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“ The master is instructing them.”
The verb to be will have a nominative after it; as,
6 I am he.” If a nominative, expressed or understood, come between the relative and the verb, the verb will govern the relative in the accusative; as,
66 The man whom we saw.”
When two verbs come together, the latter is put in the infinitive mood; as,
" I come to see.”
“I ought to grieve, but cannot what I ougbt;
I mourn the lover, not lament the fault."
The particle to is generally omitted after the verbs bid, dare, feel, let, make, need, hear, see; as,
“ I bade him go.
One substantive sometimes governs another in the genitive case; as,
66 Peter's book.” 66 Diana's bow.”
" So Zembla's rocks (the beauteous works of frost)
Rise white in air, and glitter o'er the coast;
Prepositions govern the accusative case of the pronoun; as,
66 I went to him."
Inhaling spirit, from th' unfetter'd mind,
The conjunctions if, although, until, whether, except, &c. require the verb to be in the subjunctive mood; as,
" If thou know not."
Lest and must, following a command, require a subjunctive mood; as,
“ Let him that standeth, take heed lest he fall.” “ Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob."
The interjections O! oh! and ah! govern the accusative case of a pronoun, of the first person; as, O me! Oh me! Ah me!
RULES, Which do not properly come under either Concord
as or an is used only with a substan
tive singular; a before a consonant, and an before a vowel; as, a dog, an eel.
The is prefixed to substantives, either in the singular or plural number, beginning either with a vowel or a consonant; as, the house, the houses, the angel, the angels. 6 And must the bero, that redeem'd our land,
Here in the front of vice and scandal stand!
The adjective is usually put before the substantive; as, " A good book.”
66 A learned man. 66 Vast was the slaughter, and the flow'ry green Drank deep of flowing crimson.”
In poetry the adjective is frequently put after the substantive; as, " Thither, where sinners may have rest, I go, Where flames refin'd in breasts seraphic glow.”
Numeral adjectives, denoting many, are often joined with substantives singular; as, “ Twenty foot long.”
: A thousand pound.” When thing or things is substantive to an adjective, the word thing or things is usually left out; in which case the adjective is said to be put absolutely; as, “ He thinks more of the present than the future.”
“ Think nobler of thy foes, Than to account thy chance in war an evil.”
The adjective is used absolutely in other cases, particularly if the substantive have been mentioned before, and may easily be recollected; as,
.“ Senseless and deform'd, Conyulsive anger storms at large; or pale And silent, settles into fell revenge."
In forming the comparative and superlative degrees by er and est, the adverbs more, most, very, &c. must be omitted; as, richer, richest; not more richer, most richest.
" Ob! 'tis the sweetest of all earthly things,
To gaze on princes, and to talk of kings !”
Adjectives are sometimes used as substantives, and take another adjective before them; as,
“ A great good." “ A great evil.”
Substantives are sometimes used as adjectives, and are placed as such before other substantives; as, “ maid-servant, sea-water, river-fish."
" You gallant Vernon ! saw The miserable scene ; you pitying saw To infant-weakness sunk the warrior's arm."
The pronoun, denoting property or possession, is joined with the substantive in the genitive case; as, “ my book, my pen." " Where shall my wond-r and my praise begin?
From the successful labours of thy arms;
When the pronoun is put absolutely, or without its substantive, mine and thine are used instead of my and thy; and ours, yours, theirs, instead of our, your, their; as,
• It is mine." 66 It is thine." 66 It is ours.”
66 It is theirs."
66 It is yours.
" Then we find The virtue that possession would not shew us, Whilst it was ours.
" Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis something,
nothing; 'Twas mine; 'tis his; and has been slave to thousands.”
When a verb, expressed or understood, comes between the pronoun and the substantive, the pronoun is used in its absolute forın; as,
66 Thine is the kingdom.”