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• It were to be wished Mr. Tadman had explained hịs ænigma of growing three crops in the same year, and, if we do not mis. apprehend him, at the same time. It is well known, that gardeners could never make the rent of their land, if they did not contrive to have a crop constantly upon the ground ; that is, as one crop goes off, to have another to succeed. But this never can be done more than twice within the year, provided the crops fland, as the farmer's must, to maturity. We have often lamented, that the agriculturist has not availed himself, as he might often do, in this instance of the gardener's example. Indeed, there seems nothing wanting to the perfection of agriculture, but the adoption of those processes in gardening, in which the additional expence would not overbalance the encrease of profit. One noble advantage that would be reaped from such an improved mode of husbandry, would be the conftant employe - ment of the poor, which, exclusive of the national saving, would
diffusę health and happiness through the hearts of thousands that are now farving upon a parish allowance : and as scanty as this allowance is, it is to be feared it may be frequently greater than the farmer is well able to bear.
. . Now we are upon this fubject, we cannot forbear remarking the blindness, or at least the short-lighted seltil nesș, so obfervable in the farmer's conduct respecting these unfortunate ob. jects. The farmer never employs, if he can avoid it, those who are too young and feeble, or old and infirm, to do a full day's work. The consequence of this narrow policy is, that numbers of his description, having no means of fubfiftence, mult be maintained by the parith. Thus, instead of giving them a shilling to earn nine-pence, the farmer reduces himself to the necefiry of giving them fix-pence to do nothing.
DESCRIPTION of a ROYAL ENTERTAINMENT
in RUS $ I A, in the Time of P&TER the GREAT. THERE are twenty-four çooks belonging to the kitchen
1 of the Rullian court, who are all Rustians; and people of that nation use a great deal of onion, garlíck, and train-oil, in dressing their meat, and employ lintfeed and walnut-oil for their Lent provision. There is an intolerable stench in their kitchens, that no stranger is able to bear it, especially the cooks being such pasty fello:vs, that the very fight of them is enough to turn one's stomach. These are the men who on great festiyals dress seventy, eighty, or more dishes. But the fowls which A 2
are for the Czar's own eating, are often roafted by his grand marshal Alsoffiof, who is running up and down, with his apron before him, among the other cooks, 'till it is time to take op dinner, when he puts on his fine cloaths and his full-bottomed wig, and helps to serve up the dishes. The number of the people invited is commonly iwo or three hundred, thoogh there is room for no more than about one hundred, at four or five tables. But as there is no place assigned for any body, and none of the Russians are willing to go home with an empty ftomach, every body is obliged to seize his chair, and hold it with all his force, or he will have it snatched from him.'
The Czar being come in, and having chosen a place for binself, there is such scuffling and fighting for chairs, that nothing more scandalous can be seen in a country alehouse. This the Czar does not mind in the least, nor does he take care to put a stop to such disorder, pretending that the ceremony and the for. mal regulation of a marshal make company but uneasy, and Spoil the pleasure of conversation. Several foreign minifters have complained of this to the Czar, and refufed to dine any more at court. But all the answer they got was, that it was not the Czar's business to turn master of the ceremonies to please foreigners ; nor was it his intention to abolish the freedom once introduced. "This obliged ftrangers for the future to follow the Russian fashion in defending the possession of their chairs, by cuffing and boxing their opposers.
The company then fitting down to table without any manner of grace, they all fit so crouded together, that they have mach ado to lift their hands to their mouths; and if a stranger happens to fit between two Ruflians, which is commonly the cate, he is sure of losing his stomach, though he should have happened to eat nothing for two days before. Carpenters and shipwrights
sit next to the Czar; but senators, ministers, generals, priests, · Sailors, buffoons of all kinds, fit pell-mell, without any diftinc. tion. . The first course confifts of nothing but cold meats, among which are hams, dried tongues, and the like ; which not being liable to such tricks as shall be mentioned hereafter, strangers ordinarily 'make their whole meal of them, without tasting any thing else ; though, generally speaking, every one takes his dinner before-hand at home,
Soups and roasted meats make the second course, and pairy the third.
As soon as a person fits down, he is obliged to drink a cap of brandy; after which, they ply him with great glasses of adul. terated tokay, and other viçiated wines, and between whiles
with a bumper of the strongest English beer ; by which mixture of liquors, every one of the guests are fuddled before the soup is served up, . • The company, in this condition, make such a noise, racket, and hallooing, that it is imposible to hear one another, or even to hear the music which is playing in the next room, consisting of all forts of trumpets and corners, (for the Czar hates violins,) and with this revelling, noise, and uproar, the Czar is extremely diverted, particularly if the guests fall to boxing, and get bloody noses.
Formerly the company had no napkins given them; but, instead of them, they had each' a piece of coarse linen given them by a servant, who brought in a whole piece of it under his arm, and cut off half an ell for every person, which they were at liberty to carry home with them; for it had been observed, that these pilfering guests used constantly to pocket the napkins.. Bic at present two or three Russians must make shift with but one napkin, which they pull and haul for, like hungry dogs for a
Each person of the company has but one plate during dinner, so that if fome Russian does not care to mix the sauces of the different dishes together, he pours the foup that is left in his plate either into the dish, or into his neighbour's plate, or even under the table ; after which, he licks the plate clean with his fingers, and last of all wipes it with the table-cloth.
The tables are each thirty or forty feet long, and but two and a half broad. Three or four messes of one and the same course are served up to each table. The desert consists of divers forts of pastry and fruits ; but the Czarina's table is furnished with sweet-meats, : However, it is to be observed that these sweet. meats are only set out on great festivals for a shew, and that the Ruffians of the best fashion have nothing for their defert but the produce of the kitchen-garden, as pease, beans, &c. all raw.
At great entertainments, it frequently happens that no-body is allowed to go out of the room from noon 'till midnight. Hence it is easy to imagine what a pickle the room must be in, which is full of people, who drink like beasts, and none of them escape being beaitly drunk."
They often tie eight or ten young 'mice on a string, and hide them under green pease, or such loup as the Rufians have the greatest appetite to, which sets them a kecking and vomiting in a most beaitiy manner when they come to the bottom, and dilcover the trick. They often bake cat's, wolves, ravens, and the Jike, in their paltics; and when the company have eat them up, they tell them what stuff they have in their guts. The present
- butler is one of the Czar's buffoons, to whom he has given the name of Witaschi, with this privilege, that if any body else calls him by that name, he has leave to drub them with his wooden sword. If, therefore, any body, upon the Czar's setting them on, calls out Witalchi, and the fellow does not know exactly who it is, he falls a beating them all round, begiacing with the prince Mentzikoff, and ending with the laft of the company, without excepting even the ladies, whom he trips of their head-cloaths, as he does the old Russians of their wigs, which he tramples upon. On which occasion it is pleasant
enough to see the variety of their bald pates. · Besides this employment at entertainments, Witaschi is allo
surveyor of the ice, and executioner for tortoring people, on - which occafion he gives the knout himself, ; and his dexterity in this business has already procured him above 30,000 thalers, the fixth part of the confiscated estates being his perquifitę.
A course at a Lent entertainment.
Filh Pasty. Codlins four, or Crabs.
Raw Onions A Pike with fix Blackberries with Perches unboiled,
Hazel-Nats. • Vinegar.
as they are taken
out of the Pickle. Currier.
Raw Carrots, Baked fish, cold.
Raw green Pease. · Turnips.
Horse-Beans. Rye-Ears, parched or fried. ( Cucumbers.
REFLECTIONS upon the LIFE and DEATH of EDWARD
DRINKER, of the City of Philadelphia, who died on the 176 of November, 1782, in the one hundred and third Year of bis Age. Written by a very ingenious literary Gentleman of that City, for the Amusement of a LADY. PDWARD DRINKER was born on the 24th of Decem. ber, 1680, in a small cabin near the present corner of
Walnut and Second streets, in the city of Philadelphia. His parents came from a place called Beverly, in Maffachösett's-Bay. The banks of the Delaware, on which the city of Philadelphia now ftands, were inhabited at the time of his birth by Indians, and a few Swedes and Hollanders. He often talked to his com: panions of picking huckle-berries, and catching rabbits on spots now the most populous and improved of the city. He recollected the second time William Penn came to Pennsylvania, and used to point to the place where the cabin food, in which he and his friends that accompanied him were accommodated upon their arrival. At twelve years of age he went to Boston, where he ferved his apprenticeship to a cabinet-maker. In the year 1945 he returned to Philadelphia with his family, where he lived Prill the time of his death. He was four times married, and had eighteen children, all of whom were by his first wife. At one time of his life he sat down at his own table with fourteen chil. dren. Not long before his death, he heard of the birth of a grand-child to one of his grand-children, the fifth in succession from him felf.
He retained all his faculties 'till the last year of his life : even his memory, so early and so generally diminished by age, was but little impaired. He not only remembered the incidents of his childhood, or youth, but the events of later years; and so faithful was his memory to him, that his son informed me that he never heard him tell the same story twice, but to different persons, and in different companies,
[It is remarkable, that the incidents of childhood and youth are seldom remembered or called forth 'cill old age. I have been fometimes led from this, and other circumstar.ces, to suspect that nothing is ever loft that is lodged in the memory, however it may be buried for a time by a variety of causes. How often do we find the tranfactions of early life, which we had reason to fuppose were loft for ever from the mind, revived by certain accidental lights, or sounds, particularly by certain notes of airs in mufic. I have known a young man speak French Auently when drunk, that could not put two fentences together of the fame language when sober. He had been taught, when a boy, perfe&tly, but had forgotten it from disuse. The countess I
was nursed by a Welch woman, from whom the Jearned to speak her 'language, some words of which, tho' foon forgot after ihe had acquired the French, which was her mother tongue, in the delirium of a fever, many years afterwards, she was heard to mutter, which none of her family or attendants understood. An old Welch woman came to see her, who foon perceived that the founds which were so unintelligible