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The master is instructing them.
« O come! oh teach me nature to subdue,
Renounce my love, my life, myselfand you.

POPE.

The verb to be will have a nominative after it; as,

6 I am he.If a nominative, expressed or understood, come between the relative and the verb, the verb will govern the relative in the accusative; as,

66 The man whom we saw.”
« The boys whom they sent."

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When two verbs come together, the latter is put in the infinitive mood; as,

" I come to see.
" I desire to be heard."

I ought to grieve, but cannot what I ougbt;

I mourn the lover, not lament the fault."

IBID.

The particle to is generally omitted after the verbs bid, dare, feel, let, make, need, hear, see; as,

“ I bade him go.
" I dare do it.”
" I saw him come.
" I heard him say.

One substantive sometimes governs another in the genitive case; as,

66 Peter's book.” 66 Diana's bow.”

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" So Zembla's rocks (the beauteous works of frost)

Rise white in air, and glitter o'er the coast;
Pale suns, unfelt, at distance roll away,
And on the impassive ice the lightnings play."

IBID.

Prepositions govern the accusative case of the pronoun; as,

66 I went to him."
66 I talked with her."
« How many forms of being wait on thee!

Inhaling spirit, from th' unfetter'd mind,
By thee sublim'd, down to the daily race,
The mixing myriads of thy setting beam."

THOMSON.

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The conjunctions if, although, until, whether, except, &c. require the verb to be in the subjunctive mood; as,

" If thou know not."
Although he come.
Until the day break."
" Whether he regard or not.”
Except the sun shine.
« If her inward worth were known,
She might ever live alone."

WATTS.

1

Lest and must, following a command, require a subjunctive mood; as,

“ Let him that standeth, take heed lest he fall.“ Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob."

The interjections O! oh! and ah! govern the accusative case of a pronoun, of the first person; as, O me! Oh me! Ah me!

SECTION

SECTION III.

RULES, Which do not properly come under either Concord

or Regimen.

THE article

as or an is used only with a substan

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tive singular; a before a consonant, and an before a vowel; as, a dog, an eel.

The is prefixed to substantives, either in the singular or plural number, beginning either with a vowel or a consonant; as, the house, the houses, the angel, the angels. 6 And must the bero, that redeem'd our land,

Here in the front of vice and scandal stand!
The man of wond’rous soul that scorn’d his ease,
Tempting the wintry and the faithless seas,
And paid an annual tribute of his life,
To guard his England from the Irish knife,
And crush the French dragoon?.

WATTS.

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The adjective is usually put before the substantive; as, " A good book.”

66 A learned man. 66 Vast was the slaughter, and the flow'ry green Drank deep of flowing crimson.”

IBID.

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In poetry the adjective is frequently put after the substantive; as, " Thither, where sinners may have rest, I go, Where flames refin'd in breasts seraphic glow.

POPE. 5

Numeral

Numeral adjectives, denoting many, are often joined with substantives singular; as, Twenty foot long.”

: A thousand pound.When thing or things is substantive to an adjective, the word thing or things is usually left out; in which case the adjective is said to be put absolutely; as, “ He thinks more of the present than the future.”

“ Think nobler of thy foes, Than to account thy chance in war an evil.

Rowe.

The adjective is used absolutely in other cases, particularly if the substantive have been mentioned before, and may easily be recollected; as,

.“ Senseless and deform'd, Conyulsive anger storms at large; or pale And silent, settles into fell revenge."

THOMSON.

In forming the comparative and superlative degrees by er and est, the adverbs more, most, very, &c. must be omitted; as, richer, richest; not more richer, most richest.

" Ob! 'tis the sweetest of all earthly things,

To gaze on princes, and to talk of kings !”

Pope.

Adjectives are sometimes used as substantives, and take another adjective before them; as,

“ A great good." “ A great evil.

Substantives are sometimes used as adjectives, and are placed as such before other substantives; as, maid-servant, sea-water, river-fish."

2. You

" You gallant Vernon ! saw The miserable scene ; you pitying saw To infant-weakness sunk the warrior's arm."

THOMSON.

The pronoun, denoting property or possession, is joined with the substantive in the genitive case; as, my book, my pen." " Where shall my wond-r and my praise begin?

From the successful labours of thy arms;
Or from a theme more soft, and full of peace,
Thy mercy and thy gentleness ?"'

Rowe.

When the pronoun is put absolutely, or without its substantive, mine and thine are used instead of my and thy; and ours, yours, theirs, instead of our, your, their; as,

• It is mine." 66 It is thine." 66 It is ours.

66 It is theirs."

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66 It is yours.

" Then we find The virtue that possession would not shew us, Whilst it was ours.

SHAKESPEAR.

" Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis something,

nothing; 'Twas mine; 'tis his; and has been slave to thousands.”

IBID.

When a verb, expressed or understood, comes between the pronoun and the substantive, the pronoun is used in its absolute forın; as,

66 Thine is the kingdom.”
". These are thy glorious works, parent of good!
Almighty! thine this universal frame."

MILTON.

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