of inviolable atrachtene 'need hot be mentioned to those in a Similar fituation. The lovers were free to take each others hands-chey did f and are now as happy as any connubiali pair can with themselves to be 3: 292...



bappened at MESSINA, in the Hand of SICILY, on the geh of February, 1783, being a Txuxsator of the Italian Aca

ceart of that Calamiry.nas! : ico . ?!.!." M ESSINA, one of the principal cities in the kingdoms of

V Sicily Ulterior, situated on the border of the sea, upon the south side of, the island, forty years since svas ftruck with a molt borrible amiation of the plague, which broke out abode che end of February, 1743, by which that city was almoft desolated of inhabitants, having lost about fifty choufand fouls ; and now, forty years after, has fuffered a second more 'horrible punitho ment, of which the following is a relation :' Long . .

On the sth of the prelept month, was observed, almost throughout the whole Mland, an, horizon full of black intense føg, which indicated fome unhappy event; and, in reality, about the 19th hour, which corresponds with our noon, a fhock of an earthquake was felt, which threw down several houses, and, in particular, that part of the cross ftreet, called the Plains of the Hospital : several perfons were killed, and many much hart and maimed by the ruins, which encreased the fears of the inhabitants, that some ftill greater misfortune might happen ; and, unhappily, their fears were not without reason ; for, on the following night, about a quarter after seven, (answering to our quarter paf one in the morning,) a moft furious shock tera minated by swallowing up or throwing down the remainder of the city; after which, a whirlpool of fire issued from the earth, which consumed and levelled to the ground, the noble edifices 00t before destroyed.';

' The maller of a bark, which brought this news to Naples, relates, that on the next day (the morniog of che 6th) n'othing more was to be seen of Meffina, the place being covered with an intense thick vapour, mixed with a thick duft.

The day, however, advancing, and the wind dispersing the vapour, the forcification of Citadella was observed to be half thrown into the sea by the earthquake, and the other half deftroyed by a gulph ot fire, which was suppofed to be a volcano. A king's frigate, which lay at anchor in the road, astonished at Vol. I. 13.

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the fight of the fire,, began to throw Thot -upon the cafle, fupposing it to have been maliciously set on fire ; but when they perceived the fire issuing from the earth, ceafed fring, not being willing to add greater distress to those who had saved themselves from the dreadful chastisement. - The fame matter of the bark also relates, that he saw only one prioft, who was running bare-footed to the sea-fide, fecking à boat to take him off.

The above is confirmed by further accounts and letters res ecived ; and that'st the time the earthquake happened in Mefa fina, the same disaster happened to other cities in that illand, viz. Cataneo, Scilla, Lipori, and places adjacent to Messina. In short, no edifice remained, except the Capuchin convent, Gtuated at a little distance from that city. ; ñ vriendin, 's

Multitudes of people must have been buried under the ruins. At the fame time also, the earthquake was felt in the Interior and Ulterior Calabria. Besides the mådy buildings thrown down, the cities of Reggio, in Calabria and Bagnara, fuffered greatly. The whole family of the prince of Geraci are baried in the ruins ; and the greater part of the inhabitants of Mel. fina, calculated at thirty.choofand fouls, are loft. !. • This melancholy accident has been followed with the wiselt precautions by government." A stop has been putito all public ipcctacles: the theatres are shut up in this kingdom, 'as well as in Sicily, and public prayers are offered 'up, to appease the Lord and Dispofer of the universe, who has in his power those jaft chastisements which mankind merit for their fins. : :

Farther accounts, dated February 17, say. “ We are all here under the greatest affliction at the terrible earthquake, which has destroyed Messina and the farther Calabria. The prince of Cariati alone has loft seventeen feudal estates, and fifteen thou. fand docats value in oil, which was in store-houses, and we are still waiting the particulars, for want of couriers'; but we know that of many towns, which were once in Calabria, not a fadow now remains, and almost all their inhabitants have per rished. Montoleone is half destroyed ; Meide, Nicastro; and fome few more places, are not entirely lolt. Catanzero remains fafe. 'The princefs Geraci Grimaldi, with her family, perihed in Cazał Nuovo. Some bewail the loss of a son, others a flther, another a husband, another a wife. In the space of one smgle night and day, hundreds of earthquakes-wore counced, without an interval between themi. · The king, penetrated wi the greatest grief, has taken the wifeft precautions, has ordere the three days prayers of So. Genaris to be said. forbid all dlc versions, afligned a considerable fum for the relief of Meluda


and Calabria, and has iffued orders for the fugitives who have come to Naples, to return to their own country, and all the bafons to return to their feudal estates, to give every aslistance in their power; some are already gone. .

“ It is said, that the number of cities, castles, and towns, in che late calamity, amount to one hundreď and thirty-two. The number of people who have perished is incredible, and amongst them are feveral persons of distinction. Many volcanoes are opened, and some rivers have entirely aifappeared?"..."

The PHARQ.TABLE : An ANECDOT E. COME years ago, a tranger, dressed in a plain citizen's at

cire, took his feat at the Pharo-rable at Aix-la-Chapelle, when the bank was proclaimed more than commonly rich. Afe ter baving some little time engaged in the common play of the table, he challenged the bank, and tossed his pocket-book to the banker, that he might not question his facolties of payment, in cale he lost. The banker, furprised at the boldness of the adventorer, and no less fo at his ordinary appearance, at first helitated to accept of the challenge ; but, on opening the book, and feeing bills to a prodigious amount, and on the stranger's Sternly and repeatedly infifting on his compliance with the laws of the game, with much reluctance he prepared the cards for the great event. The surprise was naturally great, and all eyes were attentive to the trembling hands of the affrighted banker ; who, while the stranger fat unruffled and unconcerned, turned up the card which decided his ruin, and the other's success. The table of course was immediately broken up, and the stran. ger, in triumph, with perfect coolness and serenity of features, turned to a person who itood at his elbow, to whom he gave or ders for the charge of the money. : « Heavens !” exclaimed w old infirm officer in the Austrian service, and who had fat next to him at the table, " if I had the twentieth part of your Tuccess this night, I thould be the happiest man in the universe."

lithog wouldett be this happy man," replied the itranger brikly," then thou shalt have it ;” and, without waiting for bis reply, disappeared from the room. Some little time afterwards, the entrance of a fervano astonished the company, as much with the extraordinary generosity of the stranger, as with his peculiar good fortune, by presenting the Austrian officer mith the twentieth part of the Pharo-bank : “ Take chis, Sir," lays the servant, si my malter requires no answer;" and he Jaddenly left him, without exchanging any other words. The

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next morning it was: rumoured at Aix-la-Chapelle, chat the king of Pruflia had, entered the town in disguises and on the recollection of his perfon, the town soon recognized him to be the successful stranger at the Pharo-table. :? :::. ..

Account of the HARBOUR of MESSINA, (recently destroyed


[From Mr. Brydone's “ Tour through Sicily."] A Small promontory, or neck of land, that runs off from the A eaft end of Mellina, forms the harbour, and separates that beautiful balon from the traits. + The hape of this ptomontory is that of a reaping-hook, the curvature of which forms the harbour, and secures is from all winds. It is one of the safeit harbours in the world, after ships haye gotiin ; but it is likewise the most difficult of access, -The celebrated golph, or whirlpool of Charybdis; lies near to its entry, and often occaLions Tuch an intestine and irregular motion in the water, that the helm loses most of its power, and ships have great difficulty to get in, even with the faire wind chat can blow. The great noise occasioned by the tumultuous motion of the waters in this place, made the. antients liken it, to å yoracious, fea-moafer, perpetually roaring for its prey; and it has been represented by their authors as the most tremendous passage in the world. How ever, it certainly is not so formidable as the aptients representit; and very probably, the violence of this motion continued for so many ages, has by degrees worn Smooth the rugged rocks and jutting Thelves, that may have intercepted and confined the wi. ters. The breadth of the straits too, in this place, I make no doubt, is considerably enlarged. Indeed, from the nature of things, it must be fo: the perpetual friction, occafioned by che current, must wear away the bank on each side, and enlarge che bed of the water. . ..' :51...,:"_ inde • The vessels, in their paffage, are obliged to ga:as:near as.pof. fible to the coast of Calabria, in order to avoid the faction OCCHfioned by the whirling of the waters in the vortex'; .by which means, when they come to the narrowest and most rapid part of the straits, between Cape Pilorus and Scytka, they are in great danger of being carried on that rock. Hence is derived the proverb, ftill applied to those, who, in attempting to avoid 'om evil, fall into anothor : : 1 "Ti . . ..? . :. .



2 . Thofe who seek Charybdis to shuni !.. . :: .: :· Do oftentimes on Scylla rua. 1 , 1" There is a fine fountain of white marble on the quay, 'reprefenting Neptune holding Scylla and Charybdis chained, under the emblematical figures of two sea monsters, as reprelented by the poets. • While we continued here, we were one day conducted to feve. mal copvents, where we were received by the nuns with great afs fability and politeness. We conversed with them for some time through the grate, and found some of them by no means deficie çöt, either in point of knowledge or sprightliness'; but none of them had fincerity enough to acknowledge the unhappiness of their fituation. All pretended to be happy and contented, and declared they would not change their prison for the molt brillia ant situation in life. However, some of them had a soft melana choly in their countenances, thaï èontradicted their words'; and l-am perfuaded, that, on a more intimate acquaintance, they would have told a very different story.". Several of them were extremely handsome ; but, indeed, I think they always appear fo ; and I am very certain, from frequent experience, that there is no artificial ornamene, or Madicd'embellishmenç whatever, that can produce half so ftrong án effect, as the mos deft and fimple attire of a pretty young nun, placed behind a double iron grate. To fee an amiable; unaffected, and unadorned person, that might have been an honour and an ornad ment to society, make a voluntary resignation of her charms, and give up the world, and all its pleasures, for a life of fafting and mortification, cannot fail to move our pity. There is another confideration, which tends much to encrease these feelings, and that is, our total incapacity ever to alter her situation. The pleasure of relieving an object in dittrefs, is the only refuge we have against the pain which the fecing of that object occasions ; but here this is uiterly denied us, and we feel, with sorrow, that We have nothing to bestow but picy. :/. " - Reflections of this nature naturally depress a man's fpirits, after converting with amiable nuns. Indeed, it is hardly poffible to leave the grate without á heavy heart. At Jaff we took our leave, expressing our happiness in being admitted fo hear them, but at the same time deploring our misery, in feeing them fut ever removed at fo un measurable a antante from us. They were very much pleased with our visit, and begged we 'would re. pear it every day during our stay at Melina; bit this might trave proved dangerous, and bronghe us into troubles - On quitting this rad feene of confinement, we obfervedi à great concourfe of people on the top of a high hill, at fome dif


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