« ElőzőTovább »
Law, sub. A rule given to men in accordance with which they should act; a command which men should obey. This phrase, “ The Law,” is sometimes employed for the whole Word of God contained in the Scriptures, Ps. i. and xix. ; sometimes for that portion of it comprised in the Decalogue, the Law of the ten commandments given by God on Sinai, Rom. vii. 7-12; sometimes for the Jewish dispensation as a whole, with all its types and shadows, which was removed at the coming of Christ, Gal. iv. 4,5; Rom. viii. 3.
LEADING, sub. Direction; guidance.
LEARN, v. To receive instruction; to attend to instruction received, Phil. iv. 11.
LEARNING, sub. Information communicated on any subject; skill in anything; the act of acquiring information.
LEAVEN, sub. A fermenting substance mixed with any body to make it light. It is applied, in the Gospel, to principles of good and evil; which are like leaven in their operation, gradually insinuating themselves into men's minds, as the leaven into the mass of meal or flour, until those minds are thoroughly embued therewith. Thus the leaven (i.e. these principles) is to be checked or fostered according as its nature is good or bad, Matt, xiii. 33 ; xvi. 6–12; 1 Cor. v. 6-8.
LET, v. A Saxon word of two meanings directly opposite to each other : on the one hand, it means to hinder, obstruct, prevent; in which sense it is used in the Collect (No. 4), and in the following passages of Scripture, Isa. xliii. 13; Rom. i. 13; 2 Thess. ii. 7. On the other it means to permit, or allow, or suffer; and this is its more general signification,
LIFE, sub. The space of time a man lives in the world ; power of motion and of performing the actions proper to life: such is the natural or bodily life. The spiritual life, or life of the soul, is a state of union and fellowship with God; a state of favour and acceptance with God, realised through the reconciliation for sin made by Christ, and sustained by grace communicated from Him to His people, Ps. xxx. 5 ; John, vi. 35.
LIVING, adj. Enjoying life; possessing life.
dark. Used of knowledge, as in the Collects, it means possessing a right knowledge of Gospel truth, and shedding forth such a knowledge to all around. See Eph. v. 8; 1 Thess. v. 5; Matt. v. 14-16.
Look, v. To behold or see; to consider or take notice of anything: also to expect or wait for a thing, Tit. ii. 13; 2 Pet. iii. 12-14.
LORD, sub. A word of authority, signifying ruler, master, governor. But see Part I. p. 69.
LOVE, sub. A passion or emotion of the mind, causing us to delight in a thing; a strong affection and desire for any person or things.
LOVE, v. To have a strong desire for, or to have our hearts set on any person or thing, so as to be led to seek after them, to obtain possession of them, or to do them good.
Lust, sub. A craving of the body or mind for some unlawful gratification ; desire after forbidden pleasures; coveting that to which we have no right, and which belongs to another. Lusts such as these are the fruitful source of all sin, are become the natural propensities of our natures through the fall, and must be repressed continually, because opposed to holiness and the will of God, Gal. v. 19, 17; 1 Pet. iv. 2-4.
MAJESTY, sub. A state of dignity and greatness. Applied to God, it means the infinite dignity, and greatness, and glory, with which the Godhead is surrounded.
MALICE, sub. A feeling of ill-will towards others, prompting us to injure them.
MANIFEST, v. To make known; to shew clearly and plainly; to reveal or discover.
MANIFESTATION, sub. The act of making clear; a full revelation or discovery.
MANIFOLD, adj. Many in number; numerous; repeated many times over. Such are our sins and our temptations to sin.
MANKIND, sub. The whole race of man on the face of the earth.
MARK, v. To heed diligently; to pay great attention to anything. See Collect, No. 2.
MARTYR, sub. A witness, but now confined to such as die for the truth's sake ; one whose death is the result of his testimony to the truth, as was St. Stephen's, Acts, vii.
MEASURE, v. To take account of the size, or quantity, or capacity of anything..
MEASURE, sub. A certain quantity or proportion of a thing; “ such a measure of God's grace” (Collect, No. 63) means grace that shall be sufficient for the end desired, viz. the obtaining of God's heavenly promises.
MEDIATE, v. To go between parties at enmity with each other in order to reconcile them and make them friends again.
MEDIATION, sub. The act of mediating between friends.
MEDIATOR, sub. One who mediates between parties in order to reconcile them to each other; a title of Jesus Christ, as being the sole Mediator between God and men. See 1 Tim. ii. 5; Heb. viii. 6; xii. 24. The term is also applied to Moses (Gal. iii. 19, 20), as mediating between God and the children of Israel; in which respect he was acting as a type of Christ.
MEDICINE, sub. A remedy given for a disease; something administered by a physician for the cure of bodily diseases. The blood of Christ is the medicine of the soul.
MEMBER, sub. One of a society or company; one of the parts of the natural body. Every believer is a member of Christ's mystical body the Church; and has his peculiar office, as the members of the natural body. This office he should be careful to fulfil, not only in order to his own well-being, but also for the well-being of the other members, whose welfare is in a manner bound up in his own.
MERCY, sub. Pity; compassion; undeserved kindness. See Part I. p. 74.
MERCIFUL, adj. Full of mercy. See preceding word.
MERCIFULLY, adv. In a merciful manner; kindly; tenderly; with pity and compassion.
MERIT, sub. Worth ; desert; excellence of character or conduct deserving reward, and having a just claim to it. “ The reward of merit comes by right, and not simply by favour;" is not "of grace but of debt,” Rom. xi. Such merit sinners can never have, for when all is done that is
commanded (if that were possible), they are still “ unprofitable servants.”
MERITORIOUS, adj. Full of merit; possessing or imparting merit.
MESSENGER, sub. One who carries a message from one party to another. John Baptist is called Christ's messenger (Collect, No. 3), because sent by Him to prepare His way by the preaching repentance. Jesus Christ is called the “ Messenger of the Covenant” (Mal. iii. 1), because He came from God to declare and ratify that covenant; to make known and carry into execution His Father's mind and will.
MIND, sub. The understanding or judgment of man, by means of which he distinguishes between right and wrong, good and evil; man's reasoning faculties.
MINISTER, sub. One who waits upon another; applied chiefly to those who are employed in the service of the sanctuary or house of God; to those who have been consecrated and set apart for that special work.
MINISTRY, sub. The work or office of a minister; spe. cially the work and office of the minister of God.
MORTAL, adj. Subject to death; liable to decay and death ; that which must come to an end. Our present bodies are mortal, i.e. they have a principle of corruption in them, and must die ; for corruptible cannot inherit incorruption. Hence this present life is a mortal life, and will, sooner or later, come to an end. The next is immortal, because, our bodies being no longer liable to corruption, will undergo no change.
MORTIFY, v. To cause to die; to reduce to a state of death; scripturally, to subdue the lusts and passions of the body so as to have them in complete subjection, and to deprive them of all influence and control over us as if they had ceased to exist. This is enjoined on us, Col. iii. 3. This St. Paul had done, Gal. ii. 20.
MORTIFICATION, sub. The act of mortifying our bodies, i.e. the lusts of our bodies; the state of one so mortified.
MOTIONS, sub. Impulses communicated to the mind, stimulating us to actions. The godly motions of Christ (Collect, No. 22) are those incitations or stirrings-up of our minds to holiness, which are the work of the Holy
Spirit within us, commissioned to influence us by Christ. These motions are too often resisted, and hence the benefits which would result from attention thereto are lost; the Spirit is quenched, and man is left to himself to perish in his sins.
MULTIPLY, v. To increase greatly; to produce many times over.
MURDERER, sub. One who takes away the life of another unlawfully, as Cain did Abel's.
MYSTERY, sub. Anything hidden and concealed; any. thing not publicly known. The great mystery of Paul's day, of which he speaks in Eph. iii. and elsewhere, was this, the calling of the Gentiles to an equal share in God's privileges with the Jews. The mysteries of God, speaking generally, are those truths now revealed to us in the Gospel, but which were hidden or concealed, until God was pleased to make them known to us by His Son.
MYSTICAL, adj. Having some hidden or secret meaning; hidden; emblematical. The mystical body of Christ is the Church of the First-Born, “ the blessed company of all faithful people.” This is called mystical, because invisible and unknown to man, because undiscernible to mortal eyes, though “ the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are His,” 2 Tim. ii. 19.
NAME, sub. A title or designation by which a person or thing is known. By the “ name of God” is meant God's unchangeable nature and attributes, properties and perfections. His power, eternity, holiness, truth, life, all are included under the expression. Hence His Name does but express Himself; and whatever titles or properties are ascribed to His Name, are to be considered as applied and ascribed to Himself.
NATURE, sub. The state, or properties, of anything at its first production, or as it proceeds from its original; the course or order of things established by God in the world. Man's nature is not now what it was at first. God created man upright, perfect, pure, and spotless, as all the rest of creation ; but man sinned and fell from that state of purity into a state of sin. His nature, in consequence, lost its excellencies, and became corrupt and