Carthusian monastery for the exhibition of surrender of Osman Pasha, with all his Christian art; the hall of the Ecumenical troops, after his unsuccessful sortie from Council of the Vatican ; the restoration of Plevna, was quickly followed by the capture the Churches of St. Lorenzo in Domaso of the Shipka Pass, with the whole Turkish and of St. Elias near Nepi, of the Pontifical forces defending it, to the number of twentyPalace at Porto d'Anzio, of the walls of five thousand men. The last remaining Neptune. Then there are the successful army of Turkey, under Suleiman Pasha, are restorations in the Basilica of St. Lorenzo according to accounts received while writing Without the Walls, of the magnificent fres- this, in the vicinity of Philippopolis, seventy coes of Fraccasini; the restorations in the or éighty miles west of Adrianople, with a Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere; the Russian army of triple numbers pressing him new confessional in the Basilica of St. Maria in front, and an equally superior Russian Maggiore, the new tabernacle, and the force closing in upon his rear, and threatennew receptacle for the sacred chairs of St. ing to prevent his retreat to Adrianople. Peter in the Eudoxian Basilica. All these The Turkish forces seem to have become works are only a portion of what mark the entirely demoralized, and incapable of glorious Pontificate of Pius IX.

making any effective resistance to the RusIn his encouragement of painting and sian forces in their onward progress towards sculpture His Holiness has always been a Constantinople. generous patron. Some of the finest aca- Negotiations for an armistice have been demical works have been produced under commenced, but Russia is evidently in no his patronage by Cavaliers Bonifiani and hurry to conclude them, and in all probability Corta; Coghetti, Consoni, Goznordi, and will protract them until Adrianople shall Poderti have painted the splendid frescoes have fallen into her possession, and she can that adorn the central nave of St. Paul's dictate terms of peace, with irresistible forces Without the Walls ; Grandi and Mariani ready to march against Constantinople. have painted in the same Basilica the mar- While the situation is as we have described tyrdom and burial of SS. Lorenzo and in Turkey, England remains undecided and Stefano. Cavalier Consoni, under the direc- hesitating, divided and distracted at home tion and patronage of His Holiness, designed by the opposing views of influential leaders and superintended the execution of the of public opinion, and without an ally in the: beautiful mosaic on the façade of St. Paul's, world upon whom she can rely, in fact a work which occupied fifteen years; the without a single friend or well-wisher among splendid paintings in the hall of the Im

civilized peoples. maculate Conception in the Vatican, repre- She has brought this upon her herself by senting the ceremonies when that dogma her duplicity and selfish policy. She allowed! was proclaimed; the grand oil painting in Denmark to be weakened and dismemberedi St. Paul's, representing the martyrdom of St. when she could have prevented it; Austria Stephen.

to be beaten and humiliated without uttering As regards sculpture, among the numer- a word of remonstrance or performing a ous works produced under the patronage of single act of friendly interposition. She His Holiness we mention only the cele- permitted Hanover to be swallowed up by. brated groups by Commendatore Jacomnetti, Germany, though it had a special claim on “The Kiss of Judas " and the “ Ecce England for protection. She allowed France Homo;" the statue of St. Peter in bronze, to be defeated, overrun, and put in fetters: to be placed on the column designed to by Bismarck, until she broke and threw them. commemorate the holding of the Vatican away by the patriotism and almost superCouncil, and the statue of the Holy Father human energy of the French people. And in prayer.

now, to-day, England's voice in the councils All these works, representing every worthy of European nations is listened to only with human interest, form a magnificent record a supercilious courtesy, which is equivalent how the Sovereign Pontiff, amid cares and to contempt, and she stands in the attitude labors sufficient to crush the most robust and of one who is brokenhearted and defied, enduring, yet finds the time, and has room wishing to strike, yet afraid to deliver a in his large heart, to cherish and encourage

blow. everything that tends to lessen and alleviate The British Parliament has been sumhuman misery, to succor the poor, to encour- moned together at an earlier period than age industry, and foster whatever tends to usual to take the Russo-Turkish situation elevate, cultivate, and refine human char- into consideration. The Queen was not

present in person at the reassembling of Parliament, but sent a speech which was

read by the Lord Chancellor to both Houses, If the telegrams from the seat of war in stating that England proposed remaining Europe can be relied on as correct, Turkey neutral if possible, but that it was expedient lies powerless at the feet of Russia. The to make adequate preparations for future


emergencies, and asking Parliament to vote hundred gold dollars. These presents were the necessary supplies. A sharp debate supplemented by others from the young men ensued upon the answer to be made to the of the Catholic Lyceum, pupils of the school Queen's speech; and the policy of the of Notre Dame, and the scholars of the Sunministry severely criticized. This probably day-school. only foreshadows the fiercer debate that will ensue when the proposed measures of the existing ministry come to be discussed in

THERE have been no less than forty-six detail.

priests ordained in Prussian Poland since

the enactment of the infamous “ Falk laws," The fiftieth anniversary of the ordination by the German government, in May, 1874. to the priesthood of Rev. James Fitton, of amination by government officials, are now

These priests, refusing to submit to an exthe Church of the Holy Redeemer in East Boston, Mass., was celebrated on December engaged in the discharge of the duties of 23d with appropriate and impressive cere

their sacred office in a way that evades the monies. Father Fitton is, in all probability, them with greatest secrecy, the Catholic

iniquitous Falk laws. Masses are said by the oldest priest in the United States who was born and reared in the country. There gentry keeping them on their large estates

as tutors or land stewards. Thus, far from is certainly no one who is more conspicuously identified with the growth of the extinguishing the Catholic spirit, the perseChurch in New England.

cution has in many respects only proven the He was born in Boston in 1803, and was

means of feeding the sacred flame of faith.

On the other hand, however, even the govbaptized in the only Catholic Church edifice then erected in that city. He was educated

ernment opens its eyes to the fact that the in part under the pioneer, Bishop. Cheverus, labored in vain to seduce the poor Catholic

emissaries of Socialism, who have hitherto afterwards Cardinal, and was ordained by the late Bishop Fenwick upwards of fifty years

workingmen of Posen and Silesia with their ago. The venerable and highly esteemed pernicious doctrines, are now beginning to Father has lived to see the erection of up gain a foothold, where Catholic congregawards of thirty Catholic churches and a mag

tions have been deprived of their priests,

and extend their evil influences just in pronificent cathedral in Boston alone. He has lived to see his own mission, which at first portion as through the enforcement of the included all New England, divided into six

Falk laws the people are debarred from

Catholic worship and the ministration of the dioceses, with Boston as a metropolitan see.

Catholic clergy. He was the founder of the first Catholic periodical in the United States, the Catholic Press, at Hartford, of the College of the Holy Cross, at Worcester, Mass., and erected The archbishops and bishops of Ireland churches in most of the principal cities and

have issued a Pastoral, which has been read towns in New England. Though upwards in all the churches of that island, on the of seventy-four years of age he is still hale subject of “wakes.” They express the and vigorous, his mind is clear and active, deep concern which they feel for the proper and recently he composed a history of the

and respectsul treatment of the dead, and Church in the New England States, and pre

refer to the many instances of demoralization pared one of the most complete prayer-books and shameful misconduct which often occur that has been published.

“ wakes,” some of them being mere Previous to the ceremonies of the jubilee, carousals. In future no one is to attend at mass was celebrated by the venerable Father “ wakes” except the immediate relatives of Fitton himself. Among those in the sanc

the deceased ; no spirituous or intoxicating tuary were the Archbishop of Boston, the liquors are to be used; and in case of disBishop of Portland, and eleven priests from obedience of these injunctions the clergy different parts of the country, who had in

are required not to visit the house, nor to past years served in the sanctuary as altar

attend at the funeral, nor to celebrate Mass boys under Father Fitton.

for the deceased. Following the mass an appropriate sermon was delivered by the Bishop of Portland, after which a number of memorial gifts were Of the ten archbishops in the United presented to Father Fitton. First of these States, four are Irish; of the fisty-six bishwas a gold chalice from the Archbishop of ops, twenty-nine are of the same nationality; Boston, then a set of vestments and an ad- of the fifty-two hundred priests, not less than dress, beautifully engrossed on parchment, three thousand belong to the Irish race. A from those of the aged Father's altar-boys like proportion holds good as regards the who have since been ordained priests. The laity. Of the six and a half million who are present and past altar-boys then followed officially returned, four millions are of Irish with a miniature yacht freighted with three birth or descent.


It has long been a subject of complaint Catholic literary societies, and heads of famthat Catholic books are too high-priced. A ilies should subscribe for the series. remedy for this will be found if an enterprise undertaken by Mr. Hickey, No. 11 Barclay The ecclesiastical statistics of England Street, New York, is successfully carried out. and Wales show an increase of sixty-four He proposes in a circular recently issued to priests and nineteen churches during the publish classical Catholic works in a series, last year. In the diocese of Nottingham to be furnished at a very low price to sub- 10 new churches were opened; in Salford, scribers. The series is to be called “ The 4; in Liverpool, 9; in Hexham, I; in Vatican Library.” He begins with Fabiola Northampton, 1; and in Plymouth, 1. The for twenty-five cents.

increase in the number of priests in the This is an excellent idea, and we hope diocese of Liverpool is 10; in Southwark, Mr. Hickey will be sustained, so that he may 12; in Westminster, 8; with a less proporsuccessfully carry it into effect. Low-priced tionate increase in other dioceses. The Catholic literature is greatly needed, and if hierarchy remains unchanged. “ The Vatican Library” enterprise succeeds In Scotland the number of priests has init will be furnished. Library companies, creased five; of churches, fourteen.


WHAT CATHOLICS DO NOT BELIEVE. A ject of very general discussion. While in

lecture delivered in Mercantile Library form and plan the lecture is negative, that Hall, on Sunday evening, December 16th, is, takes up the leading objections of Prot1877. By Right Rev. P. 7. Ryan, Bishop estants to Catholicity, and shows that in of Tricomia, and Coadjutor to the Arch- almost every instance those objections are bishop of St. Louis. St. Louis : P. Fox, based upon either honest misunderstanding Publisher, 14 South Fifth Street. 1878. of Catholic doctrine and practice or else This lecture has caused no little excite

wilful misrepresentation, it also incidentally ment in St. Louis, where it was delivered.

but forcibly sets forth the positive side of the It grew, in part at least, out of an invitation question, “ What Catholics do believe.” extended to the Right Rev. Bishop Ryan,

The plan of the lecture and the arrangeby the Rev. Dr. Snyder, “ Pastor of a Uni

ment of the topics discussed are very happy. tarian Church” in St. Louis, to deliver a

Bishop Ryan introduces his subject by showlecture from his pulpit and to his congrega- ing the importance of a correct knowledge tion, on “ The Claims of the Catholic

of what Catholics do believe, first to ProtChurch,” Dr. Snyder assuring the bishop estants, and second to indifferentists, skepof the presence of a large number of Prot tics, and infidels. He then takes up and estants to hear the proposed lecture. The entirely, with great simplicity, clearness, and Right Reverend Bishop did not feel that it force, exposes the erroneousness of the prevawould be proper for him to occupy a Prot

lent notion that to be a sincere Catholic re

He foldeliver a lecture in the Mercantile Library and shapes it assumes, and shows that in all estant pulpit , but having already promised to quires an abnegation of reason.

lows this error through the various forms Hall in aid of a new building for Catholic schools, he informed Dr. Snyder of the

of them it involves an utter misapprehension fact, expressing a desire that he and Protest

of the Catholic religion. ants generally would attend.

Next, the popular charge that Catholics On the delivery of the lecture at least

are guilty of idolatry, in the employment of one-half of the audience were Protestants. pictures, statues, etc., in the veneration of The subject selected by the Right Reverend relics, the invocation of saints, and of the Bishop was, “ What Catholics do not be- Blessed Virgin, are discussed in a very feliclieve." It gave him an excellent oppor

itous manner under one general head; the tunity of explaining away many of the prevailing misapprehensions are exposed and existing misapprehensions on the part of the actual doctrine of the Church clearly set

forth. non-Catholics on many points of Catholic belief and practice.

The subject of confession is then taken The statement of these misapprehensions up, and the popular misapprehensions and by Bishop Ryan was so clear, fair, and his misrepresentations respecting it are clearly counter-explanations of what Catholic be- exposed, and the true intention, nature, and lief and practice really is were so lucid

influence of the sacrament of penance is set and convincing that the lecture made a

forth. profound impression and became the sub- The lecture concludes with a magnificent

description of the celebration at Rome, in Book Second dwells upon “ The Grandeur the Basilica of St. Peter, of the eighteen of Mary's destiny;" Book Third sets forth hundredth anniversary of the martyrdom of “ The perfections of Mary;" Book Fourth the Prince of the Apostles, ending with a exhibits " The consequences of Mary's digmost eloquent description of the power, nity relatively to God, to the human race, sanctity, beauty, unity, and perpetuity of the and to herself;" and Book Fifth shows Church.

“ Mary's merit and glory.”

The work is intended to meet an existing THE KNOWLEDGE of Mary. By Rev. ). want, and we believe will exert an importDe Concilio, pastor of St. Michael's

ant influence in two different directions. Church, Jersey City, author of Catho- First, in acquainting Catholics more fully licity and Pantheism. New York : The with the relation in the necessity of things Catholic Publication Society. 1878.

of Mary to the mystery of the Incarnation, One purpose of Father Concilio in writing and all that it comprehends in its destined this work was to furnish a sequel to his pre- results and consequences to the human race; vious work on Catholicity and Pantheism. and secondly, in informing inquiring nonAt first thought it might be supposed that Catholics of the theological reasons why the subjects of the two works have little to Mary occupies so large and so exalted a do with each other. But as the author place in Catholic devotions and worship. briefly shows, in his preface, the one has a

The IRISH-AMERICAN ALMANAC FOR 1878. necessary connection with the other. A true knowledge of Mary “is the best refu

New York : Lynch, Cole & Meehan. tation of Pantheism,” the universal error of In addition to the ordinary tables and our time. For the substance of Pantheism other matter common to almanacs and calenis the absorption of the finite in the infinite, dars, this work contains quite a large amount and consequently the doing away with all of reading of special interest to persons of created agency. Mary represents created Irish nationality, consisting chiefly of agency in its grandest

, sublimest, and sketches of leading events and incidents in most magnificent expression, in all the Irish history, biographies of distinguished mysteries of God relating to the creature. Irishmen, with portraits of quite a number Mary, therefore, is the best and most convinc- of them, etc. ing resutation of Pantheism, the rock against which the waves of this pernicious, this all- WHÝ A CATHOLIC IN THE NINETEENTH pervading error of the times, must exhaust

CENTURY? By William Giles Dix. New their force. Pretending to exalt humanity,

York : The Catholic Publication Society. Pantheism degrades and deprives it of every

1878. thing that gives it glory. Mary, actualizing Mr. Dix is a convert, and knowing from the deepest humility, exalts humanity, ful- his own personal experience while a Protfilling the prophecy : “ Thou, the glory of estant the forms which error takes in this Jerusalem, the joy of Israel, the magnificence age, and the manner in which it blinds and of our people.”

misleads non-Catholics, he has written this These thoughts furnish a clue to the work in the hope that it may be instrumental author's leading motives and ideas in pre- in leading others into the true Church. paring this work. It differs from most There is, of course, nothing new in the subworks that have been written in English on stance of the author's argument, but the the general subject of Mary, in that it is not work is nevertheless of value as a special devotional, meditative (if we may coin a application, in clear and forcible style, of word) in form, but theological. This fact old truths to the errors and isms in the forms furnishes an answer to the objection that we they have assumed in our own time. already have too many works upon Mary.

It would require too much space to speak THE MIRROR OF TRUE WOMANHOOD. A in detail of the manner in which Father

Book of Instruction for Women in the Concilio develops his subject. We content

World. By Rev. Bernard O'Reilly. New ourself, therefore, with simply indicating the

York : Peter F. Collier. 1878. leading divisions of the work. In an intro- This admirable work has already been the ductory chapter it is shown that God was subject of such general and high commendaunknown in the world before the coming of tion by the Catholic press, that a lengthy Christ; that it was impossible for man by notice here is altogether unnecessary. It is his unaided strength to return to the knowl. sufficient to say that, avoiding the didactic edge and love of God; that the world owes form and style, the author has produced a Emanuel and Christianity along with its most interesting and charming book, full of results to Mary. Hence, the necessity of most important practical lessons, that are of true, accurate, solid knowledge of Mary. inestimable value to women of every rank Then in Book First,“ Mary's place in the and station in society, married or single, Divine plan of the Universe ” is shown; young, middle-aged, or old.

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