namental'as well as usefal articles of Birmingham manufacture, such as buckles, watch-chains, &c. also Sheffield manufactures, materials for coach-makers, sadlers, and opholfterers; medicinal drugs, steel in bars, books, linens, fail.cloth, paper and sta. tionary ; laces, printed callicoes, and other printed goods ; flks, lalt from Europe ; tea, and Falt-India goods in general; falt-petre and gun-powder, lawns, thread, hemp, wine, brandies, Geneva, oil, raisins, figs, olives, and other fruits, and cambrics. The principal part, at least foar fifths of them, were at all times provided on credit. "The American fta.es are in greater want of credit at this time than at former periods. It can be had only in Great Britain. The French, who gave them credit, are all bankrupts.. French merchants in general cannot give much credit ; many principal commercial houses in France have been ruined by it. The Dutch in general have not trusted the Americans,t and will not : it is not their custom to give credit, but on the best security. It is therefore obvious, from this circumfance, and from the above state of imports, into what channels the commerce of the Ame. rican state's most inevitably flow, and that nearly four fifths of their importations will be made from Great Britain directly: Where articles are nearly equal, the foperior credit given by England will always give the preterence ; and, it is probable, many foreign articles will go to America thiough Great Britain, as formerly, on account of the difficulty the American inerchant would find in retorting to every quarter of the worid to Cullect a cargo.

+ Those who did, are bankrupts. '


Derby, September 3, 1783. THE mortality among the horned catile in this neighbour

1 hood having spread a general alarm through the country, I Mall be obliged to you to give the tollowing account of the circumitances of it a place in your Weckly Entertainer, with the subsequent observations.

Sir, your's, &c.


* ABOUT a fortnight ago, Francis Kinfey, of Melborne, loft a cow, as was supposed, by a quinfey. The flesh of this cow


was taken to the kennels at Caulk, except the head, and a dog there was observed to carry a large piece of it amongit the Cows, who were seen to smell of it in a circle, as is the caiton of those animals, when they see raw flesh or blood on the ground.

Two or three of these cows of Sir H. Harpar became ill in three or four days, and died in about twenty-four or twenty-leven huurs from the time they were observed to abate in the quantity of their milk, or to appear drooping. Sir H. Harpur was unfortunately advised to have all his other cattle blooded and purged : these have dropped off, day after day, fince that time : fixteen of them are dead ; the last was buried whole on Tuel. day morning.

The hides of the two or three first which died (before the dif ease was supposed to be infectious), were carried to a tan-yard ar Repton, Mr. William Bryant, of Ticknell, had two cows in a piece of ground through which these hides were carried ; one of them is since dead, and one is ill. The fame happened to Mr. Taylor, of Repton, who had also two cows in a close througi which these hides were carried, and one is fince dead ; and Mr. Whiting, of the tan-yard, has also lot a cow in the close adjoining to his yats.

The head of the first mentioned cow of Mr. Kinsey was c2rried in a lime-cart to the orchard of Mr. Richard Foreman, at Chellafton, where four calves were observed to smell of it, and even to lick it ; and several pigs ; of these, three out of the four calves were dead, and three of the pigs.

Besides these, Mr. Woodward, of Repron, has lost one cow; Mr. Robinson, of Melborne, has lost two cows ; and Mr. Erpe, of Melborne, one cow : but it does not so distinctly appear that these were infected from the fame source.

of the fixteen cows lott at Caulk, nine had been blooded by the same fleam which had been used in bleeding the first two or three; and as hard swellings appeared on all these about the orifice, they were supposed to have been thus, as it were, inocu. lated with the distemper : but this does not seem certain, ift. because they fell fick at very different times, from one day to nine, after their having been blooded ; 2d. because the other fick cows, which had been bled by an uninfected fleam, had ami. lar hard swellings about the orifice ; 3d. because the fleam muft have loit its intection, after having been used upon two or three. At the same time, it is cot impossible but some might have been infected this way.

OBSERVATION S. 1. As this putrid fever evidently had its origin from a highly putrid carcars, because it destroyed fwine as well as cattle, it did



fers from the plague of the horned cattle, which raged in the years 1748 to 1753; perhaps in the same manner as the gaol fever may be supposed to differ from the plague : and as thofe infected with the gaol fever, at the famous black aslizes at Oxford, and at the Old Bailey, did not infect their nurses or attendants, as usual in the plague, there is reason to hope, with due care, the progress of this infection may soon be stopped: Wife measures have already been taken to induce the owners of infected cattle to destroy them as soon as they begin to be ill, and to bury them (having first flashed their hides) four feet below the · surface of the soil. To which may be added, that those who have cows, cannot be too careful in burying all other carrion, in this putrid season of foggy weather, as horned cattle feem particularly liable to this kind of infection.

2. As all putrid diseases are attended with great debility, whatever contributes to decrease the strength of the cattle, makes them more liable to the infection : hence, blood-letting and purging are of the worit consequence ; and on the contrary, whatever contributes to encrease their strength, makes them less liable to the infection : such as giving to each beast a quarter of a peck of malt, oats, barley, or other grain, either whole, or in meal, or in malhes, twice a day, and not to confine them in close ftables ; and if they are in great danger of infection, a pint of the following decoction of oak-bark, every morning, is much recommended :-Boil two pounds of oakbark in powder, for a quarter of an hour, in two gallons of wa. ter.Cabbage, turnips, and carrots, are also recommended, if the cattle will eat them, as they are known to counteract putri. dity.

3. In the distemper in 1748, it appears from the Magazines and other prints of that time, and from the treatise of Dr. Barker on that fubject, that ten grains of opium, diffolved in a pint of ale, and given night and morning, was of most service, during

the whole course of the distemper: that decoctions of oak-bark · were likewise of service, with malt, grain, cabbage, turnips,

and carrots, for food; and that those confined in close stables, and kept hot, to promote sweating, all died; and scarifying the affected parts, boring the horns, and other rowels or fetons, did no good; and lastly, where the belly was bound, half a pound or a pound of white bryony root, boiled to a pulp in a quart of water, was the most beneficial aperient.

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HE real history of the personage whose adventures are
published in that character, is as follows:-" Alexander


Selkirk, a Scotch mariner, happened, by some accident, to be left in the uninhabited illand of Juan Fernandes, in the South Seas. Here he continued four years alone, without aoy other mcans of fupporting life, than by running down goats, and killing such other animals as he could come at. To defend himself from danger during the night, he built a hopse of stones, rudely put together, which a gentleman, who had been in it (for it was extant when Anson arrived there), described as to very small, that but one person could with dificulty crawl in, and stretch himself at length. Selkirk was delivered by an English vesiel, and returned home. A late French writer lays, he had become so tond of the favage ftate, that he was us wil. ling to quit it : but that is not true. The French writer either confounds the real story of Selkirk with a fabulous account of one Philip Quarl, written after Robinson Crusoe, of which it is a paltry imitation ; or wilfully misrepresents the fact, in order to justify, as far as he is able, an idle conceit, which, fince the time of Rousseau, has been in fashion among infidel and affected theorists on the Continent, that a savage life is most patural na us, and that the more a man resembles a brute in his mind, body and bebaviour, the happier he becomes, and the more perfea.

Selkirk was advised to get his story put in writing, and puto liMed. Being illiterate himself, he told every thing he could remember to Daniel Defoe, a profefied author of confiderable note ; who, infead of doing justice to the poor man, is said to have applied these materials to his own use, by making them iše ground-work of Robinson Crusoe, which he soon after published, and which, being very popular, brought him in a good sum of money,”

ANECDOTE of CARDINAL DE RICHLIEU. T HE cardinal often used to amuse himself in childish ex1 ercises in his study, Antoine de Gramont, who died in 1678, one day found him alone in his closet, in his waittcoat, exercising himself by jumping against a wall. A courrier les versed in the ways of a court chan himseif, would dopbtlel, hare been much surprized, on being alone with a minister of the character of cardinal Richlieu, and being witness to an occupation so very different to his title and dignity; but, being a Blan of wit, he, without hesitation, said, he would lay a considerable wager that he could jump as high as bis excellency, and, without waiting for a 'reply, threw off his cloaths, and began jumping with the minister, - This trait of address made his tortone, 111 not a little contributed to his future advancement.

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COME years since a stone was dug out of the ground near ♡ Aberdeen, in Scotland, about the place to which the Roa mans are said to have approached at the invasion of Julius Cælar. The following letters were diftin&ily engraved on the stone. R.I.L. The learned of the age directly found out that there initials meant Romani Imperii Limes, or The boundaries of the Roman empire. This was thought an undeniable proof that the Romans came to that spot, and no farther. Thele antic-queerians, as Foote calls them, were hugging themselves on this important discovery, when the heirs of a gentleman deceased found that this was their father's lana-mark, and meant Robert Innes's Land. The literati, on this, not being able to prove that Robert Iones was Julius Cæsar's aid. de-camp, gave up the point directly.


A Captain, with a lieutenant, enfign, and 80 men, were disA patched in the year 1769 from some part of America, (it is presumed from Canada) to another part of that immense continent, but far to the north ward, to protect an extensive wood which some Indian tribes in the neighbourhood were destroying ; thither the officer and his company, who were totally unacquainted with the country, were guided through wild and unfrequented ways, by a few Indian friends. On their arrival they threw up a fort, and erected such buildings as they were in immediate want of, and defended themselves and the place they were sent to protect, until their hope of a promised reinforcement, with every matter requisi e for an establishment, had been elapsed. Happy did it prove for this forlorn detachment, that the captain had orders to cultivate the good opinion and friendship of the Indians of the country, the better to effect a settle. meat adjoining them ; for otherwise they must, in a Mort sime, have been all cut off ; but when their difpofition for trade and traffic became properly understood, the Indians treated them in the most friendly manner ; taught them the art of living in the country according to the Indian fashion ; and, as the many attempts which they had made to acquaint those who had difpatched them on the expedition provea abortive, they were ne. ceffitated to conform themselves to their situation. But between those who fell in some night skirmishes which they early had with the Indians, the climate, the hardships they underwent, and various other difficulties which they were forced to encounter, Vol. II. 39.



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