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USED IN THE COLLECTS; WITH EXPLANATORY COMMENTS,
NOT ON THE WORDS ONLY, BUT OFTEN ON THE SUBJECTS TO WHICH THE WORDS REFER; THEREBY FACILITATING THE LABOURS OF TEACHERS IN SEEKING TO ATTAIN TO, AND TO COMMUNICATE, A CORRECT UNDERSTANDING OF THE SAME.
Note. It is probable that many of the words included in the columns of this Glossary may be regarded as superfluous, and needing no explanation ; but it must not be overlooked, that we are not to “ attempt to rear a superstructure before we have laid a solid foundation ;” nor to “hurry children forward to higher branches of education before they have been well grounded in that elementary knowledge of words which must form the root and basis of all knowledge whatever, and without which no knowledge can be communicated or received."*
* From observations by Archdeacon Sinclair on a Glossary attached to his “Questions illustrating the Catechism of the Church of England;" a work and a writer to whom the author acknowledges himself indebted for several valuable suggestions.
USED IN CONNEXION WITH THE FOLLOWING WORDS: sub. For substantive or noun : the grammatical term for
all those words which are names of persons, places, or things; whether those "things” be objects of which our senses can take knowledge, or of which we can form an idea in our minds : e.g. man, angel, fear,
love. adj. For adjective: the term for words which are added
to nouns to express some quality or circumstance connected therewith : e.g. righteous, evil, apostolical,
contrite. v. For verb: the term given to all words which express
actions, or doing of something : e.g. to absolve, to ab
stain, to ascend, to adopt. adv. For adverb: the term given to words which are
added to verbs, as adjectives are added to substantives, in order to denote some circumstances connected with the action to which the verb refers ; either as to the place where, the time when, the manner how : e.g. agreeably, cheerfully, faithfully, effectually.
Note. The meanings given to the following words are those meanings in which they are used in the Collects especially, or in theological writings generally. Hence they will be found to differ at times from the meanings of the same words in ordinary writings and conversation. It is recommended, that, when seeking out the meanings of these words, the verbs be in all cases referred to; the illustrations introduced being generally given in connexion with the verb, that being regarded as the root whence the substantive is formed.
ABSOLVE, v. To set free from guilt, or to release from the punishment which is the consequence of guilt; to forgive or pardon.
ABSOLUTION, sub. The act of absolving, or pronouncing a person absolved, or released from sin and its consequences; and pronounced by authority from God to all persons who “ truly repent, and unfeignedly believe His holy Gospel.”
ABSTAIN, v. To refrain from anything; to exercise selfdenial, especially in respect to those things our flesh longs for and delights in. As St. Paul did, 1 Cor. ix. 27; as he orders, Col. iii. 3; and as St. Peter recommends, 1 Pet. ii. ll.
ABSTINENCE, sub. The act or state of abstaining, or exercising such self-denial.
ABUNDANCE, sub. Great plenty; more than sufficient to supply all wants.
ACCEPT, v. To receive kindly and favourably, so as to answer one's request; as Ahasuerus did Esther, Est. iv., v. 1-4; and Artaxerxes did Nehemiah, Neh. ii. 1-8.
ACCEPTABLE, adj. Worthy of being kindly and favourably received. This, men's prayers are only when offered through Christ, and their persons only when they have the righteousness of Christ to adorn them.
ACCEPTANCE, sub. The act of favourably receiving.
ACCOMPLISH, v. To perform fully; to bring to a successful issue; to complete a thing.
ACKNOWLEDGE, v. To confess or admit openly; to own to a thing; as David did to his sins, 2 Sam. xii. 13.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT, sub. The act of acknowledging, or confessing.
ADOPT, v. To take into a family one who is not of that family by birth, to take a son by choice; as Ex. ii. 10, and Esther, ii. 5–7. When spoken of God it refers to His choosing and adopting the children of men, by nature children of wrath, and of the family of the Evil One, and making them His own sons and daughters : His exercising over them a father's care, guarding them with all a father's love (see Ps. ciii. 13; 2 Cor. vi. 17, 18), and giving them the blessings and privileges of sons (see Rom. viii. 14-17, and Gal. iv. 4, 5).
ADOPTION, sub. The act of adoption; or the state of one who is adopted.
ADVOCATE, v. To plead for another, or for some cause, in order to procure some good, or to avert some evil. Thus did Tertullus advocate the cause of the Jews against Paul before Felix at Cæsarea, Acts, xxiv.
ADVOCATE, sub. One who pleads for another; a title given to Christ in 1 John, ii, 1, because of His pleading for men with God, in order to their pardon and forgiveness.
ADVERSE, adj. Opposed to, acting contrary to us, turned against us.
ADVERSITY, sub. A state of affliction or calamity; any. thing which causes sorrow or hindrance, whether in body or mind.
AFFECTIONS, sub. Desires; passions or emotions, or feelings of mind or body; used chiefly with reference to the sinful desires or lusts of the flesh, our “corrupt affections,” “unruly affections." The abstinence or self-denial enjoined on us in Scripture, is for the purpose of overcoming and mortifying these sinful affections.
AGREEABLE, adj. Pleasing; but in the Collect agreeing with, suitable to, not contrary to, in keeping with. Things agreeable to the profession of a Christian are such as those mentioned, Rom. xii.; Gal. v. 22, 23; Eph. iv. 1-3, 22-32; 2 Pet. i. 5-11.
ANGEL, sub. A messenger, but especially a messenger from God; an inhabitant of the spiritual world; generally a good spirit, but used also of evil ones (see Ps. Ixxviji. 49). In Rev. ii. and iii. it denotes the ruling bishops of the several churches there spoken of.
ANNUNCIATE, v. To bring tidings, to come with news ; as the angel Gabriel came to Mary, Luke, i.; and the host of angels to the shepherds, Luke, ii.
ANNUNCIATION, sub. The act of bringing tidings or news.
APOSTLE, sub. One sent forth on any commission or errand. It is used of Christ, Heb. iii. ], as One sent on a mission into this world ; but usually denotes one of those twelve special heralds of the Gospel chosen and sent forth by Him to preach that Gospel, Luke, vi. 13, 14. To this office others were, however, afterwards added, as Paul and Barnabas. See Acts, xiii. 1, 2; 1 Cor. ix. 1-6.
APOSTOLICAL, adj. Appertaining or belonging to the Apostles, derived from the Apostles, connected with the Apostles.
APPOINT, v. To fix, order, determine, or establish anything.
APPOINTMENT, sub. The act of fixing a thing, any law or decree fixed and ordered.
ASCEND, v. To go up; to mount upwards in the air; as Christ to heaven in the clouds, and Elijah in a chariot of fire.
ASCENSION, sub. The act of going up; used chiefly of Christ's ascending to heaven forty days after His resurrection, as recorded, Acts, i. There should, however, be a spiritual ascension of the Christian every day; and our thoughts should so constantly arise to heaven, that we might almost be said to dwell with the Saviour there, Phil. iii. 20, 21; Col. iii. 1, 2.
ASSAULT, v. To attack violently; to rush with force upon any one; as the Jews at Thessalonica attacked the house of Jason, Acts, xvii. 5.
ATTAIN, v. To arrive at, to come to, or reach any desired object; as the sailors, Acts, xxvii. 12; and Paul sought to do, Phil. iii. 11.
ATTAINMENT, sub. The act of attaining what we desire, or the state of having attained what we desire.
AUTHOR, sub. The first beginner of anything, the producer of anything, the writer of a book. Christ is called the Author of our Faith, Heb. xii. 2; because the planting of faith in the heart, in common with every other process in the way of salvation, is His work, wrought by Him through the agency of the Holy Spirit. See 1 Cor. xii. 3; iv. 7; Phil. i. 29, and i. 6; 2 Pet. i. 1-3; 1 Cor. iii. 6_9.