« ElőzőTovább »
Pet. Martyr describes many of the articles in
N. B. The Roman Numerals refer to the
Volume and the Figures to the Page,
They affert, that Cortes defrayed the gredi.
e part of the expence of fitting out the arms
Dett. But this does not agree with the accou!
0:r's fierder fortune given by Gomara, Croa
c., ard 8. Diaz, c. 20, or what I have men.
tiited Note laxi, vol. ii.
They take notice, that though confiderable
perhers were wounded in their different en-
Costers with the people of Tabasco not one of
them died, and all recovered in a short time.
Tois seems to confirm what I have observed
vo'. ii. p. 285, concerning the imperfection of
the otienfive weapons of the Americans,
They give fome account of the manners
ard inftitutions of the Mexicans. It is very
fecit, and as they had resided but a short time
in the country, and had but little intercourie
with the natives, it is both defective and ina
curate. They describe minutely, and with great
horror, the human facrifices offered by the New
xicans to their deities, and affirm that som
of their number were eye - witnesses of thole
BYSSINIA, an embally sent to that country by John II. king
of Portugal, i. 72.
Acapulco, the nature of the trade carried on from thence to
Manila iii. 370. Amount of the treasure on board the ship
taken by Lord Anson 463.
Acosta, his method of accounting for the different degrees of
heat, in the old and new continents, ii. 435.
Adair, his account of the perseyering speed of the native Ame-
ricans ; ii. 456. “
Adanson, his justification of Hanuo's account of the African feas,
Africa, 'the western coast of, first explored by order of John 1.
king of Portugal, 'i. 53. Is discovered from Cape Non, ea
Bojador, 55. Cape Bojador doubled, 60. The countries south-
ward of the River Senegal discovered, 08. Cape of Good
Hope seen by Bartholomew Diaz, 73. Causes of the extreme
hear of the climate there, ii. II. Ignorance of the ancient
astronomers concerning, i. 332.
Agriculture, the state of , among the native Americans, ii. 111.
Two principal caufes of the defe&s of , 116.
Aguado, is sent toi Hispaniola, as a commllioner to inspeâ the
conduct of Columbus, i. 175.
Aguilar , Jerom de, is relieved from long captivity among the
Indians at Cozumel, by Fernando Cortes , ii. 246.
Albuquerque, Rodrigo', his barbarous' treatment of the lodians
of Hispaniola , i. 282.
Alcavala , in the Spanish customs, the term explained, iii. 466.
Alexander the Great, his political chara&er, i. 18. Hls motive
in' founding the city of Alexandria, 19. His discoveries in
India, 21; 22.
Alexander VI. Pope, grants to Ferdinand and Isabella of Caftile,
the right of all their western discoveries, i. 149. Sends miffio-
naries with Columbus on his second voyage, 150.
Almagro, Diego de , bis birth and chara&er, ill. 3. Affociates
with Pizarro and de Luque, in a voyage of discovery , 4. His
They subjoin to their letter a catalogue
and description of the presents fent to the es
peror. That published by Gomara, Crop. c.
29. seems to have been copied from it, and
his treatise De Insulis nuper inventis, p. 354; &.
unsuccessful attempts, 5 feq. Is neg!e&ed by Pizarro in his Spanish
negociation, 13. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcements
to Pizarro at Peru, 33. Beg nning of diffenfions beween him
and Pizarro, 52. Invades Chili, 56. Is created governor of
Chili, and marches to Cuzco, 62 feq. Seizes Cuzco, out of the
hands of Pizarro , 64. Defeats Aivarado, and takes him pri-
foner, 65. Is deceived by the artful negociations of Francis
Pizarró , 68. is defeated by the Pizarros, 73. Is taken priso-
ner, ibid. Is tried and condeinned, 75. Is put to death, 7 6.
Almagro, che son, affords refuge to his father's' followers at
Lima , jji. 87; His cara&er, 88. Heads a conspiracy against
Francis Pizarro, 89. Pizarro, assassinated ibid, seq. Is acknowledg.:
ed as his succeflor, 91. His precarious situation , 92. Is de.
feated by Vaca de Castro, 96. Is betrayed and executed, 97.
Almajorifalgo, in the Spanish American customs, the annount af,
Alvarado, Alonzo , is sent from Lima , by Francis Pizarro, with
a body of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, jii. 65.
Is takeu prisoner by Almagro, ibid, His escape , * 68. '
Alvarado, Pedro de, is left by Cortes to command at Mexico,
while he marched against Narvaez, ii. 339. He is besieged by the
Mexicans, 348. His insprudent conduet ; ibid. His expedition
to Quito in Peru , iii. 49.
Amazons, a community of, said to exist in South America, by
Prancis Orellana, iii. 84.
America, the continent of, discovered by Christopher Columbus,
i. 182. How it obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Castile
nominates two governments in, 252. The propositions offered
to the natives, 253, Ill reception of Ojeda and Nicuefia among
them 254. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 269. Rio
de Plata discovered , 280. The natives of, injuriously treated
by the Spaniards ,' 309. The vart extent of, ii. i. The grand
obje&s it presented to view , 3. The circumstances of, favolle
rable for commerce and civilization , 5. The climates of, 7.
Various causes of the peculiarity of its climates, Io. Its rude
and uncultivated state when first discovered, 13. Its animals, 17.
Its insects and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21. General account of its
foil, 22. Inquiry into the first population of, 25. Could not be
peopled by civilized vations, 32. The northern extremity of,
contiguous to Asia; 36. Probably peopled by Afiaticks, 45.
Condition and chara&ter of the native inhabitants inquired into, 47.
were inore rude than the natives of any other known parts
of the earth , 49. The Peruvians and Mexicans excepted, 50.
The first discoverers incapable of a judicious speculative exa-
mination, 51. The various systems of philosophers refpe&ing
- AS, in the Spanish American cuftoms, the amount of
Mer 14, 348. His imprudent couduđ, ibid. His expedition
rem:faes Iso governments in, 252. The propohtions offered
de pas d'orered, 280. The parives of, injurioully treated
by the Spaniards, 309. The vast exreut of, ii. 1. The grand
Jos atents and reptiles, 20. Birds, 21, General account of its
fol, 22. Inquiry into the first population of, 25. Could not h
The first discoverers is capable of a judicious fpeculative ext
injufiion, 51. The various lyftems of philosophers relpetih
liet's starpts, 5 ieg. Is negle&ed by Pizarro in his Spavič
********0. 13. Is reconciled to him, 15. Brings reinforcement
to P 13 to 8t Pero, 33. Beg aning of dillenGous berween biz
**41 1179, 13. lazades Chili, 56. lo created governor of
(3., maraes to Cazco, 62 seq. Seizes Cazco, out of the
ball claro, 01. Defeats Alvarado, and takes him por
4.-21, 6;. lo deceived by the artful negociations of Francis
Party, 68. Is celesed by the Pizarros, 13. Is taken prilo-
re*. 4.6. lo tried and condeinned, 75. Is put to death, ? 5
A 19, te foa, afodo refuge to bis father's' followers as
14.' 8: His cartér, 38. Head; a conspiracy againt
Inih samo, 89. Pizarro, a Talinäred ibid, seq. is acknowledge
TARI Í cee' op, 91. His precarious fituaron , 92.
tirof , t'as de Castro, go, is betrayed and executed, $?
!!!'nda, Ann, is sent from Lima, by Francis Pizarro, wil
. . Sy of Spanlards to relieve his brothers ar Cuzco, i, 6;
li se poner by Almagru, ibid, His escape, "68.
4. 113'Peso de, is left by Cortes to coinmand at Pilexicon
une bewarenetapa:pft Narvaez, ii. 339. He is belieged by the
tuin, la Peru, mi. 49.
A**]rt*, 1 tsin mually of faid 10 exit in South America, bf
***14 Ore and, iii. 84.
A70:-1, te cobe'neut of, discovered by Christopher Columbuh
i 18: How He obtained this name, 198. Ferdinand of Castie
to lo harves, 253, lll reception of Ojeda and Nicuela amor
106 254. The South Sea is discovered by Balboa, 269. Big
etents i presented to view, 3. The circumstances of, favore
nabe for commerce and civilization , 5. The climates of , 14
l'orious causes of the peculiarity of its climates, 19. lis rude
and worsinrazed face when first discovered, 13. lis enimals
modes of condu&ting war, 145. Are not deftitute of courage
and fortitude, 147. Incapable of military discipline', 149.
Their treatment of prisoners, 151. Their fortitude under tor. -
ture, 152. Never eat human flesh but to gratify revenge. 156.
How the South Americans treated their prisoners, 157. Their
military education, 158. Strange method of chusing a captain,
among the Indians on the banks of the Orinoco, 159. Their
numbers wasted by continual wars, 162. Their tribes new re-
cruit their numbers by adopting prisoners, 163. Are never for-
midable in war, to more polished nations, 'T05. Their arts ,
dress , aud ornaments, 166. Their habitations, 170. Their
erms, 174. Their domestick utensils, 175. Construation of their
canoes, 176. The liflessness with which they apply to labour,
177. Their religion, 180. Some tribes altogether deftitute of
any, 183. Remarkable diversity in their religious notions, 188.
Their ideas of the immortality of the soul, 191. Their modes
of burial, 193. Why their physicians pretend to be conjurers, 195,
Their love of dancing, 199. Their immoderate passion for gaming
203. Are extremely addi&ed to drunkenpels, 204. Put their agedi
aad incurable to death, 209. General estimate of their chara&er,
210. Their intelle&ual powers, 211. Their political talents, 213.
Powers of affe&tion , 215. Hardness of heart, 216. Their ip-
sensibility, 217. Taciturnity, 219. Their cavning, 220. Their
virtues, 222. Their spirit of independence, ibid. Fortitude,
ibid. Attachment to their community, 223. Their satisfaction
with their own condition, 224. General caution with respe&
to this inquiry, 228. Two diftinguishable classes of, 230, Ex-
ceptions as to their character, 231. Their chara&eristick features
described, 454. Instances of their persevering speed, 456. An
antipathy induftriously encouraged between them and the ne-
groes in America, by the Spaniards , iii. 292. Their present
condition, 293. How taxed, 294. Stated services demanded
from them, 295. Mode of exa&ing these services, 296. How
governed, 297. Prote&tor of the Indians , his function, 298.
Reasons why so small a progress is made in their conversion,
Amerigo Vespucci published the first written account of the New
World, and hence gave name to America , i. 197. His claim
as discoverer examined, 362.
Anacoana, a female cazique of Hispaniola, her base and cruel
usage by the Spaniards , i. 236.
Andes, Atupendous height and extent of that range of mountaius,
ii. 4. Their height compared with other mountains, 433. Gon-
zx!o Pizarro's remarkable expedition over , iii. 81.
animals, large, very few found in America at its first difcovery,
ii. 18, 19.
Ancients, cause of the imperfe&ion of the art of navigation
among them, i. 5. Their geographical knowledge extremely
Arabiaus peculiarly attached to the study of geography., i. 36.
Argonauts, the expedition of, why so famous among the Greeks,
Arithmetick, or computation, the art of, hardly known to the na:
tive Americans , ii. 87.
Ascolino, father, his extraordinary mission to the prince of the
Tartars, i. 42.
Asiatick discoveries made by the Rumians , ii. 38.
Aliento trade, the nature of, explained, iii. 344, 345. The frauds
in, and how piit an end to, 347.
Atahualpa, is left by his father Huascar his successor in the king-
dom of Quito , iij. 22. Defeats his brother Huascar, and usurps
the empire of Peru, 23. Sends presents to Pizarro , 25. Vi.
fits Pizarro , 29. Is perfidiouliy seized by him 31. . Agrees
with Pizarro on a ransom, 32. Is refused his liberty, 37. His
behaviour, during his confinement, 38-40. A form of tria Ibestowed
on him, 41. Is put to death, 42, 43. Comparison of authorities
relating to his transactions with, and treatment by, Pizarro,
Audience of New Spain, , board of, established by the Emperor
Charles V. ii. 427. Courts of, their jurisdi&tion, iii. 273-276.
Averia, a Spavish tax. for convoy to arid from America, when firit
imposed , jil. 407. Its rate , ibid.
Açores, those islands discovered by the Portuguese , i. 166.