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man, has raised a blush of anger in the person addressed, while the aukward, low bow of another, has given him very high pleasure. In the Court of Requefts the minister is most farioully bowed to, and knows the reason why such worship is paid him ; and if a place or pension has not been obtained by such obequinuiness, no person ever loft one by it. Happy is the man, who, at a levee, can gain a glance from his lord ship, and the return of a smile for that perpetual homage which is paid him by bowing and cringing.
I have sometimes not been able to contain from laughter, when two people, who I knew had not the least eiteem for each other, were unexpectedly surprized into an exchange of bows. I have at other times noted the hypocrify of custom, and have known two men off with their bats, shake hands, talk together some time very familiarly, and, the moment they parted, her disgust and contempt of each other in their looks. -I saw very lately, fomewhere near St. Paul's, a decent look. ing taylor pay his dutiful respects, in a low bow, to a Scotch nabob, who received the salute with great seeming pleasure, and asked after the wife and the bajras; but, the momenr the saluter turned his back, I heard the nabcb say to his well-dreiled companion, “ D-n the scoundrel, what buliness had he to take potice of me!"
.I baye ae cimes noted the difficulties attending the meeting of fome, who had been at a public-house, perhaps only once or twice together, and stand, when they met in the streei, as if doubtful who should pull off the hat firit.
I will conclude this letter on bowing, with the story of two old fplenetic fellows I formerly was acquainted with. They were men of particular humour, who accidentally met at a cofa tee-house, and read the news : though, they were both proudly reservedl, yet, by being together pretty frequently at the same place, they knew not how to be unmannerly with any thew of reason. When they met, they could not tell how to be civil with uniformity : one put bis band to his hat only, the other had his half of.' This unnatural and aukward complailincs laited a contiderable time : at last one of them broke through the contraint : “ Sir; (faid he,) you and I are bot bad cour. - tiers; we are not like the rest of the world; pray, let us pot an end to our bows, and fair bows: from this time forth, let us be as good frien's as ever, but never exchange hars." ~ With. all my heart, (laid the otier,) I came out this very morning with an in tention to propose the same to you." . I am, Sir, your's,
On planting BARREN LANDS with WOOD, . . [From Papers published by the Bath Agriculture Society.) v. .. A MONG all the improvements which a lover of his coun:
I try would naturally wish to see take place, there are none which seem to want, or to merit encouragement, more than that of planting barren foils and waste lands with wood. One principal cause of this improvement having made a power progress than many others, is, that the firit expence is considerable, and the profits, although certain in the end, are remote ; and therefore I have for several years wished to see your premiums encreased on this article. • As I have had confiderable plantations in my time, and always found the future profits, as well as the present pleasure attending it, to exceed my expectations, I do not offer my advice on an uncertain theory, but know. wbat I take the liberty of recommending to you. • There are three kinds of land usually termed barren ; and with refpect to almost every purpose but that of planting, they are, and must remain so, unless an expence, greater than most people chufe to be at, be fubmitted to in improving them. . The first kind is mere fand. This foil, unless there is clay or marle at a few feet depth under it, (as is the case in the weit part of Norfolk, aboor Thetford and Brandon,) will pay better by being planted with Scotch firs and larches, than any thing else ; especially if, in making the plantations, å little clay or marle be mixed with the land in the holes where cach tree is planted; and this may be done at a small expence.. · Thele trees will grow here very well. I have known several large plantations, where the soil has been fo perfectly sandy, that there was not grass enough to keep one sheep on an acres and yet, after being planted twenty years, there have been two thousand trees on an acre, worth at the lowest estimate is. each as they food. A few acres of such land, thes planted, would be a pretty fortune for the younger branches of a family...
The second kind is boggy, or wet moors, which are fome. times so fituated, as not to be drained without too great an expence. Wherever this is the case, fuch foils may be planted to greater advantage, as Mr. Fletcher, in his letter on this fab. ject, has jully remarked. Ath for poles, or copfing, will thrive here beyond expectation ; and alders, with several fpecies of ibe fallow tribe, will grow rapidly, and, in twenty years after plant. ing, pay a profit of three pounds per acre per annam for the whole time. The expence attending it is confined almost wholly.
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to the first five or fix years ; for, after that sime, little more is required than to keep up the fences, and the profit is certain.
The third foil on which planting answers better than any thing else, is barren rocky hills, which canno: be plowed 01 account of the stones lying level with the surface, or growing above it. 'In such places there are numerous little clefts or El fures in the rocks, filled with veins of earth to a cont.derable depth, which the roots of trees will follow, and find fuficient nourishment in. Many instances of this may be found in the counties of Somerset, Gloucester, and Dorset, where the wila doin of our forefathers induced them to try the experiment. On the north slope of Mendip hills, in particular, (a fituation as unfavourable as moft, on account of its being a bed of rocks, exposed to the bleak north and east winds, we see beautiful woods, of large extent, hanging over the parishes of Comptoomartin, Ubley, Blagdon, Hutton, and Churchill. In these woods, although the timber is not large, the growth of the pol. lard trees and cople wood must every cwelye years bring in code fiderable sums to the owners, although the land, for any other purpose, would not be worth is. an acre,
In planting barren mountainous ftuations, full of fone, no particular directions can be given as to the number of trees per acre, for you must follow the veins of earth where they are deepest ; but, in general, plant as thick as you can, for this will best prevent the bad effects of tempestuous winds, by the interior parts being sheltered from them.
In these situations in termix Scotch firs, which will secure les hardy trees from the fury of the winds, especially if a double row of them form the boundary. As the surfaces of such places are mostly craggy and uneven, be careful to plant your trees in the little hollows, for two reafons ; first, becagse there is mok earth and moisture; and secondly, because in these cavities the plants will, while young, be moft sheltered from the winds. Fear not to plant too thick; for, as the plants encrease in tize and hardiness, you may thin them at pleasure, and the wood will pay for the labour. • Your young plants should be raised in a fituation as fimilar as possible to that where you intend they should continue; for, it they are transplanted out of a rich warm nursery, it would prove their destruction. As there is seldom sufficient depth of tuil among the rocks to receive long tap-roots, the plants which alturally have them, should be cut off when they are firit tasca from the feed-beds, and planted in the nursery. By treatiog them in this manner, although their vigour will be checked for the first year or two, until they have sent forth a number of 1**
teral roots, they will recover their strength, and prove equally thrifty with others. I ts
These plantations may be made with beech, birch, oak, alh, fycamore, and black poplar ; always observing to place the ten. derelt trees in the least: exposed situations, where they are sheltered from north and east winds. In places where the soil is very thin, raise little hillocks about the young plants, which will greatly encourage their growth. . In fuch bleak fituations, plant as late in the spring as you can with safety. April is a month in which it may be expected the moit stormy weather is over, and all ihe kinds of trees.I have mentioned may be safely planted at that time. But your nurfery, should always be near the spot you intend to plant, or else the roots of your young trees will get dry, and their buds be Tubbed off in carriage.' i During the first three months after planting, they should fre. quently be examined, and the earth made fast about their roots, otherwise they will be loosened by the winds ; but, after that time, they will have put forth new roots, sufficient to hold them secorely. I will : The upright English elm, and the wich elm, may also be properly introduced in these fituations ; for they are hardy trees, and, when once rooted, grow well on rocky fóils. The timber of the latter is very valuable for naves of carriage wheels, and boring for water-pipes.
If oaks, chesnuts, or beech, or indeed any other tree that fheds its leaves in winter, grow crooked, make incisions with the point of a knife, from top to bottom of the hollow, part. This will occasion the tree to encrease in bulk more in those parts than in any other; and by this simple, easy method, I have known many a crooked tree grow straight and handsome.
Copy of a Letter from FANNY MORGAN to Miss Dyer, of
Court Henry, Carmarthenshire,
My dear MADAM, T HAVE been so accustomed to your mamma's indolence, and 1 extreme ease about breaking a promise, when there is no sin in the case, that I was very lit:le surprized at her not writing ; but I kaow not how to account for you, whom I expected to find more punctual. Has London such charms as to make you for
get Thisby, † lö, t Primrose, s. I will not believe it ; and as it is the firit taukt I can charge you with, I will pafs it over with great indulgence, and proceed to inform you of some particulars of your above-named friends in the cogntry. Tbilby, for the firit week, was not to be comforted; the took pofleffiod of your chamber, where the indulged a kind of fulled grief, and could be prevailed with to touch nothing but a little warm mik, prepared for Betsey. The following week she gave birth to three foas and a daugbter, of whom she became fo excelsively fond, that I have reaion to believe your absence pever occurred to her. But, alas ! he has already been deprived of her foas : Polly, who has the good of her country at heart, and from whole decree Thiiby could nor appeal, thought proper to fend them all to sea, leaving estirely to their choice whar voyage to take, or what course to fleer. Whether they will be the better for the Spanish was, time only can discover. Thilby's care is now confined to her daughter, with wham Ahe países her whola time ; and of fo little importance is the to the volgar aeighbourhood, that I am the only person who has visited her on this occasion.-As for lö and Primrose, if they are under any concern for their absent mitress, they are prudent enough to conceal it ; to me they seem to enjoy the green pastures with the mod infolting plealure. But of all your favourites, none is in deeper despair than poor Robin Redbreaft. I was yeterday in the grova that overhangs Court Henry, and, among a variety of exquisite musicians, I could observe Robin, at fome dittance, exprels bin. Eelf as follows:
YE birds, who chearful on the spray,
Your wonted airs prolong,
Nor add his artiess fong.
As Hebe's favourite bird,
My simple notes preterr'd.
Not one to bless'd as I,
Nor lark that foars so bigh.
Secarely + favourite little bitch. A cow. $ A little horfc.