hood, and to dwell together. For this purpose they surveyed as much ground as would afford to each what is generally called here a home-lot. Forty acres were thought sufficient to answer this double purpose ; for to what end should they cover more land than they could improve, or even enclose, not being porfelled of a single tree in the whole extent of their new dominion. This was all the territorial property they allotted ; the reft they agreed to hold in common ; and seeing that the scanty grass of the island might feed feep, they agreed that each pro. prietor hould be entitled to feed on it, if he pleased, 560 sheep. By this agreement, the national flock was to confift of 15,120 ; that is, the undivided part of the island was by such means ideally divifible into as many parts or shares ; to which, never theless, no certain determinate quantity of land was affixed; for they knew not how much the island contained, nor could the most judicious surveyor fix this small quota, as to quality and geantity. Further they agreed, in case the grass should grow better by feeding, that then four sheep should represent a cow, and two cows a horse.'

Such was the method this wise people took to enjoy in common their new settlement ; such was the mode of their first establishment, which may be truly and literally called a pastoral one. Several hundred of sheep-pasture titles have since been divided on those different tracks, which are now cultivated; the ref, by inheritance and intermarriages, have been so subdivided, that it is very common for a girl to have no other portion but her outset and foar sheep pastures, or the privilege of feeding a Cow. But as this privilege is founded on an ideal, though real title to come unknown piece of land, which one day or another may be ascertained ; there sheep pasture titles should convey to your imagination fomething more valuable, and of greater cre. cit, than the mere advantage arising from the benefit of a cow, which in that case would be no more than a right of commonage. Whereas here, as labour grows cheaper, as misfortunes from their fea adventures may happen, each person poffesled of a fuficient number of these sheep paftore titles, may one day realize them on fome peculiar spot, such as shall be adjudged by the council of the proprietors to be adequate to their value; and this is the reason that these people very unwillingly fell those small rights, and efteem them more than you would ima. Eige. They are the representation of a future freehold ; they Cherilh in the mind of the possessor a latent, though diftant hope, that by his fuccess in his next whale season, he may be able to pitch on some predilected spot, and there build himself a come, to which he may retire, and spend the latter end of his


days in peace. A council of proprietors always exists in this isand, who decide their territorial differences; their titles are recorded in the books of the country, which this town repre. fents, as well as every conveyance of lands and other sales.


A Gentleman, walking one evening in Edinburgh, observed n a girl, meanly dressed, coming along the pavement at a. Now pace. When he had passed her, the turned a little towards him, and made a sort of halt, but said nothing. “ I am fo aukward (says the gentleman who relates this story) at looking any body in the face, that I went on a few steps before I turned my eyes to observe her. She had by this time resumed her former pace. I remarked a certain elegance in her form, wbich the poorness of her dress could not entirely overcome. Her person was thin and genteel, and there was something not ungraceful in the stoop of her head, and the seeming feeblepels with which the walked. I could not resist the desire which her appearance excited of knowing somewhat of her situation and circumstances. I therefore walked back, and re-passed her with such a look (for I could bring myself to nothing more) as might induce her to speak what the seemed desirous to say at firtt. This had the effect I wilhed. • Pity a poor orphan !' said the, in a voice tremulous and weak. I stopped, and put my hand in my pocket. I had now a better opportunity of observing her. Her face was thin and pale ; part of it was Thaded by her hair, of a light brown colour, which was parted, in a disordered manner, at her forehead, and hung loose upon her shoulders ; round them was cast a piece of tattered cloak, which, with one hand, she held across her bosom, while the other was half outstretched to receive the bounty I intended for her. Her large blue eyes were cast on the ground : she was drawing back her hand as I put a trifle into it; on receiving which, the turned her eyes up to me, muttered something which I could not bear, and then letting go her cloak, and pressing her hands together, burst into tears.

“ This was not the action of an ordinary beggar, and my çuriosity was strongly excited by it. I desired her to follow me to the house of a fricnd hard by, whose beneficence I have often had occasion to know. When the arrived there, she was so fa. tigued and worn out, that it was not, 'till after some means ofed to restore her, that she was able to give an account of her mila fortunes."

« My

* « My name (faid she is Collins. I was borri at

, in the county of Cumberland. My father, who died several years ago, left my mother with the charge of me, then a child, and one brorber, a lad of seventeen. By his industry, however, joined to that of my mother, we were tolerably supported, my father having died possessed of a small farm, with the right of pasturage on an adjoining common, and we thought ourselves happy; but, laft fummer, my brother having become acquainted with a recruiting ferjeant, who was quartered in a neighbouring village, was enticed to enlift as a soldier, and soon after was marched off, along with some other recruits, to join his regi. ment. This broke my poor mother's heart, who never after had a day's health ; and, Oh ! Sir, she died about three weeks ago. Immediately after her death, the steward cook poffeffion of every thing for our arrears of rent.

I had heard that my brother's regiment was in Scotland when he enlisted, and I wandered thither in quest of him, for I had no other relation in the world to own me. When I came there, they told me that the régimenit had been embarked seves ral months before. It is now a great way off I know not where. Ah ! Sir, this news laid hold of my heart ; and I have had something wrong here (patting her hand to her bofom) ever fince, I got a bed and some victuals in the house of a woman here in town, to whom I told my story, and who seemed to pity me. I bad then a little bundle of things, which I was allowed to take with me after my mother's death ; but, the night be fore laft, fome-body stole it from me while I slept; and so the woman said she would keep me no longer, and turned me out into the street, where I have since remained, and am almott familhed for want."

* She was now in better hands ; but our affiftance had come too late. A frame, naturally delicate, had yielded to the fa. tigues of her journey, and the hardships of her situation. She declined by Now, but uninterrupted degrees, and soon breached her latt. A fhort time before the expired, she aked to fue me ; and taking from her bosom a little silver locket, which she told me had been her mother's, and which all her distresses could not make her part with, begged I would keep it for her dear bro. ther, and give it him, if ever he should return home, as a token of her remembrance.

" I felt this poor girl's very unhappy fate strongly ; and there are many, I fear, from whom this country has called brothers, sons, or fathers, to bleed in her service, forlorn like poor Nancy Collins, with no relation in the world to own them. Their sufferings are often unknown, when they are such as most VOL. 1. u.



demand compassion. The mind, that cannot obtrude its dis. tresses on the ear of pity, is formed to feel their poignancy the deepeft.” · In our idea of military operations, we are too apt to forget the misfortunes of the people. In defeat, we think of the fall, and in victory, of the glory of commanders. We feldom allow ourselves to consider how many, in a lower rank, both events make wretched. How many, amidst the acclamations of national triumph, are left to the helpless misery of the widowed and the orphan ; and, while victory celebrates her festival, feel, in their distant hovels, the extremities of want and wretchedhers !


By Mr. BRUCE. ..,
N the gth of July, 1709, (says Mr. Bruce,) we observed

the enemy moving towards Blarignies, in order to poffefs themselves of the woods and hedges of Taniers and Malplacquet : upon which we moved forward, in order of battle; but as the English' were foraging, they could not join us that day, and the two armies began cannonading each other, which conti. nued 'till night, and was renewed next morning; when we did not chuse to engage, as we expected to be joined by twentythree battalions from Tournay. This day I very narrowly escaped being shot by one of our own soldiers ; who being out of his rank, I ordered him to it ; and as he took no notice of the orders, I ftrack him across the fhoulders, and pushed him into it : he stepped back and cocked his piece, which he dire&tly presented to my breast ; I'instantly parried the muzzle downwards, and the bullet went into the ground between my feet: the fellow immediately Alung down his musket and ran for it, but was purfued by the adjutant on horseback; and being a ftout fel. low, he took the adjutant by the foot, threw him off the saddle, and was just going to mount, when the major came up with, and secured him. But, to return : The enemy, by our delay, got time to cut down the wood, and entrench themselves. In the evening we conversed with the French officers, and entertained each other with sucu fare as we had, in a very friendly manner. This we were the more induced to, from a persuasion, on both fides, that a ceffation of arms was to take place previous to a peace ; but we were undeceived by midnight, when every man had orders to repair to his post, and prepare to engage the enemy early next morning.


On the 11th, at two in the morning, we attended at prayers, and then prepared by forming in the order of battle. About eight we advanced and attacked their entrenchments, which we carried, driving the enemy with great disorder and confusion in their trenches, out of which we beat them, with numbers slain on both sides. The regiment our's was engaged with, happened to be that with whose officers we had been so social the night before, and in it was a lieutenant, who had a brother a lieatenant in our's, and who was with us,' a French refugee. The lieutenant in the French regiment surrendered himself a prifoner to his brother, and was affectionately received under his protection ; but unfortunately, at the very inftant, a soldier of our's ran him through the body, and killed him in his brother's arms. The fellow alledged, in excuse for himself, that he did it to protect his officer, not knowing the other ; yet he had seen the brothers the evening before conversing together as sach. Fa. tal mistakes occur too frequently in the fury and rage of contending foes, met on purpose to conquer or die ; nor is it poffible to brand this poor fellow with any foul design on this occation.--But to my story : The French retiring over a hedge, we purfeed them close ; but finding them reinforced, we were obliged to retire in our turn, and, making our way back thro' the hedge, we loft our colonel and several of our men ; but be. ng lupported by our line of reserve, we were enabled to force the enemy a second time from the hedge, and to drive them to their second entrenchment, from which we also dislodged them, and pursued them to their third, where I found myself shot through the leg, and was obliged to be carried out of the field; and arriving at a little cot, I there found the corpse of my colonel, and got my wound dressed. After a very close engagement of fix hours, the enemy gave way, and left us masters of a dear-bought field, which cott us not less than 20,300 men.

The particulars of this famous battle of Malplacquet having been so well described by better pens, I shall say no more of it, only that the enemy loft, by their own confeflion, $10 officers killed, 1068 wounded, 301 taken prisoners, and 15,000 men, alled, wounded, and taken.

After this action, it was currently reported that marsal Vil. fürs was for hazarding another battle, to prevent our taking mons, but was opposed in it by marshal Bouflers; and that the Aing of France had sent the duke of Berwick to determine upon the different opinions of these two able generals, upon 1. pot. His grace came, and, viewing the ground with their me entrenchmeats, expressed his surprize at their extraordinary wength, declaring, as they had been beaten out of that port,


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