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as if at a distance. * The sound seemed to approach me; and when it was greateft, the bed rocked and shook so much, that I could scarcely keep my feat. I could have no doubt of its be ing an earthquake, and instantly looked at my barometer, which is of Mr. De Luc's construction ; it stood at 23. 37 inches. At. tached thermometer 65 degrees. The barometer had been flae tionary nearly for the three preceding days, and did not seem to be affected with the shock. The morning was remarkably fine, and not a single cloud to be seen. Two of my lifters, and a gentleman, were walking upon the terrace in the garden, by the fide of a wall: they all perceived the noise, at first as if at a great distance ; but when it was greatest, they perceived the wall to shake, though they did not observe any agitation under their feet. As they were walking, and observed the spot when they first heard the found, and the spot they came to when it ceased; I was enabled to ascertain iis duration pretty exactly, and find it to have been from fifteen to eighteen seconds. Its course was nearly from south-east to north-west. Some other persons in our house perceived a double ihock; and this has beez observed by many, who felt it in other places.
It was felt at Flint, by Mrs. Seaman and her daughter, who observed the cups rattled upon the saucers as they sat at breakfaft. Mr. Pennant's famíly, at Downing, fancied that an empty waggon was coming into the back sourt, which is paved. "k was strongly felt at Llonrwst by the whole town, and part of a Itone-wall was 'Aung down. At Carnarvon, (which is in the fame' parallel of latitude as this place, 53 degrees 10 minutes;) the thock was very flight. It was perceived in many places about Conway, but not at all by any one in town. Sir Hugh Williams felt it very strongly at his house near Beaumaris. At cur friend Mr. Davies's, in tilat town, a door clapped back'wards and forwards several times ; and at lord Bulkeley's feze, - Boron hill, the family were much alarmed, it was so violent. It was strongly felt at Holyhead ; and at an eminent folicitor's, in the island of Anglesey, the deks before several clerks in his office shock so, that they could not write. It was ftrongly pet. ceived at Nir. Fitzmaurice's, at Lleweny-Hall, in the vale of Clwyd, and in several other places in that vale. All the pro niniula in Carnarvonshire, called Llun, surrounded by St. George's Channel, was shook very much..
There have been iwo mocks since this I have been describing. Mr. Pennant , felt one, but I was not sensible of either. The
i' "times **** This house is built upon the side of a rock'; 'and my bed-chamber, 'thougli rip two pair of stairs, is on a ground-floor. The floor is not inore than onc foot from the solid rock in my bed-cbambet.
times it was felt at differ very much, on account of the variations in the several dia's from whence the clocks are regulated ; but I am very exact as to my own time, having the day preceding the earthquake, and that very dar, ascertained my time by equal altitudes, taken with one of Nir. Bird's astronomical quadrants of one foot radius.
As every phænomenon of this kind is interesting, you may, perhaps, wish to communicate this account to the Royal Society; which you are welcome to do, if you think it worth the attention of so illustrious a body.
,. I have the honour to be, &c.
Defeription of the Country round Annapolis Royal, and on St.
John's River, in Nova Scotia ; taken from a Letter written by the Agents for the Loyalists, who removed to that Country laft Autumn, and for such others as intend Jertling there, to
other Agents now in New-York. D AVING never heard from you, nor any of our friends 11 in New-York, we enclose a copy of our's to you on the forft of November last, left the original may have miscarried. Since that period, our cime has been employed in exploring the lands, to fix on places for settlements. We find in the vicinity of this place, a township called Conway, extending from the balon to St. Mary's bay. This is, in general, very good upland, the timber birch, beech, maple, some fir and spruce, a lictle white pine, E66. The soil is deemed very good: some settlers are already upon it, under colonel Franklin, whose right in the township will probably be retained, as having complied with the grant; the residue escheated. This land will produce wheat, Indian corn, hemp, flax, barley, oats, &c. and exceed. ing good pasture, as well as mowing, after it is well cultivated. Great quantities of fish may be taken; and it is very handy to the cod fishery in the bay, which might be carried on to great advantage.
The harbour in Annapolis balon is a fine one, accessible at all times of the year, never frozen, nor scarce any impediment from ice. It has also another good harbour in St. Mary's bay : fih and clams in abundance, and plenty of wild fowl : there are allo about four hundred acres of marsh land, which will answer for mowing immediately. These marth lands are much valued in this country, not only for the support of cattle until the upJand can be brought to, but, when dyked, produces excellent H 2
crops of Indian corn, wheat, fax, barley, &c. - The obArve. tions to settling this part of the country are hard labour, and being exposed to American whale boats: the first is incident to all countries which are well simbered, and neither improved nor cleared : the last must be prevented by uniting for defence, or some measures which we mentioned to the general, and (we think) he will adopt.-There is also a large tract of land be. tween Annapolis and Conway, (perhaps enough for a township:) which is ungranted.
The St. John is a fine river, equal in magnitqde to the Con. necticut or Hudson. At the mouth of the river is a fine har. bour, accesible at all seasons of the year, never frozen or ob. fructed by the ice, which breaks in passing over the falls. Here stands Fort Howe, two leagues north of Annapolis gut. This fort effectually secures the harbour and the passage up the river. Half a mile above the falls, at a narrow pass in the river, the falls are very curious, and deserve a particular description. A! low water the descent is several feet down the stream, and a high water several feet up stream. The tides in the bay of Fundy rise and fall from thirty to fixty feet. Were it not for the falls, the whole country up the river would be deluged by the tides.
The falls obftruét the tides up the river, to Tach a degree, that the water rises but one foot and a half above the falls, and rises about as high as that seventy or eighty miles up; it is da vigable for vessels of seventy or eighty tons börthen, for about eighty miles up the river, and for boats much farther; extend ing, as we are told, three hundred miles : its course being for : confiderable distance parallel to the river St. Lawrence, this sout is frequently taken to Quebec, across the country : 113 about five hundred miles from Fort Howe." . There are many settlers along this river, upon the interval land. They are chiefly poor people, who come here and get their living easily. The interval lies on the river, and is a mo fertile soil, annually manured by the overflowings of the river, and produces crops of all kinds, with little labour ; and vege tables in the greatest perfection ; parsnips of great length, or, They cut down the trees, burn the tops, and put in a crop of wheat or Indian corn, which yields a plenciful encreafe. There intervals would make the finest meadows. The up lands pro. duce what both of the summer and winter kinds, as well as itt: dian corn. Here are some ivealthy farmers, having Aocks of cattle. The greater part of che people, excepting the townhip of Maggerville, are tenants, or feated on the bank without leare: merely to get their living. For this reason they have not more
fuch improvements as might otherwise have been expected, or as thorough farmers would have done. The township of Gage pleased us much, it being most convenient to build upon, abound. ing with interval, and having up-land adjoining. The people now here, formed their settlements on the interval land. Once in a year the river overflows its banks, and obliges them to go in canoes to their barns to feed their cattle. The thawing of the snow, in an extensive back country, occafion's the freshets, which in the first place clears the river of ice. These freshets would, in their turn, deluge the country, were they not prevented by lakes which connect with the river, and serve as re. servoirs to contain the water until it can be evacuated by the falls. One of the lakes extends fifteen leagues, and is in breadth like a sea : this is called the Grand Lake; it produces coal, and is a fine salmón fishery : other parts of this river abound with salmon, as well as fhad and herring in their season. Immenfe quantities of lime-stone are found at Fort Howe, and at the mouth of the river. ''
We also went up the Kennebeccafias; a large branch of St. John's river, where is a fine tract of interval and up-land, which has never been granted : it is under a reserve, but we can have it. Major Studholm and captain Baxter, who explored the country, chose this place, and obtained a grant of nine thoufand acres.
On each side of this grant are large tracts of good lands, coavenient for navigation. A title for these lands may be procured sooner than for such as have already been granted ; such as Gage, Conway, &c. which must be obtained by a regular procels in the court of efcheats.
The lands on the river St. John are also sufficiently near the cod fishery in Fundy bay, and perfectly fecure against the Indians and Americans.
The inhabitants are computed to be near one shousand men, able to bear arms. Here is a county and coa t established, and the inhabitants at peace, and seem to experience no inconveni. ency from the war.
This land will produce apples, pears, cherries, pumpkins, Squalhes, melons, and all kinds of vegetables, as all parts of the province also will:
In many places are fine orchards, which produce considerable quantities of cyder."
The climate is not so very different as one would naturally imagine. The people at each of the places mentioned, are , very fond of our settling among them.
This country furnishes plenty of moose, carriboo, (supposed to be the same as the rein deer,) bears, some foxes, beavers, martins, sables, minks, otters, &c.
We have written to Mr. Bulkeley, secretary of the province, judge of escheats, pointing out for our settlers the township of Gage, Conway, and that granted to Amesbury, as well as the ungranted lands on the Kennebeccafias, the St. John, and the tract between Annapolis and Conway.-Our answer is agree. able, viz. that the process of escheats Should proceed as fast as possible.
Some of our people chuse Conway, others give the preference to St. John's. We wish to have the earliest account of the number of persons who will probably come in the spring : ei. ther of the places mentioned will answer, well. :: Our people, who came with us, are settled here for the win. ter ; some in the fort, fome in the town, and others extend up 10 Annapolis river near twenty miles, having made terms with the inhabitants :-some are doing well, others are living on their provisions : their behaviour is as orderly and regular as we could expect ; indeed, more so than might be apprehended, confidering their fituation : they are healthy ; none have died fince leaving New-York, except' the wife of one Mr. Clinton, and · William Jenkins, taylor, both of hectic disorders.
We are, er
ANECDOTES of the late MR. POWELL, in a Letter addrified
to the Printer of the Bury Post, T HE conduct of the late Mr. Powell having lately been a
I topic of much conversation, and as every method has been used to prevent the appearance of any account in the Log. don papers, but what has been exceedingly partial, the follow. ing particulars may not be uninteresting to your readers.-- His education was such as qualified him for a compting-house, but he had no knowledge of classical learning. In what manner his youthful days were ipent, I am ignorant ; nor do I know any thing of his pursuits previous to his being a teller at Drury. Lane theatre, the small falary of which (12s. per week) was all his support. At this time his lodgings were at Parson's Green,
* A person who acts as a check upon the door-keepers of the playhouse, by counting the number of people in the hoofe, which he des from a small box, conveniently situated for that purpose,