stream, constitutes one of those fine beauties which partake of the mi lancholy and romantic. Such, indeed, are the charms of its luxuriant branches, that, when properly situated, it is of itself an enchanting picture. Beautiful as are all the features of a modern garden, I should not hesitate to allot the first place in an estimate of horticultural graces to the weeping-willow. The weeping birch is at all times pleasing, and a most delightful ob. ject in winter. Observe yonder tall stem, rising from the interftices of a craggy rock, covered with a rind, white and glofly like silver, and drooping with ten thousand fine twigs, so atten. nuated as to appear almost capillary. View it when sprinkled with hoar frost, or with snow, and if you have a soul capable of being charmed with natural beauty, you will be sensibly affected at the fight with a sweet complacency. An old oak is not often found in our gardens, becaule of its tardy vegetation ; but whenever it appears in them, it produces all the cffect of grace. ful majesty, and one may contemplate it for hours with stiil new delight. The delicate acacia, the conical poplar of Lombardy, the flowery chesnut, the soft lime, the elegant mountain alh, the aspiring fir, the glossy laurel, these all form fo various and de. lightful pictures, that while I am permitted to expatiate over the lawn, and penetrate the mazes of the wood and garden, I fall not repine that it is not my lot to faunter in the pi&ture galleries of a palace.

The taste for plantation prevails greatly in this country, and it ought to be encouraged, as it is a never failing source of plea. sure to the planter, and of improvement to the community. But it is to be hoped, that while we plant the tree for ornament, we thall not forget to drop the acorn, and raise that heart of oak which bears an analogy to the bravery of the people, and has ever been to this land, et prasidium et decus, “ both a bulwark and a beauty.”

ON SL A VERY. NUMBER VIII. T HE Monthly Reviewers, for May 1772, speaking of a

pamphlet written by Tho. Thompson, M. A. entitled, « The African Trade for Negro Slaves shewn to be consistent with principles of humanity, and with the laws of revealed religion," say,

* We must acknowledge that the branch of trade, here una der consideration, is a species of traffic which we have never been able to reconcile with the dictates of humanity, and much less with those of religion. The principal argument in its be


half feems to be the neceflity of fuch å resource, in order to carry on the works in our plantations, which we are told it is otherwise impoflible to perform. But this, though the orgency of the case may be very great, is not by any means fufficient io joftify the practice. There is a farther confideration which has a plausible appearance, and may be thought to carry some weight ; it is, that the merchant only purchafes those who were flaves before, and poffibly mày, rather than otherwise, reader their situation more tolerable. But it is well known that the lo: of our slaves, when moft favourably confidered, is very hard and miferable ; besides which, such a trade is taking the advantage of the ignorance and brátality of unenlightened nations, who are encouraged to war with each other for this very purpose, aod it is to be feared are sometimes tempted to feize those of their own tribes or fanrilies, that they may obtain the hoped-for ad vantage."

66 Natural rights, such as life and liberty, receive no atči. tional strength from municipal laws, nor has any human legisla. ture power to abridge or deltroy them, unless the owner commits fome act that amounts to a forfeiture.”

I. Blackstone's Commentaries, 54. . Is it poffible for a man to have a natural right to make a slave of himself, or of his posterity ? What man is, or ever was, born free, if every man is not? Can a father fuperfedé the laws of nature ? Is not every man born as free by nature as his father?"

I. American Tracts, by Oris, 4. [To be continued occasionally.]

REFLECTIONS. T T is pure hypocrisy in a man of quality to decline the place I'due to his rank: it costs him nothing to take the lovet seat, when he is sure the highest will be pressed upon him. Modefty Thews great resignation in thofe of middle rank : if they throw themselves among the croud, if they take up with a difadvantageous situation, they are sure to remain there; they may be squeezed to pieces, there is no mortal to take notice of them.

He who is flowest to promise, is the quickest to perform.

Few accidents are so unhappy, but may be mended by prodence ; few so happy, but may be ruined by imprudence.

Over-wary prudence is an invincible obstruction to great and hazardous exploits.

It betokens as great a soul to be capable of owning a fault, as to be incapable of committing it.

Manner in which the Prince of Asturias spends the Day. L E rises at five o'clock in winter and at four in summer, and IT reads tracts upon the political government, trade, manufactures, agriculture, forces, revenues, &c. of the different countries in Europe, for three hours. He does this with a pen in his hand, making large extracts and memorandums in his commonplace books; and queries for further information and explanation, when he meets an opportunity of being resolved. This course of reading, which he has pursued for some years, furnishes him with those numerous questions which he puts daily to the foreign ambassadors, about their respective countries.. He then breakfasts, and always has some men of knowledge in useful purfuits, or of literature, with him at that meal, but never more than three. Between breakfast and dinner he spends without his palace, either in riding into the country, reviewing his regiment, seeing some manufacture or farm, or making enquiries into objects that cannot come to him ; also in visiting people that can give him information, which he does without any regard to their rank. There are fix covers on his table at dinner, to which all forts of people are invited ; and where a mixture of grandees and manufacturers, knights of the golden fleece and farmers, will meet, that never met before ; but very feldom will any fashionable empty-headed fellow of the ton find admittance, and when he accidentally does, the conversation is such as proves a bore to him. The evening is spent in pleasure, in company, conversation, and music, but gives way to the same business as the day, if any thing calls for attention. He every year makes the tour of one province, viewing it with the greatest care and attention, and making innumerable enquiries and memorandums. All who have marked the life of this prince, assure themfelves, that he will make one of the greatest kings that ever mounted a throne.


A Very curious and valuable library, sometime since being on

sale, among the rest a manuscript book was put up, the performance of a late eminent hand. To enhance the price, and stimulate the company to purchase it, the auctioneer told them, that, besides the originality, it had the additional advantage of an opinion concerning it, written in a blank leaf, by one of the most distinguished fages of the law ; but he must beg to be excused the producing it, till after it hould be sold.--This

Vol. II. 51.

4 F


took so well with the literati, that they advanced on one another until it was knocked down at a very considerable price, to a learned gentleman, who was determined to have it at any rate. When it was delivered to him, so eager was the expectation and impatience of the company to read the opinion, that the por. chafer, for fear of being crouded to death, read aloud chefe words : “ Mem. I have carefully perused this book, and do pronounce it worth-not one fiogle farthing."


T HE diversion of hunting in Praflia was at one time as pre

1 valent as in other countries; and as sportsmen feldom attend to any thing but their own convenience and divertion, the farmers and peasants accordingly received great damage, withoct ever being reimbursed for their loffes, or, as they fuppofod, daring to complain. The king being himself one time spoa one of these rural excurfions, when he arrived at a little diftrid Dear Caftrin, he found the lands fallow, and lying entirely bar. ten: he enquired of his courtiers the reason of fo fine a spoe lyieg ancultivated, but they were either strangers to the reafon, or at leaft pretended to be fo: he took the pains the next day to go to the same place, where meeting a peafant on the road, and demanding the reason, the man replied, that the spot be enquired into was formerly one of the moft fertile in Germany, but that being a receptacle for game, hares, &c. the neighbouring nobility and gentry did the farmers fo much injury, which they refused to pay any compenfation for, that the people, tired out by losses, left it, and went to other parts of the country, many of them ruined by their ill-fuccefs. The confequence of this was, the King broke up bis own hunt, and also forbid that exercise o amusement to be practised in future, without permition for that purpose; faying, that in his dominions private diverticas should ever give way to public inconveniencies. -Verbum jat.


THE Doctor had been sent for by the duke of Northumber

land to breakfast with him, with a view of being introduced to his grace as an object of his literary patronage. He accordingly attended at the appointed hour, and was thewn isto a room to wait till his grace, who was not firring, fhould be ready to receive him. Honelt Oliver, conscious that in the list of his numerous excellencies, promptitude of speaking did not ftand conspicuous in the catalogue, had provided å fet speech to be addressed to the duke the moment he was presented to him, and employed him felf in conning this prepared harangue in the interval that took place previous to his introduction. In the mean time, his grace, a little reluctant to detain a literary man in the state of expectation, sent his valet down ftairs to inform the doctor, that he would wait upon him with all posible expedition. As soon as Goldsmith faw the valet, not doubting from the finery of his exterior appearance that it was the duke himself, he began with that non-cbalance which so much characterized him, to pronounce his oration, and had actually finished it, when the servant informed him, “Sir, my matter will be with you prefentiy." The doctor was fo much abaihed at his mistake, that when he was actually presented, he had not a word to say. He had thrown away his ready-made eloquence, and was not enough of an oracor to devise a fuccedaneum ; and as may therefore be easily supposed, did not add much to the impression made upon his patron from his literary exertions by the agreeableness of his personal demeanor.

Answer, by 7. H. of Shaftesbury, 10 S. M. O.'s enigmatical List of

African Cities, inserted November 10.

1. Morocco.

6. Loando. 2. Algiers.

7. St. Salvador, 3. Tunis.

8. Alexandria. 4. Tripoli.

9. Rosetta. 5. Great Popo. 10. Grand Cairo. afo We have received the like answer from Tano, of Bristol.

Answer, by a Conftant Reader, 10 Tyro's Enigma, inserted

November 3.

A Dull genius I am, yet with ease can dcfine, N No course runs so constant, no pace swift as TIME; Be wise, then, ye mortals; it husbatd with care ; A jewel so precious commend to the fair ; Improve the bleft moments whilst now in your prime, Nor in crifles e'er waste such a treasure as TIME. 4 F 2

171 We

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