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smooth, broad, circular at the ends, according with the circle of the flower, the indentations where they meet hardly perceptible.
4. The petals must not show their undersides by quilling, and should be of such firm texture as will retain them all in their places.
Size of bloom to be large in proportion to the foliage, but the size only to be considered when plants are in all other respects equal.
The properties we have described bring a good flower under one of the two classes, ranunculusflowered, or marigold-flowered, and therefore we pronounce the tasselled, the quilled, the incurved, and all ragged and confused varieties, as well as all those which exhibit a disk, to be inferior to the other flowers in all the points in which their deficiences can be recognized, and sincerely hope that there may in a few seasons be a sufficient number of good ones to enable us to banish them altogether as show flowers.
PROPERTIES OF THE VERBENA. 1. The flower should be round, with scarcely any indenture, and no notch or serrature.
2. The petals should be thick, and flat, and bright.
3. The plant should be compact; the joints short and strong, and distinctly of a shrubby habit, or a close ground creeper, or a climber; those which partake of all are bad.
4. The trusses of bloom should be compact, and stand out from the foliage, the flowers touching each other, but not crowding.
5. The foliage should be short, broad, bright, and enough of it to hide the stalks.
PROPERTIES OF THE AZALEA INDICA. 1. The flower should be round, composed of five divisions, though only one petal ; and the indentures, where they join, should be so small as not to materially interrupt the circle.
2. The petal should be thick, and of course to be round the ends of the divided portions should be blunt, lap over each other, and be free from notch, serrature, or blemish.
3. The flower should be large and slightly cupped; the colour should be distinct, dense, and if a self, alike in all the petals, or rather the divisions.
4. If variegated, the colours should be distinct, and, if spotted, the spots should be so much darker than the other colour as to form a strong
5. The leaf should be bright green ; the plant shrubby, the wood or stems strong, to stand without support, and short, to form a compact bush.
The great faults of the present favourite varieties are flimsy pointed flowers, weak stems, straggling plants, dingy foliage ; and, beautiful as they may look, they can be improved greatly in two years. The two years are up, and some
very beautiful varieties fully realize this prediction.
PROPERTIES OF THE CAMPANULA. This numerous class of flowers should be true to their names, or rather, their names should have been true to them. Bell-formed, is synonymous with Campanula, yet we find the name given to flowers which are more the form of a star. Those which are not bell-formed, may be estimated as the world likes to think of them, for us. It is almost vain to talk of the properties of Annuals, because they are dependent on chance altogether; you may select the best, and save seed from them, but you cannot be certain that one in a thousand will come like the parent. Those which are capable of propagation, from themselves, by cuttings, layers, slips, eyes, suckers, &c., may be improved—and the improved varieties alone- propagated—but in plants which must come from seed, all you can do is to seed from the best, and throw the worst away, that your seed may present you with a better average quality, and then hope for the
The question is, what are the best properties of a Campanulated flower ?-and the most difficult part to settle of all these oddly-formed flowers, is the shape that would be best. One of those who settled the perfection of a tulip, decided that it should be the “form of a cup”--there being a thousand differently formed cups—and we, if we followed such an example, should decide, that the flower of the Campanula should be the shape of a bell—there being as many shapes of bells as there are of cups. Some bells, and especially those of modern structure, have no turn out at the edge, but are simply about half a hollow ball with a plain edge ; but the ancient bell was, when turned upside down, like a deep cup with a turn over lip. These indefinite forms are better left alone than recommended, because they leave a subject more in the dark than they find it ; it is better to bring matters to a point that every body can understand. The old bell form is something like the following:
Now there is nothing that de. scribes the exact form of this : let us fancy then what would be the richest looking form ; and to do this, let us go to the globe or circle to help us ; suppose, for instance, we decide that the bell shall be in the middle the same diameter as its height, and that a circle should describe the bottom, the two sides, and the base it stands on. To make this as rich as it can be, the form of the bell should follow the circle to the amount of two-thirds, and then turn outwards : here we come to a decision which all the world can un- derstand, and the only question is, are we right as to the proportions that look well ? Because if we are, we have reduced it to a mathematical certainty, instead of leaving it to imagination or caprice, to determine what is the proper shape.
The bell then is to be one diameter high-for two thirds of it must forin a hollow ball, and the other third must turn outwards; and the more it turns out, even if it reflex, the better ; or, if the turning out merely forms a larger trumpet-mouth, thus : it is only inferior to the former in not showing the inside, which it does, when it reflexes.
The next essential, is to have ) the edge perfectly smooth and even ; the divisions which are always there being as slightly marked as possible, and no points nor indentations to be seen.
The other points necessary, are those without which no flower can be good : the texture must be thick, the colour pure, and the outside of the bell as bright as the inside.
These essentials would raise the Campanula much : imagine such flowers upon the common Canterbury bell of the garden, or the Chimney Campanula of the house. But did any body ever see such bell-shaped flowers on the Chimney Campanula ? Why they are more like a star than a bell ; and capable, as this plant is, of improvement, people are content to propagate it as it is, instead of raising varieties from seed, and getting one worthy of the trouble that is taken