nda, Ann, is sent from Lima, by Francis Pizarro, wil

. . Sy of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, i, 6;

li se poner by Almagru, ibid, His escape, "68.
4. 113'Peso de, is left by Cortes to coinmand at Pilexicon

une bewarenetapa:pft Narvaez, ii. 339. He is belieged by the

tuin, la Peru, mi. 49.
A**]rt*, 1 tsin mually of faid 10 exit in South America, bf

***14 Ore and, iii. 84.
A70:-1, te cobe'neut of, discovered by Christopher Columbuh

i 18: How He obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Castie

to lo harves, 253, lll reception of Ojeda and Nicuela amor
106 254. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 269. Big

etents i presented to view, 3. The circumstances of, favore
nabe for commerce and civilization , 5. The climates of , 14
l'orious causes of the peculiarity of its climates, 19. lis rude

and worsinrazed face when first discovered, 13. lis enimals


pe fled by civilized nations, 32. The northern extremity or

were inore rude than the natives of any other known para

the natives, 54. Method observed in the present review of
their bodily constitution and circumstances, 50, The venereal
disease derived from this part of the world. 82. Why lo thinly
juhabited, 122. The country depopulated by continual wars,
162. Cause of the extreme coldners toward the southern extremiry
of, 442. The natural uncuitivated state of the country described,
446. Bones of large extinet species of animals discovered under
ground near the banks of the Ohio, ibid. Why European animals
degenerate there, 448. Supposed to have undergone a consullive
separation from Afia, 453. Causes of the depopulation of, traced,
iii. 200. This dcpopulation not the result of any intentional
fyftem of policy. 263. for the result of religion, 200. Nuin-
ber of rhe Indian natives still remaining in Mexico, aud Pern,
267. All the Spanish dominions tliere, snbjeđed to two vice-
roys, 271. Its third viceroyalty lately eltablished; 272. Seo

Mexico , Peru, Cortes , Pizarro, &c.
Americans, native in Spanish America, their bodily conftitution

and complexion , ii. 58. Their strength and abilities, 59. Their
insensibiliry with regard to their wonen, 62, No deformities i
in their frame, 68. This circumftance accounted for, ibid. 69.
Uniformity of their colour, 71. A peculiar race of, defcribed ,
73. The Esquimaux, 76. Patagonians, 77. The existence of
Palazonian giants yet remajujng to be decided, 78. Their
diseae s, 81, The venereal disease, peculiarly theirs, 82, The
powers and qualities of their minds, 83. Are only solicitous
to supply immediate wants , 85, The art of computation, scar-
cely known to thein, 87. Have no abftra&t Ideas, 88. The
North Americans much more intelligent than those of the South,
go. Their aversion to labour, 91. Their social state, 95. Do.
mestick union. ibid. The women, 97. Their women 110ţ pro-
lifick,' 101. Their parental atfe dich and filiai duty, 103. Their
modes of subsistence , 105. Fishing, 107. Hunting. 108. Agri-
culture, 111. The various obje&s of their culture, 112. Two
principal causes of the defe&ts of their agriculture, 116. Their
want of tame animais, ibib. Their want of useful metals , 119,
Their political institutions, 121. Were divided into small inde-
pendent communities, ibid. Unacquainted with the idea of
property , 123. Their high sense of equality and independence,
125. Their ideas of fubordination imperfect, 126. To what tribes
these descriptions apply, 128! Some exceptions , 130. Florida,
I31. The Natcbez ,

The islands, 133. In Bogota,
134. Inquiry into the causes of these irregularitjes , 135. Their
art of war, 139. Their motives to hostility, 140. Causes of
their ferocity. 141. Perpetuity of their animofitics , J44. Their



(ou iguous to Alia; 36. Probably peopled by asiaticks, 4
timeca and character of the native inhabitantes inquired into, 4
of the earth, 49. The Peruvians and Mexicans excepted, 39

modes of condu&ting war, 145. Are not deftitute of courage
and fortitude, 147. Incapable of military discipline', 149.
Their treatment of prisoners, 151. Their fortitude under tor. -
ture, 152. Never eat human flesh but to gratify revenge. 156.
How the South Americans treated their prisoners, 157. Their
military education, 158. Strange method of chusing a captain,
among the Indians on the banks of the Orinoco, 159. Their
numbers wasted by continual wars, 162. Their tribes new re-
cruit their numbers by adopting prisoners, 163. Are never for-
midable in war, to more polished nations, 'T05. Their arts ,
dress , aud ornaments, 166. Their habitations, 170. Their
erms, 174. Their domestick utensils, 175. Construation of their
canoes, 176. The liflessness with which they apply to labour,
177. Their religion, 180. Some tribes altogether deftitute of
any, 183. Remarkable diversity in their religious notions, 188.
Their ideas of the immortality of the soul, 191. Their modes
of burial, 193. Why their physicians pretend to be conjurers, 195,
Their love of dancing, 199. Their immoderate passion for gaming
203. Are extremely addi&ed to drunkenpels, 204. Put their agedi
aad incurable to death, 209. General estimate of their chara&er,
210. Their intelle&ual powers, 211. Their political talents, 213.
Powers of affe&tion , 215. Hardness of heart, 216. Their ip-
sensibility, 217. Taciturnity, 219. Their cavning, 220. Their
virtues, 222. Their spirit of independence, ibid. Fortitude,
ibid. Attachment to their community, 223. Their satisfaction
with their own condition, 224. General caution with respe&
to this inquiry, 228. Two diftinguishable classes of, 230, Ex-
ceptions as to their character, 231. Their chara&eristick features
described, 454. Instances of their persevering speed, 456. An
antipathy induftriously encouraged between them and the ne-
groes in America, by the Spaniards , iii. 292. Their present
condition, 293. How taxed, 294. Stated services demanded
from them, 295. Mode of exa&ing these services, 296. How
governed, 297. Prote&tor of the Indians , his function, 298.
Reasons why so small a progress is made in their conversion,

Amerigo Vespucci published the first written account of the New

World, and hence gave name to America , i. 197. His claim

as discoverer examined, 362.
Anacoana, a female cazique of Hispaniola, her base and cruel

usage by the Spaniards , i. 236.
Andes, Atupendous height and extent of that range of mountaius,

ii. 4. Their height compared with other mountains, 433. Gon-
zx!o Pizarro's remarkable expedition over , iii. 81.

animals, large, very few found in America at its first difcovery,

ii. 18, 19.
Ancients, cause of the imperfe&ion of the art of navigation

among them, i. 5. Their geographical knowledge extremely

confined 330-336.
Arabiaus peculiarly attached to the study of geography., i. 36.
Argonauts, the expedition of, why so famous among the Greeks,

ii. 13.

Arithmetick, or computation, the art of, hardly known to the na:

tive Americans , ii. 87.
Ascolino, father, his extraordinary mission to the prince of the

Tartars, i. 42.
Asiatick discoveries made by the Rumians , ii. 38.
Aliento trade, the nature of, explained, iii. 344, 345. The frauds

in, and how piit an end to, 347.
Atahualpa, is left by his father Huascar his successor in the king-

dom of Quito , iij. 22. Defeats his brother Huascar, and usurps
the empire of Peru, 23. Sends presents to Pizarro , 25. Vi.
fits Pizarro , 29. Is perfidiouliy seized by him 31. . Agrees
with Pizarro on a ransom, 32. Is refused his liberty, 37. His
behaviour, during his confinement, 38-40. A form of tria Ibestowed
on him, 41. Is put to death, 42, 43. Comparison of authorities
relating to his transactions with, and treatment by, Pizarro,

Audience of New Spain, , board of, established by the Emperor

Charles V. ii. 427. Courts of, their jurisdi&tion, iii. 273-276.
Averia, a Spavish tax. for convoy to arid from America, when firit

imposed , jil. 407. Its rate , ibid.
Açores, those islands discovered by the Portuguese , i. 166.


cod 190, 293. How faxed, 294. Stated services demandel

Arengu le pueri published the first written account of the ser

Wod, and bence gave Dame to America, l. 197. His cilin

fedes, ftupendous height and extent of that range of mountains


Eacadacing war, 145. Are not defitute of cong
**t !*** *se, 14. lncapable of military discipline, 141
Telecament of prisoners, 151. Their fortitude under tot.
1.1. 15:. beret ear buman flesh bue to gratify revenge. 138.
tre Suda Americans treated their prisoners, 157. Their

#" clasa, 158. Serange method of chuling a captait,
an of the 12.sans on the banks of the Orinoco, 158. Their
DR e' sated by continual wars, 162. Their tribes new !"
****24 mbers by adopting prisoners, 163. Are never fora
Bein wu, to more polished parions , róz

. Their 25,
#s, ts: orsaments, 166. Their habitations, 170. The
#r21, 1*4. Teen doneffick utenlils, 175. Construktion of their
W**** 1:6. The hit e neis with which they apply to labour
ri: 1.1 SOROD. 180. Some tribes altogether dekirure si
#v, 133. Remarkable diversity in their religious notions, is
Tempus of the in mortality of the soul, 191. Their modes
4:2, 193. Why their physicians pretend to be conjurers, 19
TW.98e of dan 18, 199. Thoir immoderate pallion for gaming
:43 Arecxiesel; addided to drunkenpes, 204. Put their agte
1943.s'en derh, 209. General estimate of their charadel
310. Tles te dual powers, 211. Their political talents, 217
Pour's of secon, 215. Hardness of heart, 216. Their it.
benss, y, 217. Taciturny, 219. Their cavning, 120. Tier

Fluei, 372. Their spirit of independence, ibid. Fortize.
13.d. Atachmene to their community, 223. Their fazilatxa

thebe ? owa ccadioicp, 294. General caution with selipat
*th.s 10jan. 2:8. Two diftinguilhable classes of , 230, ÉS
def"%ds as to their shara&er, 231. Their charakteristick features
te erred, 454. fuftances of their persevering speed, 456.
18 paby industriously encouraged between tiem and the com
dies in America, by the Spaniards , iii. 292. Their preles

his function, ர

Snean them, 295. Hode of exaking these services, 299. Her
pore,ded, 293. Provedor of the Indians,
Rezous uby to mali a progress is made in their couverc,

Balboa , Vasco Nugnez de, féttles a colony at Santa Maria , in the

gulph of Darien, i. 256. Receives intelligence of the rich coun-
try of Peru, 263. His character, 266. Marches across the ifth-
mus, 267. Discovers the Southern Ocean, 269. Returns, 271.
Is superseded in his command by the appointment of Pedrarias
Davila, 272. Is fined by Pedrarias for former tranfa&ions, 274.
Is appointed lieutenant governor of the countries on the South
Sea, and marries Pedrarias's daughter, 277. Is arrested and

put to death by Pedrarias, 279,
Bark , Jesuits, a production peculiar to Peru , iii. 324.
Barrere, his desciption of the construction of Indian houses, ü.


as discoverer examined, 302,
Anko apa, a female cazique of Hispaniola, ber base and enter

yuze by the Spaniards, i. 236.
11.4. Their fieighe compared with other meuntains, 433. Gas-
to Pizarro's remarkable expedition over, iii

. 8[.

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