No. IV.
Fourth Sunday in Aduent.


THE CHRISTIAN RACE. The Invocation is :

“O Lord,”_ Simply, and contains no statement. The Petition is :

“ raise up (we pray thee) thy power, and come among us, and with great might succour us; that whereas, through our sin and wickedness, we are sore let and hindered in running the race that is set before us, thy bountiful grace

and mercy may speedily help and deliver us ;” In this petition the following truths are involved : 1. That there is a race set before us for all of us to

run. Heb. xii. 1, 2; 1 Cor. ix. 24-27; Phil. iii.

13, 14. 2. That in running that race we are sore let and hin

dered. Ps. xxxi. 10; vi. 2 ; lxxiii. 2, 3. 3. That these lets and hindrances are our own sins and

wickedness. Prov. v. 23; Matt. xiii. 22; Rom. vii.

5-24. 4. That to overcome these lets and hindrances we

must have the power and might of our God raised up for our succour. Isa. xxxviii. 14; Gal. ii. 20;

2 Cor. xii. 9. 5. That the grace and mercy of God are so bountiful,

as to lead us to hope that this He will speedily do. Ps. xxxix. 7; xxxvii. 15–22; cxlvi. 5–9; cüi.

6-11; Heb. iv. 15, 16; Isa. lxv. 24. The Conclusion is :

" through the satisfaction of thy Son our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be honour and glory, world without end.

Amen." Here we state also: 1. That God's Son is our Lord. 1 Cor. viii. 6; Rev.

xix. 16; Acts, ii. 36; John, xx. 28. 2. That this Son has rendered a satisfaction which

gives us a hope of obtaining what we desire. Eph. ii. 13–16; 1 Peter, ii. 24; Isa. liii. 4-6; 1 John,

ii. 1; Rom. iii. 24-26. 3. That to this Son, with the Father and the Holy

Ghost, honour and glory are to be ascribed. Rev.

iv. 9-11; v. 12-14. 4. That this is to be now, and continually, world with

out end. (See same texts.)

Supplementary Questions. What does this Collect say we have set before us ? To what does this refer? By which of the Apostles is this figure repeatedly used ? Are there any hindrances in the way of those who are

running this race ? What are they? And in what way do they hinder ? What is needed in order to overcome them ? Is there anything in the character of God, or in His attri

butes, which warrants the hope that what we need

will be bestowed ? What do we say in the conclusion of this Collect that

God's Son is to us?
What is He here said to have done for us ?
To what satisfaction do we here refer?

When was it made, and how ?
What led to it?
And what consequences follow from it? (Isa. Ixiii. 5,

7-9; Eph. ii. 12-18.) What is here ascribed, or given, to the three Persons in

the Godhead ? Is this practice or duty ever to terminate ?

No. V.

Christmas Day.



The Invocation is :

“ Almighty God, who hast given us thy only-begotten Son to take our nature upon him, and as at this time to be born of a pure

virgin,”— Here we address God as an“ almighty” God, and state

as a motive for the prayer which follows: 1. That he has given to us his Son. John, iii. 18;

vi. 32; Rom. viii. 3; 2 Cor. ix. 15. 2. That this Son whom he has given is his only-begot

ten Son. John, i. 14, 18; Heb. i. 4, 5. 3. That this Son was given to take our nature upon

him, and be born into the world as a man. John, i. 14; Rom. viii. 3; Matt. i. 20-23 ; 1 Tim. iii. 16;

Heb. ii. 16. 4. That this took place “ as at this time,” i.e. at a time

to which this present season corresponds: and 5. That it was of a pure virgin that he was born. Mutt.

i. 18-23; Isa. vii. 14; Luke, i. 26, 27.

The Petition is :

“grant that we being regenerate, and made thy children by adoption and grace, may daily

be renewed by thy Holy Spirit ;"— In this petition are contained the following propositions : 1. That we are not by nature the children of God.

Eph. ii. 3; Ps. li. 5. 2. That we are made God's children by regeneration,

adoption, and grace. Matt. xviii. 1-4; John, iii. 3-5; Rom. vii. 14-16; Gal. iv. 4-7; Eph. ii. 8;

Tit. iii. 5-7. 3. That when regenerate, a daily renewal by the Holy

Spirit is still required. Tit. iii. 5; ii. 12; 1 Peter, i. 2; 1 Cor. vi. 19, 20; 2 Cor. vi. 14–18; vii. 1; Col. iii. 9, 10; Eph. iv. 22–24; Isa. xl. 31; Rom. xii. 2; 2 Cor. iv. 16; 1 Peter, i. 22.

For which, therefore, we pray. The Conclusion is :

“ through the same our Lord Jesus Christ, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the same Spirit, ever one God, world without end.

Amen.' Here is also stated : 1. That this Son, born as at this time and of a pure

virgin, is the same Jesus Christ who is our Lord.

Acts, ii. 22-36; 1 Cor. viii. 6. 2. That this same Jesus Christ is now living and

reigning with the Father, and with that same Spirit whose daily renewals we need. Acts, ii. 33;

1 Cor. xv. 25; Heb. i. 4. 3. That these three Persons are yet but one God, and

ever the same, world without end. 1 John, v. 7; James, i. 17; Heb. xiii. 8; ix. 14; Deut. vi. 4.

Supplementary Questions. What is God here said to have done for us ? What is said with respect to God's Son ?

For what purpose was this Son given ?
How did he take our nature upon Him?
At what time is this said to have taken place ?
And of whom was Christ born ?
What prophecy was hereby fulfilled ?
How, in the petition which follows, are we said to be

made God's children ?
Whose children are all by birth?
What, when regenerate, do we further require ?
What does that mean?
In what relation does the concluding portion of the

Collect affirm that this Son stands to us?
What is His present occupation here said to be ?
And with whom is He therein united ?
How long will this union subsist ?

No. VI.

Žaint Stephen's Day.



The Invocation is :

“Grant, O Lord,”— Here we again invoke Christ, the second Person in the

Godhead, and acknowledge him our Lord.
The Petition is (running to the end of the Collect):

“Grant . . . . that in all our sufferings here upon earth for the testimony of thy truth, we may stedfastly look up to heaven, and by faith

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