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How delightful is the pursuit of natural science! | beatitude, and sweeten the tea-cup of domestic bliss. To study the habits and manners of ants,—to con- To the reflective and observant mind, the blow-fly, template the industrious spider-little weaver that blue marauder, regaling itself on the sirloin desnever starves for want of employ,—10 observe the tined to grace to-morrow the family board; the “ busy bee," instinct with that appetite for sweets mouse, tiny thief, luxuriating in fancied secret on which it shares with the equally happy, but alas! the new Stilton in the larder ; nay, even the unbidthe less industrious truant, collecting the saccharine den cockroach helping himself to the Christmas principle “from every opening flower,”- —to form a pie,-become objects of instructive surrey. continually increasing circle of acquaintance with Actuated by an appetite for useful knowledge, the verdant inhabitants of the vegetable kingdom, which has prompted the foregoing reflections, I and the interesting inmates of the Zoological Gare connected myself some years ago with a literary dens; these, indeed, are the occupations which and scientific society, which had been formed at render life one summer's day; which enhance the Islington, where I reside, among a small but respectable circle of friends. Our members are in- I next remarked her considerable prominence at clusive of several ladies—among them, of Mrs. “Tune," and recollected with a fond sigh of retroBrown, the amiable partner of my lot, with whom spection, that the circumstance which, in youth's I have lived in an uninterruped state of felicity for gay morn, fixed my destiny for life, was hearing a longer time than, perhaps, she will allow me to her sing in a summer-house at Brixton, “O 'tis the state. The predilections of Mrs. B. are precisely melody we heard in former years !" similar to my own; and having no family, we are I found, also, Alimentiveness," or the organ of enabled to devote the greater part of our time to appetite for food, very highly developed, and reindulgence in our favorite pursuits.
membered that she had that very morning inquired, Our society meets at the house of each member with a languishing gaze upon vacancy, when ducks in rotation, at half-past six precisely. After an ex- and green peas would be reasonable enough for our hilarating cup of tea, we proceed to business, and a circumstances. Her predilection for bubble and lecture is delivered by the host of the evening, on squeak occurred, in addition, to my mind; as did the composition of water, the nature and proper moreover, (“Constructiveness” was large, too,) her ties of steam, the construction of the barometer and proficiency in the preparation of jellies, pickles, thermometer, or some other improving and enter- preserves, and in the other mysteries of the culitaining subject. Sometimes our recreations are di- nary art. versified and enlivened by a discourse from one of Causality,” the organ of perceiving the relation our number, who is a young medical man, on the of cause and effect, was moderate in size. Accordconformation of the skeleton, the circulation of the ingly, Mrs. B. has always experienced a difficulty in blood, and the like arcana of the healing art. At understanding the dependence of the boiling point our last meeting, we were gratified with a paper on of water on elevation above the level of the sea, hydraulics, as exemplified by the common pump. and the connection between lobster-salad and indi
One evening, our young professional friend, whose gestion. She is moreover prone, when asked to name I may mention is Mr. John Hunter Dummer, assign a reason for such and such a fact, to answer, obliged us with a lecture on the sciences of mes- “Because it is.” I had inquired of her a few days merism and phrenology. Never having had the before, why corned beef was sometimes variegated means, previously, of acquiring any information on on its exterior, and she gave me that reply. these subjects, I had formed no opinion respecting These striking coincidences at once rendered me them; I therefore hailed the opportunity thus af- a zealous convert to phrenology. I then tried to forded me of enlarging my stock of ideas. Mr. mesmerize my partner, and she very soon became Dummer very much disposed me to believe that a sleeping one; but as in about half an hour she there was something in the doctrines which he ad- suddenly awoke with a start, and wanted to know vocated, particularly as he appealed in confirmation if it was not almost supper time, I am not quite of them to facts, which, as he with great truth re- sure that the sleep was not simply natural. marked, were stubborn things. Resolved, as he The next day, I examined the heads of our dorecommended, to make observation of Nature the mestics,-not without some opposition on the part of test of truth, I took home with me a phrenological the cook, who, I imagine, at first misapprehended my bust, accompanied by a card, descriptive of the object. She had a very large “Destructiveness," and, different organs, which he was so kind as to lend certainly, her temper is none of the most equable.
The housemaid was deficient in “Order;" a defect On arriving at our little domicile, I immediately which hier stockings, exhibiting the chasm vulgarly commenced my researches by examining the head called a potato-her shoes, which were down at heel of Mrs. B. The first point in her organization —and the general hue of her visage, which once inwhich struck me, was the great fulness of the occi. duced a wag, who visited at my house, to say, that put or back of the head. On comparing notes with she must have been cleaning her face with the the bust, I found that this was the region of the blacking-brush-abundantly exemplified; and which organ termed “Philoprogenitiveness." I looked the dusty condition of the mantelpiece, the litter out “ Philoprogenitiveness” upon the card, where usually observable in the passage, and the inadeI found the results of its predominance described quately rinsed breakfast cups, had too often borne as follows:
out before. Very Large.—Extreme fondness for children Our knife, errand, and foot-boy, or page, was enand young creatures in general. Apt to lead to in- dowed with an extraordinary “Locality,” which, dulging and spoiling youth, also to petting and ca- among other things, occasions a desire for change ressing small animals. Often occasions extreme of place. I had never observed any indications of desire for offspring, and regret at the non-enjoy- the faculty in the boy; but he came a few days ment of that supposed blessing.”
afterwards to give warning, wishing to change his This was very singular. Mrs. B. had at that very place, as he said, to better himself—but, as I am conmoment Tiny, a little King Charles's spaniel, whom vinced, acting under the influence of his “Locality.” she washes and combs every morning with her own When he was gone, I made up my mind to choose hands, and has fed so bountifully that he has be- his successor on phirenological principles; one of the come quite corpulent in her lap; and Tib, her fa- chief uses of phrenology having been stated by Mr. vorite tortoise-shell
, was purring behind her chair. Dummer to be, its applicability to the selection of The next evening the little Edwardses over the servants. Accordingly, I rejected numerous appliway, whom she is continually regaling with sugar-cants for his situation, who came with the best replums and raspberry jam, were coming to tea, to commendations, not finding their organizations in meet our little nephews and nieces; and I could conformity with their alleged character; and, finot but be interestingly reminded of the circum- nally, made choice of one, whose head, in my judgstance, that the sole allliction of my good lady is ment, was to be depended on. He seemed to have that no olive branches have graced our otherwise a fine moral development, with particularly large unique mahogany.
'Wit," Form," Imitation," “ Constructive
," “ Adhesiveness,” “Marvellousness,” and, as I four inches down its length. From the point of thought, “ Ideality.”
the scalene triangle thus formed, he dropped a When I inquired what his name was, he answer- fourth line about half a foot in length, and this he ed, “Bill Summers.' I considered his substitution joined at its termination to the lateral part of a of “ Bill ” for “William " as a proof of the facetious small irregular circle, beneath and united to which tendency of his mind—which, admiring innocent he described a larger oval, with a short horizontal mirth rather than otherwise, I considered by no line trifurcate at the end extended from either side, means a disqualification on his part for my service. and two similar lines, but longer, a little inclined
I soon found that the disposition to humorous outwardly, depending from below it—thus : manifestations was really very strong in this young gentleman, and was manifested in a variety of ways. If his fellow-servants asked him for any thing, he would often playfully demand whether they did not wish they might get it? At the same time, he generally put his thumb up to bis nose, and twiddled his extended fingers. He would inquire of young passers-by at the area railings, of whom he had no previous acquaintance, the state of the health of their maternal parents? whether those relatives were aware of their being from home? if they had disposed of their mangles ? and many similar questions, which, though they had rather the semblance of impertinence, were no doubt dictated by a pure love of drollery.
This “Wit” or “Mirthfulness," acting along with “Imitation,” and perhaps "Tune," oftentimes occasioned him to indulge in the utterance of various noises, which I supposed were intended to resemble the cries of different animals. Of these, a favorite one was a note something like the call of the lapwing, another was similar to that of the turkey. The duck he imitated to perfection
“Constructiveness," the organ of manual adroitness, he evinced by a singular dexterity in flinging stones, which sometimes excited my admiration, in spite of my perception of the dangerous tendency IIaving completed this design, which, as will be of the amusement. He was very fond also of piling seen, was a pictorial commentary on the law of little grottos with oyster-shells, which he collected capital punishment, he put his hands into his pockets while going on errands. His “Marvellousness," or under his apron, and fell to capering and whistling “Wonder," was very apt to make him loiter in in high glee at the success of his performance; order to stare at sights. This habit sometimes oc- but, upon turning round, and catching sight of me casioned us a little inconvenience; but then how at the window, he hastily resumed his employment. interesting it was to observe the exemplification of I had called Mrs. Brown, to show the amusement truth! He was always especially attracted by the which I derived from witnessing his proceedings, performance of Punch, which gratified the drama- and we both agreed that the subject which he had tic turu arising from his “ Imitation," and was also chosen for illustration—the tendency and reward of a rich treat to his “Mirthfulness."
crime—was in complete harmony with his large The faculty last mentioned in him was eminently “Conscientiousness," and strongly indicative of his practical, and the cook and housemaid had often to moral sense. complain of its results, which were, sticking needles His “ Adhesiveness” was shown in the delight point uppermost in their chairs, putting chopped which he evidently derived from the interchange of horse-hair in their beds, insects on the sly down ideas with the butcher and baker boys at the area, their backs, and other like pleasantries. A neigh- wherein he would sometimes spend more time than bor, an antiquated spinster, one day sent in to I quite approved of. complain that he had singed her cat's whiskers, and In one respect, however, I was at a loss to reconshaved its tail; but upon a careful admeasurement, cile his character with his development. He seemed, finding “ Benevolence" to be decidedly large, I ac- as I said, to have large “Ideality," the protuber. quitted him of so cruel a joke.
ance indicative of the poet. Nevertheless, he never Of his well developed “Form,” whereon the talent made any verses that I knew of, and though he for drawing depends, I observed a manifestation knew a few songs, they were principally of the devery shortly after his arrival. I was looking out of scription termed “Negro Melodies," which can a back window which commanded a view of the hardly be said to be of a poetical or sentimental yard, and the knife-shed therein situated, where he character. Indeed, they were, for the most part, had some work to do. This he had temporarily scarcely intelligible—there was one, in particular, abandoned, and was engaged in making a sketch in in which one “ Josey" was invited to “jim along." white chalk upon the wall. First he drew a per- I could make no head or tail of it. pendicular line about two feet long, then a trans- To make sure that my phrenological estimate had verse one three-fourths shorter, at right angles with been correct, I induced him, by the present of five the top of it. The former 'he connected with the shillings, to allow his head to be shaved, and to let latter by a diagonal stroke, commencing at the ter- me trace out the different organs thereon in ink. I mination of the one, and joining the other some chose some of Mrs. Brown's marking ink for the
purpose, which being principally composed of ni- and confusion, the brooch and two or three of the trate of silver or lunar caustic, was ineftaceable by spoons, with a pawnbroker's duplicate for the rest, ablution. I mapped out the bare scalp in exact were discovered behind a loose brick in the chimconformity with the bust, and was confirmed in the conviction that I had made no mistake.
The youth was with little loss of time conveyed, Shortly afterwards, several spoons were missing. in the charge of F to the Clerkenwell Police-oflice, The cook and housemaid, on being taxed with the and thence in a van to Newgate. Before he left, theft, indignantly denied it; and the idea that we called in Mr. Dummer to look at his head, and so well organized a boy as William was capable of explain its discordance with what he had turned such a delinquency, was preposterous. Mrs. B. had out to be. And now comes the climax of my narraa tame magpie, and having read in various books tion, which I record for the benefit of inexperienced of natural history of the propensity of this creature phrenologists. What I had marked out as “Ideato pilfer and secrete such articles, we determined, lity” was declared by Mr. D. to be in reality “ Acnot without great reluctance on my wife's part, that quisitiveness," which, in this instance was so large the bird's neck should be wrung-an operation as to come three inches in advance of its legitimate which was performed by William, and which he ap- | boundary, and to occupy the place of the former peared to undertake with greater readiness than organ. Here, therefore, as that gentleman remarkcould have been predicted from his large “ Benev- ed, was one of those beautiful exceptions which olence."
We had occasionally before observed the marks William is now in Australia. I have determined, of smutty fingers on the exterior of mince and apple in future, not to trust to my own skill as a manipupies, and had fancied that an undue diminution had lator in determining on a servant's character; but, taken place in their contents during their reserva- instead, shall have some recourse for that purpose tion in the larder. At length, too, the beer, which to the assistance of a practised professor of phreit was William's province to fetch, began to assume nology. The guinea thus laid out will be well spent a much more aqueous character than is consistent in the purchase of a guarantee against deception with Barclayian integrity. This circumstance, in and loss. spite of our preconceived opinion of the lad's hon- Tlie cook and housemaid, who, indignant at baresty, gradually induced us to question bis preten- ing been suspected, had given us warning, both desions to that virtue; at last, Mrs. Brown, having clared that the boy was not only a thief, but an inlost a brooch, and a diligent search having been corrigible storyteller. This feature of his character vainly instituted in the other servants' boxes, the was beautifully accordant with his great “Marvelbed-room of Master William was examined, under lousness." On the whole, I consider my pbrenolothe auspices of F 34, when, to our astonishment gical experiment to have been highly satisfactory.
prove a rule.
SOME RECOLLECTIONS OF GRIMALDI.
An attempt to describe Mr. Grimaldi's Clown has | white : see how mincingly he puts forth his foot, always proved a failure: his humor could not be and passes his hand over his garments; he must tied down to pen, ink, and paper; it was an essence woo in another shape ; he turns round in utter betoo subtle to yield to mere phraseology. His eyes, wilderment; anon, a boy passes—he plays at marlarge, globular, and sparkling, rolled in a riot of bles with him, first for money, then for his jacket ; joy; his mouth, capacious, yet with a never-ending he wins it: a dandy passes—he abstracts his coat power of extension, could convey all sorts of physi- tails : a miller-he steals a sack: he bas stolen yoncal enjoyment and distaste; his nose was not the der chimney-pot, and made a bat; taken that danmere bowsprit appendage we find that respectable dizette's shawl, and converted it into a waistcoat: feature to be in general: it was a vivacious excres- the sack becomes white ducks; the tails render the cence capable of exhibiting disdain, fear, anger, jacket a coat; a cellar-door iron ring forms an eyeeven joy. We think we see him now screwing it on glass; and he moves, an admirable caricature of one side ; his eyes, nearly closed, but twinkling the prevailing fashion of the day. forth his rapture; and his tongue a little extended Then, was there ever such a coach-builder ? Go in the fulness of his enjoyment; his chin he had a to school, Mr. Houlditch; for, with a coal-scuttle power of lowering, we will not say to what button and a few cheeses, Grimaldi would construct you a of his waistcoat, but certainly the drop was an vehicle at a moment's notice. Is his vegetable man alarming one.
unforgotten? He was no paltry humorist who conIt always appeared to us that Grimaldi moved his ceived the notion of making a melon into a head, ears; and this, anatomically speaking, is not an im- and turnips and radishes do the duty of hands and possibility. Be it as it may, the way in which he fingers. His love-making-what infinite variety in drew down his lower jaw on any sudden surprise his approaches ? His boisterous freedom with the gave this effect to the auricular organs. Speech i London fish-dealer; his sailor-like jollity at Portswould have been thrown away in his performance mouth; his exquisite nonchalant air when attired of Clown; every limb of him had a language. as a dandy; and his undeniable all-overishness when What eloquent legs were his! Look at him approach- as Clown, he meant to impress, being suddenly ing that cottage of gentility; the man is changed: smitten by the beauty of his fair enslaver. It was see how he stands looking at the window, at which all what we had an hundred times seen, without the hangs a bonnet: his back is toward you; but it tells innate ridiculousness of the things being made apthe tale, the lady within is to be won. Look how parent to us. Grimaldi had looked on the follies of he bends toward the balcony-Romeo in red and humanity, and fairly turned the seamy side without. Then, his treatment of that old man villanous, | hundred clever men, but no single Clown. Follet “yclept Pantaloon,” whom, old and infirm as he is, was a jumper only; Laurent was ingenious, not no one pities at all, though he is treated by all the humorous; Bradbury was a man of great strength, persons of the medley drama in a way that no elder- | but his was very dreary merriment; Kirby was too ly gentleman should be expected to endure. We confined; Bristow, Hartland, and that school, were applauded and rejoiced in those vices in Grimaldi mere imitators of the great original; Paulo and that we hated in the Pantaloon; here is a bone for Southby, both clever, never stood the slightest your metaphysicians to pick: we were quite blind chance in competition with him; and young Joe to the moral delinquency of Mons. Clown's habits; was only the shadow of the shade of that Grimaldi he was a thief-we loved him, nevertheless ; a cow that our boyhood recalls; he only approached to an ard, a most detestable coward—still we loved him: imitation of the style of bis father in his latter and he was cruel, treacherous, unmanly, ungenerous, weaker day. greedy, and the truth was not in bim-yet, for all Pantomimes are now virtually extinct; Stanfield this, multiplied up to murder, if you would, we loved and Roberts have made picture galleries of them. him, and rejoiced in his successes. Clown, (Gri- Be it so. Grimaldi will in a few years be but a maldi's Clown we mean,) Punch, and Falstaff (Shak- name; and our children's children must be content spere can afford to be put in any company), are all to take the tale of his merits on the credit of their darlings of our souls, though, if we reason about ancestors. We believe in Garrick, whom we never the matter, we find them to be all most incompre- saw, and those to come may believe in Grimaldi ; hensible vagabonds. Grimaldi had certainly studied for, though in a low department of art, he was the the gamut of merriment, and knew every note of most wonderful creature of his day, and far more its compass, and could discourse most excellent mu- unapproachable in his excellence than Kean or sic. He was the finest practical satirist we ever had, Kemble in theirs. He sleeps well, and had happily - Hogarth in action ;* during his day there were an quitted the stage ere pantomimes had been driven
from it: he was a harmless, and a kind man, had * Remember his scene when he opens three oysters, and many friends, and few enemies.-Sit tibi terra finds an apt excuse for eating them all; his dagger scene;
levis! bis duel; his skeleton scene, cum multis aliis.
FROM THE MEMOIR OF THE REV. RICHARD IIARRIS BARIAM.
About this time Mr. Barham found opportunities | liim far beyond the station of a mere safer of of renewing his acquaintance with one who, in many good things, or “diner-out of the first water.” To respects, was to be ranked among the most extraor: those indeed who have never been fortunate enough dinary men of his age, the late Mr. Theodore Hook. to witness those extraordinary displays, no descripTo say nothing of this gentleman's unequalled han- tion can convey eren a faint idea of the brillianey piness in impromptu versification, conveying, as he of his conversational powers, of the inexhaustible not unfrequently did, a perfect epigram in every | prodigality with which he showered around puns, stanza—a talent, by the way, which sundry rivals bon mots, apt quotations, and every variety of anhave affected to consider mere knack, and one of ccdote; throwing life and humor into all by the er. whom still bears in his side the lethalis arundo of quisite adaptation of eye, tone, and gesture to his James Smith, for his bungling effort at imitation ; subject. His writings fail to impress one in any way to pass by that particular province of practical hu- commensurate with his society. mor* with which his name is so commonly asso- Of the few sketches of him that have been given ciated, and in which he was facilè princeps, Mr. in novels, not one can claim the merit of being more Hook yet possessed depth and originality of mind, than a most shadowy resemblance. It needs a gralittle dreamed of, probably, by those who were con- phie skill, surpassing his own, to draw his portrait tent to bask in the sunshine of his wit, and to gaze with any approach to correctness: indeed, it were with wonder at the superficial talents which he er. well nigh as easy to depict on canvas the diamond's hibited at table, but sufficient, nevertheless, to place blaze, as to portray that intensity of genius, that
dazzling vivacity of spirit, which distinguished him
even among the peers of intellect. Nowhere, per* Much as Mr. Barham, with all reasonable and right-haps, is failure more conspicuous than in the miserthinking people, condemned this practice of playing practicable and meagre attempt in “ Coningsby.” Not the cal jokes, there was something so original and irresistibly faintest glow of humor, not one flash of wit, not an ludicrous in the positions brought about by Theodore IIook's ebullition of merriment breaks forth from first to humor, as to draw a smile from the most unbending. The last ; the author, in utter incapacity for the task, only thing of the kind in which Mr. B. was ever personally contents himself with simply observing, “ Here Mr. engaged was as a boy at Canterbury, when, with a school- Lucian Gay (the name under which Hook is introfellow, now a gallant major, “famed for deeds of arms,” he duced) was vastly amusing—there he made the entered a Quakers' meeting-house: looking round at the table roar," etc., much in the manner of the provigrave assembly, the latter held up a penny tart, and said sol. dent artist, who, to obviate mistake, affixed the emnly, “Whoever speaks first shall have this pic.”—“Go notice to his painting: “This is the lion—this is the thy way," commenced a drab-colored gentleman, rising,
-dog." Of the moral portraiture, we will venture to “ go thy way, and”—“The pic's yours, sir," exclaimed say that it is as unjust as the material is weak. For a
placing it before the astounded speaker, and hastily more accurate estimate of his character and position, effecting his escape.
and for an account of the main incidents of his life,