untoward season in which they bloom. The single fones have, for the most part, the finest made petals, and we have seen the flower cupped like a tulip, and even as large as some tulips. The so-called double varieties are not properly so called, because they have but a single row of petals, and a crowded fuzzy centre of small florets. These also are pretty border flowers, but they are not so hardy nor so constant as their single brethren ; nor are they much better representatives of double flowers than they are of single ones, inasmuch as we require petals instead of florets to constitute a proper double flower. It is from the single ones we should breed ; and when they come, as some will, with two rows of petals, we should breed from these until we increase the number of rows of petals sufficiently to reach the centre. We shall be told this is impossible—be it so. We remember, however, to have seen in the year 1841 a beautiful collection of seedlings, some with as many as four rows of petals, smooth, thick, even and bright; and, as some of that seed was distributed, we hope if any body has been fortunate to bring good flowers, and save seed, they will be good enough to send us a pinch. We regarded those seedlings as a race from which double flowers might be one day produced. As it is, there are two classes of flowers: the single, with a seed vessel and anthers; and what we shall call the single, with a centre of florets, falsely called double ; there is a third class, which are properly called semi-double, on account of their having two, three, or four rows of petals. And as everything must have a begin

ning, and “a thing well begun, is more than half done,” we will give the properties of each, that those who buy or raise seedlings may have some guide to enable them to select the best varieties.


The petals should be broad and thick, smooth at the edges, slightly cupped, forming no indentation where they lap over or join.

The flower should therefore be a very shallow round saucer.

The colour bright and distinct, the anthers and seed vessel small.

The flower large ; the stem stiff and elastic, and no matter of what length, because, if they bloomed close to the foliage, the flower would be as handsome as if it were a foot from the ground.


The petals should be flat, but not reflexed, and one half of the shallow dish or saucer which it forms should be occupied by coloured florets of the form of half a globe, all pointing to the edge of the flower, and away from the centre.

They should differ in colour from the petals, and the more they are contrasted, the better they are.

We have said nothing about the choice of

colours in either of these classes of flowers, because it depends on taste ; but whatever colours they are, they should be dense and decided, as if the petals were formed of coloured matter throughout, and not merely stained on the surface.


There should be as many rows of petals as would form a good double flower, displaying some of the inside surface of every row, and the inner row should cover in the seed vessel in the centre,

The petals should be thick, broad, free from notch or serrature, and in all respects like those described first.

They should all imbricate, that is, the second row of petals should exactly cover the divisions of the first, and the third should cover the divi. sions of the second, and so on.

The flowers should be two inches across when expanded, and rise well up in the centre.


1. It should be round, flat, and very smooth at the edge, every notch, or serrature, or unevenness, being a blemish.

2. The petals should be thick, a d of a rich velvety texture.

3. Whatever may be the colours, the ground colour of the three lower petals should be alike : whether it be white, yellow, straw colour, plain, fringed, or blotched, there should not in these three petals be a shade difference in the principal colour.

4. Whatever may be the character of the marks or darker pencillings on the ground colour, they should be bright, dense, distinct, and retain their character, without running or flushing, or mixing with the ground colour; and the white, yellow, or straw colour should be pure.

5. The two upper petals should be perfectly uniform, whether dark or light, or fringed, or blotched. The two petals immediately under them should be alike ; and the lower petal, as before observed, must have the same ground colour and character as the two above it; and the pencilling or marking of the eye in the three lower petals must not break through to the edges.

6. In size there is a distinct point, when coarseness does not accompany it: in other words, if flowers are equal in other respects, the larger is the better ; but no flower should be shown under one inch and a half across.


Ragged edges, crumpled petals, indentures on the petal, indistinct markings or pencillings, and flushed or run colours, are great blemishes; but if there be one ground colour to the lower petal and another colour to the side ones, or if there are two shades of ground colour at all, it is not a show flower, though many such are improperly tolerated--the yellow within the eye is not considered ground colour. In selecting new varieties, not one should be let out which has the last mentioned blemish, and none should be sold that do not very closely approach the circular form.

One of the prevailing faults in the so-called best flowers is the smallness of the centre yellow or white, and the largeness of the eye, which breaks through it into the border. We are so severe in these matters ourselves, that we count the very best of them no bloom in summing up the good ones ; there are few stands, even of thirty-six, that contain twelve good show flowers.


Some of these are already appreciated a little, but none sufficiently distinct. There are a few of the present varieties which have long spikes of flowers, and those very compact — both of which are desirable—but they for the most part have very ill-shaped pips. There are others which have very prettily formed pips, of a great size, but they are far apart on the spike, and some hang awkwardly; and those who exhibit the flower, know but little as to what caprice is to decide their fate ; but as the time when the flower can be seen forced has arrived, and the period for showing in pots is approaching, we take the opportunity of defining a little the properties which

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