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to “ do” the room at seven A.M. called that vision and sleep the reThat fair vestal found the gas burn- sult of “over-study,” but his eneing, and the Doctor fast asleep in his mies (and what great man is not armchair.

troubled with such vermin ?) called In alluding to the event after- it “ too much of Mrs. Fitz-Jones's wards, Dr. Gaster's friends always champagne."

NATURAL SCIENCE IN ITS HIGHER ASPECTS.

The nineteenth century will be researches extended only to the most a memorable period in the world's ordinary objects within reach. Pythhistory. The progress made during agoras early gave it as his opinion it in the knowledge of the material that all nature consisted of earth, universe is simply marvellous. We air, fire, and water, and that all of have investigated our own peculiar these were necessary although antagbodily mechanism, peered into the onistic to each other. All who folmost secret recesses of nature, and lowed him adopted his opinion, unhave grasped very many of those til the time of the middle ages, physical laws by which our world is when the doctrine that all material regulated. Besides, we have turned substances are only modifications of aside from our own globe,-it was an original element took root. From too small for the extent of increasing this arose the idea of the transmuresearch,—and we have solved the tation of metals and the elixir of mysteries of the boundless heaven. life. It remained for the invention These investigations of nature which of many of our most necessary scienwe are bringing to such perfection, tific instruments to dispel these illuwere so imperfect till within the sions. The inability to comprehend last few centuries that they con- causes of the most common events sisted of only a collection of facts, of nature, such as thunder and lightand were thought by the old philos- ning, or to obtain an understanding ophers unworthy of the name of of the stars, sun, and the moon, gave science. Modern research has, how- rise to many superstitions. Man ever, accomplished so much that suffered in many ways from such an while one in ordinary life may re- absence of scientific knowledge, and main ignorant of the vast and subtle it is only by a comparison of our machinery of mental science, he times with those days that we can cannot remain unacquainted with properly appreciate our advantages. the most important principles of the From an increase in our knowlphilosophy of nature. We have no edge of the powers of nature, we longer a mere bundle of events and derive many of the benefits enjoyed curious phenomena; we have de- by us at the present day. Although duced from a study of nature a beau- man has not curbed his passions, tiful system of knowledge, depend- yet he has come to respect human ing one part on another, and all life and human interests from reasons illustrated with surprising ingenuity. based on natural science. War is

It is interesting to note how the decreasing in its horrors, pain is allelearned men of olden time pursued viated by the most appropriate remethe investigation of nature. Their dies, and life is protected by the most skilful inventions and carefully the lightning and the tempest, it prepared medicines,

brings us face to face with his power The world is encompassed by man's in the earthquake and the flood, and knowledge, and as he advances his shows his infinite wisdom in the mundane researches he seeks for manifold creation of animal and exactness and certainty in every plant to suit the place for which they branch of his investigations. Meas- were designed. No man can be a urements of meridians, observations true natural philosopher and fail to of eclipses, and of transits of planets, detect the hand of One that is for the knowledge of time, light, and mightier than he in all that goes on the position of the earth in the uni- around him. The man who makes verse, all occupy his attention. To his researches culminate in the make his knowledge of the globe theory that nothing can produce greater, exploring expeditions have something, is one who forgets the been sent into ice and snow to seek dignity of his manhood, and who out the hitherto inaccessible North imagines he is using his reason to Pole, and across burning deserts to the best advantage when he uses it to trace the line of the Equator. destroy his noblest aspirations, and

What is the object of all this vari. to blot out the belief in a better ous and complex research amid the 'element of his being. mysteries of nature? The readiest Science is not the dull spiritless voanswer that can be given is that it cation ofone wearily plodding on with advances the material convenience the vain hope of grasping the unatof man.

But if it could do no more tainable, of acquiring the knowledge it would not deserve the name of and power of the Deity, but it has science; it would stand no higher usefulness, and possesses a living than does the capability of money- force more fascinating, perhaps, for getting. We know that we can span its student than music is for the muthe earth as quick as the lightning sician, painting for the artist, or the flash, that distance is practically an- muse for the poet. It has, indeed, nihilated, and places are brought true poetry : for what is poetry? It near, that familiar voices may be is the language of the beautiful. heard from afar, and that every com- Coleridge says it is “the blossom fort and luxury is furnished us by and fragrance of all human emotions, science. But this can avail us no passions, human thoughts, and knowlmore than our daily food if it bring edge." Truly a poetic definition, us not into closer contemplation of and one that expresses the poetry of the Creator of what has furnished natural science; for this is a branch us the material for our convenience of human knowledge which possesses Science explains the plan of opera- blossom and fragrance in plenty. tion manifested in the whole uni- Poets derive much of their poetry verse, and although it has not from the contemplation of external reached that point at which it can nature, and if the external give such explain every process of nature, a vibration to the more delicate throws a flood of light on the won- chords of the human soul, why may ders of creation. It reveals the laws not a more intimate view of nature that govern the mighty globes re- cause the same feelings? It seems to volving amid the immensity of space, be so, for it was said of Sir Humand exhibits the reason of the va- phry Davy that if he had not been rious phenomena of inorganic and the best chemist of his age, he would animate matter upon the earth, while have been its best poet. Many noted it points with unerring finger at the scientific men in their few leisure solemn and inevitable fact that there hours have turned poets for recreais a God. It unveils his majesty in tion, while others, such as Tyndall

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and Huxley, possess a poetic charm stepping the boundaries of natural of thought and expression which science; for it, although apparently they seem to use as velvet sheath for so extensive, has its limits. When the steel of their cunningly devised an astronomer tells us that such a theories. Dr. Dalton, the eminent star is so and so we may implicitly physiologist, also manifests the po- trust him, but when he tells us that etic instinct in his admirable descrip- he finds no God at the end of his tions of the senses and powers of telescope, we must consider that he is the human body, and sometimes in- beyond the bounds of his science. vests his subject with as true a poetic Because a man is a good physicist, halo as the poet does his hero. In it does not follow that he is a good fact man cannot approach nature in theologian or linguist. Therefore a kindly manner, even under the his judgments must be taken for what guidance of science, without feeling they are worth ; and if he sets hima sense of the beautiful within him, self up in theology or languages, they which can only be called the poetry are probably worth nothing, So of the soul," although it does not must we deal with the theorists of break forth in words.

the present day. In their scientific Besides, it behooves us to study domain we will consider their demscience as a shield for our inostonstrations of the greatest value, cherished principles of religion. but any attempt outside of that may Unfortunately the science of the be worth nothing, or be positively present day seems directed toward reprehensible. the annihilation of the belief in a In conclusion, then, to quote the personal God, and the worship of sentiments of the Vatican Council, him. Misdirected science would “Let science increase and advance, have us believe that there is a uni- but always in its own domain, and versal all-pervading force, without guided by Revelation : for the same any attribute of omniscience or om- God who revealed the truths of renipotence, from which all things have ligion is also the God of science, and been evolved, a belief which we always the God of truth, and truth must combat by being able to resist can never be in contradiction with its advocates upon their own ground. truth.” The mistake has been made by over

BURY THE DEAD.

“Give me a grave, that I may bury my dead out of my sight."-GENESIS 23 : 4 (Heb.)

ENWRAPT in fair white shroud,

With fragrant flowers strewn,
With loving tears and holy prayers,

And wailing loud,

Shut out the light !
Bury the Dead, bury the Dead,

Out of my sight!

Corruption's touch will wrong

The sacred Dead too soon;
Then wreath the brow, the eyelids kiss;

Delay not long.

Behold the blight!
Bury the Dead, bury the Dead,

Out of our sight!

But there are other Dead

That will not buried be,
That walk about in glaring day

With noiseless tread,

And stalk at night;
Unburied Dead, unburied Dead,

Ever in sight.

Dear friendships snapped in twain,

Sweet confidence betrayed,
Old hopes forsworn, old loves worn out,

Vows pledged in vain.

There is no flight,
Ye living, unrelenting Dead,

Out of your sight.

O for a grave where I

Might hide my dead away!
That sacred bond, that holy trust,

How could it die ?

Out of my sight!
O mocking Dead, unburied Dead,

Out of my sight!

O ever-living Dead,

Who cannot buried be;
In our heart's core your name is writ,

What though it bled ?

The wound was slight
To
eyes that loved no more, in death's

Remorseless night.

O still beloved Dead,

No grave is found for you ;
No friends weep with us o'er your bier ;

No prayers are said ;

For out of sight
We wail our Dead, our secret Dead,

Alone at night.

Give me a grave so deep

That they may rest with me;
For they shall lie with my dead heart

In healing sleep;

Till out of night
We shall all pass, O risen Dead,

Into God's sight!

POWERS OF CALCULATION.

What an immense difference there most during the whole of that vast is between hearing of an extraordi- tour was the sight, face to face, of a nary fact, between even believing it; real savage man. Some years ago a that is, simply saying to yourself, similar surprise was experienced by Yes, I suppose it must be true, myself, though not from any fierce because everybody seems to take it untamed fellow-creature, but, on the for granted," and witnessing the contrary, from a remarkably inofsame fact in proper person !

Read- fensive and well-trained person. I ing about the sea, for instance, and had heard of George Bidder, in his making your first sea-voyage ; rap- time, that is, when his powers were idly perusing a book of travels, and publicly exhibited. Afterwards, the beholding for yourself a tropical fame of the mathematical shepherd, country ; glancing at the report of Henry Mondeux, had reached my an execution or a battle, and being ears. I had regarded the reputation actually present at the horrid scene, of those celebrities, as mental arithare, respectively, two quite different meticians, with the same nonchaaffairs. We read Captain Cook's lance with which people always readventures amongst various savage gard things of which they are ignoislanders, and even his death by rant. But on the occasion in questheir hands, without any very start- tion I was present by invitation, at a ling or exceptional impression. It private assembly, held to witness the is an amusing romance, a terrible exploits of a young man who was tragedy, no more. We figure to said to solve wonderful problems in ourselves savages in general as ene- his head, and I was also requested mies merely—as holding with civil- to prepare an arithmetical question ized man relations similar to those or two. I did so, chuckling all the of the French and English of old, while to myself, “ If you get through as antagonistic powers, that is all that, my good sir, without help of But an acute observer, who went pen or paper, you are a cleverer felround the world with his eyes wide low than I expect." The meeting open, says that what impressed him was numerous, the majority (though

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