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FAVOURABLE, adj. Kindly disposed towards one; ready to help and assist one.
FAVOURABLY, adv. In a favourable manner.
FEAR, sub. Apprehension of danger; dread, timidity, and trembling. The fear of God spoken of in Scripture is two-fold. There is a filial fear, i.e. such a fear as children have of their parents, the root of which is love, and which consists in an anxiety of mind lest they should offend those whom they love so dearly, and whom they would be sorry to offend. And there is a slavish fear, i. e. such a fear as arises from a sense of guilt and consciousness of punishment deserved and expected. In the former sense God is feared by His saints; in the latter by devils and wicked men.
FELLOWSHIP, sub. Union together in one body or company; association of friends in some common cause. Thus Christians are associated together in the Church.
FIXED, adj. Firmly settled and established ; centred upon some special object; not wavering and undecided. See Ps. cviii. 1; Jam. i. 6.
FLESH, sub. The soft part of the body. In the Scripture especially, man's corrupt nature; that sinful nature which is always leading to sin, and is opposed to the principle of holiness planted by the Spirit in the soul, Gal. v. 17; Rom. vii. 18-25. This corrupt nature must be overcome, or death will be the consequence, Rom. viii. 5–13.
Flock, sub. A quantity of birds or beasts collected together; especially applied to sheep. The Church of Christ is called His Hock; and of this flock Jesus is the Shepherd, Ps. c. 3; Ezek. xxxiv; John, x; xxi. 15–17; 1 Pet. v. 1, 2.
FOLD, sub. The place wherein sheep are confined or housed, and made to rest; usually protected by a fence, and entered by a gate or door.
FORASMUCH, adv. Since; because ; seeing that.
FORGIVE, v. To pardon an injury; not to require a debt, orexact a penalty. When spoken of God's forgiving sinners, it means His not requiring from them the sufferings due for sins committed against Him.
FORGIVENESS, sub. The act of pardoning, or forgiving injuries, debts, or sins. FORSAKE, v. To leave; especially to leave when in want or distress; to desert in the hour of need. As the disciples did their Master, Matt. xxvi. 56.
FORTHWITH, adv. Immediately, without any hesitation or tarrying.
FOUNDATION, sub. The base of a building; that on which a building rests. The Church of Christ, when compared to a building, is said to rest on the “ foundation of the Apostles and Prophets; Jesus Christ Himself being the Chief Corner Stone,” that is to say, the doctrine of the Apostles and Prophets,- all of which is the results of Christ's teaching, comes primarily from Him, and is “ yea and amen” in Him,-forms the groundwork on which that Church rests, and constitutes its warrant and authority. Take it away, the Church has nothing to stand on, and must fall to the ground.
FRAIL, adj. Weak, tender, soon broken, not able to resist.
FRAILTY, sub. A state of infirmity and weakness. Such is man's state because of sin, which has led to a corruption of his powers, both bodily and mental, so that he “cannot do the things that he would,” and if unaided must perish. But he has strength provided for him in his Saviour, and through Him may be made “more than conqueror,” Rom. viii. 37. .
FRUIT, sub. The produce of the soil, or of a tree or plant; that part of the productions of the earth which is good for food. Christians are compared to trees in the Scripture, and urged to bear much fruit. The fruit they should bear is the fruit of good works to the praise and glory of God, Col. i. 10; John, xv. 8.
FRUITION, sub. Enjoyment; pleasure arising from the possession or use of anything.
FULFIL, v. To bring about according to promise ; to perform an engagement; to complete a bargain. Thus God fulfils His word to His people at all times, Josh. xxi. 45 ; 1 Kings, viii. 56; 1 Cor. i. 9; Tit. i. 1, 2; Matt. i. 22; i. 15, 23.
FULFILMENT, sub. The completion of any engagement; the accomplishment of any plans or purposes.
Gate, sub. A door of entrance into a building or enclosure; used figuratively of death, as the way of entrance into the invisible world ; and of Christ as the way of entrance into the Church, John, x. 9.
Ghost, sub. A Saxon word, meaning same as SPIRIT, (which see).
GLORY, sub. When applied to worldly things this word means splendour and magnificence, such as springs from the possession of power, riches, and dominion. Applied to God, it denotes that supereminent majesty, brightness, power, and light which ever attend Him, and surround His Throne, and fill His Temple. Applied to the saints, it means that unspeakable happiness they are one day to realize with God in Heaven.
GLORIOUS, adj. Full of glory.
GLORIFY, v. To ascribe glory to; to praise; to make glorious, either by our actions, or in our songs, Ps. 1. 23; Luke, ii. 20; Acts, iii. 8; 1 Pet. ii. 12.
GODHEAD, sub. The Divine nature; the whole power and essence of the Deity. Spoken of the Three Persons in the Trinity together. The word only occurs in Scripture in the following texts, Acts, xvii. 29; Rom. ii. 20; Col. ii. 9.
GODLINESS, sub. Devotedness to God; a state of life agreeable to the Divine law; a diligent discharge of all acts of religious worship, 1 Tim. iv. 8.
GODLY, adj. Religious; attentive to religion; one who practises godliness.
GOODNESS, sub. Kindness; love ; disposition for doing good to others.
GOSPEL, sub. This word signifies “good news” generally; but is used exclusively of the good news contained in the Scriptures, that “ Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners,” Luke, ii. 10, 11; 1 Tim. i. 15. The narratives of our Saviour's life, written by the four Evangelists, are respectively called the Gospels of the several writers.
GOVERN, v. To rule; direct; order; influence. As masters their households ; kings their countries; God the universe.
GOVERNANCE, sub. The act of governing; direction; rule; control.
GOVERNOR, sub. One who governs, whose office it is to rule and govern others.
GOVERNMENT, sub. A method of governing; a governing body; the form of administering authority, or directing affairs.
GRACE, sub. Favour, kindness. In theology, it has several peculiar senses; At times it means God's unmerited favour bestowed on sinners when He pardons their sins, Eph. ii. 8; At times it means the revelation of that favour, i.e. the Gospel itself, 1 Pet. v. 12; At times the results of that favour; i.e. all the fruits of faith and love in the heart, 2 Pet. ii. 18; At times, and in the Collects more particularly, it means help, assistance, strength, Heb. iv. 16.
GRACIOUS, adj. Full of grace; abounding in favour towards one.
GRAFT, v. To propagate a tree by inserting a shoot or sprig of it into the bark of another; to put into a place to which one did not originally belong, Rom. xi. 17-24.
GRAVE, sub. A place where bodies are interred; and wherein they see corruption prior to being raised again in a glorified form.
GUIDE, v. To lead along a way; to direct on a journey; to superintend.
GUIDE, sub. One who accompanies travellers to shew them the road.
GUIDANCE, sub. Directions how to proceed; teaching what to do; and shewing the way to do it. Superintendence generally.
HAND, sub. A part of the body so called. The right hand being chiefly used in the performance of our labours, is regarded as the emblem of power and strength, and in this sense is frequently used in Scripture with reference to God; “ the right hand of God” being equivalent to the power, and omnipotence, and greatness of God. See Ex. xv. 6, 12; Ps. lxxxix. 13; cxviii. 16.
HARDEN, v. To make hard; to cause to become hard: when applied to the heart it means to render the heart insensible to good impressions, callous and indifferent to anything good. This state may be produced by long continuance in sinful pursuits; or by the withholding of that grace which alone can make the heart tender and soft; broken and contrite. In this latter method it is, that God may be said to harden men's hearts, and it is by the former they harden themselves.
HARDNESS, sub. The state of being hard and insensible; callousness and indifference to good.
HATE, v. Not to love ; to dislike very much; to have a great aversion for; to love less than another. It is in this last-mentioned sense God is said to have hated Esau whilst He loved Jacob (Rom. ix. 13; Mal. i. 2, 3); i.e. He loved him less than his brother Jacob. It is used in the same sense also in Deut. xxi. 15.
HEAL, v. To make well again after sickness or bodily injury; to restore to health.
HEAR, v. To receive sounds through the ear; to hear only, and not understand, Acts, ix. 7; to hear so as to attend to and follow after.
HEART, sub. The vital part of man; the source whence life flows to the rest of the body; the inward affections and inclinations.
HEARTY, adj. Proceeding from the heart; coming from the seat of affections; used for earnest, sincere, unfeigned.
HEAVEN, sub. The region above the earth. The Jews spoke of three heavens. The first consisted of the region of air immediately surrounding the globe; the second, the space beyond that, wherein the heavenly bodies roll along in their orbits or circles; the third, the space beyond that again, wherein they considered was the special habitation of God. By heaven we generally mean the immediate presence of God, wherever it may be; which is now the home of the holy angels, and is to be, finally, the home of all God's redeemed people.
HEAVENLY, adj. Tending toward heaven; relating to heavenly things; supremely excellent and good.
HEIR, sub. One who is to succeed by law to an estate or title; one who inherits a fortune alone or jointly with others. Believers are heirs to an incorruptible inheritance reserved for them in heaven, 1 Pet. i.4; not sole but “ joint heirs with Christ,” “the first-born among many brethren," Rom. viii. 29.
HELP, v. To assist, especially when in want or trouble.
HERETIC, sub. A maintainer of heresy; i. e. one who mixes some fundamental error with the truth of the Gospel, and persists in asserting it as the truth itself. All such are to be rejected out of the Communion of the Faithful, Tit. iii. 10.