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3. The colour should be pure, free from speckles-if marked, the circles should be well defined.
4. The divisions in the petals should not show, and the footstalks of the individual flowers should be long enough to throw them up above the green of the plant itself ; there should not be less than nineteen pips or flowers in the truss.
PROPERTIES OF THE CARNATION. 1. The flower should be not less than two and a half inches across.
2. The guard or lower petals, not less than six in number, must be broad, thick, and smooth on the outside, free from notch or serrature, and lap over each other sufficiently to form a circular roseate flower, the more round the outline the better
3. Each row of petals should be smaller than the row immediately under it; there should not be less than five or six rows of petals laid regularly, and the flower should rise and form a good bold centre or crown; and in quantity should form half a ball.
4. The petals should be stiff and slightly cupped.
5. The ground should be pure snow-white, without specks of colour.
6. The stripes of colour should be clear and distinct, not running into one another, nor con
fused, but dense, smooth at the edges of the stripes, and well defined.
7. The colours must be bright and clear, whatever they may be ; if there be two colours, the darker one cannot be too dark, or form too strong a contrast with the lighter. With scarlet the perfection would be a black ; with pink there cannot be too deep a crimson ; with lilac, or light purple, the second colour cannot be too dark a purple.
8. If the colours run into the white and tinge it, or the white is not pure, the fault is very great, and pouncy spots or specks are highly objectionable.
9. The pod of the bloom should be long and large, to enable the flower to bloom without bursting it ; but this is rare; they generally require to be tied about half way, and the upper part of the calyx opened down to the tie of each division ; yet there are some which scarcely require any assistance, and this is a very estimable quality.
THE PROPERTIES OF THE PICOTEE. The properties of form are similar to those of the carnation ; but the distinction between carnations and picotees is, that the colour of the former is disposed in unequal stripes, going from the centre to the outer edges, and that of the picotees is disposed on the outer edges of the petals, and radiates inwards, and the more uniform this is disposed the better.
Whether it be very deeply feathered at the edge, like the pattern on the edge of a heavy feathered tulip, or an even stripe not wider than the thickness of the petal, all round the edge, or something between, it is only necessary that it be uniform ; that none of the feathery marks have a break, and that there shall be as much width of white as colour seen on the petal at the deepest part of the feather. It is not necessary that the feather be the same width all the way round, but every stripe which does not reach the edge of the petal is a blemish.
DISQUALIFICATIONS OF BLOOM.
2. If there be any one petal in which there is no colour.
3. If there be any one petal in which there is no white.
4. If a pod be split down to the sub-calyx. If a guard petal be badly split.
5. Notched edges are glaring faults, for which no excellence in other respects compensates.
PROPERTIES OF THE HOLLYHOCK. With regard to the properties of the Hollyhock the following will be enough for the present ; we may be more explicit hereafter.
1. The flower should be round, and the principal or guard petals should be thick, entire on
the edges, and lie flat, being free from puckering or frilling.
2. The centre, which is composed of florets, should form half a ball, and the more it covers the principal or guard petals the better.
3. These florets should be thick, large, whole on the edges, perfectly free from fringe, or notch, or raggedness all over.
4. The colour should be dense, instead of watery, and transparent or washy as that of the Hollyhock is generally. The more bright and novel the more desirable.
5. The spike should be close, the flowers touching each other, and tapering from the bottom to the top ; the footstalks of the flower being longer at the lower end of the spike than at the upper end.
6. There is no fixed height for the plant ; but the flowers should begin one foot from the ground, and open all at once.
THE PROPERTIES OF THE CALCEOLARIA.
1. The plant should be shrubby; the habit bushy; the wood strong ; the foliage thick and dark green.
2. The flower-stem should be short and strong;. and the footstalks of the blooms elastic, and branching well away from each other, to form a rich mass of flowers, without crowding.
3. The individual flower depends entirely on the form of the purse ; it should be a perfect
round hollow ball; the orifice and calyx cannot be too small, nor the flower too large.
4. The colour should be very dense ; whether the marking be a spot in the middle, or stripes, or blotches, it should be well defined ; the ground should be all one colour, whether white, straw, sulphur, yellow, or any other colour.
5. The colour of a self should be brilliant, and all over of the same actual shade ; dark flowers with pale edges, or clouded and indefinite colours, are bad and unfit for show.
6. The bloom should form one handsome group of pendent flowers, commencing where the foliage leaves off ; the flower-stems should not be seen between the foliage and the flowers, which latter should hang gracefully, and be close to each other ; the branches of the flower-stems holding them so as to form a handsome surface.
THE PROPERTIES OF THE ANEMONE.
We shall, notwithstanding all the gaudy varieties which are cultivated in our gardens, treat the Anemone as one quite worthy of being elevated to the distinction of a florist's flower. The single ones are beautiful in a border or a clump ; they bloom early in the spring, late in the summer, and even all through a moderate winter, if they are managed well for succession. The flowers are bright and abundant, and nothing can well beat them in appearance during the