Church, by his protection of its op- lency, at the distance of only eight or pressed children.

ten paces.

They had not forgotten “ The Ambassadors of the King of their practice at the court of France Portugal * had already sent their on such occasions, and, after consulta soas, with numerous coaches and gen- ing their mirrors a thousand times, tlemen, to congratulate his Excellency had each an idea of being favourably on the choice his Sovereign had made viewed by a sex not always mortal of such a proper representative amidst foes of our nation. a nation so mutinous and difficult to “ The Earl of Lindsay, Grand manage; and they expressed such Chamberlain, Holland, Master of the feelings and zeal, that the language of Stole and General, came to receive their hearts surpassed that of their the Ambassador at the entrance of the faces and eyes.

grand hall, without hyperbole, the “ The coaches of the King, Queen, finest and largest in Europe, as well of the three Princes, and of the Elec- by its architecture as by the exquisite tor Palatine, of the Dukes of Lennox paintings of Rubens.” and of Northumberlund, and of the The audience is reserved for an. Ambassadors of Venice, Sweden, and other article.

J. P. Holland, were all in attendance on Paris, June 1818. our arrival, in number about 60 or 80, each drawn by six horses. This grand train passed very slowiy a space of about three miles through the

No. II. chief mercantile street of the city, conveying his Excellency to his resi

Marims and Reflections. dence, where all separated, after a short compliment, that he might pre THERE are men who measure their pare for his audience, appointed the own height from the length of their very next day at two o'clock, when shadow, from the quantity of light all the same train again appeared. they intercept from other people.

“ It seemed that all the elements Dwarfs often thus make themselves conspired for the satisfaction of our giants. Ambassador, the splendour of his Precedents in favour of what is suite, and the glory of our Master, unjust prove that your predecessors as, in five days, he passed the sea, tra were fools or knaves, and that you asvelled sixty miles, and delivered his pire to the same character. Against dispatches; so much had he at heart our fathers, indeed, the conclusion the liberty of a million of poor Catho- may not be always just. That may lies, who languished under the tyran- have been wisdom in a former period ny of the Parliament.

which is now weakness and wicked, “We not only imparted serenity to ness, and in this case to act from prethe countenances of those unhappy cedent is to make wisdom the shelter people, but to the very land, for this of selfishness and folly. day and the following ones, allotted to Which is most ridiculous; on such visits of ceremony, were the finest in reasoning, to decide by such votes, or the year. His Excellency henceforth to reason with such voters? rode in the royal coaches, leaving his The miser puts all his money into to a part of his suite, though, flattery bad hands, from which he will never apart, they were better drawn and recover it. To him a penny saved is more superb than those of their Bri

å penny lost. tish Majesties, and our very horses No body gets so much for his moseemed conscious of such a solemnity, ney as the generous man. All admired our handsome order and There is no being lucky at last but appearance, when eight pages preced- by being wise. ed, all clothed in scarlet, enriched There are many things in which with strips of velvet of various co woman too seeth not as man seeth. lours, and loaded with vast plumes, followed by twenty-four tall lacqueys

It must not be forgotten that the acin the same livery. Eighteen hand

count is inscribed in verse to a lady whom some gentlemen preceded his Excelthe author courted in the view of marriage.

The MS. is richly bound, and probably the * Braganza, 1640.

copy presented to her.

If you would tie down others to la- where the rich sacrifice not the dignibour, because you labour, there ty of their rank to mere appetite, bewould be no means of escape to your- come not the dupes of selfish address ; self. The more people there are where the poor sell rot themselves to rich, it will be the more easy for weakness and worthlessness for the you to become so. Leave, then, the sake of wealth. egress from poverty open ; let not en That is not darkness in which vy, reproach, dislike, stand in the my mind sees ; in which I can look way. It is not for want of hands la- back, forward, to all that is in the bour is heavy, but because oppression heavens, to all that is in the deep. so often prescribes the task, or, aided Night hides from me only the present by luxury and vice, so often consumes scene, day shews me no more but this. the fruits.

In moonlight Nature wakes and The Lord and the Knight died with wears a gentle smile. Her bosom exother men; Bacon and Newton live pands not as under the sun's ray; the to the end of the world.

Hower feels no influence, displays not Take what title you like best, if it its colours, opens not its cup, sheds reflect not an opposite one on me. Be not its fragrance. This light is a thin a Lord if you please. I will not be veil spread over her form, half to disa slave.

cover, half to conceal. It gives the “ To enjoy is to obey,” says Pope. shadow of Nature the remembrance The maxim is less exceptionable re- of yesterday. versed. A good conscience only can The light we receive from the moon be happy. To obey is to enjoy. is what her day can spare to our night.

He is happy in proportion to his Consider what a mass of noxious fortune whose beneficence and affec- vapours was condensed and absorbed by tions expand with it. The fortune of the dark ages. Give Monboddo, Wara vicious man is the measure of what burton, &c. the Alexandrian library, he takes from the public good, from and they would have blinded us with his own happiness.

its dust. If it had not been destroyIt is pernicious to society when the ed, should we by this time have been poor become rich by avarice or injus- immortal or still spoken Greek? We tice, great by mean services; when must have another blaze. they carry not up with them the sen Where we enjoy all our pleasure, timents which make wealth beneficent, the greater the number who share it, and rank respectable: it is beneficial the more powerful is the force of symto society when worth, and skill, and pathy. Where our pleasures are not industry obtain their due reward, of this kind, the greater the crowd, when all aid the successful efforts of the more disagreeable will be the conthe generous man who loves to do fusion. good to all. It is pernicious to socie “O that I were as in months past," iy when the rich, becoming poor from must at last be the unavailing prayer extravagance and dissipation, or ne of beauty, where it seeks not the aid glect of their affairs, carry into the of other charms. Without this, nolower ranks the sentiments and pro- thing so short-lived as its influence, pensities which ruined them; not even while it lasts. To have beauty when becoming poor by misfortune, only is the courtezan's portion :-it they carry into poverty generous and may captivate a succession of admirindependent minds.

ers:-it will retain none of them. What is the proper mixture of ranks Such a woman is not qualified for a by marriage? That which raises the wife. Vith sense, affection, virtue, a worthy and the amiable to influence man soon ceases to miss in his wife a and happiness; which rewards gene- greater share of beauty. After the rous affection, in merit and love de- honey-moon, how great may become serving its condescension ; which gives the effect of the former ;-of the latthe rich an affectionate interest in the ter how small ! poor ; which gives the poor spirit and If men who are not skilful to touch consequence without insolence or va the delicate chords of feeling woull nity ; which unites without confound- but let them alone-If they would ing ; where the parties are capable of tell us what they have to say in plain the same pleasures and interests, of prose, if less pleased or interested, we pursuits adapted to their fortune; should not at least feel disgust.




PARTICULARS RESPECTING THE WAR was abolished by an express law of

their new sovereign. PEASANTRY IN 1813; INCLUDING When Austria recommenced hostia COPY OF AN ORIGINAL ADDRESS, lities against France in 1809, the Mar

HOFER quis of Chastellar, on the part of AusAND SPECKBACHER. WITH A POR- tria, entered the Tyrol on the 9th of

May, where he was received with

open arms; and a general insurrecIn the gloomy period of German tion of the people, conducted and orhistory which the last twenty years ganized by Hofer and Speckbacher, unfold; when the selfish and inte was the inmediate consequence. The rested policy of the native princes efforts of the Tyrolese were at first shewed them apostates to the inde- unsuccessful; but afterwards, defeatpendence of their country, it is impos- ing the French and Bavarians at Stersible not to contemplate, with feelings gingen, at Innsbruck, and at Halle, of the deepest interest, every particu- they attacked General Deroy on the lar in the history of that small por- 25th of May, who retreated fighting tion of the community which, in the to Kufstein. At this time the Emvery worst period of the subjugation peror of Austria, in a proclamation to of the empire, boldly attempted to the Tyrolese, dated Wolkersdorf, 29th vindicate the national character from May, declared, “ That they should that pusillanimous lethargy into which be no longer separated from the Ausit seemed to have fallen.

trian States, and that he would sign The Tyrolese, like the inhabitants no peace which did not attach them of most other mountainous countries, indissolubly to his monarchy.” When have ever been remarkable for that they received intelligence of the arpure love of freedom which character- mistice of Znaim, which took place on izes man in an unpolished, but uncor the 12th July, the Austrians and Tyrupted, state of society; and, accord- rolese were masters of the whole couningly, when the rest of Germany seem try, with the exception of Kufstein. ed quietly to subunit to the sway of 'The fourth article of this armistice the conqueror, the Tyrolese appeared stipulated that the Austrians should to have the greatest difficulty in ac evacuate the Tyrol and Voralberg, commolating themselves to the yoke thus abandoning them to the discreof their Gallo-Bavarian oppressors. tion of an exasperated enemy; It is From the commencement of the war hardly possible to suppose, that the against the French republic by the Emperor of Austria could have been Emperor Francis in 1796, till the so base as to abandon his best and peace of Paris in 1814, the history of bravest subjects, without feelings of the Tyrolese presents almost a constant deep regret; but it is also a striking succession of gallant exertions for the instance of that torpid and sluggish recovery of their independence, and policy, which is the most remarkable the former representative constitution feature of the Austrian government, of their country, which had been a- that no provision appears to have been bolished by an ordinance of the King made for the safety of the Tyrolese. of Bavaria, subsequent to the treaty of until the conclusion of the treaty of Presburg in 1805, by which the Em- Schoenbrun,* October 15th, wherein peror of Austria agreed to the cession the Emperor of the French engages of the Tyrol to that prince,--part of to procure for them a full and comthe reward which he received in re- plete pardon. compense of his alliance with France, The manner in which the Emperor and his treachery to his country. Francis announced the intelligence of

During the three years immediate his having ceded them to another ly following the treaty of Presburg, power, in a rescript dated Halisch, the Tyrolese suffered all the miseries 29th December, is simple and affectattendant on a state of bondage. The ing. “ The sad moment is arrived property of their religious houses was when the power of circumstances forseized,

-their ancient and public ces me to renounce the sovereignty of buildings destroyed,--themselves im- the Tyrol. The brave Tyrolese know poverished by rigorous impositions, - how much it costs my heart to conand, to crown all, the last resource

. Article X. of petitioning against their grievances,




[ocr errors]

“ trian Tyrol.

form myself to this sacrifice. I shall “ Austria. We are found true ; and say nothing more ; my words can on “ the day of retribution for protracted ly increase the affliction of a separa wrongs has dawned upon us. The tion, rendered necessary by a series of proposals of our good emperor for disastrous events, painful and affect peace have been unavailing. War is ing to me, as well as the subjects so “ declared. The old eagle of Austria worthy of my love."

expands his wings;-we require not In the interval between this peace “ to be called ;-the eagle from the and the armistice at Znaim, the Tyro mountains of the Tyrol flies to meet lese still continued their hostile ope “him. Here and every where, amid rations against the French and Bava our native mountains, there glows in rians. At this period the Duke of " every bosom the sacred fire of forDantzic (General Lefebvre) issued a mer enthusiasm. We want no sigproclamation, declaring, that all the nal,-no call to arms,-no sworn communes in which the militia had conspiracy. What we have done not laid down their arms within through so many centuries, we will eight days, should be treated with now repeat. Those who have fallen military rigour. This threat was to the Crown of Italy ;-those who executed in a most cruel manner. “have struggled under the Bavarian In the town of Schwatz, 1200 per yoke ;-those who in Illyria expect sons, 800 of whom were women and “ liberation ;-those who found an children, perished in the flames. A “ hospitable asylum in Austria ;party of children, returning from “ those who wander far from hence school, were driven by the Bavarian “in a foreign country ;-all are the and French soldiers into a barn, to more firmly united, the more cruelwhich they set fire, and consumed the ly fate has torn us from each other. whole to ashes.


are Tyrolese ;-war is declared ; The town still presents a very ruin. —and we are once more the Ausous and melancholy appearance, which the romantic beauty and quiet of the “ It is not hatred against Bavaria surrounding country serves yery much or France that urges us on; it is to heighten and increase.

“not altogether the insupportable This unfortunate people were now pressure under which we smart, compelled to remain unwilling sub “ It is that pure proud struggle ajects of the King of Bavaria, until the “ gainst the base and servile treatdisasters of the French army in Rus ment of a noble people ; it is atsia, and its subsequent retreat, afford “ tachment to the ancestral house of ed them once more an opportunity “ Austria ! The Tyrolese can never to emancipate themselves, by joining forget the constitution of their fathe allied powers in their efforts " thers, so long as their native mounfor the liberation of Gerinany. The “tains remain, and one sprig of the following very spirited address, trans “house of Hapsburg still lives. lated from the German original, was “ We have also good reason to hate at this time widely circulated among our oppressors. Has Bavaria fulthe Tyrolese peasantry.

“ filled to the Tyrolese what she proTyrolese! Countrymen! Brothers!

“ mised at the peace of Presburg ?

“Where are our rights and priviTwice already has an unfortu“ nate destiny extinguished the dear

leges ? Where is the very name of name of Fatherland, -twice have

“ the Tyrol, otherwise than in the " long years of slavery followed our

“ hearts of her oppressed sons; in the glorious exertions for the just cause

“ hearts of the most high minded peo“of the Tyrol. Providence has long

“ple of the earth, who respect us, “ tried our love for our native land,

and in the bosom of our father “ –for the Emperor Francis, and for

“ Francis ? Where is the flower of

“ the Tyrolese youth? Wherefore The little tract from which this ad.

must they bleed in foreign lands for dress is translated, was procured at Inns interests not their own? Where bruck. It has neither the name of the

“ is the prosperity of our country? place, nor the date when printed ; and con

“ Where the riches of our cities, and sists only of six pages. The present copy

" the contented happiness and merriwas found on the person of a Tyrolese sol. dier who had fallen in the late Italian cam.

ment of our lowest huts?

• What do our oppressors care for paign.

" us farther than for the unheard of “ment of a general and durable peace,

taxes in men and cattle which they " for the interests of humanity, call "extort from hence ?-and what ad “ Austria to arms. "vantage do they derive from the “ Her people are clad in the armour “ Tyrol but a pleasant road from the “ of a most heavenly union: Love " Valois to the North, over which for their native country and their " they continually drive away their “princes emboldens all ranks. " slaves to subdue other nations? " The Britons, proud of their li" The Tyrolese officers are removed, berty, (freiheitstolzen Britten,) " and foreigners are substituted in “ fight at our side, the victorious " their place, who have no affection Alexander,--the generous Prus" for the country. Every thing which “ sians--the brave troops of Sweden, " the people respected in the religion “ the Spaniards, and Portuguese, all " and customs of their ancestors is “ unite for the same great and sacred “ annihilated. Thc sanctity of our purpose. It is not armies,-it is "temples is profaned ;-our cloisters “ the people, who renew the war 'pillaged ;—and with cruel severity “ with France ! " the servants of the altar sent help “ The flower of the French legions “less into banishinept.

“ has already expiated the attempt on “Finally, Have the provisions made “ the independence of the North ; "in the treaty of Schoenbrun been “hundreds of thousands have fallen "fulfilled ?--'I'he amnesty stipulated on both sides of the Vistula, on the " for by Austria was trodden under “ Elbe, and on the Ebro. Spain has

foot, --its operation frustrated by a “gloriously maintained her freedom, contemptible perversion of its mean and transported her banners over “ing ; fire and sword have raged over “ the Pyrenees into the south of "us, while every peace has promised“ France. The belief in the invinci“a balsam for our wounds.

“bility of the French arms is vanish“Where is the generous Andrew sed. The forced levies of French " Hofer? Where are the hundreds “conscripts are driven together from

of our brave companions in arms, “ the plough, and the manufactories, "whom cunning and revenge havé “ unexercised in arms.

You your"hurried hence? It is not a disor. “ selves have seen these troops. So "derly love of liberty which animates “ little to be feared on their march

We aiin at that liberty which during the last month, you know "is indigenous to the Alps; where “ their military prowess, their cour

high and low live together in peace age, their feeling. The result of "ful harmony, as the Almighty ħas " the contest cannot be uncertain. " ordained it for ages; where no one “ Tyrolese ! Countrymen ! Bro“disturbs his neighbours, because all “thers! Emperor Francis, your for"obey the law with that same proud mer sovereign, comes; you have at “ feeling which they inherited from “ last the long-wished for hour of li

their ancestors. It is that liberty “beration ; your oppression is at an "which we love, because we inhaled “ end. Powerful assistance unfolds "it like the free mountain air, since “ itself for your protection; an Aus“our youth,--because, like every true trian army approaches your fron“ blessing, it comes from Heaven, “ tiers, and with it arms, ammuni" from our Emperor, and from God! “tion, money, and every thing neces“ To serve and to obey every master

sary for war. "who esteems and respects us, ac “ Arise ! ye free born sons of the "cording to the ancient customs and " Alps, scare sorrow, that emblem of " venerable laws of our fathers,--that your

misfortunes, from among you! is our liberty and our pride. “Give yourselves up to joy, when loud

“ In vain did Austria, who, for cen from mountain and valley the voice "turies, honourably-amid the strug of enfranchisement resounds! The

gle of all passions, and during the “ mild sceptre of Austria beckons you, revolutions of Europe, herself the your fatherland, the world, and only remaining Imperial house, in “ Francis the much beloved, look to" terpose her mediation :-With su “wards you ! Prove your heroic perciliqus pride, the French Empe- "courage! Rise ! Enter on the great ror rejected the peaceful proposi “ work of deliverance with self-com"tions of our Court. Sacred duties, “ mand and composure, with genero

for the maintenance of the integri sity and humanity, for "ty of her states, for the accomplish



« ElőzőTovább »