be broad enough to touch each other, and form an arch or graceful curve, best described as onethird of a hollow ball, or reversed cup, level at the lower edge by reason of the bluntness of the three petals at the outer end, which should form a circular outline on looking down upon them. The three smaller petals should stand up, and be perfectly clear of the three that fall down.

The three lower petals should be of a rich velvety texture, and be thick, smooth on the edges, firm in their places, and whether selfcoloured, striped, mottled, shaded, or spotted, the colour should be well defined. The three upper ones should be of a different colour, and of smooth or enamel kind of texture ; the greater the contrast of colour the better.

The Iris is a dwarf plant, and though three petals fall down, and three stand up, and the fall of the broad petals is too sudden, and on looking down on them hardly form any recognisable outline, it is capable of being produced with a fall not so sudden, a curve perfectly graceful; and the great advantage of this will be, that the entire surface may be seen at once, instead of a portion only.

The flowers should open but one at a time, that the beauty of the plant may be prolonged, the flower should be eighteen inches from the ground, and when full grown and expanded be four inches across.

PROPERTIES OF THE ANTIRRHINUM. 1. The plant should be dwarf, the flowers abundant, the mouth wide, and the more the inner surface turns up to hide the tube, the better,

2. The tube should be clear and pure if white, and bright if any other colour ; and the mouth, and all the inner surface, should be of a different colour and texture, and form a contrast with the tube.

3. The petal should lap over at the indentations, so as not to show them; the texture of the tube should be like wax, or enamel ; the inside surface, which laps over, should be velvety.

4. When the flower is striped or spotted, the marking should be well defined in all its varieties; the colour should be dense, whatever that colour may be.

5. The flowers should form spikes of six or seven blooms, close but not in each other's way, and the footstalks should be strong and elastic to keep them from hanging down close to the stem, which they will if the footstalks are weak.


The mimulus or monkey flower, familiar to every body under the title of the musk plant, does not prepare us to expect anything out of the common way in the same family. It is a weedy,

mean looking plant, with dull yellow flowers forming but a small portion of the mass, and is evidently only cultivated for its faint fragrance. The yellow spotted mimulus is destitute of the musky smell, has very much larger flowers than either the musk plant or cardinalis, and is capable of being rendered a desirable plant for bedding out, or planting round the edges of ponds or in wet places. When in beds where it is subject to dryness, the foliage turns rusty, the flowers small, and out of character, and the plant is altogether stunted. The flower forms a deep cup, or a short tube, turning over at the mouth and deeply divided, variously spotted or blotched with deep red, or brown, or purplish red upon a yellow or straw coloured ground. It may be called an oddly shaped flower, and it is not every one who could make up his mind to what alteration would make it better; nor are we quite sure that it would be easy to attain the only feature that would improve it ; however, it is certain that some few points are needful, and as nearly as we can we will mention them.

1. The petals should be thick, that is, of good substance and texture.

2. The turn-over portion, or mouth, should be large and circular, and conceal the cuts or indentations on the margin, which are natural to this flower, as well as to the petunia and some others, lapping over, and formning a round outline not reflexed.

3. The plant should be dwarf and creeping, or shrubby and bushy, and not of a doubtful habit.

4. The colour should be bright; the ground

pure ; the marking uniform ; pure white ground, or pure yellow, or straw, or cream colour, will be equally available, if all over alike, but the preference must be given to pure white as the most rare.

5. The flowers must be abundant, and so disposed as to show the mouth and throat.

The Mimulus Cardinalis is a shrubby and very distinct kind of plant, but the flowers, although numerous, are pinched up into a very awkward and ineffective shape. It has frequently struck us that if these were hybridized with the large, flowering, yellow spotted mimulus, the produce would be something worth cultivating ; for if the large flowers could be produced on the shrubby compact habit which many of the seedlings from M. Cardinalis possess, it would be a great acquisition. On the other hand, some of the colours of M. Cardinalis on those of the dwarf creeping habit would be desirable. However, being desirous of improving this exceedingly gay flower, we venture to say that it cannot be too large, nor too thick; and that the divisions of the mouth should be as much concealed as to give the appearance of an unbroken, circular, trumpet-mouthed flower.


In a family so numerous and so various, it is difficult to lay down a rule for establishing a standard, because there are distinct forms to the

different tribes, and we are obliged to conform to what can be done consistently with the peculiar nature of the kind we are treating of. The reflexing kinds, such as the lilium, speciosum and its varieties, which are unquestionably the best in respect to properties, are the principal to which we would call the attention of the florist. The blooms come out on footstalks which are on different sides of the stem, and therefore hang gracefully and tree-like, and not on one side as many spikes of flowers do. The plant is ugly in a general way, that is, it is very lanky, and the foliage is scanty, almost as scarce a good way up the stem as a carnation

1. The plant should be only as high from the pot to the bottom flower, as it is from the bottom flower to the top one. The leaves should be long, and plenty of them at bottom, and gradually shorten and lessen in number as they approach the bottom bloom.

2. The individual Llooms should be large, and composed of broad petals reflexing in the form of a globe, without separating at the points, or forming gutters, or uneven ribs, in the petals, but showing a fair round even surface, and exhibiting none of the backs of the petals.

3. The petals should be thick, rich in texture, free from notches or puckers, of pure ground colour or white. The blooms should be on strong footstalks. The lower flower further off the stem than the upper, and there should not be less than seven in the truss or spike, that although distant would form a tapering head of flowers.

4. The varieties speckled with the ruby-like

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