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“ The crowd asserts, and with redoubled cries, For the proud challenger demands the prize."
If the noun of multitude do not imply a plurality of idea, it is more properly joined with a verb in the singular number; as,
“ The city is very rich.”
“ There was their fleet conceal'd: We thought for Greece The sails were hoisied, and our fears release."
Sometimes an infinitive mood, or a clause of a sentence, is the nominative to a verb; as,
« Were death deny'd, poor man would live in vain; Were sleath deny'd, to live would not be life.”
agree with the substantives which they relate to, or are used for, in number, person, and gender; as,
“ The man, he, whom you saw yesterday, has lost part of his estate.” “ The lady has taken her coach.” “ The sea rages, it foams."
“ Her long with ardent look his eye pursu'd
Delighted, but desired more ber stay.
The nenter pronoun it is often joined with a substantive, or pronoun of the masculine or feminine gender"; as,
" It is l.” 6. It was the woman.” 66 It is the man." "s 'Tis thou art all my care and my delight, My daily longing, and my dream by night.”
When two or more substantives or pronouns of the singular number are connected in a sentence, the pronoun which relates to them must be in the plural number; as,
“ The gentleman and his lady are gone in their own coach.” 6. An island in the Ægian sea appears, Neptune and watery Doris claim it theirs."
When two or more substantives or pronouns of different persons, are joined in a sentence, in making the plural pronoun to agree with them in person, the second takes place of the third, and the first of both; as,
“ Me and you, and I spoke our sentiments freely." " The man and I took it with us."
The pronominal adjectives this and that, must agree with their substantives in number; as,
66 This man; these men.' That house ; those houses."
« This book.case with dark booty almost burst,
This forager on other's wisdom, leaves
66 Thec I revisit safe, And feel thy sov'reign vital lamp; but thou Revisit’st not these eyes”.
The distributive pronominal adjectives each, every, and either, agree with substantives, pronouns and verbs of the singular number only ; as, Each man. Every man.
Either the man or the woman.”
" Each gentle breast with kindly warmth she moves, Inspires new flames, revives extinguish'd loves.”
DRYDEN. " In every work regard the author's end, Since none can compass more than they intend.”
" Lepidus flatters both, Of both is Aattered; but he neither loves, Nor either cares for him”.
We nust make use of the relative who, or whom, when we speak of persons; and of which, when we speak of things; as,
« We should always avoid a man who is notoriously wicked; though he may have some qualifications which are worthy of imitation.” “ For whom should Sappho use such arts as these? He's gone whom only she desir’d to please.”
“ Ye rugged rocks! which holy knees have worn; Ye grots and caverns, shagg'd with horrid thorn."
The relative that, may be applied both to persons and things; as,
66 The man that you saw.”.
." Thence we look'd tow'rd England,
" What's be that wishes for more men from England ?”
When a question is asked, by the relative who, what, or which, and the answer is returned by the pronoun, the relative and the pronoun must be in the same case; as
Q. Who is there? A. I.
You is frequently used in the singular for thou, but nevertheless requires a plural verb; as,
16. You are the man.” 66 You have said it.”
“ Therefore, good Brutus, be prepar'd to hear;
And since you know you cannot see yourself
When the verb, to be, comes between two substantives, or pronouns, of different numbers, it will
best agree with that which immediately precedes it; as,
« The heavens are a canopy."
When that and this relate to two antecedents, that is used for the former, and this for the latter;
- Virtue and vice are opposites; that is an ornament, but this is a disgrace.”
“ Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul;
Reason's comparing balance rules the whole :
If there be no nominative case expressed or understood, between the relative and the verb, the relative is the nominative to the verb; as,
“ The boy who is diligent, is commendable.
“ The flying rumours gather'd as they rollid,
Scarce any tale was sooner heard than told,