Saint Michael and all Angels.



The Invocation is :

“O Everlasting God, who hast ordained and constituted the services of Angels and men in a

wonderful order ;"— Here God is invoked as “Everlasting,” and it is dc

clared,1. That the services, i.e. particular duties and callings,

of men and of angels, have been ordained and constituted by Him. Ps. cxix. 91; Dan. iv. 35; ii. 21; Ps. lxviii. 17; Rom. xiii. 1; Heb. i. 14; Ps.

lxxv. 6, 7; Neh. ix. 6. 2. That this has been done in a wonderful order, i.e.

in, or with, an order or arrangement which is wonderful. Gen. i. 31; Ps. cxix. 91 (first clause); Ps. viii. 3-6; lxxxix. 5; civ. 24; cxi. 2-4; cxlv. 5- ;12 Isa. xxv. 1; Mark, vii. 37; Eph. iv. 11, 12;

Phil. ii. 9, 10; Col. i. 16. The Petition, consequently, is :

“Mercifully grant, that as thy holy Angels always do thee service in heaven, so by thy appointment they may succour and defend us

on earth ;”— In which Petition we have stated or implied,

1. That God's angels are holy angels. Matt. xxv. 31;

Mark, viii. 38; Rev. xiv. 10; 1 Tim. v. 21 ; 2 Pet.

ii. 4; Jude, 6. 2. That these angels are always serving God in hea

ven. Rev. iv. 8-11; vii. 9-17. 3. That they are also capable of assisting us on earth.

Ps. xxxiv. 7 ; Acts, xii. 7-11; xxvii. 23, 24; Matt.

4_11. 4. That, if God be pleased so to appoint, they will cer

tainly do so, and come to our succour and defence.
Ps. xci. 11; Heb. i. 14; Dan. vi. 22 ; ii. 24, 25;
viii. 15–17; ix. 20-22.
For such an appointment, therefore, we here

offer a prayer. The Conclusion is :

“through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.” As before.

Supplementary Questions. What is God here said to have “ordained and consti

tuted ?" What do we mean by those words ? In what manner has all this been performed ? How in a “wonderful order ?” What are God's angels here styled ? What are they always doing ? What are they also capable of doing for us? What do we mean by “succour ?” Whose appointment is necessary before they will do this? If so appointed may we expect their support ?

št. Lukr the Evangelist.



The Invocation is :

“O Almighty God, who calledst Luke the Physician, whose praise is in the Gospel, to be

an Erangelist, and Physician of the soul ;”— Here after addressing God as “ Almighty,” we state fur

ther,1. That there is, in the Gospel, praise of one Luke a

physician; i.e. that there is in the word of God, and so in connexion with the Gospel, though not in the Gospel narrative exactly, praise or commendation given to a person named Luke, who was a physician.

Col. iv. 14; 2 Tim. iv. 11; 2 Cor. viii. 18; xii. 18.* 2. That this Luke the physician, who is thus praised, was called of God to be

(a) An Evangelist. Luke, i. 1-4;t Acts, i. 1, 2;

Heb. v. 4. (6) A physician of souls. Matt. ix. 12; Luke,

iv. 23.

* It is generally considered that St. Luke is the brother referred to in these last-mentioned texts. Hence the application of the words to him in this Collect.

+ Luke was the companion of St. Paul in several of his journeys, and wrote the Gospel which bears his name, and the Acts of the Apostles.


The Petition is :

“May it please thee, that by the wholesome medicines of the doctrine delivered by him, all

the diseases of our souls may be healed ;" — In this Petition it is implied : 1. That our souls are diseased with various diseases.

Isa. i. 4-6; Ezek. xxxiv. 4; Mark, ii. 17; 1 Cor. xi.

30; Ps. li. 8; xxxviii, 1-8. 2. That from all these diseases those souls require

healing, and are capable of being healed. Jer. viii. 21, 22; Ps. ciü. 1-4; Hos. v. 13; vi. 1; xiii. 9-14;

xiv. 1-4; 1 John, i. 7. 3. That for these diseases, there are certain wholesome

medicines prescribed by this physician of the soul, St. Luke. Acts, ii. 37, 40; iii. 19; iv. 10_12; xiji.

38, 39; xvi. 25–33; xxvi. 17, 18. 4. That these medicines consist of the doctrines which

he delivered; which, if applied to our souls, will,
with God's favour accompanying, restore them to
health. Jer. viii. 21, 22 ; Isa. lii. 4-6; 1 John, i.
8, 9; John, iii. 14-18, 36.
And that this may be the case is the purport of

our Prayer. Jer. xvii. 14. The Conclusion is :

" through the merits of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen." As before.

Supplementary Questions. Of whom do we state here that there is praise in the

Gospel ? How must that expression “in the Gospel” be under

stood ? In what part of the New Testament are the passages

found on which this assertion seems to be built ?

What was Luke's occupation before he was called ?
How do we know this ?
What was he called to be ?
What do we here speak of as being diseased ?
What is the great disease of the soul ?
Are these souls capable of healing ?
Have any medicines been prescribed for them ?
By whom, and of what kind ?
Wherein do these wholesome medicines consist ?
And where are they contained ?


Saint Simon and Saint Jude.



The Invocation is :

“O Almighty God, who hast built thy Church upon the foundation of the Apostles andre rommen, Trentouch and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the

head corner-stone;" — Here, in addition to what is implied in the title ascribed

to God, we state, 1. That the Church of God is built upon a foundation

consisting of the Apostles and Prophets of God. 1 Cor. iii. 10,11; Eph. ii. 20; Rev. xxi. 14; Matt. xxvii. 18-20; Mark, xvi. 19, 20; Rom. x. 18.

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