Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

Locke are, when compared to his surpassed by Dr Tromp's scholars, discoveries, mere puerilities, and that who can to a certainty discover the Bacon and Newton were babies in approach of any unpleasant object,knowledge, who had not even obtained such as a beggar, a creature who always a glimmering of Nature. Dr Tromp, produces a sensation of disgust and whose science is universal, takes the shuddering in delicate nerves, and is, infant at its birth, and the nurses to therefore, banished by all enlightened whose care his intant pupils are com- magistrates from this and every other mitted have been trained by himself, well regulated burgh; or of any danand no one save he and they are per- gerous one, such as a mau-dog at the mitted to approach them; and though distance of many hundred yards, and this may be considered a great hard even though a city-wall should intership imposed on mothers, yet when vene. The reason of this is plain; the they consider the amazing advantages sensation to which we give the name which their children will derive from of touch proceeds from a fine fluid, inhis tuition, they will cheerfully sub- finitely more subtle than the electric mit to the privation. He has discovera fluid, passing from the substance to ed how it is that the picture of an ex the sentient being, and by persons in ternal object falling on the retina of whom this sense has arrived at any the eye, conveys intelligence to the degree of perfection, may be felt at soul seated on her throne in the cel an amazing distance, and the sublular substance of the brain ; and by stance from which it emanates can be this means he can so improve the or discriminated with as much certainty gan of vision, that a child of five years as the delicate finger of a lady can old shall be able to discover in the im- distinguish a piece of satin from the mensity of space, stars invisible to the back of a hedge-hog. In this way, all most powerful of our telescopes. Dr the feats of Miss M'Avoy are left far Tromp asks of any unprejudiced man behind. In smell, too, the pupils of what are the discoveries of Galileo Dr Tromp have a sensation of unsacompared to this. That person only voury scents, while they as yet afford aided obscure vision ; he lifts the veil not an unpleasant titillation, and long from nature, and shows to the delight- before they become odorous; yet can ed beholder the hitherto hidden won. they detect the villanous particles in ders of her temple; yet he has learned how insidious a guise soever they may with indignation, that his discoveries approach, in time enough to avoid the have been vilified, and his name ca- full tide of the nose-curling and hatelumniated by persons who have de- ful effluvia. This would be a most scended so low as to pun upon it, as desirable faculty for an inhabitant of if it meant trompeur, and were not Edinburgh, and particularly for the obviously the same with trump,—and members of the far-famed Dilettanti. may be considered as ominous of the This acquirement not only removes bugle-sounds of his future fame. It all the inconveniences arising from is ever thus with men who rise above this equivocal sense, but opens a new their contemporaries, and heshall only channel to a thousand delightful sensay to his detractors, that the light of sations. Out of this system there is his reputation will ere long kindle a no perfecting of the nose, and it must fire that will consume them, and still remain a degraded member, which they will in vain seek to escape. stuffed with snuff to avoid other a

Dr Tromp has been likewise so suc- bominations. Dr Tromp can likewise cessful in his processes for the per- impart to mere infants a refinement fecting the other senses, particularly of taste unknown to the most expethe delicate canal by which sweet rienced gourmands; and connected sounds are conducted to the mind, with this important discovery , he that on a fine starry evening he has teaches rules for the composition of seen a child of two years old leap for meats, by which M'Culloch might joy in the nurse's arms, from the mu furnish a table worthy of a royal pasic of the spheres. He has, indeed, late, and for which he might charge realized much of what the ignorance a princely price. of the ancients considered fabulous. It thus appears that Dr Tromp has Much has been said of the delicacy improved every one of the inlets of of touch to which some blind people knowledge to a degree hitherto unattain, but in this respect they are fur known, and even thought impossible,

and the business of education, when are the most knowing dogs in Europe; this preliminary step is once attained, and that they now remember little of is nothing more than their proper what happened at his lectures on direction and vigorous excitement. Mnemonics, save the payment of the For instance, what is usually called five guineas for their admission ticket, memory is nothing more than an im- which the lecturer pocketed with a pression made on the brain ; and by most significant smile. a manipulation known only to Dr So much for languages; and it is obTromp, he can, while the scull of the vious that those who have hitherto infunt is yet tender and flexible, so been considered the most famous for mould that region of it, which, after their knowledge of them, such as Sir Dr Spurzheim, may not unuptly be William Jones, or Dr Leyden, or Dr denominated the organ of memory, Viurray, or the Admirabie Crichton, (though situated very differently from may be surpassed by a child of seven what that gentleman imagines,) that years of age, trained according to this when a picture of an external object system. is once made upon it, it does not pass In science the same wonderful reaway like the flecting colours on the sults have been procluced. It is well canvas, but, like the stars of heaven, known that the difficulty of mathemaretains for ever not only its form but ties arises from the confusion of lines, brightness. By this means Dr Tromp's and angles, and circles in our common pupils remembereverything which they elementary works, while the ideas have once seen, or heard, or touched, or which they represent are simple, and smelled, or taster, or known,-in short, of easy apprehension. An elegant every idea that has passed before their little machine has been invented, mind; and thus the power of'acquiring which demonstrates, in a few hours, languages is increased to an amazing every thing worthy of being known in degree. A word once heard and its the first six books of Euclid, in such meaning explained, is never forgotten. a manner, that it may be understood, In two days, at the rate of twelve and, of course, never forgotten, by a hours a day well spent, all the words boy of six years old. Simple rules are in the French language, for in- likewise prescribed to boys of the same stance, in common use, might be age, by which they may surpass George repeated and explained in a child's Rose, or Zerah Colburn, in arithmetihearing; in other two days their figures cal and algebraical calculation. By might be shown to him, and in two this mode of training, in a month, the more their arrangement in sentences scholar is in a state fully to understand might be pointed out, and a day more Newton's Principia, and the discoveallowed to the revision of the whole; ries of the modern philosophers. thus, in a week, according to the In music, (for Dr Tromp's system theory of Nature Perfected, the fluent is universal,) the progress of the puuse of the most beautiful language in pil is equally astonishing, and indeed Europe might be acquired by a child surpassing belief ; yet he does not, like of five years old, and he might be en- Logier, make a machine of his scholar, abled to read, with understanding and consiraining his finger to strike the feeling, the most profound, or the most note aright by the clumsy and ineleimaginativeauthors. This is a spring gant intervention of a cheiroplast; up” to knowledge indeed, and proves but on the principles of improved that Mr Dufiet is a mere waster of touch, already explained, the finger is time, for Nature Perfected achieves directed to the right key as it were ine that in one week, for the attainment of stinctively, and the ear and the finger which his system requires ten months, seem to be endowed by the same soul. and that Feinagle is a mere blunderer, One of Dr Tromp's pupils, (for he does with all his trumpery of crowing cocks not teach music in classes,) a child of and laying hene, and washing tubs; four years old, is at present perforinand little better than a quack, in as ing a set of celestial airs, taken down much as he undertakes the correction by herself, from the music of Venus, of the defects of an organ, of which he the last time that that planet was above is totally ignorant. It has been whis- the horizon, when, it will be remempered that this last-named gentleman bered, that she was more than usually took in the grey-bearded scavans of this brilliant; and it was known to Dr eity, though it is notorious that they Tromp, and his pupils, that her music

was uncommonly varied and melo- fallible rules, by which any young man dious. Moore's love songs would gain of sixteen may produce a poem supeincalculably by being sung to these rior to the Iliad, or Hamlet, or the airs, which are, of course, superior to Witch of Fife. The great advantage the Hebrew, or the Italian, or the Spa- of this attainment will be, that no one nish, or even the Scottish airs as set will, in future, need to be dependant by honest Neil Gow. Of the Eng- on another for the pleasures of imagilish and French melodies it would be nation, and every man may, from the absurd to speak, for these nations have contemplation of a butterfly, or even none, and it is the only thing in which of a worm, form combinations infithey resemble one another.

nitely more original and beautiful than As to writing, and painting, and any of Homer's creations, from the sculpture, these arts require no teach- glories of the Gods, or the virtues of ing, for the eye and the touch of Dr men. We shall then no longer be Tromp's pupils are so astonishingly troubled with the impertinences of correct, that by the one they can the poets, of such vulgar fellows as judge to a certainty of the effect to be vagrant minstrels, or runaway woolproduced, and by the other, they can, combers, or vain-glorious ploughwith as great certainty, accomplish it. men, or changeling shepherds, or cobOne of them, a young lady of ten, bling shoemakers, or the still more has just finished a copy of the Car intolerable annoyance of their wouldtoons, which competent judges have be patrons, such pretenders as Capel pronounced to be superior to the ori- Loft, and many of that class, who ginals. Another young lady, who has shine only by a borrowed light; but scarcely reached her twelfth year, every man shall be his own poet, takes landscapes from nature in a style and neither be put to the expence greatly superior to Claude or Na- of buying a dull poem, nor have smyth, and a little boy has (with a the drudgery of reading it. It chisel of a new composition, that re would require a volume to develope ceives an edge far finer than any thing all the excellencies of Nature Peryet known, and of his own invention) fected. In eloquence it is equally efproduced an infant Venus of moré ficacious; and the Doctor has at prethan celestial delicacy and grace. sent a few young men under his care, The boasted Venus is, compared to who will soon excel Demosthenes or this chef-d'œuvre of art, a mere earth- Dr Chalmers in this divine art.

But ly beauty. One would think that the the glory of the system has not yet young artist had been admitted to been named: it is in a moral preparaOlympus, on the birth-day of the tion which will, in its consequences, Goddess, and seen her with all the eclipse the laws of Numa and Solon, glow of heavenly radiance around her, and my Lord Castlereagh, and the with such a smile on her countenance, famous bill of Mr Owen, by which as when she perceives vanquished dei- crimes shull cease, and an era shall be ties prostrate around her throne. But introduced, in which the guillotine the rare merit of this young artist's and the gallows shall be accounted as performance is the genius with which the fables of antiquity. This shall he has combined all this with the be effected neither by sumptuary laws infantine simplicity and beauty suit nor penal statutes, nor hy moral dised to it, and our admiration does not cipline in Lancasterian schools, or facproceed so much from what we see tories, or cottages, but by a mosle transcendant as that is, as from what known to Dr Tromp alone, and which, we are made to anticipate of the full if he is duly encouraged, lie will redevelopement of charms such as have veal during his lifetiine ; if not, he never before been imagined.

will leave it as a legacy to mankind But the most wonderful of all Dr after his death. Medicine will be Tromp's doings is the exaltation unnecessary; for, by Nature Perfectwhich he has given to the feelings and ed, there will be no dise:iscs, and the judgment, and the imagination, man will live in the full possession of and the taste. To the imagination he his faculties till he have exhausted all has paid peculiar attention, and has the subjects on which he may rationso detected the goinge on and the va- ally exercise them in this first stage of garies of that wayward and wonderful his existenee, and then he will not faculty, as to be able to prescribe in- die, but simply fall asleep, and awake

3Y

NOL. III.

TRANSLATIONS FROM SCHILLER.

in a higher stage of being. The Doc. It spread its own broad leaves, and flou. tor is as yet uncertain whether this rished, will be in Venus or the Sun, but there Unwarmed by Cæsar or by King ! is every reason to think that he will From Him our chief of men who shone, visit every one of the stars, and pass E'en from Great Frederic's liberal throne, a new life there, and thence move in- No honours came, no fostering ray! to regions of greater glory, always The German, thence, may proudly tell, rising in the scale of existence. What While higher heaves his heart's full swell

, a view of nature! And which, in- Himself shaped out his glorious way. deed, could only have been obtained In loftier curve, more brilliant mounts, by Nature Perfected ! The falling Springs, therefore, forth from filler founts, apple of Newton and the forgotten of German bards the soaring song ;

And in its own bold fullness swelling, grammar of Dufief shall be no more heard of.

And from the heart's deep cisterns welling, N. B. Dr Tromp has been honour

It spurns the creeping critic throng!

D. ed with testimonials of the truth of every statement in this Prospectus from the Emperor of all the Russias, DESCRIPTION OF A FOSSIL TREE DISand the Cham of Tartary, and the COVERED NEAR PENICUIK. Grand Lama of Tibet. These certificates lie with the bookseller, and also From the Bibliotheque Universelle, with the learned and judicious Dr

edited by Professor Pictet of Genera, Syllogisticus.

to whom the description was com-
municated by Sir G. S. Mackenzie,

Bart.
No. I.

(We sent our translated extract from MR EDITOR,

the Bibliotheque Universelle to Sir G, S. Sith the ingenious Peter hath fa- Mackenzie, who has kindly corrected some voured thee with translations from

mistakes into which Professor Pictet had Bürger, and hath thus opened an in- fallen in the translation of his letter, and road into the grand field of Northern enabled us to give a more correct represen,

tation of this remarkable fossil.] literature, (we were really getting sick of the sing-song sonnets of the south,)

To Professor Pictet. I, who am his cousin-german, hereby

Elinburgh, 20th June 181s. propound for thy acceptance two short pieces of the great Schiller, which

Sir, I hasten to fulfil my promise may give thy readers some notion of to give you some account of the rethe noble spirit prevailing even in the markable fossil, włoich I had just time slightest compositions of that power

to mention on the morning of your ful poet. If these are acceptable to departure from this city. I am not thee, more may be forthcoming here- acquainted with any phenomena in after. At present I have no time for natural history which demonstrate a long epistle.

PAUL.

more clearly the amazing revolutions

to which the globe has been subject1. On the Ancient Statucs at Paris. ed, thon the fossil remains of orginizAye! let the Frank with arms in hand ed boilies, which we often discover at Bear home from every plundered land the greatest depth to which man has The prized remains of Grecian skill, been able to penetrate beneath the And in his gaudy gallery

surtace. As we advance in geological Give to the gazing vulgar eye,

knowledge, we gradually perceive the Trophy to trophy added stiil.

inefficiency of those theories, which How much in vain in silence all pretend exclusively to explain every They stand around the gloomy ball, thing tliat we see; and we are more Nor start to life, where soul is none:

and more disposed to attribute the With him alone the Muses dwell

wonderful effects which we attempt Who bears them in his heart's warm cell ; Still to the Vaudal they are stone !

to trace, to the general action of the

various powers of nature, than to as2. The Geiman Muse.

cribe to one power every new fact that No bright Augustan radiance glowing,

occurs to our notice. No rich Medici fountains flowing,

Among the numerous facts which Of German genius bloomed the spring ; the study of mineralogy offers to our The hardy plant, no favour nourished, notice, we continually encounter some

[merged small][graphic][ocr errors][merged small]

which defy the ingenuity of man to river, as far as the strata reach, and explain their origin. He forms con- the roots spread themselves in the jectures, some of which offer a more rock. It appears as if the tree had or less probable cxplanation; but he actually vegetated in the spot where never arrives at a complete solution of we now see it. It is about four feet his difficulties. Philosophers are be- in diameter where thickest. The coming every day less inclined to ar- strata in which the remains of the gué in favour of any system from iso tree stand are slate clay, and the tree lated facts; and they wisely resolve itself is sandstone. There is sand, to permit facts to accumulate, with- stone below and immediately above out attempting to explain them, un- the slate clay, and the roots do not til their number shall enable them to appear to have penetrated the lower form the basis of a correct theory. sandstone, to which they reach.

The fact which is the subject of Small portions of coal were observed this letter has been known to me only where the bark existed, the form of a short time. It was pointed out to which is so distinct on the fossil, that me near the village of Penicuik, which we may conjecture the tree to have is situate 10 miles from Edinburgh; been a Scotch pine. This conjecture and it is one which I think will pro- may appear more probable from the bably remain a long time without a roots spreading more horizontally than satisfactory explanation. It is no un- those of other species. There are secommon thing to find vegetable fossils veral rents across the trunk, which among the secondary strata ; but hi- may have been caused by frost. therto I have not heard of any which Sir George Clerk, Bart. on whose did not appear displaced and broken property this curious fossil was disinto fragments.

covered by himself, proposes to pro. On the south bank of the river tect it from the river foods; and I North Esk, a short distance above the hope no mineralogist who may visit, paper-mill at Penicuik, where the the spot, will touch it with his ham-strata usually accompanying the coal mer; for it is one of those specimens formation of this country are exposed, which are truly valuable only in their a large portion of the trunk of a fossil natural place, and when entire. I tree and several roots are visible. It am, &c. rises several feet above the bed of the

G. S. MACKENZIE. )

« ElőzőTovább »