put himself at the head of the royalists ; Henry, king of Na. varre, at the head of the huguenots; and Henry, duke of Guise, was declared chief of the league. The year following was more fruitful in events. On the 20th of October of that year was, fought the famous battle of Coutras, where the king of Na. rarre gained a most complete victory against the duke of Joyeuse, who commanded the king's troops, and loft his life in that battle. .

When the two armies were in presence of each other, the king of Navarre, turning to the princes of Conde, Soifions, and Conti, faid to them, “ Remember that you are of the blood of Bourbon and by the living God I shall let you fee that I am your eidest." **** 'And we (answered they) intend to fhew you that you have good younger brothers." During the action he exhibited incredible proofs of valour. 'He seized with his hand Chateau-Regnard, crying oat to him, “ Surrender Philiftine !” That inftant he received on his helmet several blows of a lance from a gendarme. This danger did nor hina der his again exposing himself; and his soldiers wanting to place themselves before him for his security, “ Be gone,” says he, “ do not keep me in the dark'; I want to thew myfelf.”. After the action, fome fogitives having rallied, he was told that snarhal Matignon's army appeared in fight : “ 'If so then, friends," said he, “ we fhall have what was never feen before, two battles in one day.” He also anfiyered one, who brought him fome jewels of the duke of Joyeuse, “ That it only suited comedians to be vain of their rich cloaths : the true ornament of a general (added he) is courage and presence of mind in battle, and clemency after victory." **

Whilf the king of Navarre opened for himself the route to glory by the rapidity of his success, Henry III., found himself involved in a very alarming situation. What an affair was that of the barricades, when his subiects obliged him to save himself by flight ! This scene was acted May 12, 1588. On the 23d of December, of the same year, the duke of Guise was asfallinated at Blois, by the king's orders. The next day the cardi. nal, his brother, underwent the same fate. The king of Navarre said, when apprized of this event, " That he had always foreseen that messieurs de Guise were not capable of putting in execution the enterprize they had conceived, but at the hazard of their lives.”

The death of the chief of the league, far from dispiriting the factious, served only to renew their audacious behaviour. They carried it to fach a pitch, that the king found himself Dauged to implore the ailistance of the king of Navarre,


and to join with him. It was near Pleslis - les - Tours that the two princes met. There are no marks of friendship but what they pledged to each other. Henry III. called the king of Navarre his dear brother, and the king of Navarre called him first lord. “ Chear up your {pirits," said he, embracing him; “ chear up your spirits, my lord; two Henry's are more worth than one Carolus ;" alluding to the duke of Mayenne, whose name was Charles, and who, on the death of the duke of Guise, his brother, was become chief of the league.'

As soon as the two kings had joined their armis againt the. leaguers, they gained some very considerable advantages. The Parisians, beaten near Senlis, had no other resource than to fly, and shut themselves up in Paris, with the duke of Mayenne.. Already that rebellious subject, pressed hard by a siege, was on the point of yielding under the efforts of the assailants. Al ready Paris was going to open her gates to her king, when he became the victim of a fanatic monk. Henry III. was affarfinated, the first of August, 1589, by James Clement, and died the next day.

Henry IV. succeeded him ; his birth and qualities called him to the throne. Perfidy and fanaticism only could dispute it with him. Moft of the catholic and protestant lords, then at court, acknowledged him for their lawful sovereign. The cardinal de Bourbon, his uncle, and he whom the leaguers chose for king, by the name of Charles X. himself acknowledged him.

(To be continued.]

A S the following narration throws great light on an affair t which has greatly excited public attention, and as it is undoubtedly authentic, we think it worthy of the perusal of our readers.


sween Lord Perre and Lord George GORDON ; written by Lord George GORDON, when he was in the Tower, for the Use and Information, and at the Defire of bis Counsellors, Lloyd Kenyon, Thomas Erskine, Robert Mac Intolh, Ed. mund Dayrell, Francis Hargrave, and Albany Wallis.

EARLY in the spring of the year 1780, long before the riots, I mer Sir Edward Altley, Bart. in Lower Grosvenor-street, Sir Edward said he had been calling at my house, and wanted to


speak to me. He then mentioned something concerning the papists in Norfolk, which county he represents in parliament, having signed the addresses in support of the American war, and lord North's administration, instead of the petitions of the people for the redress of grievances. After some other street conversation of a general nature, he opened the business he had to communicate to me, which was this, That lord Petre, not being acquainted with me, had defired bim (Sir Edward Afley) to ask leave for lord Petre to wait upon me on the subject of the popery bill.

I observed to Sir Edward Aftley, that as lord Petre was a nobleman of high rank, one who had served as host to the king ac Warley camp, a man of great professions, and my senior in years, I thooght it would be more becoming in me to wait upon lord Petre ; efpecially, as my house was a poor one, and at that time open upon all lawful days for protestants to sign their petition, and seeing them might be offensive or disagreeable to his lordihip: I therefore desired Sir Edward Alley to carry my compliments to lord Petre, and tell him that I should have the honour of writing to him next day, to know at what house, or place, or hour, his lordfhip would allow me to wait upon himn.

I communicated this overture to a judicious friend that same afternoon; but he recommended to let lord Petre come to wait upon me, at my ow'n house, on that public business, on occasion of the protestant associations, rather than for me to wait upon lord Petre : however, good as that counfel has since appeared to me, I did at that time, after giving my friend the same reasons I gave to Sir Edward Astley, use the freedom to tell him that I did not intend to follow his advice respecting that ceremony, but still preferred waiting upon lord Petre, as my duty.

Sir Edward Attiey, and my friend, can bear witness fo far.

Next morning, when I had just taken hold of the pen to write to lord Petre, Mr. Banfeld (now a hatter and hosier in the Strand, and at that time one of the protestant committee, though he has since left us,) was thewed up stairs to me, and began to inform me of some violent expressions a papist had been ufing, such as boping foon 10 walk up to the neck in protestant blood, and of some other matters on the subject of the popery bill, and the proteflant petition, then ligned by about 30,000 men. At that instant lord Petre came into the drawing-room, where we were fitting. The street-door being open for the proteftants to sign their petition, in my parlour, there was no knock that I heard, or any ceremony of admittance. My butler, John Mac Queen, having announced that it was lord Petre, Mr.


Banfield, with great politeness, retired immediately; and I told
Mac Queen not to let any body up stairs, to interrupt lord Pe-
tre's visit.
Mr. Banfield, and John Mac Queen, can witness so far. .

Lord Petre, after he did me the honour to fit down, seemed a good deal confused; and I had never, to my knowledge, feen his lord'hip before that time. However, upon perceiving his embarrassment, I thought it a duty of hospitality to speak to him on some familiar fubječts, such as asking after lady Petre, and if his lordship would take some refreshment, with other conversation, of rather common-place tendency, 'till I observed that his lord ship had recovered himself perfecily. I then used some expressions verging towards the occafion of his visit, which natua rally led his lordship to mention his business with me.

Lord Petre then Ipoke, in very obliging and courtly language, to the following effect :- That he had come on purpose to en. deavour to prevail on me to wiihdraw myself from the protein tant affociations:--that they were in general a mean set of people :- that it was entirely owing to me that they had become of consequence :--that if I would withdraw, they would dwindle away presently :-that my great abilities and industry would add great weight to any party :-- that the roman catholics had a very great regard for me :-- that they wished me to be informed on the subject :-that they had decreased since the bill had passed in their favour :-that he came to me without any of their priests knowing it :-that he had in his pockets letters to fhew me from the head bishops of the four roman catholic divisions of Enge land. His lord ship then read those letters to me (little small letters, like French paper).— They purported to contain accounts of the numbers of the jesuits, ex-jesuits, dominicans, franciscans, and the rest of the roman catholic orders in England. His lordship observed, that the letter from the York division was not signed by the head bishop of that diftri&t, he being an old infirm man, and sick at the time it was written. Thole letters tended to thew lord Petre that popery was de. clining since the act in favour of it; which astonished me greatly, having received at that time so much information to the contrary from protestants in all parts of the kingdom. His lordship then Thewed me a large subicription paper for a new popith school, or chapel, the only onc, I think his lordship said, since that act of parliament had been passed. His lordship mentioned his son, or fons, that they were educated abroad, mentioning the names of the colleges, and brought up for a military life; but whether his lordship said he expected them soon to enter into the service

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of these kingdoms, or into the service of foreign powers, I can, not exactly determine.

To all this I endeavoured to answer lord Petre in a manner becoming a protettarit nobleman ; in as foft, obliging, and courteous language, as I was master of ; at the same time preferving my integrity and honour in the cause I was engaged in with the English protestants. With this view of duty I used the freedom, first, to revert back gently to the commencement of what his lordship had said, and assured his lordship, that how. ever mean chofe concerned in the protestant affociations might appear to his lordship, I believed there were many among them, and particularly the Scots, who acted from principle, as I did myself. I then told his lordship, that he was mistaken, and had been misinformed as to my abilities, for thcy were but mo. derate, and could be of little service to any party ; but I could afiore his lordship, that there were men of the greatest abilities in Europe amongst us, and with us, though I did not name their names. That my withdrawing from the English protestants (which I would not do) might be of no service to his lordship's view's ; for, in that case, heated as men's minds were on the subject, there would probably spring up fome Wat Tyler, or a Maffanello, who would not have patience or temper to commude at all with government concerning the popith bill, and might very probably chase, from motives of ambition, to em., broil the nation in a civil war.-That I had received good rea. fons from protestants, for believing that his lordship was misin.. formed, by those he confided in, as to the growth of popery. That the foundation of the English popery bill, originating from a secret correspondence between bishop Hay, the head bishop over the roman catholics in Scotland, and Sir John Dal. rymple, one of the king's Scots judges, was of such a dark and defigning nature, that neither I, nor any real friend to the free conititution of these kingdoms, or to the house of Hanover, (being proteftants,) could give it any countenance.

Lord Petre then answered, in a very condescending manner, that if I would not withdraw myself from the protestant association, he wilhed I would use my influence 10 poftpone presenting the petitions, and not to move in the House of Commons for the repeal of that bill for five years ;--and then, at the end of that period, to move for the repeal of that act, if I thought the ro. man catholics had made an improper use of it.--Here lord Petre, on my intimating that I might not be in parliament at the end of that period, and that I was indispensably bound to do my duty at that time when I had a seat, was pleased to make ofe of very kind words, expressing his lordship's opinion that my Vol. I. 18.


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