“ The crowd asserts, and with redoubled cries, For the proud challenger demands the prize."


If the noun of multitude do not imply a plurality of idea, it is more properly joined with a verb in the singular number; as,

“ The city is very rich.”

“ There was their fleet conceal'd: We thought for Greece The sails were hoisied, and our fears release."


Sometimes an infinitive mood, or a clause of a sentence, is the nominative to a verb; as,

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« Were death deny'd, poor man would live in vain; Were sleath deny'd, to live would not be life.”


Pronouns must

agree with the substantives which they relate to, or are used for, in number, person, and gender; as,

“ The man, he, whom you saw yesterday, has lost part of his estate.” “ The lady has taken her coach.” The sea rages, it foams."

Her long with ardent look his eye pursu'd

Delighted, but desired more ber stay.
Oft be to her his charge of quick return
Repeated; she to him as oft engag'd
To be return'd by noon amid the bow'r."



The nenter pronoun it is often joined with a substantive, or pronoun of the masculine or feminine gender"; as,

" It is l.” 6. It was the woman.66 It is the man." "s 'Tis thou art all my care and my delight, My daily longing, and my dream by night.”


When two or more substantives or pronouns of the singular number are connected in a sentence, the pronoun which relates to them must be in the plural number; as,

“ The gentleman and his lady are gone in their own coach.” 6. An island in the Ægian sea appears, Neptune and watery Doris claim it theirs."


When two or more substantives or pronouns of different persons, are joined in a sentence, in making the plural pronoun to agree with them in person, the second takes place of the third, and the first of both; as,

Me and you, and I spoke our sentiments freely." " The man and I took it with us."

The pronominal adjectives this and that, must agree with their substantives in number; as,

66 This man; these men.' That house ; those houses."

« This book.case with dark booty almost burst,

This forager on other's wisdom, leaves
Her native farm, her reason quite untill'd.”


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66 Thec I revisit safe, And feel thy sov'reign vital lamp; but thou Revisit’st not these eyes”.


The distributive pronominal adjectives each, every, and either, agree with substantives, pronouns and verbs of the singular number only ; as, Each man. Every man.

Either the man or the woman.

" Each gentle breast with kindly warmth she moves, Inspires new flames, revives extinguish'd loves.”

DRYDEN. " In every work regard the author's end, Since none can compass more than they intend.”


" Lepidus flatters both, Of both is Aattered; but he neither loves, Nor either cares for him”.


We nust make use of the relative who, or whom, when we speak of persons; and of which, when we speak of things; as,

« We should always avoid a man who is notoriously wicked; though he may have some qualifications which are worthy of imitation.” “ For whom should Sappho use such arts as these? He's gone whom only she desir’d to please.”


“ Ye rugged rocks! which holy knees have worn; Ye grots and caverns, shagg'd with horrid thorn."



The relative that, may be applied both to persons and things; as,

66 The man that you saw.”.
66 The book that you bought.”

." Thence we look'd tow'rd England,
And cited up a thousand heavy times,
During the wars of York and Lancaster,
That had befall’n us?


" What's be that wishes for more men from England ?”


When a question is asked, by the relative who, what, or which, and the answer is returned by the pronoun, the relative and the pronoun must be in the same case; as

Q. Who is there? A. I.
Q. What do you want? A. This.
Q. Whom do you call? A. Him.
Q. Which will you have? A. That.
Q. Whose is it? A. His, hers.

You is frequently used in the singular for thou, but nevertheless requires a plural verb; as,

16. You are the man.” 66 You have said it.”

“ Therefore, good Brutus, be prepar'd to hear;

And since you know you cannot see yourself
So well as by reflection, I, your glass,
Will modestly discover to yourself,
That of yourself which yet you know not of."


When the verb, to be, comes between two substantives, or pronouns, of different numbers, it will



best agree with that which immediately precedes it; as,

« The heavens are a canopy."
66 The total sum is five pounds.”

When that and this relate to two antecedents, that is used for the former, and this for the latter;


- Virtue and vice are opposites; that is an ornament, but this is a disgrace.”

Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul;

Reason's comparing balance rules the whole :
Man but for that no action could attend,
And but for this were active to no end."

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If there be no nominative case expressed or understood, between the relative and the verb, the relative is the nominative to the verb; as,

“ The boy who is diligent, is commendable.

“ The flying rumours gather'd as they rollid,

Scarce any tale was sooner heard than told,
And all vi ho told it added something new,
And all quho heard it made enlargements too,
In ev'ry ear it spread, on ev'ry tongue it grew.".



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